Byzantine Empire Christian church became known as Eastern Orthodox Church Eastern (Greek) Orthodox Church

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  • Byzantine Empire

    Christian church became known as Eastern (Greek) Orthodox Church

  • Hagia Sophia IstanbulHagia Sophia Constantinople

  • Patriarchled Eastern Orthodox ChurchPopeled Roman Catholic Church

  • The Great Schism separation between the Roman Catholic Churchthe Eastern Orthodox Church

    Eastern Orthodox Church did not accept the Popes claim as head of Church

  • The Great Schism separation between the Roman Catholic Churchthe Eastern Orthodox Church

    Eastern Orthodox Church did not accept the Popes claim as head of Church

    1054 Pope & Patriarch excommunicated each other

  • Seljuk Turks threatened Constantinople

  • CrusadesAlexius I (Constantinople) asks Pope Urban II (Rome) for help

    Protect ConstantinopleLiberate Jerusalem and Palestine region

  • Urban II called for crusades againstInfidelsA cursed raceCrusades

  • Pope Urban II Called For the First Crusade

    From Jerusalem and the city of Constantinople comes a grievous report, An accursed racehas violently invaded the lands of those Christians

    Both knights and footmen, both rich and poorstrive to help expelfrom our Christian lands before it is too late Christ commands it. Remission of sins will be granted for those going thither.

  • Pope Urban II Called For the First Crusade GOD WILLS IT

  • Hopes of Man

    Europeans Pope Urban

    Men and women left for Holy Land - Few returned

    Religious Zeal

    Wealth and Land

    Adventure

  • Hopes of Man

    Europeans Pope Urban

    Men and women left for Holy Land - Few returned

    Religious Zeal

    Wealth and Land

    Adventure

    Heal the Schism

    Increase his power in Europe

    Slow the European Wars between lords

  • Massacred Jewish communities in Europe on way to Jerusalem

    First Crusades

  • Massacred Jewish communities in Europe on way to Jerusalem

    French knightscaptured Antioch in 1098 Jerusalem in 1099

    First Crusades

  • Massacred Jewish communities in Europe on way to Jerusalem

    French knightscaptured Antioch in 1098 Jerusalem in 1099

    Massacred Muslim, Jewish, and some ChristiansFirst Crusades

  • Saladinrecaptures Jerusalem1187To us Jerusalem is a preciousas it is to you, because it is the place from where our Prophet made his journey by night to heavenDo not dream that we will give it up to you- Saladin

  • 3rd Crusade1189Richard I of England(Richard the Lionheart)

    Negotiated a settlement with Saladin to allow Christian pilgrims freeaccess to Jerusalem

  • 4th Crusade

    1193 - Pope Innocent III initiated the 4th crusade

  • 4th Crusade

    Crusaders diverted to Constantinople & attacks the city in 1204

  • 4th Crusade

    Permanently separated the Catholic Church and Greek Orthodox Church

  • Port ofAcrelast Christian outpost conquered (north of Jerusalem)1291Just as Bloody as the sacking of Jerusalem This time - the Christians died

  • Increased wealth of Genoa and Venice, Italy

  • Began Jewish persecution and genocideIncreased wealth of Genoa and Venice, Italy

  • Increased wealth of Genoa and Venice, ItalyBegan Jewish persecution and genocideFall of FeudalismIncrease power of Kings

    Centralized Government

  • Began Jewish persecution and genocideIncreased wealth of Genoa and Venice, ItalyFall of FeudalismIncrease power of KingsTechnology:ShipsMapsWeapons

  • Began Jewish persecution and genocideIncreased wealth of Genoa and Venice, ItalyFall of FeudalismIncrease power of KingsTechnology:ShipsMapsWeapons

    DevelopmentOf Universities

  • Universities Developin Europe

    Oxford (unknown, 1096)

    Cambridge (1209) New interest in learning from Crusades Need for priests

  • Sultan Mahmet II:Conqueror of ConstantinopleOttoman TurksOttoman Turks eventually conquer a weakened Byzantine Empire1451

  • Constantinople was weakenedHagia Sophia Istanbul

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