Cac So Do Dau Noi Va Cau Hinh Thiet Bi MAN-E Huawei v1.0!30!11-2009

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Ti liu hng dn cu hnh thit b MAN-E HuaweiA. Cc s u ni IP DSLAM, MSAN, Switch lp 2 vo mng MAN-E:Mng MAN-E ca VNPT bao gm cc thit b: BRAS (kt cui dch v Internet), PE-AGG (thit b MAN Core), UPE (thit b MAN Access). Thit b mng truy nhp (IP DSLAM, MSAN, Switch lp 2, thit b mng truy nhp quang) s u ni vo UPE ca mng MAN-E theo s hnh sao, chui, vng (ring). Nhng m bo cht lng dch v v n gin cho vic cu hnh, qun l thit b, s u ni thit b mng truy nhp theo kiu vng s khng c s dng. Trong trng hp cp quang thng xuyn b t, nhm mc ch d phng, cc IP DSLAM (MSAN, Switch lp 2,) c th u ni theo kiu vng d phng ngui. Ngha l vng IP DSLAM (MSAN, Switch lp 2,) s c cu hnh lu lng cc dch v chy v 1 hng ca vng (hng chnh), hng cn li (hng d phng) ca vng ch c ni cp quang m cha c cu hnh chy dch v. Ch khi hng chnh ca vng IP DSLAM (MSAN, Switch lp 2,) b t th mi bt u cu hnh trn IP DSLAM (MSAN, Switch lp 2,) v UPE ca mng MAN-E lu lng dch v chy theo hng d phng. Nh vy, trong mng MAN-E ti cc tnh, s u ni IP DSLAM (MSAN, Switch lp 2,) l s hnh sao v chui, nhng trong mt chui khng qu 3 IP DSLAM (MSAN, Switch lp 2,).

1. IP DSLAM u ni theo hnh sao vo UPE:

2. IP DSLAM u ni chui vo UPE:

B. Cu hnh thit b trong mng MAN-E cung cp dch vKhi cung cp dch v, cc thit b trong mng MAN-E v mng truy nhp s phn bit dch v qua ch s S-VLAN trn gi d liu. Vic phn b di a ch SVLAN v cp pht S-VLAN c thc hin trn thit b mng MAN-E hay thit b mng truy nhp s ty thuc vo dch v. C th nh sau:STT 1 2 3 Dch v D phng Multicast Dch v truy nhp Internet S dng S-VLAN T n Tng s 1 98 98 99 99 1 100 599 500

1 SVLAN + Cho MSAN, DSLAM, OLT: 1 SVLAN cho cc thit b truy nhp cng 1 loi t ti 1 nh trm. + Cho L2 switch, MxU (FTTx): 2 SVLAN cho 1 UPE (1 cho PPPoE, 1 cho IPoE). + Cho MSAN, DSLAM, OLT: 1 SVLAN cho cc thit b truy nhp cng 1 loi t ti 1 nh trm.

1100 600

1299 1099

200 500

4

Dch v VPN lp 3

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Dch v VPN lp 2 loi E-LINE Dch v VPN lp 2 loi E-LAN, E-TREE Dch v VoD Voice D phng Kt ni ISIS D phng Qun l MAN-E Qun l L2 switch Qun l thit b GPON Qun l MSAN Qun l DSLAM D phng Tng cng

+ Cho L2 switch, MxU (FTTx): 1 SVLAN cho 1 UPE. 1 SVLAN/UPE 1 SVLAN/ 1 khch hng 1 SVLAN/UPE + 2 SVLAN/1 UPE: 1 SVLAN cho voice H248, 1 SVLAN cho voice SIP. Gia mng MAN-E (PE-AGG) v IP core (PE)

3600 1300 1400 2400 2500 2700 3700 3701 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4000

3699 1399 2399 2499 2699 3599 3700 3994 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4096

100 100 1000 100 200 900 1 294 1 1 1 1 1 97 4096

Phng n s dng S-VLAN cho cc thit b HSI VoIP BTV VoD L2 VPN E-LINE L2 VPN E-LAN L3 VPN DSLAM MSAN L2 Switch S-VLAN per S-VLAN per S-VLAN per DSLAM MSAN UPE 2 S-VLAN per UPE (cho SIP voice, H248 voice) S-VLAN per province (99) S-VLAN per UPE S-VLAN per UPE S-VLAN per customer S-VLAN per S-VLAN per S-VLAN per DSLAM MSAN UPE

Ghi ch: - Trong trng hp DSLAM hoc MSAN cng 1 nh trm th dng chung SVLAN cho mi dch v. - Trng hp dch v thoi trn MSAN: UPE cp 1 S-VLAN cho thoi POTS (H.248), 1 S-VLAN cho thoi IP Phone (SIP).

