chrh foHkkojh tkx jh fVIi.kh fganh 53 chrh foHkkojh tkx jh ekudj mlesa rkjksa dks Mqcksus dh dYiuk]

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Text of chrh foHkkojh tkx jh fVIi.kh fganh 53 chrh foHkkojh tkx jh ekudj mlesa rkjksa dks Mqcksus dh dYiuk]

  • fVIi.kh

    49fganhfganhfganhfganhfganh

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    t;'kadj izlkn fganh lkfgR; ds ,d lqizfl) dfo gSa ftUgksaus izÑfr ds lkSan;Z ij vk/kkfjr vusd dfork,¡ fy[kh gSaA mUgksaus izÑfr dks ekuo dh rjg O;ogkj djrs Hkh fn[kk;k gSA blh rjg dh mudh ,d lqanj dfork gSµ^chrh foHkkojh tkx jhA* vki dfork ds ml :i ls [k+wc ifjfpr gSa] ftls lLoj xk;k tkrk gSA th gk¡] dfork ds bl :i dks ^xhr* dgrs gSaA ;g dfork Hkh ,d xhr gSA bl ikB esa ge mudh blh dfork dks i

  • fganhfganhfganhfganhfganh

    fVIi.kh

    50

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jhA vacj&iu?kV esa Mqcks jghµ rkjk&?kV Å"kk&ukxjhA

    [kx&dqy dqy&dqy&lk cksy jgk] fdly; dk vapy Mksy jgk] yks ;g yfrdk Hkh Hkj ykbZµ e/kq&eqdqy uoy jl xkxjhA

    v/kjksa esa jkx vean fi,] vydksa esa ey;t can fd,] rw vc rd lksbZ gS vkyh ! vk¡[kksa esa Hkjs fogkx jh !

    & t;'kadj izlkn

    17-2 vkb, le>sa

    ;g dfork t;'kadj izlkn ds dkO;&laxzg ^ygj* ls yh xbZ gSA bl dfork esa ,d l[kh nwljh dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dg jgh gS fd izÑfr vius leLr lkSan;Z vkSj laxhr ds lkFk tkx xbZ gS] rc rqEgha D;ksa vius lkSan;Z vkSj ek/kq;Z dks ysdj lks jgh gks\

    dfork ,d vU; vFkZ dh vksj Hkh ladsr djrh gSA ;g dfork ftu fnuksa fy[kh xbZ] mu fnuksa Hkkjr esa vaxzst+ksa dk jkT; Fkk vkSj vkt+knh ds fy, la?k"kZ py jgk FkkA jktuhfrd vkSj lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa ds lkFk&lkFk dfo&ys[kd&jpukdkj Hkh tu&tkxj.k ds iz;kl dj jgs FksA izlkn th us vius ukVdksa esa Hkkjrokfl;ksa esa tkx`fr ykus ds fy, Hkkjr ds ml xkSjoiw.kZ vrhr dk o.kZu fd;k gS] ftlesa yksx viuh vkt+knh cpk, j[kus ds fy, la?k"kZ djrs gSaA bl dfork esa Hkh gesa ;g ladsr fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA vafre ifDr;ksa esa v/kjksa esa vean jkx vkSj ds'kksa esa can ey;t ls bUgha ckrksa dk ladsr feyrk gSA dfo us vkg~oku fd;k gS fd lHkh lkeF;Z gksrs gq, Hkh lks, jgus dk D;k eryc] tcfd lkjs lalkj esa gypy gks jgh gS\ rks fQj lksvks er] tkxksA

    17.2.1 va'k&1

    vkb,] bu iafDr;ksa dk vFkZ&lkSan;Z le>us ls igys dqN ckrsa tku ysaµ

    foHkkojh & jkf=k vacj&iu?kV&vkdk'k :ih iu?kV rkjk&?kV&rkjs :ih ?kM+s m"kk&izkr%osyk] lqcg ukxjh&L=kh [kx&dqy&if{k;ksa dk lewg dqy&dqy&if{k;ksa dk dy[k@

    pgpgkgV fdly;&dksiysa ¼u,&u, iÙks½ yfrdk&yrk] csy eqdqy&v/kf[kyk Qwy uoy&u;k xkxjh&xxjh v/kjksa&gksBksa jkx&yxko] izse&jl] Hkkjrh; 'kkL=kh;

    laxhr esa xkus dk vk/kkj ¼jkx vusd izdkj ds gksrs gSa½

    fogkx&,d jkx dk uke] tks jkf=k ds le; xk;k tkrk gSA

    vean&de ugha gksus okyk] tks ean u gks

    vydksa&ds'kksa ey;t&lqokflr iou]

    lqxaf/kr ok;q vkyh&l[kh

  • fVIi.kh

    51fganhfganhfganhfganhfganh

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    � vki tkurs gh gksaxs fd igys vf/kdka'k xk¡oksa esa ikuh ysus ds fy, ?kj ls nwj dq,¡] unh] rkykc vkfn rd tkuk iM+rk FkkA b/kj ikS QVh] lqcg gqbZ] m/kj fL=k;k¡ ?kM+s fy, ikuh Hkjus dks fudyhaA og LFkku tgk¡ fL=k;k¡ ikuh Hkjrh gSa] iu?kV dgykrk gSA

