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Building Biblical Theology ... biblical theology and arranges them in relation to each other Hodge taught that Christians are obligated to base systematic theology on the findings

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  • © 2013 by Third Millennium Ministries

    www.thirdmill.org

    1

    Building Biblical

    Theology

    Lesson Guide

    For videos, manuscripts, and other resources, visit Third Millennium Ministries at thirdmill.org.

    LESSON

    ONE

    WHAT IS BIBLICAL

    THEOLOGY?

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    Building Biblical Theology

    Lesson 1: What is Biblical Theology? © 2010 by Third Millennium Ministries www.thirdmill.org

    CONTENTS

    HOW TO USE THIS LESSON GUIDE ......................................................................... 3

    NOTES ............................................................................................................................... 4

    I. INTRODUCTION (0:20) ........................................................................................... 4

    II. ORIENTATION (2:15) .............................................................................................. 4

    A. Historical Analysis (5:24) .................................................................................... 5

    B. Acts of God (7:32) ............................................................................................... 6

    C. Theological Reflection (11:57) ............................................................................ 7

    1. Factual Historical Analysis (12:46) ............................................................... 7

    2. Theological Historical Analysis (13:36) ........................................................ 7

    III. DEVELOPMENTS (15:44) ....................................................................................... 8

    A. Cultural Changes (16:19) ..................................................................................... 8

    B. Theological Responses (19:44) ............................................................................ 9

    1. Critical Biblical Theology (21:07) ................................................................ 9

    2. Evangelical Developments (28:28) ............................................................. 11

    IV. HISTORY AND REVELATION (38:32)................................................................ 14

    A. Act and Word (39:40) ........................................................................................ 14

    1. Act Revelation (40:11) ................................................................................ 14

    2. Word Revelation (45:04) ............................................................................. 15

    3. Interconnections (51:30) .............................................................................. 16

    B. Contours (59:54) ................................................................................................ 17

    1. Goal (1:00:42) .............................................................................................. 17

    2. Rising and Falling (1:06:15) ........................................................................ 18

    3. Organic (1:10:45) ........................................................................................ 19

    V. CONCLUSION (1:21:45) ........................................................................................ 21

    REVIEW QUESTIONS ................................................................................................. 22

    APPLICATION QUESTIONS ...................................................................................... 28

    GLOSSARY..................................................................................................................... 29

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    Building Biblical Theology

    Lesson 1: What is Biblical Theology? © 2010 by Third Millennium Ministries www.thirdmill.org

    HOW TO USE THIS LESSON GUIDE

    This lesson guide is designed for use in conjunction with the associated video. If you do

    not have access to the video, the lesson guide will also work with the audio and/or text

    versions of the lesson. Additionally, the video and lesson guide are intended to be used in

    a learning community, but they also can be used for individual study if necessary.

     Before you watch the lesson

    o Prepare — Complete any recommended readings.

    o Schedule viewing — The Notes section of the lesson guide has been divided into segments that correspond to the video. Using the time codes

    found in parentheses beside each major division, determine where to begin

    and end your viewing session. IIIM lessons are densely packed with

    information, so you may also want to schedule breaks. Breaks should be

    scheduled at major divisions.

     While you are watching the lesson

    o Take notes — The Notes section of the lesson guide contains a basic outline of the lesson, including the time codes for the beginning of each

    segment and key notes to guide you through the information. Many of the

    main ideas are already summarized, but make sure to supplement these

    with your own notes. You should also add supporting details that will help

    you to remember, describe, and defend the main ideas.

    o Record comments and questions — As you watch the video, you may have comments and/or questions on what you are learning. Use the

    margins to record your comments and questions so that you can share

    these with the group following the viewing session.

    o Pause/replay portions of the lesson — You may find it helpful to pause or replay the video at certain points in order to write additional notes,

    review difficult concepts, or discuss points of interest.

     After you watch the lesson

    o Complete Review Questions — Review Questions are based on the basic content of the lesson. You should answer Review Questions in the space

    provided. These questions should be completed individually rather than in

    a group.

    o Answer/discuss Application Questions — Application Questions are questions relating the content of the lesson to Christian living, theology,

    and ministry. Application questions are appropriate for written

    assignments or as topics for group discussions. For written assignments, it

    is recommended that answers not exceed one page in length.

  • Building Biblical Theology

    Lesson 1: What is Biblical Theology © 2010 by Third Millennium Ministries www.thirdmill.org

    4

    Notes

    I. Introduction (0:20)

    Biblical theology explores how our faith grew throughout the history of the Bible.

    II. Orientation (2:15)

    Theologians have used the term “biblical theology” in a variety of ways:

     Broad sense — true to the content of the Bible

     Narrow sense — not only conforms to the content of the Bible, but also to the priorities of Scripture

    Definition — Biblical theology is theological reflection drawn from the historical

    analysis of acts of God reported in Scripture.

  • Notes

    Building Biblical Theology

    Lesson 1: What is Biblical Theology? © 2010 by Third Millennium Ministries www.thirdmill.org

    5

    A. Historical Analysis (5:24)

    To understand historical analysis, we need to review some broad

    perspectives:

     Literary analysis — a literary portrait designed to influence readers in particular ways.

     Historical analysis — a window to history, exploring historical events lying behind the Bible.

     Thematic analysis — a mirror that reflects our interest and questions.

    Systematic theology builds primarily on thematic analysis.

    Biblical theology approaches the Scriptures primarily with historical

    analysis.

  • Notes

    Building Biblical Theology

    Lesson 1: What is Biblical Theology? © 2010 by Third Millennium Ministries www.thirdmill.org

    6

    B. Acts of God (7:32)

    What the Bible teaches about acts of God in history:

     Use of means — God works through various parts of creation.

     Without means — God intervenes directly without using any normal means.

     Above means — God takes something ordinary and makes it greater.

     Against means — God causes things to occur in ways that are contrary to the normal operations of creation.

    Biblical theologians focus mainly on extraordinary acts of God.

  • Notes

    Building Biblical Theology

    Lesson 1: What is Biblical Theology? © 2010 by Third Millennium Ministries www.thirdmill.org

    7

    C. Theological Reflection (11:57)

    Theological reflection is based on historical analysis of the acts of God in

    Scripture.

    1. Factual Historical Analysis (12:46)

    How the events recorded in Scripture fit within the larger

    environment of the ancient Near East.

    2. Theological Historical Analysis (13:36)

    Biblical theologians are interested in the theological significance of

    the acts of God reported in Scripture.

    A theological matter is anything that:

     Refers directly to God (theology proper)

     Describes other subjects in relation to God

  • Notes

    Building Biblical Theology

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