Compendium of Biomedical Instrumentation ... Compendium of Biomedical Instrumentation Volume 1 Raghbir

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  • Compendium of Biomedical Instrumentation

  • Compendium of Biomedical Instrumentation

    Volume 1

    Raghbir Singh Khandpur Former Head, Medical Instruments Division CSIR‐Central Scientific Instruments Organization Chandigarh, India

    Founder Director, Centre for Electronics Design and Technology (Now Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) Mohali, India

    Former Director General, Centre for Electronics Design and Technology of India Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology Govt. of India, New Delhi, India

  • Compendium of Biomedical Instrumentation

    Volume 2

    Raghbir Singh Khandpur Former Head, Medical Instruments Division CSIR‐Central Scientific Instruments Organization Chandigarh, India

    Founder Director, Centre for Electronics Design and Technology (Now Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) Mohali, India

    Former Director General, Centre for Electronics Design and Technology of India Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology Govt. of India, New Delhi, India

  • Compendium of Biomedical Instrumentation

    Volume 3

    Raghbir Singh Khandpur Former Head, Medical Instruments Division CSIR‐Central Scientific Instruments Organization Chandigarh, India

    Founder Director, Centre for Electronics Design and Technology (Now Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) Mohali, India

    Former Director General, Centre for Electronics Design and Technology of India Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology Govt. of India, New Delhi, India

  • This edition first published 2020 © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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  • v

    Contents

    Preface xix

    Volume 1

    1 Accelerometer 1

    2 Air Bubble Detector 8

    3 Alcohol Analyser 11

    4 Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitor 17

    5 Ambulatory Cardiac Monitor 20

    6 Ambulatory Glucose Monitor 28

    7 Ambulatory Sleep Monitor 33

    8 Amino Acid Analyser 37

    9 Anaesthesia Machine 42

    10 Anaesthesia Depth Monitor 50

    11 Anorectal Manometry 55

    12 Antibiotic Susceptibility Analyser 60

    13 Aortic Balloon Pump 64

    14 Apnoea Monitor 68

    15 Argon Plasma Coagulator 73

    16 Arrhythmia Monitor 77

    17 Arthroscope 85

    18 Atomic Absorption Spectrometer 88

    19 Atomic Emission Spectrometer, Flame 94

    20 Atomic Emission Spectroscopy: Microwave Plasma 98

  • Contentsvi

    21 Audiometer: Diagnostic 101

    22 Audiometer: Evoked Response 106

    23 Audiometer: Impedance (Tympanometry) 110

    24 Audiometer: Pure Tone 113

    25 Audiometer: Screening 116

    26 Audiometer: Speech 118

    27 Audiometric Calibrator 121

    28 Autotransfusion Unit, Blood 126

    29 Balance, Electronic 129

    30 Ballistocardiograph 134

    31 Bilirubinometer 138

    32 Biosafety Cabinet 141

    33 Bioelectrodes: ECG Electrodes 145

    34 Bioelectrodes: EEG Electrodes 150

    35 Bioelectrodes: EMG Electrodes 153

    36 Biofeedback Instrumentation 158

    37 Biotelemetry: ECG (Single Channel) 165

    38 Biotelemetry: Multichannel 172

    39 Bladder Volume Measuring System: Ultrasonic 177

    40 Blood Cell Processor (Apheresis System) 181

    41 Blood Flow Detector: Ultrasonic Doppler 184

    42 Blood Gas Analyser 187

    43 Blood Gas Monitor: Transcutaneous 194

    44 Blood Glucose Meter 200

    45 Blood Grouping Machine 204

    46 Blood Pressure Measurement (Invasive Method) 208

    47 Blood Pressure Measurement (Noninvasive Methods) 215

    48 Blood Recovery System 222

    49 Blood Rheometer 226

    50 Blood Time–Temperature Indicator 229

    51 Blood Viscometer 232

  • Contents vii

    52 Blood Warmer 237

    53 Body Fat Analyser 241

    54 Bone Cutting Machine 245

    55 Bone Density Measurement: Dual Energy X-ray Technique 246

    56 Bone Density Measurement: Ultrasound Method 249

    57 Bone Healing Stimulator: External 253

    58 Bone Growth Stimulator: Implantable 259

    59 Bone Healing Stimulator: Ultrasound 261

    60 Brachytherapy: Intravascular 264

    61 Brachytherapy Machine 267

    62 Breast Biopsy System 273

    63 Breast Pump 277

    64 Bronchoscope 279

    65 Cabinet: Warming 285

    66 Camera: Spot Film 287

    67 Capnograph 289

    68 Carbon Monoxide Analyser 295

    69 Cardiac Monitor: Bedside 300

    70 Cardiac Output Meter: Fick Method 307

    71 Cardiac Output Monitor: Indicator Dilution Method 311

    72 Cardiac Output Method: Oesophageal Doppler 316

    73 Cardiac Output Monitor: Pulse Contour Method 319

    74 Cardiac Output Meter: Thermodilution Technique 323

    75 Cardiotocograph 327

    76 Central Gas System 335

    77 Centrifugal Analyser: Automated 341

    78 Centrifuge: Blood Bank 343

    79 Centrifuge: Cell Washing 347

    80 Centrifuge: Haematocrit 350

    81 Centrifuge, Laboratory 353

    82 Microcentrifuge 357

  • Contentsviii

    83 Centrifuge, Refrigerated 359

    84 Centrifuge, Ultra (High Speed) 361

    85 Cervical Cancer Screening System, Automated 366

    86 Chloride Meter 369

    87 Clinical Chemistry Analyser, Dry 373

    88 Clinical Chemistry Analyser, Random Access 377

    89 Clinical Chemistry Analyser, Semi‐automated 380

    90 Coagulation Analyser 383

    91 Coagulation Time Machine, Activated 388

    92 Cobalt‐60 Machine for Radiotherapy 391

    93 Cochlear Prostheses 397

    94 Colonoscope 400

    95 Colony Counter, Automated 405

    96 Colorimeter, Photoelectric 408

    97 Colposcope 416

    98 Compression Machine, Intermittent Pneumatic 419

    99 Computed Tomography 422

    100 Computed Tomography, Single Photon 434

    101 Continuous Flow Analyser: Automated 441

    102 Continuous Passive Motion Machine (CPMM) 447

    103 Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Machine 451

    104 Crash Cart: Resuscitation 454

    105 Critical Care Analyser 458

    106 Cryostat 464

    107 Cryosurgical Unit 469

    108 Cryotherapy Machine 473

    109 Cutan