Bn cnh vic quy hoch di a ch S-VLAN cho dch v v phng n cp pht S-VLAN trn thit b, ng kt ni o gia cc thit b trn mng MAN-E tham gia cung cp dch v cng cn quy tc nh danh. nh danh ca kt ni o gia cc thit b c gi l VC-ID (Virtual Circuit -IDentification ).

Quy tc nh danh VC-ID nh sau: XX VC-ID Dch v YYY a ch loopback gn Z WWW A S lng ti a (1 Ghi ch UPE)

S th t S th t ca Chnh/d ca PE- VLL/VPLS phng AGG trn UPE (0/1) (1/2/3) 1000/UPE/tnh 0 0 1000/UPE/tnh S dng VLL VoD s dng VPLS nn khng c khi nim d phng v Z=0 VoIP s dng VPLS nn khng c khi nim d phng v Z=0 - S dng VLL.

HSI VoD

11 12

VoIP

13

0

0

1000/UPE/tnh

L3 VPN E-LINE tnh L2 E-LAN

14 lin 15 16 0

0

1000/UPE/tnh

0

1000/UPE/tnh

- E-LAN s dng VPLS.

- YYY l a ch loopback nt gc. - Z = 0. L2 E-TREE 17 0 0 1000/UPE/tnh - S dng VPLS. - YYY l a ch loopback nt gc. - Z = 0. VC-ID X Dch v E-LINE ni tnh 4 YYY ZZZ WWW S th t khch hng tham gia E-LINE ni tnh gia 2 UPE 1000 gia 2 UPE S lng ti a Loopback 1 c gi tr nh hn loopback 2.

Loopback Loopback 1 2

3. Dch v HSI (High Speed Internet):1.1. Tng quan: i vi dch v High Speed Internet (HSI), mng MAN-E ca VNPT ng vai tr l mng truyn ti v BRAS l thit b kt cui dch v. Cc thit b tham gia vo cung cp dch v HSI t pha nh cung cp dch v (VNPT) n thu bao bao gm: - BRAS - PE-AGG ( Router Core ca mng MAN-E) - UPE (Router Access ca mng MAN-E) - DSLAM/MSAN/FTTx (cc thit b thuc mng truy nhp) - Thit b truy nhp pha khch hng (modem xDSL, router,)

Hnh 1: C ch hot ng ca dch v HSI Vic cu hnh thit b ca nh cung cp dch v c th tm tt nh sau: Thit b mng truy nhp l DSLAM: Trn thit b pha khch hng, i ng k thut ca nh cung cp dch v cn cu hnh tham s vpi/vci ng vi vpi/vci c quy hoch cho dch v HSI. - Nu DSLAM h tr QinQ: Trn DSLAM, ti giao din DSLAM kt ni n khch hng, cn cu hnh nh x vpi/vci khch hng vo C-VLAN cho khch hng . Sau , C-VLAN ny s tip tc c kt hp vi S-VLAN ca dch v HSI trn DSLAM . D liu trao i gia DSLAM v UPE c ng gi QinQ (S-VLAN+CVLAN).

- Nu DSLAM h tr smart VLAN: Thng s vpi/vci khch hng khng c nh x vo C-VLAN. Thay vo , vpi/vci c nh x vo smart VLAN (S-VLAN kt hp vi ACI). D liu trao i gia DSLAM v UPE c ng gi smart VLAN. Khi gi tin t DSLAM ln n UPE, UPE s thc hin tip ng gi 1 VLAN tag ngu nhin vo trc gi tin gi tin i qua mng MAN-E l gi tin nh dng QinQ. - Nu DSLAM ch h tr dot1q: DSLAM ch thm c C-VLAN vo gi tin phn bit khch hng. Ti giao din trn UPE kt ni vi DSLAM, UPE s thc hin ng gi tip S-VLAN vo gi tin. Gi tin i qua mng MAN-E l gi tin QinQ. Thit b truy nhp l L2 Switch: - L2 Switch ch h tr dot1Q: S dng C-VLAN khc nhau phn bit khch hng truy nhp bng L2 Switch trn UPE. L2 Switch gi gi tin dot1Q ln UPE. Giao din trn UPE kt ni vi L2 Switch thc hin ng gi S-VLAN vo gi tin. - L2 Switch h tr QinQ: S dng C-VLAN khc nhau phn bit khch hng truy nhp bng L2 Switch trn UPE. L2 Switch thc hin selective QinQ ng gi thm S-VLAN dch v HSI vo gi tin. Gi tin trao i gia L2 Switch v UPE l gi tin QinQ. Trn UPE, cu hnh nh x cc sub-interface ni vi DSLAM/Switch vo cc VLL kt ni ln PE-AGG. PE-AGG kt cui cc VLL. D liu trao i gia PE-AGG v BRAS l d liu ng gi QinQ c bc tch khi cc VLL. BRAS kt cui cc phin PPPoE cung cp dch v HSI cho khch hng ti tnh/thnh ph.

