CDA CollAboRAtive leARning pRojeCts, inC.June 1, 2012 to May 31, 2013
one Alewife Center, suite 400, Cambridge MA 02140, usAAvailable for download at: www.cdacollaborative.org
CDA CollAborAtive leArning ProjeCts is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization incorporated in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on April 3, 2003. We are committed to improving the effectiveness of international actors who provide humanitarian assistance, engage in peace practice, and are involved in supporting sustainable development.
CDA is funDeD PrimArily by governments AnD ComPAnies who suPPort us because we have a proven capacity to combine robust analysis with pragmatic solutions to deliver practical tools and techniques to field staff and international policymakers alike. Our methods are inductive; our approach is collaborative. We work with individuals and organizations in the development, humanitarian, peacebuilding, and corporate domains to assist them with identifying solutions to complex and shared challenges. Our partners are global, but our focus is local, i.e., on people and communities who stand to benefit most from the international assistance system.
Clockwise from top right: Do No Harm workshop, Yangon, 2013. Isabella Jean during a Listening Exercise, India, 2012 Photo: Chandrakant Deokar. Reflecting on Peace Practice workshop, Barcelona, 2013. Mary B. Anderson and Marshall Wallace signing their book opting out of War, Cambridge, 2013.
Graphic Design by Jonathan Vogel-Borne
C D A A n n u A l R e p o R t 2 0 1 2 2 0 1 3 | 3
message from executive Director, 4
vision, mission, and guiding Principles, 5
financial report, 67
CDAs Collaborative learning Process, 89
CDA Publications, 1011
Publications in focus, 1215
CDA Programs, 1725
Corporate engagement Program, 1819
Do no harm Program, 2021
listening Program, 2223
Reflecting on Peace Practice Program, 2425
looking Ahead to the 2013-2014 fiscal year, 26
board and staff, 27
Donors, back cover
On cover from left to right: Listening Exercise, Pakistan, 2013 Photo: Manuel Pereira. Corporate Engagement Program visit, Sierra Leone, 2011 Photo: CDA. Listening Exercise, Pakistan, 2013 Photo: Manuel Pereira. Corporate Engagement Program visit, Uganda, 2011 Photo: CDA.
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message from the executive Director
Dear friends and colleagues,
W elCOMe tO CDAs AnnuAl RepORt for the fiscal year June 1, 2012 through May 31, 2013. We hope you enjoy the new format we have adopted for the report, with less text and more links to relevant resources.
this has been a year of many transitions for CDA. First, we made a decision early in this calendar year to use the name CDA, rather than the elaborate name CDA Collab-orative learning projects. While this remains our legal name, everyone calls us CDA anyway! We have a new logo and tagline to accompany the new name. [Discover the story behind our name at: www.cdacollaborative.org/about-us/who-we-are/early-development-of-cda.]
second, I assumed the position of executive Director on January 1, 2013, following the three-year service of steve Darvill. steve decided it was time to return to Australia, where he is now in the vortex of rapid change in their aid program. For me, after ten years as Co-Director of the Reflecting on peace practice program, it has been a period of recalibration. As executive Director, my programmatic focus transitioned into attention to the administrative and financial challenges of the organization, as well as keeping track of all four of CDAs programs. so far this has been an enjoyable effort, as I work with such a dedicated and talented group of people.
Finally, we have been slowly expanding the number of staff at CDA, and now have fifteen, a gain of two positions in one year. thus we decided to relocate to a bright and spacious new office in Alewife Center, Cambridge, MA. One of the new staff positions is associated with a special grant from the state Department for work on issues of corruption in central Africa. this is an exciting new challenge for CDA, undertaken in partnership with our colleagues at Besa Consulting in Canada. Meanwhile, the continuous challenge of extending CDAs outreach was met this year by launching a new, user-friendly website and adding a half-time position dealing with CDA commu-nications.
this has also been a very productive year for CDA. We finalized and released two books at the end of 2012:
Time to Listen: Hearing People on the Receiving End of International Aid and Opting Out of War: Strategies to Prevent Violent Conflict. Both of these publications draw conclusions from several years of evidence gathering and analysis. they are highlighted later in this report.
In addition to these two books, CDA staff have shared their lessons through working papers, articles, issue papers, and guidance products on a wide range of topics of interest to humanitarian, development, peacebuilding, and corporate actors. Most of these are available on our improved website, and a list of publications is provided in this report.
Also in this report, each of the CDA programs has briefly outlined their accomplishments during the 2013 fiscal year and their expected activities during the 2014 fiscal year. Yet as an organization, CDA is increasingly identifying cross-cutting lessons and challenges shared across its four programs. this coming year, in an effort to make cross-program integration a reality, we are exploring how best to realign CDA programs and link the rich array of partners with whom we work.
Recently CDA has been exploring a cross-CDA collabo-rative learning effort regarding the general theme of prevention of armed violence. each CDA program has sorted through how it could contribute to learning in this area within their specialized area as we determine a specific focus for this effort. In a similar vein, we have recognized that each CDA program is addressing issues of monitoring and evaluation in one way or another. this is, then, another area for cross-cutting work. We are also seriously considering establishing CDA field presence in a few selected locations, in order to sustain application of CDA principles, lessons, and practical tools.
We look forward to engaging with many of you during the year ahead. please let us know if you have any questions or feedback for us.
best wishes,Peter woodrow
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CDAs mission, vision, and guiding Principles
mission CDA facilitates collaborative learning promoting effective and accountable international engagements.
visionCDA strives for a world in which communities and nations demon-strate resilience, drive their own development, and resolve conflicts without resorting to armed violence.
respect | Accountability | fairness | transparency
We maintain relationships of respect, accountability, fairness, and transparency with those whom we work and engage with, as well as with our learning partners and donors.
