Climate Change Adaptation Initiative

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Climate Change Adaptation Initiative. Prepared for UNEP Training Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation 9 April 2008 Jian Liu, DEPI. Topics. UNEP on Climate Change: Medium-Term Strategy and Climate Change The Science and the needs Setting UNEP’s niche for adaptation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Climate Change Adaptation Initiative

  • Climate Change Adaptation Initiative

    Prepared for UNEP Training Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation 9 April 2008Jian Liu, DEPI

  • Topics

    UNEP on Climate Change: Medium-Term Strategy and Climate ChangeThe Science and the needsSetting UNEPs niche for adaptation Actions to support vulnerable countriesTowards a programmatic approach

  • UNEP Medium-Term Strategy (2010-2013)Climate changeDisasters and conflict Ecosystem managementEnvironmental governance Harmful substances and hazardous wasteSustainable consumption and production

  • UNEP Climate Change Strategy: 4 themesMitigation: facilitating a transition towards low carbon societies

    Adaptation: adapting by building resilience

    Science: improving understanding of climate change science

    Outreach: communicating and raising public awareness

  • Adaptation:1. Integrating climate change and ecosystem management practicesAssist countries to better integrate ecosystems approach to climate changeDevelop tools for estimating the value of climate change adaptation services that ecosystems provideDevelop specific assessment tools and methodologies to assess ecosystem vulnerability and analyze the potential impact of climate change on ecosystems

  • Adaptation:2. Building national institutional capacities for adaptation planning

    Help mainstream climate change into development planning and UN country operationsPromote the integration of climate change activities of line ministriesPromote exchange of experiences on adaptation through regional networks of experts in developing regionsIntegrate disaster risk reduction and responses into planningHelp improve community knowledge on climate change adaptation through public awareness campaigns

  • Adaptation in UNEPAdaptation engages 4 of the 6 thematic priorities in UNEP MTS:Climate ChangeDisaster reduction Ecosystem managementEnvironmental governance, andcuts across the work of most divisions and all ROs

  • Topics

    UNEP on Climate Change: Medium-Term Strategy and Climate Change The Science and the needsSetting UNEPs niche for adaptation Actions to support vulnerable countriesTowards a programmatic approach

  • The Science: IPCC-AR4Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and is very likely due to increase in anthropogenic GHG concentrations.Even if GHGs were to be stabilised today, temperature and sea level rise would continue for centuries, Adaptation is essential, but there are substantial limits and barriers Mitigation is economically and technologically feasible

  • IPCC-AR4: Adaptation

    Adaptation to climate change is already taking place, but on a limited basisClimate change poses novel risks, often outside the range of experienceMany adaptations can be implemented at low cost, but no comprehensive estimates of costs and benefits existAdaptive capacity is uneven across and within societiesThere are substantial limits and barriers to adaptation

  • Needs of developing countries (reflected in Bali Action Plan)International cooperation to support urgent implementation of adaptation actions, including through vulnerability assessments, prioritization of actions, financial needs assessments, capacity-building and response strategies, integration of adaptation actions into sectoral and national planning,

  • Needs of developing countries (Cont.)Risk management and risk reduction strategies, including risk sharing and transfer mechanisms such as insurance;Disaster reduction strategies and means to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts;Economic diversification to build resilience.

  • Topics

    UNEP on Climate Change: Medium-Term Strategy and Climate Change The Science and the needsSetting UNEPs niche for adaptation Sample actions to support vulnerable countriesTowards a programmatic approach

  • Key Players and their rolesUNDP (Development), WMO (climate change science), FAO (food security, REDD), WHO (health), ISDR (disaster reduction), UNFCCC (Nairobi Work Programme),World Bank (poverty reduction and finance, investment)

  • Challenges to UNEPOver-simplification of adaptation as economic development Little room for the environmental aspect and jeopardizes the ecosystem services supporting development UNEPs country presence is mainly through environment ministries Partnerships with national planners and sectoral ministries as well as local governments are still to be strengthened

  • Comparative advantages of UNEPTrack record: co-sponsoring IPCC, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Global Environmental Outlook, AIACC project, Integrated Water Resource Management, Regional Seas Initiatives and Built credibility as a a capacity builder, ecosystem manager and,knowledge mobilizer Global leadership and its convening power such as organizing adaptation session of SGs High-Level Event on climate change, and the side-event on adaptation at UNFCCC COP 13

  • UNEPs complementary approachBuilding on strengthOvercoming weaknessLooking for new opportunitiesExecuting comparative advantages

  • The Niche of UNEPMeeting the twin needs of vulnerable countries for environment protection and economic development and,

    Assisting them in integrating adaptation into their multi-faceted planning and deliberative processes.

