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WAR DEPARTMENT FIELD MANUAL
WAR DEPARTMENT 13 MARCH 1944
WAR DEPARTMENT FIELD 'MANUAL
This manual supersedes FM 2-5, Horse Cavalry, 6 August194o, including Changes No. r, I9 September xg4r.
WAR DEPARTMENT * 13 MARCH 1944
United States Government Printing OficeWashington: 1944
WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 13 IMARCH 1944.
FM 2-5, Cavalry Field Manual, Cavalry Drill Regu-lations, Horse, is published for the information andguidance of all concerned.
[A. G. 300.7 (10 Jan 44).]
BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:
G. C. MARSHALL,Chief of Staff.
J. A. ULIO,Major General,
The Adjutant General.
B and H 2(5); R 2(5); IBn 2(10): IC 2(15).
(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.)
CHAPTER 1. Individual instruction.
SECTION I. General .......... 1- 2 1II. Commands ........ 3- 7 2
CHAPTER 2. Drill.SECTION I. General rules and
fundamentals .... 8- 15 17II. Manual of arms for
rifle, mounted ... 16- 20 21III. Rifle squad, rifle
troop ........... 21- 60 22IV. Rifle platoon, rifle
troop ........... 61- 82 39V. Light machine-gun
squad, rifle troop . 83- 97 52
VI. Light machine-gunsection, rifle troop 98-113 60
VII. Caliber .50 machine-gun squad, rifletroop ........... 114-118 67
VIII. Caliber .50 machine-gun section, rifletroop ........... 119-124 71
IX. Machine-gun pla-toon, rifle troop... 125-144 73
X. Rifle troop ........ 145-162 81XI. Machine-gun squad,
weapons troop ... 163-169 93XII. Machine-gun section,
weapons troop ... 170-172 94XIII. Machine-gun platoon,
weapons troop ... 173-174 95XIV. Mortar squad,
weapons troop ... 175-179 95XV. Mortar section,
weapons troop ... 180-183 97XVI. Mortar platoon,
weapons troop ... 184-188 98XVII. Weapons troop .... 189-203 99
XVIII. Train defense pla-toon, service troop 204-205 103
XIX. Pioneer and demoli-tions section, ser-vice troop ........ 206-207 104
XX. Administrative pla-toon, service troop 208-209 104
XXI. Regimental motormaintenance pla-toon, service troop 210-211 105
XXII. Supply and transpor-tation platoon, ser-vice troop ....... 212-213 105
XXIII. Service troop ...... 214-215 106XXIV. Communications pla-
toon, headquarterstroop ........... 216-217 106
XXV. Reconnaissance pla-toon, headquarterstroop .......... 218-223 107
XXVI. Antitank platoon,headquarters troop 224-225 111
XXVII. Headquarters troop . 226-228 111XXVIII. Rifle squadron ..... 229-239 112
XXIX. Regiment ... 240--245 119
CHAPTER 3. Ceremonies and inspections.SECTION I. General provisions
and initial for-mations ...... 246-253 123
II. Reviews ........ 254-259 133III. Parades ........ 260-262 143IV. Escorts ......... 263-266 146V. Inspections ...... 267-272 151
APPENDIX. Organizational charts ............. 161INDEX .................................... I
This manual supersedes FM 2-5, Horse Cavalry, 6 August 1940,including Changes No. 1, 19 September 1941.
CHAPTER 1INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION
1. SCOPE. a. The mounted drill prescribed herein isdesigned primarily for organizations and units of horsecavalry. Some of the explanation is of a general naturewhich gives sufficient latitude for adaptation to specificorganizations. Interpretation should be based on thesegeneral provisions, and all should learn to use this manualas a guide to a common-sense solution of minor pointswhich are not specifically covered in the text.
b. The diagrams of organization shown in the figuresherein are based on approved Ta'bles of Organization andEquipment. They may be adapted to changes in Tablesof Organization and Equipment, and to the maneuverspace available.
2. PURPOSES OF DRILL. The purposes of drill areto-
a. Enable a commander to move his command from oneplace to another in an orderly manner and to providesimple formations from which dispositions for combat mayreadily be assumed.
b. Aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits ofprecision and response to the leader's orders.
c. Provide a means, through ceremonies, of enhancingthe morale of troops, developing the spirit of cohesion,and giving interesting spectacles to the public.
d. Give junior officers and noncommissioned officerspractice in commanding troops.