People are a source of guidance
The views and perspectives of people affected by international assistance are an important source of guidance for improving future practice.
local Capacities are more effective
Local capacities for economic development, social change, and peacebuilding are more effective and more sustainable as the basis for policies and practices.
Context mattersContext matters, and all interventions have impacts on the societies and people involved.
independence | integrity | Partnership
We preserve CDAs independence and integrity by working with international organizations in a spirit of partnership.
impartialityWe sustain our impartiality with multiple interest groups by refraining from becoming an implementing agency.
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PerCentAge of ProgrAm eXPenses out of CDAs totAl eXPenses
the accompanying pie chart shows the distribution of CDA expenses across all programs and administration. During FY 2012-13, 83% of expenses were attributable to direct and indirect program expenses and 17% to administration, monitoring, and evaluation.
CDA generated $1,415,107 in new and previously obligated funds during FY 2012-13, ending May 31, 2013. this repre-sents a decrease of 33% when compared to the FY 2011-12 outcome ($2,098,911) and is similar to the FY 2010-11 income of $1,463,136. A significant portion of the difference between FY 2012 and FY 2013 can be attributed to the timing of when revenues were received.
program expenses increased slightly over the previous fiscal year, from $1,541,611 to $1,741,267, resulting in a decrease in net assets of $326,160. Donors to CDAs programs this year include the German Ministry for economic Cooperation and Development, norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, swiss Agency for Development Cooperation, us Department of state, us Agency for International Development, uK Depart-ment for International Development, peacenexus Foundation, total s.A., and suncor.
CDAs financial statements are audited on an annual basis by Bernard Johnson & Company, p.C. in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting principles (GAAp) and the International Financial Reporting standards (IFRs). the following statement of Financial position and statement of Activities for the year ending May 31, 2013 are extracted from CDAs financial statements. the complete audited statements are available upon request to CDA management.
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statement of Financial position
Year Ending May 31, 2013 May 31, 2012
total non-current assets 50,504 15,000
total current assets 739,624 1,050,524
total Assets 790,128 1,065,524
liAbilities AnD net Assets us$
total net assets 703,621 1,029,780
total current liabilities 86,507 35,744
total liabilities and net Assets 790,128 1,065,524
statement of ActivitiesYear Ending
May 31, 2013 May 31, 2012
grant Revenue 1,110,620 1,691,780
Contract Revenue 277,429 405,795
other 27,058 1,336
total Revenue 1,415,107 2,098,911
program expense 1,288,025 1,190,240
Administration and support expense 453,242 351,371
total expense 1,741,267 1,541,611
CHAnge in net Assets us$
net assets, begining of year 1,029,780 472,480
net assets, end of year 703,620 1,029,780
total change in net assets (326,160) 557,300
CDAs Collaborative learning and Dissemination Processes
Initial consultation: framing of the question + identication of information
Initial case studies of eld experiences
and literature review
Consultation early themes and
Additional cases studies and consultations:
preliminary Issue Papers
Intensive case analysis revised Issue Papers
Feedback Workshops among practitioners validation/renement
REPORT or BOOK
Collaborative Learning Process
Identication of an important question
Progresss toward sustainable peace
New questions for study
Development of practical guidance
raising, general dissemination
Mentoring, coaching, accompaniment
Improvements in program design, quality
Organizational learning, systems change
Desired results, not in CDAs control!
Theory of ChangeIf practitioners are provided with evidence-based findings regarding what works, and are accompanied through individual learning and organizational systems change, improved programming is more likely to achieve sustainable development with peace and justice.
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CDAs Core Commitment is to collaborative learning across organizations and contexts. the top cycle shows the typical steps in CDAs learning methodology. the bottom cycle depicts how CDA disseminates its findings through aware-ness raising, training, and other forms of engagement.
Collaborative learning values: Involve people directly in the learning process. test assumptions and inform policy and practice from field experience. utilize joint reflective practice for mutual sharing and stimulating changes in policy and practice. Base learning on a wide range of perspectives elicited through open-ended inquiry.
this years learning and Dissemination in numbers
ness Raising efforts
CDA wrote 21 publications,
including 2 new books
ining to build skills
CDA delivered 57 presentations and led 13 training and
ort program Design
CDA responded to 4 DFID Help Desk Requests*
*What is a Help Desk Request? CDA is engaged in the Conflict, Crime and Violence Results Initiative (CCvRi), which is a partnership between the uK Department for international Development (DFiD)s
Conflict Humanitarian and Security Department and a consortium of leading organizations in the fields of conflict, security, and justice. CCVRI maintains a Help Desk function that provides direct and customized support to DFID country offices as they try to improve measurement of results
in local contexts. CDA responds to Help Desk requests as a member of a CCVRI conflict-oriented sub-consortium, with CARe uK and search for Common ground.
