Catholic Lingo I

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    Catholic Lingo Part IUnderstanding all Things Catholic

    Mr. Pablo Cuadra

    Religion Class

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    What is the meaning of the word

    presbyter? The word presbyter is titled used to denote

    those who form part of the order of the

    priesthood or presbyterate.

    The word presbyter is not commonly used

    by the laity except in Spanish speakingcountries where priests are addressed as

    presbyters as a sign of respect.

    The word presbyter comes from the Greek

    word presbyteros which means elder, and

    is used as a synonym for priest.

    In official diocesan documents the word

    presbytarate is used to designate the

    clergy of that particular diocese.

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    Did you know?

    The presbyteral council is a consultative body of

    priests elected to this post or designated by the

    bishop to this particular task. The council

    advises the bishop on the needs of the Diocese.

    These presbyteral councils were mandated by

    the reforms of Vatican II.

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    Ad Limina Visit The obligation of bishops to visit the

    threshold of the Apostles Peter and Paul

    and to confer with the Pope in order togive account on the state of theirdioceses.

    This Ad Limina Visit takes place everyfive years according to canon law No

    399.

    In 1585 Pope Sixtus V issued theConstitution Romanus Pontifex, whichset forth the norm for visits ad limina.

    On December 31, 1909, Pope Pius Xstated in a Decree for the ConsistorialCongregation that a bishop needs toreport to the pope an account of thestate of his diocese once every fiveyears.

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    Did you know? During the ad limina visit, the bishop is required to do the following:

    1) Personally visit the tombs of St. Peter and Paul.

    This visit is recorded in writing.

    2) Visit with the Holy Father.

    This visit includes three elements:

    A. The bishop makes a renewal of his pledge of dedication to the Holy See

    B. The bishop delivers a written report on the state of his diocese, which ispresented to the Secretariat of State and the Congregation for bishops

    C. The Pope delivers his own address to the bishop, offering his perspectiveon the challenges facing the Church in that diocese.

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    What is Canon Law?

    The ecclesiastical law that governs theinternal affairs and policies of the RomanCatholic Church and Eastern CatholicChurches.

    The word Canon is derived from the Greek

    word Kanon meaning rule.

    The Roman Catholic Church has the oldestcontinuously functioning legal system in theWestern World, predating the common andEuropean civil law traditions.

    A codification and simplification of all thecanons of the Church took place for the firsttime in 1917. This Code in its present andrevised form was promulgated in 1983 byPope John Paul II.

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    Apostolic Nuncio

    An envoy or ambassador of the Popeand permanent diplomaticrepresentative of the Holy See to aparticular Country or state.

    Apostolic Nuncios are usuallyArchbishops appointed as direct

    liaisons between the Holy See and theConference of Bishops of a particularcountry.

    Under the 1961 Vienna Convention onDiplomatic Relations, a papal nuncio isan ambassador like those from anyother country.

    In Catholic Countries ApostolicNuncios are heads of the diplomaticdelegations in that country.

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    Did you know?

    For nations with whom the Holy See

    has no diplomatic ties, an Apostolic

    Delegate is sent to serve as a liaison

    with the Roman Catholic Church in

    that nation, though not accredited to

    the government of the state.

    Apostolic delegates have the same

    ecclesiastical rank as nuncios, but

    have no formal diplomatic status.

    Apostolic Nuncios play an important

    role in the process of selection and

    nomination of bishops to a particular

    diocese.

    Apostolic Nuncios have diplomatic

    immunity.

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    Monsignor An honorific title given to a priest, the title

    itself means My lord.

    This title is usually connected to one of threehonorary ecclesiastical positions.

    These positions or honors are bestowed on

    a priest by the Pope, these are:

    a. Protonotary Apostolic (highest honor)

    b .Prelate of honor(second highest honor)

    c. Chaplain of honor(third highest honor)

    These distinctions are bestowed upon apriest for his service to the local Church.

