Chacha Document

  • View
    217

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Chacha Document

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    1/26

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    2/26

    HAVE YOU SEEN AHAVE YOU SEEN A

    BIG BUILDING?BIG BUILDING?DO YOU KNOW, WHATDO YOU KNOW, WHAT

    THE BASIC MATERIALTHE BASIC MATERIAL

    FOR BUILT IT?FOR BUILT IT?

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    3/26

    ORGANISM IS COMPOSE FROMORGANISM IS COMPOSE FROM

    SMALLEST OR SIMPLE PART THAT THEYSMALLEST OR SIMPLE PART THAT THEY

    HAVE TO WORK AND EFFECT ONEHAVE TO WORK AND EFFECT ONE

    ANOTHERANOTHER

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    4/26

    MY BODYY BODY

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    5/26

    1.. CELLELL(jaringan)jaringan)2.. TISSUEISSUE3.. ORGAN (RGAN (4.. ORGANRGANSYSTEMYSTEM5.. ORGANISMRGANISM

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    6/26

    Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in livingCells are the basic unit of structure and function in livingthingthing

    Means : cells form the parts of an organism and carry outMeans : cells form the parts of an organism and carry outall of an organisms processes, or functionsall of an organisms processes, or functions

    Cell adalah satuan kecil struktural dan fungsional dari tubuhCell adalah satuan kecil struktural dan fungsional dari tubuhmahkluk hidupmahkluk hidup

    Sruktural : struktur tubuhSruktural : struktur tubuhFungsional : fungsi kerja orgamel (bagian) selFungsional : fungsi kerja orgamel (bagian) selKumpulan cell yang berbentuk jaringan yang samaKumpulan cell yang berbentuk jaringan yang samaKumpuln jaringan yg memilik fungsi yang sama akanKumpuln jaringan yg memilik fungsi yang sama akan

    membentukmembentukKumpulan organ yang menjalankan fungsi mahkluk hidupKumpulan organ yang menjalankan fungsi mahkluk hidup

    akan membentuk sistem organ yg samaakan membentuk sistem organ yg sama

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    7/26

    Cell was found by Robert Hooke (1665)ell was found by Robert Hooke (1665) He used simple microscope that he built by himselfe used simple microscope that he built by himself Cytology is scientific study of cells from livingytology is scientific study of cells from living

    thinghing Organisme (makhluk hidup/living things)rganisme (makhluk hidup/living things)

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    8/26

    11.. CELL WALLCELL WALL is a rigid layer of nonliving material that

    surrounds the cells of plant and someother organisms

    Made mostly of a strong material calledcellulose Although the cell wall is tough, many

    materials, including water and oxygen,can pass through easily

    A plants cell wall helps to protect andsupport the cell

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    9/26

    2.2. CELL MEMBRANECELL MEMBRANE located just inside the cell walllocated just inside the cell wall Controls what substances come intoControls what substances come into

    and out of a celland out of a cell

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    10/26

    CELLCELL

    MEMBRANEMEMBRANE

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    11/26

    3.3. NUCLEUSNUCLEUS As the cells control centre, directing all of

    the cells activity

    Part of nucleus:- nucleus membrane protect nucleus

    - chromatin contain genetic material

    - nucleolus

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    12/26

    NUCLEUSNUCLEUS

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    13/26

    4.4. CYTOPLASMCYTOPLASM Place that many cell organelles are found The region between the cell membrane

    and the nucleus form as gel like fluid

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    14/26

    CYTOPLASMCYTOPLASM

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    15/26

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    16/26

    5.5. ORGANELLESORGANELLES

    a. Mitochondria aerobic respiration torelease energy from food substancesoxidation

    b. Endoplasmic reticulum passageways carry proteins and othermaterials from ane part of the cell to

    another

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    17/26

    c. Ribosome

    - to synthesizes proteins

    - they are either attached to

    endoplasmic reticulum or float in thecytoplasm

    - from endoplasmic reticulum (E.R.),the protein will be transported to the

    Golgi bodies

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    18/26

    d.. GOLGI BODIESOLGI BODIES- As a centre of manufacturing

    warehousing, shorting, and

    shipping- receive proteins and other newlyformed materials from E.R.,package them, and distribute themto other parts of the cell

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    19/26

    e. Chloroplasts

    - contain a green pigment called

    chlorophyll, it is essential forphotosynthesis

    - capture energy from sunlight and use itto produce food for the cell

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    20/26

    f. Vacuolesf. Vacuoles- a vacuole is a fluid-filled spaceenclosed

    by membrane

    - vacuoles are storaged areas (store foodand other materials needed by thecells)

    - plant: have one large vacuole which

    containe a liquid called cell sapanimal : some animal cells dont havevacuole; other do

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    21/26

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    22/26

    h.h. Centrosome and centrioleCentrosome and centriole

    - within the centrosomes of an animalwithin the centrosomes of an animal

    cell are appear of centriole.cell are appear of centriole.

    - Centrosome of most plant like centriole.- Centrosome of most plant like centriole.- function: centriole role in cell devided,- function: centriole role in cell devided,

    before a cell divide the centriolebefore a cell divide the centriole

    replicate.replicate.

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    23/26

    PLANT CELLPLANT CELL

    -Cell wall presentCell wall present

    -Chloroplasts presentChloroplasts present

    - A large centralA large central

    vacuolevacuole

    -

    lack centriolelack centriole

    ANIMAL CELLANIMAL CELL

    -Cell wall absentCell wall absent

    -Chloroplast absentChloroplast absent

    - Vacuoles are smallVacuoles are small

    and manyand many

    -

    centriole presentcentriole present

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    24/26

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    25/26

    PLANTPLANT CELLCELL

  • 8/14/2019 Chacha Document

    26/26