    � vkius dHkh jkr ds vafre igj esa fnu ds mtkys dks /khjs&èkhjs QSyrs ns[kk gS\ vHkh lwjt fudyk ugha gS] ij mtkyk gksus yxk gS ¼vkdk'k dh dkfyek gYdh gksrs&gksrs vklekuh gks xbZ gS] /kheh& /kheh gok py jgh gS½ fpfM+;k¡ pgpgkus yxh gSaA yksx tkx dj viuk dke 'kq: dj jgs gSaA lwjt fudyus ls igys ds bl le; dks m"kk ;k m"kkdky dgrs gSaA

    � ^dky* ds fy, ^osyk* 'kCn dk iz;ksx Hkh gksrk gS] ftls vke cksy&pky esa csyk Hkh dgrs gSaA ̂dky* iqfYyax 'kCn gS vkSj osyk L=khfyaxA pw¡fd ;gk¡ m"kk ¼L=khfyax½ ds fo"k; esa crk;k x;k gS] blfy, ̂izkr%dky* ds LFkku ij ̂izkr%osyk* dk iz;ksx vf/kd mi;qDr gksxkA

    � dfork esa vDlj fdlh ds lkSan;Z&o.kZu ds fy, fdlh nwljh oLrq ls mldh lekurk crkbZ tkrh gSA ftldh lekurk crkbZ tkrh gS] mls mies; rFkk ftlls lekurk crkbZ tkrh gS] mls mieku dgrs gSaA vxj mies; vkSj mieku dh ;g lekurk rqyuk ds :i esa vkrh gS] rks ogk¡ miek vyadkj gksrk gSA tc nksuksa ds chp dksbZ Hksn gh ugha jgrk] rks ogk¡ :id vyadkj gksrk gSA bu iafDr;ksa esa vacj] rkjk vkSj m"kk ls Øe'k% iu?kV] ?kM+k o ukxjh ¼L=kh½ dk bl rjg lacaèk LFkkfir fd;k x;k gS fd muds chp dksbZ Hksn gh ugha jg x;k gSA blh dks mies; esa mieku dk vkjksi dgrs gSaA vxj ge budh vyx&vyx lkj.kh cuk,¡] rks bl rjg gksxh %

    mies; mieku

    vacj ¼vkdk'k½ & iu?kV

    rkjk & ?kV ¼?kM+k½

    Å"kk ¼izkr%osyk½ & ukxjh ¼L=kh½

  • fganhfganhfganhfganhfganh

    fVIi.kh

    52

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    vc dfork dh izkjafHkd rhu iafDr;ksa ij fopkj djus ls igys bUgsa ,d ckj iqu% iyfeykgV Hkh gYdh gksrs&gksrs yqIr gksrh tk jgh gS] tSls ?kM+k nh[krs&nh[krs xqM+qi ls ikuh ds vanj Mwc tkrk gSA

    bu iafDr;ksa dk lkSan;Z bl ckr esa fufgr gS fd lqcg ds n`'; dk o.kZu vke tu&thou ds dk;ks± ls tksM+rs gq, fd;k x;k gSA lqcg&lqcg unh] rkykc ;k dq,¡ ij tkdj ikuh ykuk xzke&thou esa ,d vke fØ;kdyki jgk gSA

    fVIif.k;k¡

    1- bu iafDr;ksa esa izÑfr dk ekuohdj.k fd;k x;k gS vFkkZr~ izÑfr dks ekuo ds :i esa O;ogkj djrs fn[kk;k x;k gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, Hkksj ds le; m"kk ds mn; vkSj rkjksa ds fNius dk o.kZu djus ds fy, m"kk dks ,d L=kh ekuk x;k gS] tks vkdk'k :ih iu?kV esa rkjksa ds ?kM+s Mqcksrh tk jgh gSA

    2- ^vacj&iu?kV----ukxjh* esa :id vyadkj gS] D;ksafd vacj esa iu?kV dk] rkjksa esa ?kM+ksa dk vkSj m"kk esa L=kh dk vkjksi fd;k x;k gSA

    3- izkr%dkyhu ekuoh; xfrfof/k;ksa ds vk/kkj ij lqcg gksus ds n`'; dk fp=k.k ljkguh; gSA

    fØ;kdyki&17-1

    1- dfo vius vklikl dh ?kVukvksa dks ns[kdj dqN uohu dYiuk,¡ djrs gSaA bls mudk ̂l`tu&dkS'ky* Hkh dgk tkrk gSA tSls bl dfork esa vkdk'k dks iu?kV

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh! vacj&iu?kV esa Mqcks jghµ rkjk&?kV Å"kk ukxjhA

  • fVIi.kh

    53fganhfganhfganhfganhfganh

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    ekudj mlesa rkjksa dks Mqcksus dh dYiuk] ikuh Hkjrh ukjh ds :i esa m"kk dks ns[kuk vkfnA vki Hkh pk¡nuh jkr ds ckjs esa l`tukRed fparu djrs gq, izkÑfrd lkSan;Z dk fp=k.k dhft, %

