Very Early Man (and Woman) How do scientists know about the people who lived so long ago? Lucy told them! In 1974, a skeleton of a 3 million year old woman was found in Africa. Scientists believe she was about 20 years old when she died.
The Paleolithic Era Began about 2.5 million years ago Upper Paleolithic Period (35,000 10,000 BCE) This is the time period we are focusing on. This is when we begin to see cave paintings Tools are being used The dead are being buried Fossils of skulls are found dating to this time
Discovering the Past Artifact the remains of things that were made, NOT the remains of living things Fossils the remains of living things (people, animals, plants, imprints), NOT the remains of things that were created
Artifact Vs. Fossil Piece of a broken pot Arrowhead Leg bone Shells Human skull Coins Metal Jewelry Diary Insect in amber Political records Paintings Dinosaur bones Imprint of a leaf in stone Petrified wood Footprint in stone
Important Vocabulary Hunter-Gatherer a person who gathers food, fishes, or hunts to support themselves. (not farming) Nomad a person who moves from place to place without ever creating a permanent home.
Nomads in Tibet Today
Ancient Burials 100,000 years ago - Our ancestors buried the dead together with beads and other symbolic objects. This allowed them to better remember the dead and means that they believe in a persons identity even after they die. 24,000 years ago In Russia, two children were buried head to head with two mammoth tusks surrounding them. They were covered with decorative beads.