1.2. Cc kch bn cu hnh thit b mng MAN-E cung cp dch v HSI: Cu hnh UPE v PE-AGG i vi trng hp DSLAM (L2 Switch) u ni hnh sao hoc chui vo UPE l ging nhau. Cu hnh c bn nh: a ch IP, giao thc nh tuyn IS-IS, truyn ti MPLS, cc tunnel policy c Huawei cu hnh trc. 1.2.1. Cu hnh cho DSLAM: 1.2.1.1. DSLAM s dng QinQ u ni hnh sao hoc chui vo UPE:

100 21-50PE-AGG-2 PE-AGG-1

100 21-50

VLL1UPE Selective QINQ

100 21-50DSLAM

21-50

PVC 8/35 PVC 8/35 PVC 8/35

Hnh 2: Dch v HSI s dng DSLAM QinQ Bng s liu mu cu hnh: Tn thit b Thng s cn cu Gi tr hnh S-VLAN 100 Ghi ch - Mi DSLAM 1 S-VLAN cho

HSI. - Nu nhiu DSLAM chung 1 nh trm th dng chung 1 SVLAN HSI cho cc DSLAM . C-VLAN UPE a ch loopback 21 n 50 123.29.30.27 - Trn UPE, c nhiu VLL dnh cho dch v HSI ca DSLAM (VD: UPE c VLL HSI ca DSLAM 1 v c VLL HSI ca DSLAM 2) nn ta nh s th t cc VLL . - Gi tr t 000 n 999. VC-ID ca VLL 1102710000 chnh Tunnel policy ln to_pe-agg1 PE-AGG 1 VC-ID ca VLL 1102710001 d phng Tunnel policy ln to_pe-agg2 PE-AGG 2 Interface vt l ni xung DSLAM Sub-interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/4 GigabitEthernet Khng nht thit sub-interface ID 1/0/4.100 phi trng vi S-VLAN, nhng nn t trng d qun l. 123.29.30.1 VLL chnh hng n PE-AGG 1. Tn tunnel thng. policy vit ch Thc hin trn DSLAM.

S th t ca VLL 000 HSI(chnh) trn UPE

VLL d phng hng n PEAGG 2.

PE-AGG 1

a ch loopback

Interface vt l kt GigabitEthernet ni ln BRAS 2/0/8 Sub-interface GigabitEthernet

2/0/8.100 Tunnel policy ni to_upe xung UPE PE-AGG 2 a ch loopback 123.29.30.2

Interface vt l kt GigabitEthernet ni ln BRAS 2/0/8 Sub-Interface GigabitEthernet 2/0/8.100

Tunnel policy ni to_upe xung UPE

Cu lnh cu hnh: UPE: # interface GigabitEthernet1/0/4 description ** Connect to DSLAM** undo shutdown mode user-termination // cu hnh trn interface vt l ni n DSLAM h tr QinQ # interface GigabitEthernet1/0/4.100 description ** Connect to DSLAM-HSI ** control-vid 100 qinq-termination // Control-vid c th l 1 s ngu nhin, t gi tr 100 trng vi sub-interface d qun l qinq termination l2 symmetry // X l bn tin QinQ

qinq termination pe-vid 100 ce-vid 21 to 50 //100 l S-VLAN, 21 n 50 l C-VLAN mpls l2vc 123.29.30.1 1102710000 tunnel-policy to_pe-agg1 mpls l2vc 123.29.30.2 1102710001 tunnel-policy to_pe-agg2 secondary # PE-AGG-1 # interface GigabitEthernet2/0/8 description ** Connect to BRAS ** undo shutdown mode user-termination // cu hnh trn interface vt l ni n BRAS h tr QinQ # interface GigabitEthernet2/0/8.100 description ** Connect to UPE-DSLAM- HSI ** control-vid 100 qinq-termination qinq termination l2 symmetry qinq termination pe-vid 100 ce-vid 21 to 50 // 100 l S-VLAN, 21 n 50 l C-VLAN mpls l2vc 123.29.30.27 1102710000 tunnel-policy to_upe

PE-AGG-2 (tng t nh trn PE-AGG 1) # interface GigabitEthernet2/0/8 description ** Connect to BRAS **

undo shutdown mode user-termination # interface GigabitEthernet2/0/8.100 description ** Connect to UPE-DSLAM1- HSI ** control-vid 100 qinq-termination qinq termination l2 symmetry qinq termination pe-vid 100 ce-vid 21 to 50 mpls l2vc 123.29.30.27 1102710001 tunnel-policy to_upe # 1.2.1.2. DSLAM s dng smart VLAN u ni hnh sao hoc chui vo UPE:

101PE-AGG-1

PE-AGG-2

101 VLL 2

Smart VLAN UPE

101

21-50 PVC 8/35 PVC 8/35 PVC 8/35

Hnh 3: Dch v HSI s dng DSLAM smart VLAN

Bng s liu mu cu hnh: Tn thit