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ArticlesQuestions for Planning Any Development Project. DnH program staff. CDA. june 2012Application of the RPP Program Reflection Exercise Addressing Land Related Conflicts in Tierra Firma. peter
Woodrow, Koenraad van brabant. CDA.november 2012
Aid Recipient perspectives on strengthening Country systems. Dayna brown. usAiD. november 2012
the Do no Harm Chain: linking Analysis to Actio in using both DnH Frameworks. nicole goddard. CDA. May 2013
What Do local people Really think? Do our evaluation systems Really Measure What Matters? Dayna brown. interAction: Monthly Developments.
blog PostsWhen was the last time you just sat and listened? Dayna brown. CDA. December 2012Another look inside the aid industry. Dayna brown. CDA. january 2013
old Whines. Marshall Wallace. CDA. February 2013
We are committed to listen to you. isabella jean. CDA. February 2013
the b-Word. Candice Montalvo. CDA. February 2013
evidence is it in the eye of the beholder? Dayna brown. CDA. March 2013
best practices. Candice Montalvo. CDA. April 2013
listening leads to better outcomes. Dayna brown. CDA. April 2013
booksTime to Listen: Hearing People on the Receiving End of International Aid. Mary b. Anderson, Dayna brown,
isabella jean. December 2012
Opting Out of War: Strategies to Prevent Violent Conflict. Mary b. Anderson, Marshall Wallace. lynne Rienner publishers.
guidance notesRisk and Do no Harm. DnH program staff. CDA. August 2012
Developing options. DnH program staff. CDA. August 2012
Monitoring and Evaluating Conflict Sensitivity: Methodological Challenges and Practical Solutions. Diana Chigas, Rachel goldwyn. uK Aid.
Practical Approaches to Theories of Change in Conflict, Security and Justice Programmes Part I. peter Woodrow with nick oatley. uK Aid.
Human Rights and Do no Harm. DnH program staff. CDA. April 2013
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issue Paperslinkages and Convergences. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
Claims and Reality of linkages between peace Writ large and peace Writ little. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
Women, gender, and peacebuilding: Do Contributions Add up? Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
the Contribution of Civil society in peacebuilding. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
leadership and Adding up. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
outsider Roles and Relationships in Cumulative impacts. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
strategies for Dealing with the Hard to Reach. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
Addressing or neglecting persistent issues: threats of Renewed violence or a long-term Development Agenda. Rpp program staff. CDA.
timing of Work and progress in Domains. Rpp program staff. CDA. August 2012
newslettersDo no Harm summer 2012 newsletter. DnH program staff. CDA. june 2012
CDA summer 2012 newsletter. CDA staff. CDA. August 2012
Do no Harm Fall 2012 newsletter. DnH program staff. CDA. november 2012
CDA Winter 2012 newsletter. CDA staff. CDA. December 2012
Cep Winter 2013 newsletter. Cep program staff. CDA. February 2013
CDA spring 2013 newsletter. CDA staff. CDA. April 2013
reportslistening exercise Report from tamil nadu southern india. isabella jean. oxfam international. september 2012
Theories and Indicators of Change (THINC): Concepts and Primers for Conflict Management and Mitiga-tion. eileen babbitt, Diana Chigas, Robert Wilkinson. usAiD.
Theories and Indicators of Change (THINC) Briefing Paper: Concepts and Primers for Conflict Management and Mitigation. eileen babbitt, Diana Chigas, Robert Wilkinson. usAiD.
working PapersEvaluating Impact in Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Programs. Mark M. Rogers. CDA. november 2012evaluating Relevance in peacebuilding programs. Mark M. Rogers. CDA. november 2012
An Alternative to Formal evaluation of peacebuilding: program Quality Assessment. Diana Chigas, Cordula Reimann, peter Woodrow. CDA.
evaluability Assessments in peacebuilding programming. Cordula Reimann. CDA. December 2012
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Opting Out of War: Strategies to Prevent Violent Conflictnew book by Mary B. Anderson and Marshall Wallace
i n the MIDst OF WAR, some communities develop strategies to exempt themselves from participation in surrounding violence. this book reports stories of existing capacities and resilience on the part of multiple communitiessome quite sizable and significantthat manage to prevent violent conflict when all the incentives that surround them are to become involved, to fight.
Stories of Thirteen Communities the stories of thirteen communities show that opting out of violent conflict is possible. normal people living normal lives have the option to say no to war, and they exercise that option. normal leaders in systems that already exist can and do respond to and support their people in non-engagement strategies. this kind of conflict prevention does not require special training, new leadership, or special funding. It occurs, repeatedly and around the world, in different types of conflict.
the communities described in this book were successful because they acted with intentionality and planning to set themselves apart from the agendas of the war, for pragmatic rather than ideological reasons. they did not avoid interaction with actors in the conflict nor attempt to be irrelevant to the battle. they were not hidden from view by remoteness or because of insignificance in numbers.
the alternate route they chose is not war prevention, but it does constitute prevention of violent conflict in their contexts. the communities themselves did not claim to be models of universal applicability, and we do not make this claim for them. In most cases, they also did not attempt to influence other communities or the wider war dynamics as peace or anti-war activists.
Relevance for Conflict Prevention the stories are inter-esting and impressive in and of themselves. Beyond that, by describing, comparing, and analyzing these thirteen examples, this book intends to add to and broaden the discussion of how conflict prevention can work in other areas. the cumulative evidence from the communities represents a strong coherent body of experience that can provide useful and practical insights for local and interna-tional actors who seek to improve the outcomes of current conflict prevention efforts.
Strategies for Non-Engagement & Resilience What do these communities do that succeeds? Do their strate-gies hold any relevant lessons for broader peacemaking efforts undertaken by international actors?
CDA Publications in focus
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these non-war communities shared six characteristic capacities that supported and informed each other as the communities relied upon them to stay out of war:
1. Making a decision to opt out of war as a commu-nity.
2. Choosing an identity that was well known, tradi-tional, and incompatible with the war.
3. Maintaining normal life as much as possible through continuing to provide services and promote economic activity.
4. supporting internal cohesion through local dispute resolution and codes of conduct.
