Chandra Rekha Vilapam

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    -

     J '

    l

    '5

    v

    I**

    1

    v,;*(( ?

    -'

    .;

    1-1

    <

    rf

    -

    ^

    [LK [ was

    working

    in

    clic

    Government

    Oriental

    MnnuscripSs

    Library

    (190-1-9),

    I

    had

    to c;xa

    in

    connection

    with

    the

    preparation

    of

    tho

    l>

    Catalogue

    o[Tei.u^u

    Manuseripts,eopics

    of

    Chan

    Vila

    pain,

    a

    classical

    poem

    iu

    three

    cantos

    written

    by

    Kuchurmnchi

    Ja.ggakavi

    in

    the earlier

    pnrt

    of

    the

    eighteenth

    century*

    One

    of

    the

    manuscript

    copies

    of

    the

    work

    was fo-und to

    contain

    certain

    remarks

    of

    Mr*

    C,

    P. 'Brown which

    attracted

    my

    special

    attention..

     The

    poel

    as

    Mr.

    l>rown

    observes

     ic'^s

    evidently

    an

    accomplished

    xiiiKtc?

    of

    //;,;.

    /a/?

    t

    if//i/^ c, *;

    and

    when

    it

    is

    rcim;rnbe';od.

    ilint

    bis frunc.us

    ehlor

    brother,

    Tirnina

    Kavi

    SarvubliOinuji

    hanst;li

    :

     KIS

    spoken

    highly

    of

    bin*

    in

    r.^v^ral

    of

    IiLs

    work;;,

    tl^H'c

    c:a,n

    bo

    nothing

    i

    :

    ;i.n;prisinf;'

    If

     /lie

    i*iindit w io

    read

    Ihc

    hook

    with

    tn&

    (Mr.

    Urowi's)

    itutU<

    JI/K

    of

    /(

    f

    /^/?./'

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    4

    '

    CHANDRA

    RE

    Kit

    A

    ber

    of

    manuscript

    copies

    of

    the

    work

    in

    etrculntion,

    and

    the

    ardour

    which

    persons

    oi all

    desr.ripliorw

    evince

    to

    this

    day

    in

    perusing

    them,

    bespeak

    its

    uni-

    versal

    popularity

    and

    attest

    its

    intrinsic:

    general

    literary

    merit,

     The

    poem

    h

    as

    Mr.

    Bnnvn

    snys

     a

    running

    parody

    oit

    the

    affected

    and

    stiff

    rules

    of

    Teliigu

    poetry

    and

    is

    particularly

    amusing

    on

    thitt

    iiccottnf .

    **/#

    closely

    resemble^'

    he

    adds

     the

    ttnglixk

    Travesties

    of

    Homer

    or

    Virgil

    and simiUrr

    bttrlesijttc

    ro/n/w///o/JS

    M

    As

    a

    parody,

    the

    poem

    stands

    wilhoul

    a

    parallel

    in

    Tehu; u

    literature.

    Since

    the

    days

    of

    s

    he

    MM

    nous

    Krishnado-

    varaya,

    Telugu

    poetry

    has

    moved

    unhappily

    on

    lines

    of

    mere

    convention

    and verbal

    qmhl'ih's;

    and

    it

    is

    a

    pity

    that

    there

    are

    more

    than

    two

    hundred

    works

    of

    that

    kind.

    A new

    departure

    from

    ihe,

    bealm

    paih

    is

    branded

    with

    infamy

    and

    will

    certainly

    lead

    lo

    a

    sort;

    of

    intellectual

    ostracism

    at.

    the

    hands

    uf

    conservative

    readers.

    Parody

    is

    UK;

    only

    povvonul

    instrument

    which

    can

    effectually expose,

    to

    ridicule

    such

    fantastic

    and

    worthless

    compositions.

