Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). Commonalities between all Cognitive Behavior Approaches  Collaborative relationship between therapist & client  Premise

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Slide 2 Commonalities between all Cognitive Behavior Approaches Collaborative relationship between therapist &amp; client Premise psychological distress is largely a function of disturbance in cognitive processes Focus on changing cognitions behaviors to produce desired changes Slide 3 Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) Stresses thinking, judging, deciding, analyzing, and doing Teaches that our emotions stem mainly from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations Albert Ellis Slide 4 Assumptions of REBT People contribute to their own psychological problems &amp; symptoms by way they interpret events &amp; situations Reorganization of ones self-statements will result in reorganization of ones behaviors Operant conditioning, modeling &amp; behavioral rehearsal applied to thinking &amp; internal dialogue Slide 5 View of Human Nature We are born with a potential for both rational and irrational thinking We have the biological and cultural tendency for self- preservation and self- destruction Humans are self-talking, self-evaluating &amp; self- sustaining We develop emotional &amp; behavioral problems when we mistake simple preferences (love, approval, success) for dire needs We learn and invent disturbing beliefs and keep ourselves disturbed through our self-talk We have the capacity to change our cognitive, emotive, and behavioral processes Slide 6 Emotional Disturbance We actively reinforce self- defeating beliefs by the processes of autosuggestion and self-repetition. Blame is the core of emotional disturbance-so to recover stop blaming self &amp; others To recover from neurosis (personality disorder) we need to stop blaming ourselves and others We escalate desires &amp; preferences into dogmatic &amp; absolutist shoulds, musts, oughts, demands, commands- which are irrational beliefs which need to be changed Slide 7 Irrational Beliefs Irrational ideas lead to self-defeating behavior Some examples: I must have love or approval from all the significant people in my life. I must perform important tasks competently and perfectly. If I dont get what I want, its terrible, and I cant stand it. Slide 8 Disputing Intervention Challenges irrational beliefs Use principles of logic to destroy unrealistic, unverifiable hypotheses 1. Detect - detect the shoulds, I musts awfulizing self-downing 2. Debate - learn to logically &amp; empirically question beliefs-to argue self out of them 3. Discriminate - irrational-self-defeating from rational-self-helping beliefs </p>


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