5. Achieving security through engagement with fighters and trickery.
6. Celebrating with one another through festivals, holidays, sporting events, etc.
If war breaks out and widespread violence occurs, this indicates that existing prevention systems have not been strong enough. Worse, war itself causes many pre-existing connections to fail. As a result, most observersboth insiders and outsidersconclude that new systems need to be imagined and created to enable a warring society to become peaceful.
this conclusion is undoubtedly true, but it may be less true than we imagine. these thirteen communities provide examples of strategies and processes for avoiding participation in conflict that exist more often and in more warring areas than we usually recognize. the thirteen situations are not unique. In each of these locations and in many others around the world where conflict occurs, we have heard many stories of similar groups.
In areas where war was being waged, these communi-ties were able to opt out of the conflict and to develop strategies by which they survived without joining sides. taken together, their stories provide useful insights into the capacities needed to prevent conflict and provide strong markers of resilience. they show that such capaci-ties and resilience existeven in warring areas. they deserve our attention and provide instruction for other communities and for international actors.
During Corporate Engagement Program visit, Madagascar, 2011. Photo: CDA
The book can be found for purchase here on CDAs website.
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D Oes the WAY international assistance is provided make sense? Is it working as we mean it to? this book approaches these questions by asking people on the receiving side about their experiences with inter-national aid efforts. It captures the ideas, insights, and analyses of almost 6,000 people across twenty countries where international aid has been provided.
From such a range of locations and people, one might expect vastly different ideas and opinions. however, remarkably consistent patterns and common judgments emerged. In the midst of difference, there was striking unanimity and consistency about the processes and the effects of the current international aid system.
the evidence presented in this book shows that people want smarter aid, not necessarily more aid. using their words, their experiences, and their ideas, this book describes why the cumulative impacts of international aid efforts have not met expectations. It describes a way forward to make changes that, according to those on the receiving end, will lead to more effective and lasting results.
local voices need to be heard: four Key messages
1. International aid is a good thing that is appreciated.
2. Assistance as it is now provided is not achieving its intent.
3. Fundamental changes must be made in how aid is provided if it is to become an effective tool in support of positive and lasting economic, social, and political changes.
4. these fundamental changes in how aid is provided are both possible and doable.
A new Aid ParadigmA paradigm shift is necessary to alter the way interna-tional aid is conceived and provided. At the core of the current externally driven aid delivery system is a focus on the delivery of goods, services, and ideas engendered from outside the local context. Time To Listen proposes transforming the approach to providing aid by engaging with local people in collaborative planning and decision-making processes in which insiders and outsiders analyze the context, generate options, and jointly decide the best strategy for pursuing the desired changes that local people seek, as well as joint evaluations of the progress made and challenges remaining.
To make this shift, donors and aid agencies need to simplify and refocus their policies, procedures, alloca-tion of resources (time and money), and the time and talents of their staff and partners on the ultimate goal of supporting local people to drive their own responses to crises, recovery, and long-term development.
Time To Listen: Hearing People on the Receiving End of International Aidnew book by Mary B. Anderson, Dayna Brown, and Isabella Jean
CDA Publications in focus
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this focus on the cumulative impact of aid on poor people is really valuable, because it contrasts with most aid evaluations, which focus on individual projects or programs.
but perhaps the most disturbing point is that i cannot think of a previous exercise like thisrecording the views of aid recipients on this scale. If you want a challenging, thoughtful, uncomfortable,
bottom up critique of aid, Time to Listen is the place to start.
Duncan Green, Strategic Adviser for Oxfam GB. The full review is available on Duncans blog From Poverty To Power. [See more reviews and references to the books findings here on our website.]
CDA knows that bringing about systemic change requires a critical mass of individuals and organizations hearing and acting on the findings of Time to Listen both individually and collaboratively. We made the book avail-able for purchase at a low cost and in a free downloadable format so that it would be easily accessible and shareable. We also started a blog, time to listen, which provides a
forum to share ideas and guidance on how to act on the Time to Listen findings. Within a few months of the books publication, CDA staff have made many presentations to and held discussions with key audiences including donors, aid agencies, the un, evaluators, researchers, and others on the findings and implications of the lessons in the book.
externally Driven Aid Delivery system Collaborative Aid system
Local people seen as beneficiaries and aid recipients Local people seen as colleagues and drivers of their own development
Focus on identifying needs Focus on supporting/reinforcing capacities and identifying local priorities
Pre-planned/pre-determined programs Context-relevant programs developed jointly by recipient communities and aid providers
Provider-driven decision making Collaborative decision making
Focus on spending on a pre-determined schedule Fit money and timing to strategy and realities on the ground
Staff evaluated and rewarded for managing projects on time and on budget
Staff evaluated and rewarded for quality of relationships and results that recipients say make lasting positive changes in their lives
Monitoring and evaluation by providers on project spending and delivery of planned assistance
Monitoring, evaluation, and follow-up by providers and recipients on the results and long-term effects of assistance
Focus on growth Planned draw down and mutually agreed exit/end of assistance strategy
The book can be found for free download or for purchase here on CDAs website.
Photo: Carrie ONeil
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ACComPlishments & future ProsPeCts
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oveR the pAst YeAR, the Corporate engagment program (Cep) has continued disseminating the lessons learned from Getting it Right and launched a new learning project focused on business and armed non-state actors.
Disseminating lessons from Getting it RightSupporting Corporate Operations this past year we have continued working closely with companies to help them embed conflict sensitivity into their business practices and to expand our learning about approaches to improving corporate practices.
In addition to ongoing work with total, we conducted a field visit to Maersk Drilling in Angola. We developed recom-mendations to make their Corporate social Respon-sibility (CsR) planning tool more robust and to strengthen policies at the headquarters level. We continue to work with suncor energy in their development of internal guidelines for operations in complex environ-ments.