    Jagga

    Ravi

    has,

    in

    his

    moments

    of

    strong

    emotion,

    violated

    the

    sanctity

    C

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    Km

    TON'S

    NOTK

    5

    raj

    inn,

    the

    Cro\vn

    of

    Humorous

    Poems.

    Like

    the

    rest

    of

    tho

    Pnibandh;i-

    Writers,

    the,

    author

    deals

    with

    Love,

    but

    he

    recurs

    In

    it

    only

    incidentally.

    Wha

    lever

    may

    lie

    the

    motive;

    of

    (he

    {met,

    tin*

    purpose

    of

    the

    poem

    appa-

    rently

    is

    lo

    crca'e

    n.1)hnrn-nrc

    for

    ur.chastity

    -rul*

    prostitution

    -wh

    ic

    h

    abhorrence,

    is

    fun'

    her

    heightened

    by

    the

    unique

    drwlopen-icnt

    of the

    pint.

    The*

    de-

    nunciation

    of

    her

    own

    profession

    by

    Clmudrnrekha

    and

    the

    sincere

    though

    strong

    advice

    given

    by

    Fapanna

    lo

    the

    king.,

    Simaendra,

    (as

    the

    characters

    stand in

    the

    present

    edition)

    call for

    special

    attention.

    Further

    details

    are

    pointed

    out

    in the

    Epilogue.

    Thus

    the

    poem

    is

    highly

    moral

    in

    its

    tone

    and

    in

    the

    language

    of

    Mr,

    Brown

    a

    *\S\f/m?

    true

    to

    its

    function

    that,

    in.

    scv.king

    lo

    lash

    vi.-e

    and

    imiuoru

    lily,

    chastens

    human

    life

    and

    exalts

    vin

    nc.

    The

    hist''>r'u:'uv

    of

    the

    plot

    is

    highly

    eloubtfuS;

    and

    l'

    is<

    k

    the

    la

    iU'.u

    ige

    1

    Mr.

    Brn\vn

    the

    author

    simply

     leitfns

    i

    :

    Tin*

    present,

    edition

    has

    further

    adopted

    a

    set

    of

    lic.titious

    nmncs

    througlionit,

    with

    other

    nec.ossary

    nn

    d;

    licutions

    to

    inak(

    v

    the

    -poem

    entirely

    free

    front

    ail

    pcrsr,nlitu;s,

    if

    there

    be

    any.

    ihnl

    ctvcn the

    most

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    CHANDRA

    REKHA

    VILAFAM

    clinie

    In

    which

    they

    live.

    No

    literature, lusiurien] n

    t

    *

    epigraphies , gives

    so

    much

    insight

    into

    the

    inner

    movements

    of

    society

    as

    satire

    :

    and

    this is

    ono

    of

    the

    few

    satires

    that

    help

    us

    to

    fix

    the

    landmarks

    of

    the social

    history

    of

    South

    India.

    Now

    coming

    to

    the

    style

    of

    the

    work

    as

    it

    origi-

    nally

    stood,

    no

    one

    can

    disagree

    with

    Mr.

    Brown

     '

    that,

    In

    his

    emotional

    moments

    perhaps

    to

    rouse

    more

    effectively

    the

    indignation

    of

    the

    1

    reader

    against

    the

    depraved

    morals'

    of

    the

    age,

    the

    author

    'has,

     

    along

    with

    all

    the

    elegant

    and

    highly

    polished

    expressions

    customary

    on

    such

    subjects

    with

    which

    Tclitgu

    abounds,.-.^

    intermingled

    ike

    filthiest

    and

    coarsest

    slang

    phrases

    that

    it

    furnishes

    in

    equal

    plenty .

    Whatever

    may

    be

    the,

    jus-'

    tiflcation

    of

    the

    author,

    there

    is

    no

    doubt

    it

    is

     bad

    luck

    fa

    read

    much

    of

    it*'

    as

    Mr*

    Brown

    rieiitly remarks,

    IT***

    *

    7