Carrier Perspectives on Moving Beyond 100G Martin Perspectives on Moving Beyond 100G Martin Carroll Network Technology Verizon ... Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)

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  • Joint ITU-T/IEEE Workshop on The Future of Ethernet Transporton The Future of Ethernet Transport

    (Geneva, 28 May 2010)

    Carrier Perspectives on MovingBeyond 100G

    Martin CarrollNetwork & TechnologyNetwork & Technology

    Verizon

    Geneva, 28 May 2010

  • Putting it into Context

    http://xxx.yyy.zzz

    IP End-to-End

    End to End

    ROADM

    OTNSONET

    Ethernet or MPLS-TPEnd-to-End Reliable Connectivity

    Serving 50M wireline customers in 24 states 10M residential broadband; 3M FiOS TV customers (available to 11.7m)

    92M i l t l t 3G t kResidential Enterprise Wireless

    92M wireless customers; largest 3G network 672K route miles of fiber globally; first commercial 100G deployment 200 data centers in 22 countries; IP services in 2700 cities / 159 countries Serve 98% of the Fortune 1000 customers; #1 provider to U.S. Government

  • Target Architecture

    Control Plane

    E Line

    Local NodeT1

    LH-OTPP-OTP

    EVDOLTE

    E-LineServices RouterInterconnect

    EthernetServices

    Local Node

    ADMBEAS

    P-OTP

    P-OTP

    DS3 OC-3

    OC-121 GbE

    10 OC-48/

    P-OTP LH-OTPP-OTP

    MPLS-TPSwitching

    10 GbE OC-192 P-OTP P-OTP

    WDM

    O

    LH-OTP

    LH-OTPT110/100

    EN BWOLTxPONLH-OTP

    LH-OTP

    ENGbE

    Video

    BW Services

    P-OTP: Packet Optical Transport Platform (ROADM + SONET + Ethernet)LH-OTP: Long Haul Optical Transport Platform (ROADM + OTN + MPLS-TP)

    Services

  • Transported ServicesTime Division Multiplexing (TDM)

    DS-1/DS-3 OC-3/3c OC-12/12c Integrated Optical Service

    PacketServices

    OC-48/48c OC-192/192c

    Ethernet10M Fast Ethernet100G

    g p

    Fast Ethernet50Mbps, 100Mbps

    Gigabit Ethernet50Mbps, 100Mbps, 150Mbps, 300Mbps, 450Mbps, 600Mbps & 1000Mb

    100G

    10G

    1GConverges

    Packet, TDM, WavelengthTechnologies

    Wavelength

    1000Mbps10/40 Gigabit Ethernet

    Ethernet Packet Ring Service10Mbps 100Mbps

    100M

    10M

    1M

    Technologies

    Services

    ODU-1, ODU-2, ODU-3, ODU-4DS-1

    100Mbps 1,000Mbps

    Storage1Gbps & 2Gbps Fiber Channel

    Digital VideoDS-3

    OC

    TDM Services

    Digital Video270Mbps SDI 1.485Gbps HD-SDI

    OC-n

  • 100G Field Trials

    Video signal displayed at Miami

    -10

    0

    sity

    (dB

    )

    100G10G

    Video signal fed to LambdaXtreme at Tampa -40

    -30

    -20

    186.5 187 187.5 188 188.5 189

    Frequency (THz)

    Rel

    ativ

    e In

    tens

    Nortel OME 6500 with 100G cards

    Dallas Field Fiber Loop

    Trial equipment in Lab 400, Richardson, TXPDP

    MTS SR1 AF Shelf

    MIB

    32M

    CU

    OLI

    INC

    OLI

    INC

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    BP

    UM

    PC

    OSC

    TUI

    Cable compartment2xUDCM in tray

    PU

    MP

    BP

    UM

    PC

    MTS SR1 AF Shelf

    MIB

    32M

    CU

    OLI

    INC

    OLI

    INC

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    BP

    UM

    PC

    OSC

    TUI

    PUM

    PB

    PU

    MP

    C

    PDP

    MTS SR1 AF Shelf

    MIB

    32M

    CU

    OLI

    INC

    OLI

    INC

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    BP

    UM

    PC

    OSC

    TUI

    Cable compartment2xUDCM in tray

    PU

    MP

    BP

    UM

    PC

    MTS SR1 AF Shelf

    MIB

    32M

    CU

    OLI

    INC

    OLI

    INC

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    A

    PU

    MP

    BP

    UM

    PC

    OSC

    TUI

    PUM

    PB

    PU

    MP

    C

    Longview, TX

    Marshall, TX

    50 GH M50 GH D

    10G test set

    10G10G

    100G Tx (PM-QPSK) 100G Rx (PM-QPSK)

    Bay

    Cable compartment2xUDCM in tray

    Bay

    Cable compartment2xUDCM in tray

    Laser 1X

    Y

    QPSK mod.

    QPSK mod.

    Data processing

    FEC

    codingXQPSK moQP

    50-GHz Mux

    100G Tx

    Laser 1

    X

    Y

    90ohybrid90ohybrid

    Filter

    o/e A/ D

    DS

    P

    Laser 2X

    90ohybrid90oFil C

    dec

    odin

    g an

    d at

    a re

    -alig

    nmen

    t

    o/e A/ D

    o/e A/ D

    SP

    50-GHz Demux

    100G Rx

    10G10G10G

    40G40G

    10G10G10G10G

    Data generatorLaser

    50GADC/data

    storageSignal

    processing(off-line)

    X

    Laser

    X0

    X90

    Y90

    Y0Y

    /2-

    -/2 -

    -hiT 7500 system

    10G40G40G10G

    Laser 2

    Y

    mod.