Engagement with China this year we also had an opportunity to engage in dialogue with Chinese compa-nies about their impacts on local communities outside of China. Cep joined with the American Friends service Committee (AFsC) in supporting the new Century Academy on transnational Corporations (nAtC) in devel-oping a Chinese-language volume about social, political,
and conflict risk in complex environments. As part of this collaboration, Ceps preventing Conflict in exploration (pCe) tool was translated into Chinese and published as an appendix to the nAtC book.
Cep staff were also featured speakers at a one-day conference that nAtC convened in Beijing. A second
visit to Beijing took place in April 2013, coinciding with meetings of the un Global Compact and the Global Business Initiative. Both visits included meetings with Chinese enterprises, financial institutions, journalists, and civil society organizations (CsOs). We continue to pursue these networking and experi-ence-sharing opportunities in an effort to develop sustained programmatic work with Chinese corporations, financial
institutions, regulatory bodies, and CsR experts.
International Council of Swedish Industry Cep joined with CDAs Reflecting on peace practice program (Rpp) to produce a chapter in the newly published book Management in Complex Environments. the book was the final product of a project organized by the International Council of swedish Industry (nIR). the chapter integrates Rpps thinking about peace Writ large with Ceps knowl-edge of conflict-sensitive business practice. the book was published by nIR in november 2013.
The Corporate Engagement Program (CEP) works to ensure that companies have
positive impacts on communities in the vicinity of their operations by developing and implementing practical management tools for constructive company-community
Corporate engagement Program
Corporate Enagagement Program Director, Dost Bardouille,
speaking in Beijing
Accomplishments During this fiscal year
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new initiativesBusiness and Armed Non-State Actors In January 2013, we launched a new collaborative learning project focused on business and armed non-state actors (AnsAs). this multi-year project is aimed at developing guidance for conflict-sensitive business practice in areas of violent intrastate conflict. With the first phase of the project underway, we have produced a literature review and convened an initial consultation, held in Geneva, which brought together representatives of companies, governments, and international agencies, as well as individual experts, to discuss the challenges that companies and other actors face when they operate in areas where AnsAs are active.
the Coming yearCep will continue to work with corporations to support their efforts to improve their impacts and their relation-ships with communities. Field visits to total operation sites in nigeria and Bolivia are scheduled for september and December 2013, respectively. We will pursue further
dialogue with Chinese state-owned enterprises and finan-cial institutions and extend our partnership with nAtC and AFsC. Cep will also continue to work directly with company partners to develop further learning on internal organizational challenges to leading in complex markets. Cep seeks to undertake regular consultations with a small
corporate working group on practical management and systems thinking options towards responsible business.
ANSAs During the first half of 2014, we will complete the first phase of the Business and AnsAs learning project with a state of play reporting on current gaps in and challenges to responsible business in areas where AnsAs are present, as well as an advanced program
plan for phase two to identify lessons learned from companies working in areas where AnsAs are present.
Cambridge Consultation Cep is convening a consulta-tion in the fall with leaders from the extractive industries, nGOs, and governments to discuss key challenges facing businesses that seek to operate constructively in fragile and conflict-affected environments.
A Global Network The past year CEP presented or facilitated at workshops
and confernces in 13 different countries! As a way of staying engaged with our
expanding network of multi-lateral initiatives, peer organizations, and
corporations we started launching our own newsletter. Dont wait to subscribe!
Practitioners at a Reflecting on Peace Practice workshop in Cyprus, 2012. Photo: CDA
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t he DO nO hARM pROGRAM (Dnh) has spent the past year reflecting on how best to move aid workers from knowledge to understanding to actions. We have worked on several new approaches, techniques, and methodologies for teaching Do no harm and broadening its reach. We began a process for updating the existing Dnh tools and integrating Dnh with tools from other CDA programs and partner organizations, which included adapting Dnh and expanding the method.
Applying DNH to Land Issues land issues are often driving factors of conflict. Access to land, to titles, and to the resources and benefits associated with land are frequent flashpoints for violence and drawn-out conflicts. Yet technical and legal specialists often view their work as neutral or as a small piece of a larger process, and assume that they need not worry about their impacts on the context.
In June 2012, we began working with a land tenure expert on the challenge of incorporating conflict sensi-tive practices into the work of technical specialists working on land tenure and property rights interven-tions. By early 2013, the Dnh team and the land tenure expert completed a tool specifically for technical and legal specialists: DNH in Land Tenure and Property Rights: Designing and Implementing Conflict Sensitive Interven-tions (the land tool). this land tool reminds specialists that their work has impacts on conflict, and that they can look for options to mitigate negative impacts and build
upon positive effects. the tool also incorporates special-ized perspectives on gender and marginalized groups in relation to land tenure.
the draft land tool was presented to the World urban Forum in naples, Italy in september 2012, and many organizations gave feedback for the final version. the tool was also field tested in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Colombia by Mercy Corps.
DNH and Govern-mental Entities Dnh has been working with the Ministry of Agricul-ture and other partners in Colombia, aiming to ensure that a significant land restitution program is conflict sensitive. the land tool noted above is one result of that engagement. the Dnh team and donor representatives have gained insights into the benefits and challenges of working with official
bodies in highly politicized contexts.
Integrating DNH with Reflecting on Peace Practice the other major adaptation of Dnh in the past year was a joint project with CDAs Reflecting on peace practice program (Rpp). the two programs worked together to create a pilot training program which combined Dnh and Rpp tools and lessons. the four-day training workshop was tested in March 2013 in Yangon, Myanmar/Burma with an audience of local nGOs, international nGOs (InGOs), CsOs, and un agency employees.
