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Community Research 1. Graduation Thesis (2008) State of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society ~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ 2. Internship with Lincoln/Lancaster County Planning Department The Census Report Lancaster County/City of Lincoln

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  • PortfolioShusei Kakimoto

  • CONTENTSState of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society ~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~

    The Census Report Lancaster County/City of Lincoln 116

    Community Research

  • 1IntroductionSection 0-1 Background and Purpose of ResearchRecently, Japan has been facing the problem of population decline. There is an increasing ratio of older population to younger population. It is expected that Japan will have to be more open to immigration in order to handle its work load. As a result, immigration law is currently changing in Japan. It is easier to get a permit (similar to the U.S. VISA) now, as there are new types of permits. There are many more immigrants now in Japan than in the past. Because this trend is so recent, the Japanese people, including the government, are still fairly ignorant of the foreign communi-ty. For the purpose of this paper, community is a term used to describe a group of people which meet, and does not refer to people living in the same area who do meet. Cluster area is used to describe people of one race living in the same area. Most foreigners live in Tokyo, as it is the economic center, and has the most services like public transportation, and a few foreigners live in the country side. It is becoming necessary to increase understanding and acceptance between the Japanese and the foreign community. It will require a lot of compromise to develop rela-tions between the Japanese and the immigrants. The research for this paper centers on Tokyo 23 Wards as this area has the highest number of immigrants, and studies the government administration programs for helping them. It also looks into the charity assistance dedicated to the foreign community, and how the foreign community is organized.

    Section 0-2 Research Methods and OrganizationThis paper shows the result of research on the situation of the foreign community in Japanese society. This paper will show the date regarding the immigrants in the 23 Wards: Section 1 will discuss the general back-ground and purpose. Section 2 will cover the assistance programs avail-able to them. The immigration information for Section 2 was obtained from the Offices of Immigrant Registration in each ward, as well as the main Tokyo Immigrant Registration Office. Information from a govern-ment endorsed charitable foreign assistance group was obtained as well. A classification of community type and cluster area will be explained in

    IntroductionSection 0-1 Background and Purpose of ResearchSection 0-2 Research Methods and Organization

    Section 1 The Situation of Foreign in The 23 Wards of TokyoSection 1-1 The Situation of The 23 Wards of TokyoSection 1-2 Background of ForeignersSection 1-3 The Number of Residents of Each Nationality Living in Tokyos 23 WardsSSection 1-4 Conclusion of Section 1

    Section2 Government Administration ServiceSection 2-1 Tokyo Local Government ServiceSection 2-2 Services for Immigrants in Each WardSection 2-3 Unique ServicesSection 2-4 The Conclusion of Section 2

    Section3 Foreign CommunitySection 3-1 Cluster by NationalitySection 3-2 Community in The Wards Section 3-3 Distribution and Background of Method of CommunitySection 3-4 Outline of Clustered Areas in The WardsSection 3-5 Characteristics and Classication of Community and Cluster AreasSection 3-6 Conclusion of Section 3

    Section 4 Themed Community OutlineSection 4-1 Themed Communities

    Section 4-1-1 Natural EstablishmentSection 4-1-2 Japanese EstablishmentSection 4-1-3 Advertisement

    Section 4-2 Conclusion of Section 4

    Section 5 Analysis of Foreign Community and The Issues Which OccurSection 5-1 Comparison of The Korean Cluster Areas

    Section 5-3 Contact Between The Foreign Community and The Surrounding Japanese ResidentsSection 5-2 The Issue of Concession, or Right of Use of Land in Edagawa 1 Chome, in Koto Ward

    Section 5-4 Government Administration and CommunitySection 5-5 Conclusion of Section 5

    Section 6 Overall Conclusion

    H18

    Immigrants Population (2006)Tokyo

    Tokyo

    Kanagawa

    Kanagawa

    Osaka

    Osaka

    Aichi

    Aichi

    Saitama

    SaitamaHyogo

    Hyogo

    Chiba Chiba

    Figure 1-1

    Figure 0-1

    Foreign Communities in JapanThe States of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ (2008)

    Foreign Communities in Tokyo, Japan

  • 2Section 3. Section 4 will contain an analysis of the foreign community based on their classification. Section 5 will show the top seven states for immigration and explore the issues existing between the Japanese and foreign communities. Finally, Section 6 will be the conclusion.

    Section 1 The Situation of Foreign in The 23 Wards of TokyoThis section contains an analysis of immigrant information: background, permit type, etc.

