Clockwork Orange

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Some introductory questions to get you thinking about this disturbing film.

Text of Clockwork Orange

A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (Kubrick, 1971) General introductory questions 1) Should lms be banned? Who should decide? What type of content would you consider to be unacceptable? What content would your grandparents consider unacceptable? 2) The Hypodermic Model and Cultivation Model suggest that audiences behaviour and attitudes are inuenced by media content. Is there convincing evidence in favour of this argument? Is there convincing evidence against? Think about other forms of media persuasion propaganda, advertising. 3) Have a look at the BBFC website. Is the BBFC a producer or a regulator? Give examples of criteria used by the BBFC to give a lm a) a 15 certicate b) an 18 certicate. See if you can nd any advice from the BBFC given to lm-makers on content. Look at the BBFCs justication for banning Human Centipede 2 http://www.bbfc.co.uk/BVV278459/

Tim Dirks (http://www.lmsite.org/cloc.html) writes: The frightening, chilling and tantalizing lm (a morality play) raises many thematic questions and presents a thought-provoking parable: How can evil be eradicated in modern society? If the state can deprive an individual of his free will, making him 'a clockwork orange,' what does this say about the nightmarish, behavioral modication technologies of punishment and crime? Do we lose our humanity if we are deprived of the free-will choice between good and evil?

Representation

Representation How are women represented?

Representation How are women represented? How are authority gures represented?

Representation How are women represented? How are authority gures represented? How are young males and masculinity represented?

Representation How are women represented? How are authority gures represented? How are young males and masculinity represented? The lm show young males as aimless, rootless and unfullled; perhaps needing to ll a role which was once provided for by war - how far do you agree with this statement?

Audience

Audience

AudienceWho is the lms target audience? What aspects have made it a cult lm? Was Kubrick right to withdraw the lm?

AudienceWho is the lms target audience? What aspects have made it a cult lm? Was Kubrick right to withdraw the lm? Effects of violence on audiences?

AudienceWho is the lms target audience? What aspects have made it a cult lm? Was Kubrick right to withdraw the lm? Effects of violence on audiences? Effects of abuse of women?

AudienceWho is the lms target audience? What aspects have made it a cult lm? Was Kubrick right to withdraw the lm? Effects of violence on audiences? Effects of abuse of women? To what extent is this an art-house , auteur lm?

Ideology Is it a lm about violence? Growing up? Masculinity? Common Kubrick themes: The individual and the state? What is free-will? What happens when individuals become institutionalized? Apart from the behaviour of the Alex and his gang, what other aspects are dystopian? List and examine binary oppositions. How are the state and its institutions represented?

Language

Language How graphic (vivid, realistic, shocking) is the actual violence?

Language How graphic (vivid, realistic, shocking) is the actual violence? How is non-diegetic sound used? Why is classical music so prominent?

Language How graphic (vivid, realistic, shocking) is the actual violence? How is non-diegetic sound used? Why is classical music so prominent? In what ways is the lm stylized? ( = unrealistic, articial; draws attention to its own style)

Language How graphic (vivid, realistic, shocking) is the actual violence? How is non-diegetic sound used? Why is classical music so prominent? In what ways is the lm stylized? ( = unrealistic, articial; draws attention to its own style) What is the effect of the language? The dialogue sounds archaic (old-fashioned) with bizarre, evocative slang (Nadsat- a language used in Burgesss original novel with some words invented, some old English and some based on Romany & Russian)

Language How graphic (vivid, realistic, shocking) is the actual violence? How is non-diegetic sound used? Why is classical music so prominent? In what ways is the lm stylized? ( = unrealistic, articial; draws attention to its own style) What is the effect of the language? The dialogue sounds archaic (old-fashioned) with bizarre, evocative slang (Nadsat- a language used in Burgesss original novel with some words invented, some old English and some based on Romany & Russian) What is evidence is there that Kubrick only uses moving camera shots very sparingly?

Institution Why do you think the lm was withdrawn for 30 years ? Why was the book written in 1966 by Anthony Burgess not banned?

How is the story told? Whose viewpoint? Is the narrative linear or does it use ashbacks and ash-forwards? Single-strand or multistrand? Can we apply Todorovs three part structure? Propps narrative archetypes?

Narrative

Sci-? Fantasy? Futurist dystopia? Comedy? Social critique? Zeitgeist movie? Hybrid aspects? Does it conform to or subvert generic conventions?

Genre