Do no harm Program
Accomplishments During this fiscal year
The Do No Harm Program (DNH) promotes conflict-sensitive humanitarian, development, and peacebuilding practice,
especially in conflict-prone and fragile environments. DNH offers practical tools
for context analysis, conflict-sensitive program/project design, and ongoing
monitoring of impacts on issues of conflict.
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Expanding the Method In addition to sector-specific and cross-program adaptations of Dnh, this year a great deal of Dnh training has taken place. In past years, the Dnh program has largely delegated requests for training to consultants and long-time Dnh trainers. this year, we made a point to accept some of these requests in order to pilot test modules and methodologies for the new trainers Manual that we are developing. the Dnh program facilitated a Dnh analysis of Madagascar with nGO workers based in that country, a training of trainers workshop in Myanmar/Burma, a training-to-practice workshop in spain, and a Dnh field assessment in three villages in Myanmar/Burma.
In each of these workshops and activities, new training methodologies, new modules, or new techniques were tested and honed. these will feed into an updated Dnh trainers Manual, which will take a broad view of Dnh, its audience, and a variety of training methodologies.
the Coming yearAdditional Sector-specific Tools Based on the experi-ence of developing the land tool and the excitement it generated, the Dnh program is planning to produce a number of other sector-specific tools. Currently, we have plans to create a Dnh and environment tool, a Dnh and Gender tool, and a Dnh and Good Governance tool.
DNH Manuals and Guides In the coming year, we will complete three significant publications:
1. We will complete the training manual for the combined Dnh/Rpp significant Change workshop, present it to colleagues for their
feedback, and produce a final document for distri-bution.
2. We will complete the rewrite of the Dnh trainers Manual. the new version will incorporate not only lessons learned in the course of the 2006-2011 reflective case studies, but also the wide range of innovations in Dnh training our colleagues around the world have made, along with the tools and lessons of other CDA programs.
3. Finally, we will develop a Dnh users Guide, incorporating the learning from Dnh applications since publication of the original book in 1999 and additional lessons from the reflective case studies that followed it.
Concluding the Colombia Project CDAs involvement with the Colombia land restitution process will come to an end during the coming fiscal year. Dnh is documenting and analyzing that process and previous engagements with government bodies in Afghanistan and liberia in order to generate provisional lessons regarding the integration of conflict sensitivity principles and practice into government programs.
Colleagues Making Innovations In the run-up to the elections in Kenya, our colleagues there developed training on conflict sensitivity for journalists. Colleagues in Bolivia are also working on designing and imple-menting crisis prevention strategies for the highest levels of government. In the coming year, Dnh hopes to capture and share these experiences so that the excitement for innovation, new ideas, and new approaches is kindled.
Do No Harm Training of Trainers in Yangon, March 2013. Photo: CDA.
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t IME To LISTEN Published In December 2012, CDA published Time to Listen: Hearing People on the Receiving End of International Aid. the book summa-rizes evidence gathered by listening to nearly 6,000 people in over twenty countries who have received, participated in, or observed international assistance. It shares their perspectives on how the current externally driven aid delivery system functions and on how the international aid paradigm needs to shift so that local people are more meaningfully engaged in all aspects of aid efforts to make them more collaborative and effective. [see special section in this report on Time to Listen.]
Influencing Policies and Guidance the listening program (lp) has provided input into several policy and guidance documents where our findings and methods were directly referenced, such as the Interagency standing Committee (IAsC) Account-ability to Affected popula-tions (AAp) Framework and tools, AlnAps 2012 state of the humanitarian system Report, and several InterAction policy briefs, including More effective Capacity Building within usAID Forward and the Foreign Assistance Briefing Book (FABB). lp also presented its policy brief, Aid Recipient perspectives on strengthening Country systems, on a panel at usAIDs experience summit on strengthening Country systems in november 2012.
As co-chair of InterActions Conflict and Fragility Working Group, CDA staff participated in several high-level meetings and policy discussions on the new Deal for International engagement in Fragile states and the Global partnership for effective Development Cooperation with us government officials, nGOs, un agencies, and policy-makers.
Research and Evaluation on the Effectiveness of Feedback Mechanisms CDAs expertise on listening
processes and feedback systems continues to be sought by donors and operational agencies. this year, CDA began an action-research project with AlnAp focused on the effectiveness of feedback mecha-nisms in humanitarian contexts and to develop evidence-informed guidance for operational agencies. AlnAp and CDA conducted field visits to sudan, pakistan, and haiti to document effec-tive feedback practices at the operational level in
emergency settings. CDA also began work this year as part of a consortium with ItAD and Development Initiatives to research and evaluate beneficiary feedback mechanism pilots that the u.K. Department for International Develop-ment (DFID) has established in both humanitarian and development programs.
Accomplishments During this fiscal year
The Listening Program (LP) exists to support local people in driving their own development. LP works with donors, aid
agencies, and others to more systematically listen to the perspectives of people who live in societies that have been on the
recipient side of international assistance to ensure that their voices inform policies and practice and to increase the roles of local
people in decision-making processes.
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Changing the Aid Paradigm lp will continue to share the findings in Time to Listen and will engage with and support donors and operational aid agencies (international and local) to change the ways their agencies listen to and engage with local people. For instance, we will continue our engagement with DFID in Myanmar/Burma and with DFIDs learning Group on empowerment and accountability.
Research and Learning on Feedback Processes lp will continue to gather learning and evidence to provide practical guidance on establishing and integrating effec-tive feedback loops into organizational decision-making processes and structures. We will also gather lessons on
how organizations effectively integrate feedback loops beyond the project level into agency strategies and policies, so that the ideas and perspectives of local people are heardand acted uponby decision makers.
