- CONSTRUCTIVISM A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments.
CONSTRUCTIVISM A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments.
CONSTRUCTIVISM A Model for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments A. AssumptionsKnowledge is individually constructed and socially co-constructed by learners based on their interactions in the world.the meaning that learners construct depends on their needs, beliefs, and prior knowledgeB. Learning Goals interpret and solve the problems complete the projects answer the questions resolve the issuesC. Essential ComponentsQuestion/Case/Problem/ProjectRelated CasesInformation ResourcesCognitive ToolsConversation and Collaboration ToolsSocial-contextual SupportC.a The ProblemThe problem drives the learning. * problem context * problem representation * problem manipulation spaceC.b Related Casesassist learners in understanding the issues implicit in the problem representation # scaffolding memory # representing complexityC.c Information Resourcessupport learners to construct the mental models and formulate hypotheses ~ text documents ~ graphics ~ video C.d Cognitive Toolsintellectual devices to visualize, organize, automate or supplant information processing < modeling tools < dynamic tools < generic toolsC.e Conversation and Collaboration Toolsaccess to shared information and shared knowledge building tools to help learners to collaboratively construct socially shared knowledge + Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Environment + Communities of LearnersC.f Social-contextual Supporttrain teachers and students to accommodate contextual factors ^ CoVis ProjectD. Instructional Supports Coaching Modeling ScaffoldingD.1 Modelingprovide learners with an example of the desired performanceHow Do I Do This? ~ Behavioral Modeling ~ Cognitive ModelingD.2 Coachingmotivate learners, analyze their performance, provide feedback, provoke reflection and articulation of what was learnedHow Am I Doing?D.3 Scaffoldingprovide temporary frameworks to support learning and student performance beyond their capacitiesHelp Me Do This?E. DiscussionsPhilosophical AssumptionsImpediments to LearningEvaluations