Charter Township of Orion Master Twp Master Plan...ORION TOWNSHIP MASTER PLAN ... Physical Profile 5 ... Economic Development for the Charter Township of Orion 129 Plan Education 132

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  • Charter Township of Orion

    Master Plan



  • Acknowledgements i


    AcknowledgementsOrion Township BoardMatthew Gibb, SupervisorPenny Shults, ClerkAlice P. Young, TreasurerMark Crane, TrusteeNeal Porter, TrusteeJohn Steimel, TrusteeJoAnn Van Tassel, Trustee

    Planning Commission MembersDouglas Zande, ChairpersonShannon Filarecki, Vice ChairDick Christie, SecretaryJohn Steimel, Township Board RepresentativeSandra DylJustin DunaskissCarol Thurber

    Adopted by the Charter Township of OrionPlanning CommissionDecember 16, 2009

    Accepted by the Charter Township of OrionTownship BoardJanuary 4, 2010

    Assisted by:Carlisle/Wortman Associates, Inc.Community Planners and Landscape ArchitectsAnn Arbor, Michigan and Clarkston, Michigan


  • iv Table of Contents


  • Table of Contents v


    Table of ContentsAcknowledgements iResolution of Adoption iiiTable of Contents v

    Introduction 1 What is Planning? 1 How is the Plan to Be Used? 2 Scope 3 Planning Area 3 Methodology 3

    Background Studies - Physical Profile 5 Early History 5 Existing Land Use 6 Conclusions 12

    Background Studies - Demographic & Socio-Economic Profile 15 Population and Housing 15 Population and Housing Conclusions 21 Economic Base 22 Tax Base 22 Employment 23

    Background Studies - Community Facilities 25 Township Administrative Services 25 Other Public Services and Programs 25 Public Water and Sanitary Sewer Services 25 Conclusions 33

    Background Studies - Parks and Recreation 35 Recreation Inventory 35

    Background Studies - Environmental Resources 45 Topographic Features 45 Soils 45 Water Resources 46 Wetlands and Floodplains 52 Woodlands 53 Green Infrastructure 54 Conclusions 60

  • vi Table of Contents


    Background Studies - Historic Preservation 65 Properties Eligible for Listing on the National Register 66 Conclusions 67

    Background Studies - Transportation & Thoroughfares 71 Roadway Classifi cation and Responsibility 71 Administrative Jurisdiction 71 National Functional Classifi cation 72 Roadway Classifi cations within the Township 72 Right-of-Way Plan 75 Traffi c Counts and Crash Locations 79 Road Improvements/Traffi c Studies 79 Safety Paths 80 Opportunities for Change 80

    Goals 85 Citizen Input 85 Workshops 85 Goals, Objectives, Policies 86 Economic Development 87 Community Facilities 88 Recreation Facilities 90 Environmental Resources 93 Historic Preservation 94 Transportation and Thoroughfares 95 Residential Areas 97 Offi ce Areas 99 Commercial Areas 100 Industrial Areas 102

    Future Land Use 103 Future Land Use Classifi cations 103 Community Facilities 110 Environmental Resources 111 Historic Preservation 111 Transportation and Thoroughfares 112 Village Center Development 114 Typical Strip Development 114 Residential Areas 115 Offi ce Areas 116 Commercial Areas 116 Industrial Areas 118 Recreational Areas/Facilities 120 Gateways and Aesthetics 121

  • Table of Contents vii


    Implementation 123 Township Policy 124 Utility Service Districts 124 Zoning 124 Zoning Plan 124 Cluster Housing/Open Space Planning 126 Capital Improvement Program 128 Federal State Funds 128 Local Funds 128 Economic Development for the Charter Township of Orion 129 Plan Education 132 Master Plan Updates 132

    List of Maps Map 1: Existing Land Use 7 Map 2: Water Distribution System 27 Map 3: Sanitary Collection System 29 Map 4: Oakland County Drains 31 Map 5: Recreation Inventory 38 Map 6: Topography 47 Map 7: Water Resources 49 Map 8: Woodlands 55 Map 9: Green Infrastructure 57 Map 10: Michigan Natural Features Inventory 61 Map 11: Survey Sites 69 Map 12: Transportation Plan Map 73 Map 13: Master Right-of-Way Plan for County Roads 77 Map 14: Pathways Map 81 Map 15: Future Land Use Plan 105 Map 16: Industrial Development District 130

  • viii


  • Introduction 1


    What is Planning?