Looking for Positive Deviants lp will gather examples and evidence of positive deviants who work in collabo-rative ways suggested in Time to Listen and of better business models to support local people in driving the changes they seek in their societies. We will work to secure new funding and partners for case studies on positive examples of collaborative and innovative ways that donors and aid agencies engage with local people.
Donors could also consider further research aimed at documenting and promoting field-level good practice in supporting beneficiary participation, such as that conducted by the Listening Project. The
recommendations from research on this subject should be integrated into donor policy and guidelines for working with partners, and widely disseminated through practical training modules.
OECD DAC: Towards Better Humanitarian Donorship: 12 Lessons from DAC Peer Reviews
the Coming year
World Vision feedback box in south Darfur. Photo: CDA.
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t hIs YeAR, the ReFleCtInG On peACe pRACtICe pROGRAMs (Rpp) work has focused on three core themes: supporting Rpp practitioners around the world in their efforts to enhance the effectiveness and relevance of peacebuilding initiatives, developing cutting edge tools and approaches in peace practice, and enhancing synergies and collaboration with other programs at CDA. It has been a watershed year in all areas.
New Approaches to Training and Accompaniment As part of an effort to support the growing cadre of global Rpp users and peace practitioners, Rpp conducted an impact and utilization review in east Africa. We inter-viewed key Rpp partners based in Kenya to better under-stand how they are applying Rpp tools and concepts and what kinds of support local peacebuilders need. Almost every person interviewed confirmed what we have heard from practitioners in other regions: regular and ongoing consulta-tion and training from experienced local Rpp practitioners is essen-tial for sustained and effective integration of Rpp into their program planning and review.
engagements of this kind have shaped Rpps efforts over the past year to develop new approaches for disseminating Rpp more effectively and providing the kind of support that our regional practitioners need.
Advancing Regional Expertise An advanced Rpp training was conducted in the philippines for members of Action Asia, a network of peace practitioners in south and southeast Asia. this workshop positioned Action Asia
practitioners to use Rpp tools and methodologies with greater confidence and sophistication and to advise novice users in the region.
Augmenting Global Coverage A training held in Barce-lona focused on increasing Rpps worldwide footprint, with a view to expanding the pool of Rpp consultants able to support peacebuilding programs globally. the training included participants from Colombia, Bolivia, south Africa, Germany, Madagascar, Israel, palestine, and the united Kingdom, among other locations.
New Tools for Evaluating Peacebuilding Programs Rpp published four working papers on program review and evaluation. two aim to help evaluators understand and apply OeCD DAC evaluation criteria of relevance and impact of peacebuilding initiatives. the other two working
papers adapt well-estab-lished evaluation methods to the peacebuilding context, addressing evalu-ability assessments and program quality assess-ments. these tools also incorporate appropriate Rpp approaches.
Working with DFID, Rpp staff developed guidance on the monitoring and evalua-tion of conflict sensitivity. this product includes an evalu-ators toolkit and helps to fill a real gap in literature and practice.
Theories of Change in Peacebuilding Rpp, in conjunc-tion with colleagues at the Fletcher school of law and Diplomacy at tufts university, developed a guide on using theories of change in peace programs for the u.s. Agency
Reflecting on Peace Practice Program
Accomplishments During this fiscal year
The Reflecting on Peace Practice Program (RPP) aims to improve the effectiveness of peace
efforts. RPP provides practical tools for conflict analysis, program design, and evaluation, with an emphasis on systems thinking and theories
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for International Development (usAID), including a refer-ence manual of prominent theories of change from the peacebuilding field. Rpp also produced guidance material on theories of change at multiple levels for DFID.
Conflict Analysis Resource together with the Global partnership for the prevention of Armed Conflict (GppAC) and norwegian Church Aid (nCA), Rpp refined and disseminated a conflict analysis field guide for practi-tioners. this guide pulls together a number of different analytical tools and offers helpful guidance on how to conduct conflict analyses.
the Coming yearRPP Book on the Adding Up Process Rpp will complete its collaborative learning process on the cumula-tive impacts of peacebuilding in its next major publication, expected to be completed during the next fiscal year.
Dissemination to Additional Regions In the coming year, following partners requests for training and engage-ment, we will explore how Rpp approaches and tools can become more relevant in regions in which Rpp does not have an extensive presence yet, including the Middle east.
Creating Master Practitioners Rpp will invite a group of experienced Rpp practitioners from around the world
to join us for our inaugural Master training. this course, scheduled early in the next fiscal year, is designed to help participants achieve mastery in applying and facilitating analysis, design, and the monitoring and evaluation of peacebuilding programs using Rpp tools and concepts. these seasoned Rpp practitioners are expected to act as catalysts and multipliers in their countries and regions, and provide advanced local support.
Building In-House Know-How several staff from the AFsC participated in Rpp training workshops during this fiscal year. During the coming fiscal year, those AFsC staff, with coaching support from Rpp, are planning to conduct a series of in-house customized trainings for the AFsC staff around the world, aimed at expanding the use of Rpp tools for AFsCs global programs. Rpp is also supporting the development of an e-learning module to be used in orienting additional staff.
Monitoring & Evaluation of Peacebuilding the evalu-ability and program quality assessment processes noted above will be piloted at four field sites in the next fiscal year. Rpp will gather lessons learned from the evaluability and program quality assessments with the organizations that have agreed to participate in the pilots. these lessons will help further refine evaluation and program review methodologies in the peacebuilding field and further inform Rpps work in this area going forward.
