Computers in Health CareObjective 1
Technology in Medicine
How are computers used in healthcare?McPac
Medical Informatics Clinical and special purpose systemsProsthetics and PharmacyAdministrative applicationsComputer-assisted surgery
1. Medical InformaticsMedical Informatics focuses on the acquisition, storage, and use of information in health and biomedicine.
Medical Informatics allows health careprofessionals and patients to benefit from what others have done and learned. It compiles data that can determine trends or patterns of disease processes, diagnostic studies and treatments.It helps health care workers determine patient care outcomes.
Medical Informatics streamlines and improves communication between health care disciplines.
Because of Medical Informatics, medical record keeping on computer allows for easier and quicker access to patient histories.
Jobs in Medical InformaticsJobs in medical informatics are definitely forpeople who enjoy using computers.
Examples of Jobs:
Administrative Medical Informatics Specialist (AKA Registered Health Information Administrator / RHIA)
Health Information Technicians (AKA Registered Health Information Technicians / RHIT)
Administrative Medical Informatics Specialist(AKA Registered Health Information Administrator / RHIA )RHIAs work in hospitals, physician offices and outpatientclinics, long-term care and mental health facilities,insurance companies, state and governmentagencies, home care providers, educational institutions,health care software companies and other private industry. Education Required: Bachelors Degree Salary Range: $30,000.00 - $100,000.00
Health Information Technicians(AKA Registered Health Information Technicians / RHIT)The RHT works under the supervision of the RHIA
Education Required: Associate DegreesSalary Range: $21,000.00 - $55,000.00
2. Clinical and Special Purpose SystemsExamples oftechnology in theclinical setting: Computerized Charting
Technology in the Clinical SettingComputerized MedicationAdministration System
Technology in the Clinical SettingElectronic Patient Monitor
Technology in the Clinical SettingMobileMedicalRecords
Special Purpose Systems
Coding Systems created to standardizemedical diagnosis and terminology. Theyare used for medical insurance claims,research and other special reportingrequirements.
3. Prosthetics and Pharmacy ComputerizedProsthetic Devicesallows the amputeegreater mobility thanever before.
Prosthetics and PharmacyComputers in the pharmacyassures prescriptionaccuracy and safety for thepatient.
4. Administrative Applications Examples:
Scheduling appointments in a doctors office
Computerized billing used by an insurance clerk or accounting department
5. Computer-Assisted Surgery Computer-Assisted Surgery also known as Robotic Surgery is becoming more popular as technology improves.
Computer-Assisted SurgeryIs proving to be beneficial in several ways:
The robotic hand is steadier and more precise than a human hand Reducing the amount of time a patient must stay under general anesthesiaSmaller incisions required Decreasing the amount of time a patient stays in the hospital
ReferencesOregan Health and Science University Department of Medical Informatics andClinical Epidemiology http://www.ohsu.edu/ohsuedu/academic/som/dmice/about/whatis.cfm
American Medical Informatics Associationhttp://www2.amia.org/history/what.html