    QSK mod.40G (CP-QPSK) transmitter

    10G (OOK) transmitter

    Yrid90ohybrid

    ter FE daDS

    o/e A/ D

    40G (CP-QPSK) receiver10G (OOK) receiver

    Verizon Business long-haul site at Longview, TX

  • Multi-Vendor 100G Trial

    10GERouter 110GE 100G

    Transponder100GE 112 Gb/s

    10GERouter 110GE 100G

    Transponder100GE 112 Gb/s

    Router2

    10GETester 100GE card

    100GE card

    CFP TxRx

    CFP TxRx

    10GE card

    Transponder

    CFPTxRx ROADM80-kmDallasRing

    Router2

    10GETester 100GE card

    100GE card

    CFP TxRx

    CFP TxRx

    10GE card

    Transponder

    CFPTxRx ROADM80-kmDallasRing

    VideoDisplay

    Video

    VideoDecoder

    2 10GE card

    Video

    GE

    g

    80-kmDallasRing

    VideoDisplay

    Video

    VideoDecoder

    2 10GE card

    Video

    GE

    g

    80-kmDallasRing

    VideoEncoder

    Videosignal

    x9

    VideoEncoder

    Videosignal

    x9

    Router: Juniper T1600 router with 100GE cardsClient I/F: Finisar LR4 industry standard 100G CFPsTransport: NEC 100G transponders and ULH DWDM systemPhysical media: 1520Km of field deployed fiber in DFW metro areaPhysical media: 1520Km of field deployed fiber in DFW metro area Traffic verification: 10GE test set and High Def encoded video test traffic

  • 100G Deployment

    100Gb/s Live FrankfurtFrankfurt

    100Gb/s LiveParis to Frankfurt

    893km route

    Frankfurt

    Alsbach Hartwald

    KarlsruheBuhl

    13 spansNo Regeneration

    Operational

    Strasbourg

    Metz

    KeskastelLine Amplifier

    Skipped (Glass Thru)

    WSS ROADM

    Operational December 2009

    Adding 100Gb/s

    Metz

    Saint Menehould

    La Veuve

    Fresnesen Woevre

    Skipped (Glass-Thru)

    Raman Link

    g /routes in 2010 Sommesous

    Troyes

    ParisSoucy

    Montereau

    100Gb/s Roll-out Underway !!

  • Thirst for More

    Unrelenting network traffic growth pressure bandwidth increases

    Higher speed data services; symmetricalCommercial/residential video, HD/3D-TV, etc.Fixed/mobile convergence; service mobilityDistributed computing; SANSRoute/service diversityWireless backhaul~ 3G, 4G explosion

    Demand for bundled services and access upgrades will trigger global FTTH/B subscriptions to reach 183.9 million by 2015 [Global Industry to reach 183.9 million by 2015 [Global Industry Analysts, Inc.]Forecast 10G/40G/100G port shipments together increasing 10-fold from 2009 to 2014 [Infonetics]increasing 10-fold from 2009 to 2014 [Infonetics]Carriers will look to higher speed options

  • Considerations

    Higher rate needed in 2015/2016 timeframe to meet traffic projectionsp jLarge customer/carriers carrier services place additional requirementsMajor network changes will be required to j g qsupport rates over 100G

    Incompatible with existing ROADMsMaximize new rate for demand window

    Line side vs. client sideSame or different rate stepDistance requirements may not be the sameWeigh implications, cost, availability timeframes

    Line Side Client Side

  • Bandwidth Scalability

    Amplifier Increasing spectral efficiency Bandwidth

    O,E,S,C,L

    Increasing spectral efficiency is the logical first step because it can be applied to existing line systems

    S t l

    , , , ,Bands

    C + L Bands

    Adding amplifier bandwidth seems reasonable for next generation systems assuming Spectral

    Efficiency

    100 GHz

    C Band

    PM

    generation systems assuming Raman amplification is needed anyway

    PM

    Ch l

    NRZ DPSK50 GHz

    PM QPSK Reducing channel spacing

    appears to be the best long term avenue for scalability

    h d

    PMM-QAM

    25 GHz

    Channel Spacing

    assuming coherent detection systems

  • Flexible Bandwidth Grid s

    Current generation WDM systems

    10 G

    b/s

    40 G

    b/s

    100

    Gb/

    s

    10 G

    b/s

    40 G

    b/s

    40 G

    b/s

    40 G

    b/s

    40 G

    b/s WDM systems

    supported 10G, 40G and now 100G in service upgrades

    1569.59 1568.77 1567.95 1531.12 1530.33 ,nm

    Cband,fixed50GHzgrid

    1569.18 1568.36 1530.72

    150GH

    Future systems will be expected to support in service upgrades to at

    Gb/

    s

    b/s

    Gb/

    s

    Gb/

    s

    Gb/

    s

    50GHz 50GHz 75GHz 75GHz 150GHz least 1T / channel

    Given the current view, more bandwidth is the

    1569.59 1568.77 1567.95 1531.12 1530.33

    ,nm

    E l f f t C b d 50 200 GH

    1569.18 1568.36 1530.72

    100

    1 Tb

    400

    100

    400

    more bandwidth is the only way to achieve this w/o paying a significant reach penalty due to OSNR ExampleofafutureCband,50200GHz

    FlexibleGrid(in25GHzincrements)

    penalty due to OSNR requirements

  • Flexible Layer

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