Chapter 7 Part I Review
These bones form from patterns made of hyaline cartilage.EndochondralIntramembranous
Low intake of calcium, lack of exercise, smoking, and frequent use of alcohol may increase your risk ofArthritisOsteoporosisBursitis
Which type of calcium salts make up the majority of the matrix of bone?CarbonatePhosphatesulfate
Arthroscopy is used to view Lungsb. Jointsc. Heartd. Brain
Hematopoiesis refers toThe growth of a long bone.Lack of blood flow to the articular cartilage.Changing compact bone to spongy boneProduction of blood cells in the red marrow.
Lacunae area. Spaces in the matrix where the ostoecytes live.b. Tiny channels connecting the osteocytes with the central canal.c. Rings in the matrix.d. Cells that produce the matrix.
This bone type develops between sheetlike layers of connective tissues. (example: flat bones of the skull)
a. Endochondralb. Intramembranous
Canaliculi areSpaces in the matrix where the ostoecytes live.Tiny channels connecting the osteocytes with the central canal.Rings in the matrix.Cells that produce the matrix.
Nutrients get to the osteocytes in compact bone by theLacunaBlood in the yellow marrowDiffusionThough the canaliculi
Osteons are found withinCompact boneSpongy boneEpiphyseal disks
The lining of the medullary cavity is called?EpiphysisEndosteumPeriosteumDiaphysis
The primary ossification center is located ina. Epiphysisb. Endosteumc. Periosteumd. Diaphysis
Articular cartilage is found on which part of the bone?In the middle of the DiaphysisOn the end of the EpiphysisAnd is made of this type of cartilage?ElasticFibrocartilagehyaline
These cells maintain bone.OsteoblastsOsteoclastsOsteocytes
These bone cells erode the matrix.a. Osteoblastsb. Osteoclastsc. Osteocytes
These bone cells are found in the periosteum and build bone.a. Osteoblastsb. Osteoclastsc. Osteocytes
Degeneration of the articular cartialge is referred to asa. Arthritisb. Osteoporosisc. Bursitis
The concentric layers of the osteon are called?CanaliculiLacunaeLamellae
Bones increase in length from the growing region in theEpiphyseal disksEpiphysisdiaphysis
An artery, vein, and a nerve can be found inside this structure of the osteon.LacunaCentral (Haversian) canalOsteocyte Lamella
The soft spots of an infants skull are called? Fontanels
The hip joint (pelvis/femur) is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot
The elbow (ulna/humerus) is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot
The neck is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot
The phalanges/metatarsals is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot
Red marrow is replaced with yellow marrow, which storesCalciumBloodAdipose tissue
Movement of a body part towards the midline is called?FlexionAdductionCircumductionAbduction
Movement of a body part away from the midline is called?FlexionAdductionCircumductionAbduction
Movement that decreases the angle between the bones is called?a. Flexionb. Adductionc. Circumductiond. Abduction
The fibrous covering that encloses a long bone is the
a. Epiphysisb. Endosteumc. Periosteumd. Diaphysis
This is an example of anosteon
lacunaThese chambers are where the osteocytes live?
lacunacanaliculiThese are channels for blood flow?
Central canallacunacanaliculiThis is also called the Haversain canal.
Central canallacunacanaliculiThese are the rings formed by the matrix.Lamella