3. KINDS AND PURPOSE. a. There are two kinds ofcommands-preparatory commands, such as FORWARD,which indicate the movement or formation that is desired;and commands of execution, such as MARCH, HALT, orARMS, which cause such movement to be executed. Attimes, a single command is used which both indicates themovement and causes its execution, such as RALLY orFOLLOW ME.
b. The purpose of commands is to transmit orally thewill of the leader in the control of the movement of hisunit with respect to direction of its march, formation, gait,pace, or speed.
c. Drill and combat signals are for the purpose oftransmitting commands when the transmission will bemore simple and efficient than would be possible by useof the voice. Drill and combat signals may be by whistleor by arm and hand.
d. Subordinate commanders repeat signals or give ap-propriate commands to their units whenever necessary toinsure prompt and correct execution.
e. To indicate danger or an air or mechanized attack,use three long blasts of a whistle, vehicular horn, siren, orklaxon repeated several times; or three equally spaced
shots with riffle or pistol; or three short bursts of firefrom machine gun or submachine gun. In daylight, theindividual giving the signal points in the direction of theimpending danger; at night, the alarm signal will be sup-plemented by voice warning to indicate the direction ofdanger.
4. MEANS OF TRANSMISSION. a. Commands maybe transmitted by any of the following methods:(1) Voice.(2) Visual signals.(3) Example of the leader (speed or gait, and direction).(4) Audible signals (whistle, bugle, horn).(5) Radio, telephone, telegraph.(6) Messengers and staff officers.(7) Combination of any of the preceding methods.(8) Example of the base element or subdivision.
b. Whatever the method used, it is considered equiva-lent to an oral command.
5. METHOD OF GIVING COMMANDS. a. Aprepar-atory command should be given at such interval of timebefore the command of execution as will allow its beingproperly understood; the command of execution should begiven at the instant the movement is to commence. When-ever the preparatory command must be repeated by sub-ordinate unit commanders the interval between commandsshould be longer.
b. Commands must be given in such a manner that theymay be understood readily by those for whom they areintended. The tone of the command should be animated,distinct, and of a loudness apportioned to the number ofmen affected. Preparatory commands are given with arising inflection. The command of execution for mounteddrill movements is slightly prolonged. At a halt, a persongiving an oral command or making a report habituallyfaces the unit to which the command is given or the
person to whom the report is made. The staff of a com-mander giving commands or making reports does notconform to the temporary changes of front of the com-mander but maintains its position.
c. Preparatory commands may be revoked by the com-mand AS YOU WERE,
6. WHISTLE SIGNALS. A short blast of the whistlemay be used to attract the attention of subordinate leadersor troops prior to giving arm and hand signals. Whistlesignals other than the three following are prohibited:
a. Attention. A short blast of the whistle.b. Cease firing. A long blast of the whistle. This
should be confirmed at once by the appropriate arm andhand signal or by other means.
c. Air or mechanized warning or other immediateand grave danger. Three long blasts repeated severaltimes (see par. 3).
7. ARM AND HAND SIGNALS. a. Method of givingsignals. (1) Except when otherwise prescribed, armand hand signals normally are given with the right armand hand, although the left arm and hand may be usedwhen necessary.(2) Signals must be plainly visible to those concernedwith their execution. To render any arm or hand signalmore visible, the headdress or handkerchief may be carriedin the hand during the execution of the signal. The flash-light may be used at night when secrecy is not essential.(3) Whenever the command for any movement consistsof a preparatory command and a command of execution,both the preparatory signal and a signal of execution areused. Preparatory arm and hand signals are started fromthe position of the arm at the side. Signals of executionare started from the position of the arm at the verticaland fully extended, except where specifically providedotherwise.
(4) Single signals are preferable to combinations ofsignals and should be used whenever possible. When acombination of signals is used, the signals should be recog-nized easily and given in the order in which the commandsare worded; for example, the signal for LINE OF TROOPCOLUMNS should be the signal for LINE, followed by thesignal for TROOP, followed by the signal for COLUMN.
b. Signals for horse units. The following signalsare prescribed for movement of horse units:(1) ACTION FRONT (RIGHT, LEFT, or REAR)(execution). Thrust the closed fist several times in thedirection tow