Community Based Distribution of Family Planning

  • View
    33

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Community Based Distribution of Family Planning. Basics of Community-Based Family Planning. Community Based Distribution:. Where is the CBD approach useful? i.e. Where does it make sense to use this approach as opposed to a different service delivery approach. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript

  • Community Based Distribution of Family Planning

    Basics of Community-Based Family Planning

  • Community Based Distribution:Where is the CBD approach useful? i.e. Where doesit make sense to use this approach as opposed to adifferent service delivery approach.

  • Community Based Distribution: HistorySignificant program experience in Asia, Latin America and Africa over the last decades. Has had demonstrative impact in increased use of FP methods particularly where unmet need is high, where access is low, and where there are social barriers to use of services.CBD strategy has increased the acceptability of modern methods.

  • Community Based Distribution: CBD Can Increase Use of FPImmediate increase as agents legitimize FP and increase accessMore methods provided increases overall CPRIncrease in use may take time due to building new social normsCBD can augment clinic-based quality improvements

  • Community Based Distribution: Why choose this strategy?Effective in early stages of introducing FP services (in areas of large unmet need, low awareness of FP, and poor access).Addresses social and geographical barriers (helps generate more demand for FP, increase use of FP, and sustain use of FP).Potential for addressing the needs and service gaps identified (including responding to other basic health needs).

  • Community Based Distribution: Why choose this strategy?Can be a strategy to reach men (increase couples communication), and youth.Can be a strategy to increase program coverage to other populations/intervention areas.Community response is positive - services are appreciated, convenient, easy to access, active listening from CBD.It is a strategy that includes a lot of community participation/ownership.

  • Community Based Distribution:When should this strategy be considered?When use of FP is less than 25%.When there is low knowledge of FP services in the intervention area.When population has limited access to clinics.When there are barriers to use of services.When CBD strategy supports government goals and objectives.When there is organization capacity to include this strategy in FP or health programming.

  • Community Based Distribution:When should this strategy be considered?When use of FP is less than 25%.When there is low knowledge of FP services in the intervention area.When population has limited access to clinics.When there are barriers to use of services.When CBD strategy supports government goals and objectives.When there is organization capacity to include this strategy in FP or health programming.

  • Community Based Distribution: Reasons for not choosing this strategyWhen there is high awareness and knowledge of FP, combined with 45-50% use of modern contraceptives. May not be necessary if there are alternative means of increasing access to services.If CBD use of injectables is not supported by MOH; cant meet demand for long acting and permanent methods.

  • Community Based Distribution: Reasons for not choosing this strategyChallenging to assure service quality and continuity of volunteers. Requires significant commitment in time and resources.Success and cost-effectiveness are highly variable.Tend to be small programs with little impact on overall CPR unless it is a national effort.

  • Community Based Distribution: Program ElementsWhat elements go into CBD programming?

    (group contribution)

  • Community Based Distribution: Program ElementsData gathering for decision making (review opportunities and obstacles for CBD).Community participation and volunteer selection (process and criteria are key).Training (traditional, on the job, phased- out, focused on specific groups).Supervision (supportive, selective).

  • Community Based Distribution: Program ElementsTargeting potential users (ELCO, MWRAs). Contraceptive supplies and system for getting supplies.Coordinate with and reinforce existing FP and health services.Integration with other strategies and interventions.

  • Community Based Distribution: Program ElementsCBD Motivation (sustainable and effective incentives).Management Information system (info. users, info. needed, how info. will be used).Monitoring and Evaluation (agent performance, program results).

  • Community Based Distribution: Program ElementsPreparedness for CBD replacement (regular need for training).Preparedness for potential problems.

  • Community Based Distribution: Planning/Decision makingIntervention area (how big), and how many CBD agents to ensure coverage.CBD program model to follow (government, NGO, voluntary, salaried, allowance, commission, male, female, home visits, depot/post).Program staff (existing or new).Expanding existing efforts or initiating new ones.

  • Community Based Distribution: Planning/Decision MakingAssuring ongoing training and supervision.Assuring re-current costs and support.Potential for cost recovery.Donor support (who and for how long).Donor program requirements.

  • Community Based Distribution: Elements contributing to successWhat elements contribute to the success of CBDapproach?

    (group contributions)

  • Community Based Distribution: Elements contributing to successFocusing on social factors as well as technical aspects.Community involvement.Volunteer motivation/incentive plan.Making use of existing networks.Political will and support.Broad service regimen, and evolving program as RH situations evolve.

  • Community Based Distribution: Elements contributing to successTraining is competency-based, incremental and practical.Supervision is supportive.Data and feedback provide motivation and credibility.Integration of evaluation into structure of program so it occurs continuously and at different levels.

  • Community Based Distribution: Elements which threaten successWhat elements threaten the success of a CBDapproach?

    (group contributions)

  • Community Based Distribution: Elements which threaten successFailure to recognize the effort and resources required for CBD program.Failure to capitalize on opportunities and potential for broadening interventions.Pre-mature emphasis on sustainability and cost recovery before demand is adequately established.

  • Community Based Distribution: Elements which threaten successFailure to address quality of care issues.Lack of support & commitment from MOH at district and facility level.Isolation of CBD (limited contact, support, supervision)CBD job responsibilities may be too broad. (difficult to manage, reduce focus on FP).

  • Community Based Distribution: ChallengesDistribution of injectables in Africa (obstacles).Distribution of emergency contraception (WHO endorsed).Reaching youth and men.Client concern with confidentiality.

  • Community Based Distribution: ChallengesPolicies on para-medicals dispensing of medication (such as depo-provera or in the case of broadening CBD role to include treatment of simple, common illness).Lack of evidence of added value of using CBD for other services.Sustainability (community/volunteer motivation, client load, diversification of program role, financial support).

  • Community Based Distribution: Why is CBD a Repositioning Strategy for FP?Fertility preferences still high.Interest in using FP to space or limit births still low.Access by certain populations is still low (married adolescents, hard to reach groups, people in conflict-affected settings).

  • Community Based Distribution: Why is CBD a Repositioning Strategy for FP?Changing these social norms requires education and discussion at individual, family and community level.Clinic-based services cannot easily stimulate or facilitate such social interactions.Kenya example: Reduced support of CBD nationwide - drop in CPR.

  • Community Based Distribution: RecommendationsPilot test model first to identify what is working/what isnt.Plan for going to scale from the beginning.Use existing community level workers rather than develop new cadre.Work with service providers.

  • Community Based Distribution:Group Work

    Case Studies

  • Community Based Distribution:Project/Country Group Work:

    Why or why not CBD?

    Where are we in the process of implementing community-based family planning programs?

    What needs to be done to strengthen our CBD and/or other community strategies?