    The highest honors have certainentitlements such as: a Coat of arms andecclesiastical vestments reserved for highranking prelates.

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    Did you know?

    The title of Papal Chamberlain(Cameriere di spada e cappa) wasone of the highest honors that couldbe bestowed on a Catholic laymanby the Pope, and was often given tomembers of noble families.

    It was mostly an honorary position,but a chamberlain served the Popefor one week per year during officialceremonies.

    Alfred E. Smith the first Catholic to

    run for U.S president is amongsome of the most notoriouschamberlains in the Americancontinent.

    Alfred E. Smith

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    Synods or Councils

    A synod is a gathering of bishopsfor the purpose of discussing anddeciding on matters of faith,morals or church discipline.

    The term synod is synonymous

    with the word council.

    There are different types ofsynods or councils in the churchsuch as: Ecumenical, Plenary,Provincial, Diocesan.

    Ecumenical councils are convokedby the Pope and include thepresence of all the bishops of theChurch. They are binding inmatters of faith.

    Plenary synod or council is thegathering of all the bishops ofparticular country.

    Provincial synods are the gatheringof bishops of a particular provinceunder the Metropolitan.

    Diocesan synods are the gatheringof the clergy and laity convoked bythe diocesan bishop or theMetropolitan bishop.

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    Did you Know?

    The Synod of Bishops is a permanentinstitution established by Pope Paul VI, 15September 1965, in response to the desireof the Fathers of the Second Vatican Councilto keep alive the positive spirit engenderedby the conciliar experience.

    The Synod of Bishops is made up of bishopselected by the the conference of bishops of aparticular country to represent the bishops ofthat country in Rome.

    The Synod of Bishops established by

    Vatican II is a consultative body of bishopsthat collaborate and advise the Pope onissues that affect the Universal Church.

    They Synod of Bishops gather in Rome atdifferent intervals at the request of the Pope.

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    Conclave The word means with Keys

    referring to the fact that only thosewith the appropriate credentials mayenter and participate .

    Only Cardinals can participate of theconclave and only those under theage of 80 can vote.

    All the voting and discussion takesplace in the Sistine Chapel underextreme secrecy.

    Cardinals take an oath before theelection promising not to reveal anyof the discussions that take place

    during the conclave. The conclave is convoked by the

    Dean of the College of Cardinals.

    The conclave election will continueuntil a Pope is chosen.

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    Did you know?

    Black smoke is usedto inform the worldthat no Pope havebeen chosen after avoting.

    White smoke is used

    to inform the worldthat a Pope havebeen chosen by theCollege of Cardinals.

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    Sede Vacante

    A Sede Vacante is a term usedto denote the vacancy of anEpiscopal see.

    This means that for a diocese

    the diocesan bishop has eitherdied, resigned, transferred to adifferent diocese, or lost hisoffice and a replacement hasnot yet been named.

    The term Sede Vacante is alsoused to describe the periodbetween the death of a Popeand the election of a new Pope. Funeral of Pope John Paul II

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    Apostolic Vicar

    A bishop or priest in

    charge of an ecclesiastical

    jurisdiction or missionary

    territory that has not beenelevated to the dignity of

    a diocese.

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    Parochial Vicar

    The title given to an

    associate priest in

    charge of assisting

    the Pastor with thepastoral care of a

    parish.

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    Vicar General

    A vicar general is theprincipal deputy of thebishop of a diocese for theexercise of administrative

    authority.

    As vicar of the bishop, thevicar general is second incommand and exercises

    the bishop's ordinaryexecutive power over theentire diocese.

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    Rector

    In the Roman Catholic Church,a rector is a person who holdsthe office of presiding over anecclesiastical institution.

    This institution might be aparticular buildinglike achurch or shrineor it couldalso be an organization, suchas a parish, a mission orquasi-parish, a seminary orhouse of studies, a university,a hospital, or a community ofclerics or religious.

    Rector Monsignor