CONSTRUCTIVISM A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments.

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    A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments

  • A. AssumptionsKnowledge is individually constructed and socially co-constructed by learners based on their interactions in the world.the meaning that learners construct depends on their needs, beliefs, and prior knowledge

  • B. Learning Goals interpret and solve the problems complete the projects answer the questions resolve the issues

  • C. Essential ComponentsQuestion/Case/Problem/ProjectRelated CasesInformation ResourcesCognitive ToolsConversation and Collaboration ToolsSocial-contextual Support

  • C.a The ProblemThe problem drives the learning. * problem context * problem representation * problem manipulation space

  • C.b Related Casesassist learners in understanding the issues implicit in the problem representation # scaffolding memory # representing complexity

  • C.c Information Resourcessupport learners to construct the mental models and formulate hypotheses ~ text documents ~ graphics ~ video

  • C.d Cognitive Toolsintellectual devices to visualize, organize, automate or supplant information processing < modeling tools < dynamic tools < generic tools

  • C.e Conversation and Collaboration Toolsaccess to shared information and shared knowledge building tools to help learners to collaboratively construct socially shared knowledge + Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Environment + Communities of Learners

  • C.f Social-contextual Supporttrain teachers and students to accommodate contextual factors ^ CoVis Project

  • D. Instructional Supports Coaching Modeling Scaffolding

  • D.1 Modelingprovide learners with an example of the desired performanceHow Do I Do This? ~ Behavioral Modeling ~ Cognitive Modeling

  • D.2 Coachingmotivate learners, analyze their performance, provide feedback, provoke reflection and articulation of what was learnedHow Am I Doing?

  • D.3 Scaffoldingprovide temporary frameworks to support learning and student performance beyond their capacitiesHelp Me Do This?

  • E. DiscussionsPhilosophical AssumptionsImpediments to LearningEvaluations


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