Bubble-Wrap for Surgical Patients

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  • Association of Avian Veterinarians

    Bubble-Wrap for Surgical PatientsAuthor(s): Greg J. HarrisonSource: Journal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993), p. 221Published by: Association of Avian VeterinariansStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27671100 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 00:38

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  • sent at necropsy. Furthermore, pesti cides may not be detectable in the

    dead animal because these chemicals

    quickly break down or are metabo

    lized. In addition the limited sample volumes of gastrointestinal contents

    from small birds makes detection of

    these compounds difficult. These ob

    stacles all lead to a very important

    point ? the observations made by

    the field investigator and the history submitted with the bird are crucial to

    the successful positive diagnosis of

    this mortality factor.


    Greg J. Harrison, DVM

    Lake Worth, Florida

    In human studies, water blankets

    have apparendy been shown to have

    little effect on maintaining or raising the body temperature of the surgical

    patient. A p?diatrie surgeon once re

    marked that babies undergoing sur

    gery are wrapped with a hot air

    blanket. The blanket is similar to

    bubble packaging material, which

    contains channels into which hot air

    is directed. He thought a similar blan

    ket could be made for birds from common bubble-wrap material. Al

    though using a hair dryer might ac

    tually burn a patient, perhaps a hot

    air blower with some kind of thermo

    stat could be used to bring heated air

    into the chambers.

    We have used regular bubble

    wrap to envelop avian patients un

    dergoing long-term surgery (along with a hot water blanket) and, al

    though we have not measured body

    temperature, it appears that the birds come out of anesthesia faster and

    don't seem to sit around looking chilled after surgery. We just cut a

    hole through the bubble-wrap at the

    surgical site.


    FEATHER PICKING Michael Krinsley, DVM

    New York, New York

    A 27-year-old Red-lored Amazon

    Parrot was presented with a six-month

    history of feather picking. The skin over the breast, abdomen, legs, shoul

    ders and tail base were virtually featherless. The bird had been healthy otherwise and weighed 420 grams. The birds skin and plumage, in areas

    that were not being picked, were nor

    mal in appearance. Tests taken in

    cluded a blood cell count, serum bio

    chemistry, thyroid level, fecal parasite screen, fecal Gram's stain and culture, feather pulp Gram's stain and culture, and radiography. The test results were

    all nondiagnostic. A complete review of the history

    suggested that emotional and envi

    ronmental factors were not involved.

    The diet was varied, although nutri

    tionally unbalanced, and the bird

    readily adjusted to an improved diet.

    Numerous successive drug thera

    pies including antibiotic, anthelmin

    tic and vitamin supplementation were attempted over several months.

    No improvement was seen.

    The final six-week trial consisted

    of hydroxyzine HCl syrup 2.2 mg/kg PO TID. While the bird continued on

    hydroxyzine HCl syrup, DermCaps

    Liquid 1.0 ml/20 lbs/day (DVM Phar

    maceutical Inc, Miami, FL) was

    added. In one week's time, the owner noted that the bird seemed

    less pruritic. By three weeks, picking

    was minimal and plumage started to

    regrow in areas that had been devoid

    of feathers. After three months, there was little evidence of feather picking.

    Attempts to reduce the dosage of

    hydroxyzine HCl at that time resulted in a return to feather picking.

    DermCaps have been used by vet

    erinarians for the treatment of pruri tus in dogs and cats. The oxidative

    metabolism of certain fatty acids re

    sults in the formation of eicosanoids, which include prostaglandins and

    leukotrienes. These compounds play

    important roles in immunoregula tion, inflammation and maintenance

    of normal integrity of the skin. Eicos

    apentaenoic acid (EPA), the main

    ingredient in DermCaps, is a potent

    competitive inhibitor of arachidonic

    acid metabolism and thus can inter

    fere with the inflammatory effects of

    arachidonic acid and its metabolites.


    Greg J. Harrison, DVM

    Lake Worth, Florida

    The 24 gauge intravascular over

    the-needle Teflon-coated catheters

    make nice cannulas for flushing of

    nasal lacrimal ducts or flushing the

    opening of the uterus in very small

    birds with egg-laying problems. The

    needles themselves can be used for

    intramedullary pinning of the legs of

    birds the size of parrotlets.


    Greg J. Harrison, DVM

    Lake Worth, Florida

    DuoDerm (hydroactive dressing -

    ConvaTec, Princeton, NJ) can be easily trimmed to fit from the groin area to

    the foot in budgerigars, finches and

    canaries, and can be used to handle

    most bone fractures in these small

    birds. In cases where the bone has

    penetrated the skin, DuoDerm also

    provides the environment to promote

    Vex. 7 No. 4 1993 221

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    Article Contentsp. 221

    Issue Table of ContentsJournal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993), pp. 179-238Front MatterUp Front [p. 183-183]ReviewedEfficacy of an Inactivated Avian Polyomavirus Vaccine [pp. 187-192]

    From the Literature [pp. 192, 196, 202, 212-214]ReviewedSusceptibility of Avian Polyomavirus to Inactivation [pp. 193-195]Candida/Megabacteria Proventriculitis in a Lesser Sulphur-Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea) [pp. 197-201]Performance Characteristics of Diagnostic Tests for Avian Chlamydiosis [pp. 203-207]Hemorrhagic Enteritis in a Group of Great-Billed Parrots (Tanygnathus megalorynchos) [pp. 209-211]

    Book ReviewReview: untitled [p. 215-215]

    In My ExperienceTreating Aspergillosis in Hummingbirds [p. 216-216]Treatment of Diseases Is Not Always Enough [pp. 216-217]PBFD in Large Parakeets [pp. 217-218]Intussusception of the Intestinal Tract in a White-Cheeked Turaco [pp. 218-219]Necrotic Hepatitis of Viral Origin in Pigeons [p. 219-219]Pendulous Crops in Budgies [p. 219-219]Allopurinol in Simple Syrup for Gout [pp. 219-220]Diagnosis of Pesticide Poisonings [pp. 220-221]Bubble-Wrap for Surgical Patients [p. 221-221]Use of DermCaps Liquid and Hydroxyzine HCL for the Treatment of Feather Picking [p. 221-221]Use of IV Catheters [p. 221-221]DuoDerm as a Splint for Small Birds [pp. 221-222]Toxicity Therapy [p. 222-222]Hospital Intensive Care [p. 222-222]Lightweight Splints from Aluminium Cans [p. 222-222]Are Persimmons Safe to Feed? [p. 222-222]Errata: Megabacteria in Passeriformes [p. 222-222]

    AAV Update [pp. 223-224]Names in the News [p. 226-226]Opportunities [pp. 228-229]Conservation Issues [pp. 231-232]Continuing Education [p. 234-234]New Products [p. 235-235]Back Matter