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    17.2.2 va'k&2

    izkr%dky gks x;k gS] bl rF; ij cy nsrs gq, l[kh dgrh gS fd if{k;ksa ds dyjo ¼pgpgkus½ dk Loj lqukbZ ns jgk gS vkSj dksaiy ds vk¡py esa fFkjdu gks jgh gS] vFkkZr~ /kheh&/kheh gok ls dksaiysa fFkjdus yxh gSaA vkSj lquks] ;g yrk Hkh vius v/kf[kys Q+wy :ih xxjh esa u;k jl Hkj ykbZ gSA dyh ls Qwy cuus dh izfØ;k esa v/kf[kys Qwy dh vkÑfr dy'k ;kuh xxjh tSlh gksrh gS vkSj chp esa rkt+k jl ls iw.kZ ijkx gksrk gSA vr% ;gk¡ v/kf[kys Qwy vkSj jl ls Hkjh xxjh dh lekurk ds vk/kkj ij laqnj :id cu iM+k gSA vkb,] ,d ckj fQj ls bl va'k ds lkSan;Z dks ns[ksaA

    vkius ns[kk gksxk fd lqcg gksrs gh i{kh pgpgkus yx tkrs gSa] ean&ean gok cgus yxrh gS vkSj mlls isM+&ikS/kksa] Qwyksa esa gypy iSnk gks tkrh gSA blh n`'; dk o.kZu dfo us bu iafDr;ksa esa fd;k gSA

    if{k;ksa ds pgpgkus dks dyjo dgrs gSaµ^dy&dy* dk jo ;kuh dy&dy dh vkokt+A blh ^dy&dy* dks ;gk¡ ^dqy&dqy* dgk x;k gSA dqy dk ,d vkSj vFkZ gksrk gS lewgA [kx&dqy ;kuh if{k;ksa dk lewg dqy&dqy&lk cksy jgk gS vFkkZr~ i{kh dyjo dj jgs gSaA

    bruh&lh ckr dks dfo us cM+h lqanjrk ls miekuksa ds lgkjs O;Dr fd;k gSA ^dqy&dqy&lk* ij /;ku nsaA m"kk ukxjh vacj :ih iu?kV esa rkjk&?kV Mqcks jgh gSA ikuh esa Mqcks dj ?kM+k Hkjrs le; tks ^dqy&dqy* dh vkokt+ gksrh gS] og [kx&dqy vFkkZr~ i{kh&lewg ds dyjo ls O;Dr gks jgh gSA blfy, dgk gS&[kx&dqy dqy&dqy&lk cksy jgkA ?kM+k Hkjus ds ckn mls dej ij j[ks gS yfrdkA yfrdk u,

    jl ls Hkjh xkxj ysdj pyh vk jgh gSA

    [kx&dqy dqy&dqy&lk cksy jgk] fdly; dk vapy Mksy jgk] yks ;g yfrdk Hkh Hkj ykbZµ e/kq&eqdqy uoy jl xkxjhA

  • fganhfganhfganhfganhfganh

    fVIi.kh

    54

    chrh foHkkojh tkx jh

    fVIif.k;k¡

    1- ^yks ;g yfrdk Hkh Hkj ykbZ------* esa yrk dks m"kk ds gh leku L=kh :i esa izLrqr fd;k x;k gS] vr% ;gk¡ ekuohdj.k vyadkj gSA

    2- ^e/kq&eqdqy uoy jl xkxjh* esa :id vyadkj gS] D;ksafd eqdqy esa ¼v/kf[kys Qwyksa esa½ jl dh NksVh&NksVh xxfj;ksa dk vkjksi fd;k x;k gSA

    3- ^[kx&dqy dqy&dqy&lk* esa ^dqy* dh ckj&ckj vko`fÙk gksus ls vuqizkl vyadkj gSA

    ^[kx&dqy* esa ^dqy* 'kCn dk vFkZ gS& lewg ;k ifjokj vkSj ^dqy&dqy* dk vFkZ gS& dyjoA tgk¡ ,d 'kCn dk ,d ls vf/kd ckj iz;ksx gks vkSj gj ckj vyx vFkZ gks ogk¡ ;ed vyadkj gksrk gSA blfy, ;gk¡ ;ed vyadkj Hkh gSA

    ikBxr iz'u&17.1

    1- fuEufyf[kr dFkuksa esa ls lgh ds vkxs ¼√½ vkSj xyr ds vkxs (X) dk fu'kku yxkb, %

    ¼d½ dfork esa Hkksj ds fp=k.k ds ekè;e ls l[kh dks tkxus ds fy, dgk x;kA

    ¼[k½ lqcg ikuh Hkjus okyh L=kh gS] vkdk'k ?kM+k gS vkSj rkjk iu?kV gSA

    ¼x½ yrkvksa esa yxs v/kf[kys Qwy ijkx&jl ls Hkjs dy'k gSaA

    ¼?k½ m"kk :ih ukxjh lks jgh gS] dfork esa mls txkus dk