Chapter 24 PP.ppt

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  • 1. Chapter 24 TobaccoLesson 1 Tobacco Use - A High Risk Behavior p. 528

2. Health Terms

  • Addiction
  • Nicotine
  • Stimulant
  • Tar
  • Carcinogens
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Smokeless tobacco

3. Why Young People Start Smoking

  • 1/5 American teens smoke
  • Every day in the US 6,000 teens light up for the first time
  • 3,000 become regular smokers
  • 9/10 adult smokers began as teens
  • Of those who began smoking as teens, 1/3 will die from smoke related causes
  • 2.6 million packs of cigarettes are sold illegally to minors

4. Why Young People Start Smokingcontd

  • Many feel insecure in social situations
    • Smoking will take away that feeling
    • Smoking will make them seems older & more sophisticated
  • Peer pressure
  • They think the bad effects of smoking can only occur after years of smoking
  • They believe they can drop the habit anytime

5. What is in Cigarettes?

  • The most popular form of tobacco
  • At least 43 chemicals
  • Cancer causing chemicals - Carcinogens
    • Cyanide
    • Formaldehyde
    • Arsenic
  • Nicotine - a stimulant
  • Tar
  • Carbon Monoxide

6. Smokeless Tobacco

  • Sniffed
  • Chewed
  • Over 12 million American users
  • Startingbetween ages 13 & 15
  • Many believe smokeless is safer than smokingNOT TRUE
    • Smokeless carries the same chemicals

7. Smokeless Tobacco

  • Health Risks of Smokeless Tobacco:
  • Mouth sores that can turn to cancer of
    • Lips
    • Mouth
    • Throat
  • Damage to teeth and gums
  • Damage to digestive system

8. Other Forms of Tobacco

  • Pipes
  • Cigars
  • More tar and harmful chemicals are generated
      • Greater chance of lip, mouth and throat cancer

9. Benefits of Being a Nonsmoker

  • Better able to taste food
  • Better endurance and energy
  • $$$ for other things
  • Reduced risk of cancer, heart disease, & other life threatening diseases
  • Feeling better about yourself

10. Chapter 24 TobaccoLesson 2 What Tobacco Does to the Bodyp. 533 11. Motivator

  • List all of the possible
  • consequences of tobacco use
  • that you can recall.

12. Health Terms

  • Leukoplakia
  • Passive smoke
  • Mainstream smoke
  • Sidestream smoke

13. Why does a tobacco user want more? 14. Why does a tobacco user want more?

  • The constriction of the blood vessels causes a mild high.When the vessels return to normal, there is a sensation of restlessness & irritation.The tobacco user does not like the discomfort & will repeat the behavior that produced pleasure.This causes a cycle of use that becomes habitual.The frequent use builds up an addiction to nicotine.

15. Effects of Smoking on the Smoker

  • Short-term effects
    • What happens immediately when smoking
  • Long-term effects
    • What happens when smoking continues

16. Long-Term Effects of Smoking

  • Diseases of the Respiratory System
  • Or
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)
  • Chronic Bronchitis
    • Bronchi are irritated
    • Cilia become useless
    • Excess mucus secretion
  • Emphysema

17. Long-Term Effects of Smokingcontd

  • COPDcontd
  • Emphysema
    • Destruction of the air sacs
      • Part of the lung where oxygen and
      • carbon dioxide are exchanged
    • Person uses about 80% of energy to breath compared to 5%
  • Lung Cancer

18. Long-Term Effects of Smokingcontd

  • COPDcontd
  • Lung Cancer
  • Cilia are destroyed
  • Mucus cannot be expelled
    • Both of those create idea living conditions for cancer cell to grow
  • Leading cause of cancer deaths among males
  • Becoming more significant in women

19. Long-Term Effects of Smokingcontd

  • Diseases of the Circulatory System
  • Nicotine
    • Makes the heart pump faster
    • Contributes to plaque (fatty deposit)
    • build-up
  • Smoking
    • Constricts the blood vessels
    • Raises blood pressure

20. Long-Term Effects of Smokingcontd

  • Diseases of the Circulatory Systemcontd
  • If all Americans stopped smoking
    • Heart disease deaths would be cut by almost 1/3
    • Saving over 30,000 lives a year

21.

  • What is the reason a person with heart disease is told to avoid smoking?
  • Why does the heart need to work harder in a smoker than a non smoker?
  • What happens to the heart when it has to work overtime?

22. The Dangers of Smokeless Tobacco

  • Nicotine is just as harmful as smoking
  • Tar & chemicals go to the digestive & urinary systems
  • Leukoplakia
    • May develop into cancer
    • 50% survive
  • Greater tooth wear
  • Bad breath
  • Discolored teeth
  • Receding gums
    • Exposed roots
    • More decay
    • Tooth loss

23. Smoking During and After Pregnancy

  • 6,200 childhood deaths occur yearly due to parents smoking
    • 2,800 from low birth weight due to pregnancy smoking
    • 1,100 due to respiratory infections

24. Smoking During and After Pregnancycontd

  • Smoking During Pregnancy is Associated with:
  • Small fetal growth
  • Increased chance of spontaneous abortion, prenatal death, & still births
  • Growth and developmental problems
  • Intellectual & behavioral characteristics problems
  • Children of smokers have more than double the chances of lung cancer than those of nonsmokers.

25. Smoking During and After Pregnancycontd

  • How?
  • Nicotine pass through the placenta to the fetus
  • Carbon monoxide decreases oxygen concentration in the blood
  • All harmful substances can be passed to the infant while breast-feeding

26. Smoking vs Smokeless

  • Using smokeless tobacco
  • is less dangerous
  • than smoking

27. Rights of the Nonsmoker

  • You have the right to ask a smoker to not smoke near you or in the presents of you.They can move to a designated smoking area.
  • You have then right to go to a smoke-free seating area or establishment.

28. Chapter 24 TobaccoLesson 3 Choosing to be Tobacco Free p. 539 29. Health Terms

  • Nicotine withdrawal
  • Nicotine substitutes

30. Strategies for Quitting

  • Filters - a series of filters are added to the smoking tobacco to gradually decrease the amount of nicotine and tar consumed
  • Nicotine substitute administer the chemicals in a decreasing manner
    • gum (OTC)
    • patch (prescription)
    • Nasal spray

31. Benefits of Quitting

  • Improved cardiovascular endurance
  • Easier breathing
  • Decreased chance of heart disease and stroke
  • A sense of freedom and renewed vigor
    • No concern of where to light up
    • No glances from nonsmokers
  • Saved $$$ or money spent on other things

32. Tips for Quitting

  • Ask yourself & write answers on paper :
  • How much do you smoke?
  • When do you smoke?
  • Where do you smoke?
  • What t