An Action Asia colleague from Indonesia explains her program strategy using the Relecting on Peace Practice Matrix. Photo: Carrie ONeil
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e ACh OF the CDA pROGRAMs has provided brief outlines of their plans for the next fiscal year in the sections above. however, CDA is aiming to increase the ways that we integrate the four programs and work as a unified organization. In light of that, we want to share with you how we envisage the areas of program cooperation during the 2013-2014 fiscal year:
Expanding on Current Col-laboration CDA will be building on the signifi-cant progress on cross-program collaboration during this year, including the joint Dnh/Rpp training program and the Cep/Rpp chapter for the Interna-tional Council of swedish Industrys book.
A New Collabora-tive Learning Process CDA is exploring the possibility of launching a new cross-program learning process within the broad field of conflict prevention. the pro-cess has already started through the commissioning of a paper exploring issues of definition and the state of play among the many different sub-areas included in the prevention arena. In the months ahead, CDA staff will determine how CDA can best contribute to this important areaand frame the core questions to be addressed.
Monitoring, Evaluation, and Feedback Mechanisms each of the CDA programs has insights and specific tools to offer regarding M&e processes and ap-
proaches to eliciting feedback from local people and organizations. several of the tools and processes de-veloped during this past year need field testing and further refinement (such as our recently launched Working paper series). We also intend to conduct further evidence gathering and to develop additional resources to support stronger accountability to those at the receiving end of aid and to ensure organiza-
CDA Country Focus CDA is con-sidering establish-ing an ongoing field presence in selected places. the fundamental idea is to apply all of CDAs learning and lenses in specific priority locations. CDA is in a position to bring to bear the relevant insights, analytical frame-works, and practi-cal tools of all of
its programs in specific settings of conflict and fragil-ity. In each context, it will be necessary to determine, in a flexible manner, which tools and concepts are appropriate.
CDA programs have experience, current contacts, and, often, active partners in almost all fragile and conflict-affected countries and in many of the con-flict zones within them. We have already performed the proposed roles in many places over many years; we intend now to simply undertake a more focused approach in selected locations. Our partners and donors are encouraging us to take this approach to strategic engagement. the first such site is likely to be Myanmar/Burma.
looking Ahead to the 20132014 fiscal year
A Focus on Myanmar/burma in March of 2013, DnH provided two training programs in Myanmar/burma and a joint DNH-RPP program. Staff returned a second time to provide a training of trainers workshop for local ngos, and accompanied participants to the field to support application. Demand for additional conflict sensitivity training has been so strong that CDA is considering establishing a field presence there. CDA has several years of experience in the region, including involvements by Cep since 2001 and more recent engagements by lp.
CDA trained trainers in DNH and presented an integrated DNH-RPP program [read more].
LP staff have been advising on the development of beneficiary feedback mechanisms [read listening exercise].
CEP has been working with Total since 2001 in the Yadana Pipeline corridor [read report].
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board and staff
CDA board membersjonathan moore, Chair; shorenstein Center on
the press, politics and public policy at harvard university
elizabeth D. gibbons, harvard school of public health
richard (Dick) harter, treasurer; Bingham McCutchen llp (retired partner)
sherine jayawickrama, hauser Center for nonprofit Organizations at harvard university
larry minear, Researcher (retired)
edward mulherin, leonard, Mulherin & Greene
reverend Don remick, Massachusetts Conference of the united Church of Christ
David whittlesey, Interpeace, Mainestreams
CDA staff membersPeter woodrow, executive Director
Dost bardouille-Crema, Director, Corporate engagement program
Chloe berwind-Dart, program Manager, Reflecting on peace practice program
Dayna brown, Director, listening program
Diana Chigas, Co-Director, Reflecting on peace practice program
nicole goddard, Associate Director, Do no harm program
isabella jean, Director of evaluation and learning and Associate Director, listening program
ben miller, Associate Director, Corporate engagement program
jamie thompson, Office Manager
marshall wallace, Director, Do no harm program
we said farewell to staff members who left CDA in fy 2012-2013:steve Darvill, former executive Director
todd Dusenbery, former program Manager, Central Africa Accountable service Delivery Initiative
Didi houessou, former Chief Financial Officer
Candice montalvo, former program Associate, Do no harm program and listening program
we welcomed staff members who joined CDA in early fy 2013-2014:sarah Cechvala, program Manager, Corporate
engagement program and listening program
Anita ernstorfer, Co-Director, Reflecting on peace practice program
jasmine freehoff, program Associate, Do no harm program and CDA Communications Associate
john morgan, Finance Manager
hannah vaughan-lee, program Manager, Central Africa Accountable service Delivery Initiative
The following organizations currently donate to CDA and its programs:
Deutsche gesellschaft fr internationale Zusammenarbeit (giZ) Contributes to: listening program
ministry of foreign Affairs of norway Contributes to: Do no harm, Reflecting on peace practice
Peacenexus foundation Contributes to: Corporate engagement program
sida (swedish international Development Cooperation Agency) Contributes to: Do no harm, Reflecting on peace practice, listening program
suncor energy Contributes to: Corporate engagement program
swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Contributes to: Do no harm
total Contributes to: Corporate engagement program
u.s. Department of state bureau of international narcotics and law enforcement Affairs (inl) Contributes to: the Central Africa Accountable service Delivery Initiative
uK Department for international Development (DfiD) Contributes to: Corporate engagement program, Do no harm, listening program, Reflecting on peace practice
u.s. Agency for international Development (usAiD) Contributes to: Do no harm, Reflecting on peace practice
CDA CollAboRAtive leARning pRojeCts, inC.
one Alewife Center, suite 400, Cambridge MA 02140, usAAvailable for download at: www.cdacollaborative.org
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