Church Fathers

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Church Fathers. Apostolic, Latin, Greek, and Cappadocian. Apostolic Fathers. Apostolic Fathers are the earliest Church Fathers. Taught by the Apostles and continuing their ministry. Key figures: Ignatius of Antioch Clement of Rome Polycarp of Smyrna. Latin Fathers. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Church Fathers

Church Fathers

Church FathersApostolic, Latin, Greek, and Cappadocian

Apostolic FathersApostolic Fathers are the earliest Church Fathers. Taught by the Apostles and continuing their ministry.Key figures:Ignatius of AntiochClement of RomePolycarp of Smyrna

Latin FathersLatin Fathers are so called because they wrote in LatinKey figures:TertullianBattled Gnosticism (specifically Marcionism)Cyprian of CarthageBattled Novatian at Synod of Carthage in 251Lapsi being readmitted to ChurchSt. JeromeTranslated the Bible into Latin Called the VulgateAmbrose of MilanSt. Augustine of Hippo

Greek FathersGreek Fathers are so called because they wrote in GreekKey Figures:Irenaeus of LyonBattled Gnosticism in Against HeresiesAthanasius of AlexandriaBattled Arianism at Council of Nicea and afterwardsCyril of AlexandriaJohn ChrysostomCappadocian Fathers

Cappadocian FathersThe Cappadocian Fathers are Greek Fathers who were monastics in Cappadocia (modern central Turkey). They were very influential in developing the doctrine of the TrinityKey Figures:Gregory of NyssaGregory of NazianzusDefended the divinity of the Holy Spirit against the Arians at Constantinople (381) Basil the Great

Doctors of the ChurchDoctor of the Church is a title given to individuals who offered a particularly influential contribution to theology or doctrine.There are 35 doctors of the ChurchKey figures for the period we are studying:St. Ambrose (Latin Father)St. Augustine (Latin Father)St. Jerome (Latin Father)St. John Chrysostom (Greek Father)St. Basil the Great (Cappadocian)St. Gregory Nazianzus (Cappadocian)St. Athanasius of Alexandria (Greek Father)St. Cyril of Alexandria (Greek Father)Pope St. Leo I (sometimes considered a Latin Father)