Conflicted Views on Immigration. LOVE IT. HATE IT. New Immigrants. Who came ? . 25 Million between 1880-1920 1 st Wave – Pre 1890 Northern and Western Europe Spoke English, Protestant 2 nd Wave – 1890-1920 Southern and Eastern Europe Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
7.1 - New Immigrants
Conflicted Views on Immigration
LOVE ITHATE IT New Immigrants
Who came? 25 Million between 1880-19201st Wave Pre 1890Northern and Western EuropeSpoke English, Protestant 2nd Wave 1890-1920Southern and Eastern Europe Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, JewishPoor, Illiterate, uneducatedHow many immigrants came to the United States 2000-2010?Melting PotIs the United States still considered a melting pot today?Mixture of people from different cultures and races who blend together by abandoning their native languages and cultures
Push and Pull FactorsReligious and political persecutionRising populationScarcity of landFamineRevolutionPoverty
Promise of freedom New lifeJobs Land Money $$
Why do people immigrate to the United States today?
Difficult JourneySteamship1 week from Europe3 weeks from AsiaSteerage Not first class!CrowdedDisease spread
Ellis IslandNew York HarborArrival for European ImmigrantsPass Inspection - Looong process!Physical/Mental ExaminationLegal RequirementsLanguage barrier1892-1924 17 Million
Angel IslandAsian immigrants San Francisco Bay1910-194050,000 ChineseSimilar procedure, but much more harsh and dirty
What comes along with urbanization?
The city has become a serious menace to our civilization. . . . It has a peculiar attraction for the immigrant. Here is heaped the social dynamite; here roughs, gamblers, thieves, robbers, lawless and desperate men of all sorts, congregate; men who are ready on any pretext to raise riots for the purpose of destruction and plunder; here gather foreigners and wage-workers; here skepticism and irreligion abound.
-- Josiah Strong, a prominent Midwestern minister, in his best-selling book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis (1885)What now?Friction Develops NATIVISM - overt favoritism toward native-born AmericansRight and wrong immigrantsFree, energetic, progressive countries vs. stagnant and down-trodden countries Religious objection Language Jobs Segregation The Chinese must go! - Denis KearneyChinese Exclusion Act - 1882 Congress banned entry to all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials.But Why? Many Types of Nativism DiseaseSuperstition PovertyAnarchy Sabbath desecration Intemperance Crime
The Immigrant: The Stranger at Our Gate from The Rams Horn April 25, 1896Source: www.projects.vassar.edu/1896/0425ramshorn.html But what about the promise?.... Can you see where this is headed?
How did the immigrants initial experience in America compare to the promise embodied in Emma Lazaruss poem?