    Planning is a process which involves the conscious selection of policy choices relating to land use, growth and development in the community. The Master Plan is an offi cial Township document that sets forth policies for the future of the community.

    The Charter Township of Orion derives its authority to prepare a Master plan from the Planning Enabling Act, PA 33 of 2008 as amended. The Act states:

    (1) In the preparation of a Master Plan, a Planning Commission shall do all of the following, as applicable:

    (a) Make careful and comprehensive surveys and studies of present conditions and future growth with the Township with due regard to its relation to neighboring jurisdictions.

    (b) Consult with representatives of adjacent local units of government in respect to their planning so that confl icts in master plans and zoning may be avoided.

    (c) Cooperate with all departments of the state and federal governments and other public agencies concerned with programs for economic, social and physical development within the planning jurisdiction and seek the maximum coordination of the Townships programs with these agencies.

    (d) In the preparation of the master plan, the Planning Commission may meet with other governmental Planning Commissions or agency staff to deliberate.

    (e) In general, a Planning Commission has such lawful powers as may be necessary to enable it to promote local planning and otherwise carry out the purposes of the Act.

    (2) A master plan shall address land use and infrastructure issues, and may project twenty (20) years or more into the future. A master plan shall include maps, plans, charts, and descriptive, explanatory and other related matter and shall show the Planning Commissions recommendations for physical development of the Township, such as:

    (a) A land use plan that consists of a classifi cation and allocation of land for agriculture, residences, commerce, industry, recreation ways and grounds, public buildings, schools, soil conservation, forests, woodlots, open space wildlife refuges and other uses and purposes.

    (b) The general location, character, and extent of streets, railroads, airports, bicycle paths, pedestrian ways, bridges, waterways and waterfront developments; sanitary sewers and water supply systems; facilities for fl ood prevention, drainage, pollution prevention and maintenance of water levels; and public facilities and structures.

    (c) Recommendations as to the general character, extent and layout of redevelopment or rehabilitation of blighted areas; and the removal, relocation, widening, narrowing, vacating, abandonment, change of use, or extension of streets, grounds, open spaces , buildings, utilities, or other facilities.

    (d) A zoning plan for various zoning districts controlling the height, area, bulk, location, and use of buildings and premises. It shall include an explanation of how the land use categories on future land use map relate to the districts on the zoning map.

    (e) Recommendations for implementing any of the master plans proposals.


  • 2 Introduction


    (f) If a street plan is included, the means for implementing the master street plan in cooperation with the Road Commission for Oakland County and State of Michigan Department of Transportation shall be specifi ed.

    (3) Before preparing a master plan, a Planning Commission shall send a notice explaining that the Planning Commission intends to prepare a master plan, requesting the recipients cooperation and comment.

    (4) After preparing a master plan, the Planning Commission shall submit the proposed master plan to the Township Board for review and comment. The adoption process shall not proceed unless the legislative body approves the distribution of the proposed plan for review and comment to all the following:

    (a) Each municipality located within or contiguous to the Township.

    (b) The Oakland County Planning Commission.

    (c) Each public utility and railroad company owning or operating a public utility or railroad with the Township.

    (d) If a master street plan is included, the Oakland County Road Commission and State of Michigan Department of Transportation.

    (5) An entity described above may submit comments on the master plan to the Planning Commission within sixty-three (63) days after the proposed plan was submitted to that entity.

    (6) Before approving a proposed master plan, the Planning Commission shall hold not less than one (1) public hearing. The hearing must be held after the expiration of the comment period allotted to the above mentioned entities.

    (7) The approval of the master plan shall be by a resolution of the Planning Commission by a majority vote of its membership.

    (8) Upon fi nal adoption, the Planning Commission shall submit copies of the adopted master plan to the aforementioned entities.

    How is the Plan to Be Used?

    The Plan serves many functions and is to be used in a variety of ways:1. The Plan is a general statement of the Township goals and policies. It provides a single, comprehensive view of the communitys desires for the future.

    2. The Plan serves as an aid in daily decision-making. The goals and policies outlined in the Plan guide the Planning Commission and Township Board in their deliberations on zoning, subdivision, capital improvements and other matters relating to land use and development. The Plan provides a stable, long-term basis for decision