Chapter 7 Part I Review. These bones form from patterns made of hyaline cartilage. a.Endochondral b.Intramembranous

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Text of Chapter 7 Part I Review. These bones form from patterns made of hyaline cartilage. a.Endochondral...

  • Chapter 7 Part I Review

  • These bones form from patterns made of hyaline cartilage.EndochondralIntramembranous

  • Low intake of calcium, lack of exercise, smoking, and frequent use of alcohol may increase your risk ofArthritisOsteoporosisBursitis

  • Which type of calcium salts make up the majority of the matrix of bone?CarbonatePhosphatesulfate

  • Arthroscopy is used to view Lungsb. Jointsc. Heartd. Brain

  • Hematopoiesis refers toThe growth of a long bone.Lack of blood flow to the articular cartilage.Changing compact bone to spongy boneProduction of blood cells in the red marrow.

  • Lacunae area. Spaces in the matrix where the ostoecytes live.b. Tiny channels connecting the osteocytes with the central canal.c. Rings in the matrix.d. Cells that produce the matrix.

  • This bone type develops between sheetlike layers of connective tissues. (example: flat bones of the skull)

    a. Endochondralb. Intramembranous

  • Canaliculi areSpaces in the matrix where the ostoecytes live.Tiny channels connecting the osteocytes with the central canal.Rings in the matrix.Cells that produce the matrix.

  • Nutrients get to the osteocytes in compact bone by theLacunaBlood in the yellow marrowDiffusionThough the canaliculi

  • Osteons are found withinCompact boneSpongy boneEpiphyseal disks

  • The lining of the medullary cavity is called?EpiphysisEndosteumPeriosteumDiaphysis

  • The primary ossification center is located ina. Epiphysisb. Endosteumc. Periosteumd. Diaphysis

  • Articular cartilage is found on which part of the bone?In the middle of the DiaphysisOn the end of the EpiphysisAnd is made of this type of cartilage?ElasticFibrocartilagehyaline

  • These cells maintain bone.OsteoblastsOsteoclastsOsteocytes

  • These bone cells erode the matrix.a. Osteoblastsb. Osteoclastsc. Osteocytes

  • These bone cells are found in the periosteum and build bone.a. Osteoblastsb. Osteoclastsc. Osteocytes

  • Degeneration of the articular cartialge is referred to asa. Arthritisb. Osteoporosisc. Bursitis

  • The concentric layers of the osteon are called?CanaliculiLacunaeLamellae

  • Bones increase in length from the growing region in theEpiphyseal disksEpiphysisdiaphysis

  • An artery, vein, and a nerve can be found inside this structure of the osteon.LacunaCentral (Haversian) canalOsteocyte Lamella

  • The soft spots of an infants skull are called? Fontanels

  • The hip joint (pelvis/femur) is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot

  • The elbow (ulna/humerus) is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot

  • The neck is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot

  • The phalanges/metatarsals is an example ofHingeBall-and-socketEllipsoidSlidingpivot

  • Red marrow is replaced with yellow marrow, which storesCalciumBloodAdipose tissue

  • Movement of a body part towards the midline is called?FlexionAdductionCircumductionAbduction

  • Movement of a body part away from the midline is called?FlexionAdductionCircumductionAbduction

  • Movement that decreases the angle between the bones is called?a. Flexionb. Adductionc. Circumductiond. Abduction

  • The fibrous covering that encloses a long bone is the

    a. Epiphysisb. Endosteumc. Periosteumd. Diaphysis

  • This is an example of anosteon

  • lacunaThese chambers are where the osteocytes live?

  • lacunacanaliculiThese are channels for blood flow?

  • Central canallacunacanaliculiThis is also called the Haversain canal.

  • Central canallacunacanaliculiThese are the rings formed by the matrix.Lamella