  • 3 Key pillars to support the NicheBuilding key adaptive capacity of the developing worldIncreasing ecosystem resilience and reducing the risk of climate-related disasters and conflictsMobilizing and managing knowledge for adaptation policy and planning

  • Topics

    UNEP on Climate Change: Medium-Term Strategy and Climate Change The Science and the needsSetting UNEPs niche for adaptation Actions to support vulnerable countriesTowards a programmatic approach

  • 1. Global Adaptation NetworkTo deploy worlds best knowledge and technology to assist policy-setting, planning and adaptation practices as well as to support the current and future UN-wide adaptation arrangements such as the next stages of the Nairobi Work Programme. Network of ground stations for monitoring, research and demonstration (e.g. ILTER) Regional centers for gov capacity building, tech support policy and planning, and regional cooperation (e.g. CGIAR, ICIMOD)International Support Group for tech support to regional centers and stations (e.g. SEI, IIED, IISD)

  • 2. Legislators and Planners Forum It will transfer existing knowledge on adaptation to assist legislators and national planners on for policy-setting on adaptation and to facilitate the integration of adaptation into relevant legislations and development planningThe Forum will strengthen the integration between national environment and development agencies and empower environmental agencies and organizationsIt can support and complement the UNEP-UNDP Poverty and Environment Initiative

  • 3. Sustainable Water Resource Management To minimise the projected stresses of too little or too much water for disaster reduction and conflict prevention,through knowledge-based policy, technology and finance interventionsSpecific objectives: to project the best case, worst case and intermediate case scenarios of water scarcity and propose/design and help implement responsive interventions (such as Africa); to identify likelihood and frequency of flood risks and propose/design and help implement preventive measures (e.g. S. Asia).

  • 4. Integrated coastal zone management To increase the adaptive capacity and preparedness of coastal areas of South-East Asia, Small Island Developing States and Africa to respond to both the threat of sea level rise (0.18-0.59 m in the next 100 years) and more frequent floods from down-streams of large rivers.Projects under this action would assist policy intervention, urban land use planning, technology transfer, creation of ecological buffer zones and building of key infrastructures.

  • 5. Conserving biodiversityTo minimize the projected biodiversity loss, e.g. the loss of the 20-30 % of species estimated to disappear when temperature exceeds 1.5-2.5 C, through aforestation, avoided deforestation, and enhanced measures to conserve/improve the essential habitats for the endangered species such as nature reserves, greenbelts, Ramsar sites, botanical gardens and other networks of protected and/or conservation area.

  • 6: Highland-Lowland PartnershipTo increase the capacity of the mountain community for adaption to climate change impacts especially melting glaciers and its triggered floods and landslides, and help to increase their preparedness to climate-related disastersthrough enhancement of highland-lowland partnerships including technical, financial and political interventions such as integrated river basin management by mobilizing information and financial flows against the water flow to save lives and livelihoods.

  • 7: Building climate resilient citiesTo help identify the likely impacts of climate change such as head waves, floods, snowstorm, water shortage, and related health problems etc to cities and urbanization process and build capacities and preparedness propose measures Through integration of adaptation into urban planning process, strengthening key infrastructures, mobilizing technology and financial flows to meet the incremental need for technology and finance.

  • 8: Reducing the risk of climate-related disasters and ConflictsTo integrate adaptation efforts into preparedness and reduction for climate-related disaster and conflicts and promote such an approach in the UN system, through improving the capacity of national authorities and relevant organizations, information management, early warning and knowledge development, regional/national policy and planning