    Section 1-1 Background and Purpose of ResearchSection 1-1 discusses the Situation of The 23 Wards of Tokyo. Figure 1-2 shows the immigrant population in Tokyo. Figure 1-3 shows a breakdown of immigration population by ward. Tokyo is the number one state in Japan for immigrant population with 350,000 immigrants. The top five states have more than half of the immi-grants in Japan. Most of the foreigners in Tokyo live in the 23 Wards. The immigrant population is rising in every ward.

    Section 1-2 Background of ForeignersFigure 1-4 is a comparison of the foreign population in Tokyo from 1981 to 2004. Figure 1-5 is a breakdown of the immigrant population by pur-pose of immigration. Figure 1-6 shows the percentage of immigrants by their permit type in 2006.We can see that during the years that Japan has experienced economic difficulties, the number of immigrant jobs did not decrease. In addition, we can classify the immigrants into two groups: old comers and new com-ers. Old comers are immigrants from before the San Francisco treaty of 1952 and their descendents. All foreigners lost their citizenship in 1952. Those who migrated to Japan relatively recently are in the newcomer cat-egory. Immigration law is a key factor on what kind of immigrants come to Japan. As an example, the number of Brazilians who migrate to Japan varies drastically as the laws change (see Figure 1-5). In 1995, the Japa-nese passed a law restricting the number of performers that could enter the country. This caused the number of Pilipino immigrants to drop a lot.

    Registered ForeignersTokyo

    WardArea

    CityArea

    Change of Registered ForeignersChiyodaChuoMinatoShinjuku

    DaitoBunkyo

    ShinagawaKotoSumida

    MeguroOtaSetagayaShibuya

    SuginamiNakano

    KitaToyoshima

    ArakawaItabashiNerimaAdachiKatsushikaEdogawa

    Population and Registered Foreigners(*10000) (*1000000)

    Population in Japan (Right)

    Registered Foreigners (Left)

    1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004

    Figure 1-2

    Figure 1-3

    Figure 1-4

    Foreign Communities in JapanThe States of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ (2008)

    Foreign Communities in Tokyo, Japan

  • 3In 2004, the refugee application was changed, causing an increase in Bur-mese immigrants coming to Japan.In the last few years we have seen a big increase in the number of for-eigners coming to Japan to study or attend a trade school. The percentage of immigrants in 2006 who took Permanent Resident (including normal and special permanent resident) in Japan is 40.2%, which is 837,521 peo-ple.

    Foreign Communities in JapanThe States of Foreign Communities in Japanese Society~In the 23 Wards of Tokyo~ (2008)

    SpecialPermanent Residents

    Permanent Residents

    Long-term Residents

    Spouse of Japanese

    Study abroad

    Visiting Family

    TrainingSpecialist in humanities,International services

    School

    Techinologies

    Others

    Ratio of Status of Residence

    Figure 1-6

    Background of visiting JapanPopulation of registered residence and Korean residence

    Korean Chinese

    Filipinos Burmese

    BrazillianRegistered residenceKorean

    1959

    NewcomersOldcomers

    1964 1969 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004

    Change of immigration law1990: Japnese Brazillian get aright to work as Japanese do.

    Economic Depression in Brazil,Bubble economy in Japan:Many Brazillian came to Japan.

    Chinese immigrants have increased for more than 10 years: Due to the Location, Economic Development in China, Japanese enterprise to China, move of production base

    KoreanChineseBrazillianFilipinos

    About 10,000 Korean applicants to be naturalized Japanese: every year: due to Korean Japanese assimilate Japanese society. There is decrease of Korean having Korean nationality.

    Increase of Koreans from Korea: Extend of nancial gap, the boom of study abroad in Japan by plan of 100,000 student studying abroad, liberalization of travels in Korea

    cultural exchange for long time as aneighboring country, During WWII, many k=Koreans came to Japan

    Chinese has many reasons to stay in Japan such as study abroad, marriage, training, work

    Chinese has experiencedrapid economic growth:There might be more chinese

    PurposeFuture

    Short work contract workers who are indirect employment most brazilians work for manufacture: Although manufacture is eective by business uctuations, but it has higher standard of salary

    Secure freedom of work and live

    Increase of Brazilian residents will slow down one of reasons is manufacture industry move to other countries

    Most refugees in Japan did not choose JapanReason why some refugees chose JapanAcquaintances come from JapanGood experience by Japanese peopleInformation form Burmese communities

    The number of refugees will increase

    1993 1995 1997 1999 2001

    198219851988199119941997200020032006

    2006

    2005

    2004

    2