Bubble-Wrap for Surgical Patients

  • Published on

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


<ul><li><p>Association of Avian Veterinarians</p><p>Bubble-Wrap for Surgical PatientsAuthor(s): Greg J. HarrisonSource: Journal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993), p. 221Published by: Association of Avian VeterinariansStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27671100 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 00:38</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>Association of Avian Veterinarians is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access toJournal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 00:38:03 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=aavhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/27671100?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>sent at necropsy. Furthermore, pesti cides may not be detectable in the </p><p>dead animal because these chemicals </p><p>quickly break down or are metabo </p><p>lized. In addition the limited sample volumes of gastrointestinal contents </p><p>from small birds makes detection of </p><p>these compounds difficult. These ob </p><p>stacles all lead to a very important </p><p>point ? the observations made by </p><p>the field investigator and the history submitted with the bird are crucial to </p><p>the successful positive diagnosis of </p><p>this mortality factor. </p><p>BUBBLE-WRAP FOR SURGICAL PATIENTS </p><p>Greg J. Harrison, DVM </p><p>Lake Worth, Florida </p><p>In human studies, water blankets </p><p>have apparendy been shown to have </p><p>little effect on maintaining or raising the body temperature of the surgical </p><p>patient. A p?diatrie surgeon once re </p><p>marked that babies undergoing sur </p><p>gery are wrapped with a hot air </p><p>blanket. The blanket is similar to </p><p>bubble packaging material, which </p><p>contains channels into which hot air </p><p>is directed. He thought a similar blan </p><p>ket could be made for birds from common bubble-wrap material. Al </p><p>though using a hair dryer might ac </p><p>tually burn a patient, perhaps a hot </p><p>air blower with some kind of thermo </p><p>stat could be used to bring heated air </p><p>into the chambers. </p><p>We have used regular bubble </p><p>wrap to envelop avian patients un </p><p>dergoing long-term surgery (along with a hot water blanket) and, al </p><p>though we have not measured body </p><p>temperature, it appears that the birds come out of anesthesia faster and </p><p>don't seem to sit around looking chilled after surgery. We just cut a </p><p>hole through the bubble-wrap at the </p><p>surgical site. </p><p>USE OF DERMCAPS LIQUID AND HYDROXYZINE HCL FOR THE TREATMENT OF </p><p>FEATHER PICKING Michael Krinsley, DVM </p><p>New York, New York </p><p>A 27-year-old Red-lored Amazon </p><p>Parrot was presented with a six-month </p><p>history of feather picking. The skin over the breast, abdomen, legs, shoul </p><p>ders and tail base were virtually featherless. The bird had been healthy otherwise and weighed 420 grams. The birds skin and plumage, in areas </p><p>that were not being picked, were nor </p><p>mal in appearance. Tests taken in </p><p>cluded a blood cell count, serum bio </p><p>chemistry, thyroid level, fecal parasite screen, fecal Gram's stain and culture, feather pulp Gram's stain and culture, and radiography. The test results were </p><p>all nondiagnostic. A complete review of the history </p><p>suggested that emotional and envi </p><p>ronmental factors were not involved. </p><p>The diet was varied, although nutri </p><p>tionally unbalanced, and the bird </p><p>readily adjusted to an improved diet. </p><p>Numerous successive drug thera </p><p>pies including antibiotic, anthelmin </p><p>tic and vitamin supplementation were attempted over several months. </p><p>No improvement was seen. </p><p>The final six-week trial consisted </p><p>of hydroxyzine HCl syrup 2.2 mg/kg PO TID. While the bird continued on </p><p>hydroxyzine HCl syrup, DermCaps </p><p>Liquid 1.0 ml/20 lbs/day (DVM Phar </p><p>maceutical Inc, Miami, FL) was </p><p>added. In one week's time, the owner noted that the bird seemed </p><p>less pruritic. By three weeks, picking </p><p>was minimal and plumage started to </p><p>regrow in areas that had been devoid </p><p>of feathers. After three months, there was little evidence of feather picking. </p><p>Attempts to reduce the dosage of </p><p>hydroxyzine HCl at that time resulted in a return to feather picking. </p><p>DermCaps have been used by vet </p><p>erinarians for the treatment of pruri tus in dogs and cats. The oxidative </p><p>metabolism of certain fatty acids re </p><p>sults in the formation of eicosanoids, which include prostaglandins and </p><p>leukotrienes. These compounds play </p><p>important roles in immunoregula tion, inflammation and maintenance </p><p>of normal integrity of the skin. Eicos </p><p>apentaenoic acid (EPA), the main </p><p>ingredient in DermCaps, is a potent </p><p>competitive inhibitor of arachidonic </p><p>acid metabolism and thus can inter </p><p>fere with the inflammatory effects of </p><p>arachidonic acid and its metabolites. </p><p>USE OF IV CATHETERS </p><p>Greg J. Harrison, DVM </p><p>Lake Worth, Florida </p><p>The 24 gauge intravascular over </p><p>the-needle Teflon-coated catheters </p><p>make nice cannulas for flushing of </p><p>nasal lacrimal ducts or flushing the </p><p>opening of the uterus in very small </p><p>birds with egg-laying problems. The </p><p>needles themselves can be used for </p><p>intramedullary pinning of the legs of </p><p>birds the size of parrotlets. </p><p>DUODERM AS A SPLINT FOR SMALL BIRDS </p><p>Greg J. Harrison, DVM </p><p>Lake Worth, Florida </p><p>DuoDerm (hydroactive dressing - </p><p>ConvaTec, Princeton, NJ) can be easily trimmed to fit from the groin area to </p><p>the foot in budgerigars, finches and </p><p>canaries, and can be used to handle </p><p>most bone fractures in these small </p><p>birds. In cases where the bone has </p><p>penetrated the skin, DuoDerm also </p><p>provides the environment to promote </p><p>Vex. 7 No. 4 1993 221 </p><p>This content downloaded from on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 00:38:03 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 221</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsJournal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993), pp. 179-238Front MatterUp Front [p. 183-183]ReviewedEfficacy of an Inactivated Avian Polyomavirus Vaccine [pp. 187-192]</p><p>From the Literature [pp. 192, 196, 202, 212-214]ReviewedSusceptibility of Avian Polyomavirus to Inactivation [pp. 193-195]Candida/Megabacteria Proventriculitis in a Lesser Sulphur-Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea) [pp. 197-201]Performance Characteristics of Diagnostic Tests for Avian Chlamydiosis [pp. 203-207]Hemorrhagic Enteritis in a Group of Great-Billed Parrots (Tanygnathus megalorynchos) [pp. 209-211]</p><p>Book ReviewReview: untitled [p. 215-215]</p><p>In My ExperienceTreating Aspergillosis in Hummingbirds [p. 216-216]Treatment of Diseases Is Not Always Enough [pp. 216-217]PBFD in Large Parakeets [pp. 217-218]Intussusception of the Intestinal Tract in a White-Cheeked Turaco [pp. 218-219]Necrotic Hepatitis of Viral Origin in Pigeons [p. 219-219]Pendulous Crops in Budgies [p. 219-219]Allopurinol in Simple Syrup for Gout [pp. 219-220]Diagnosis of Pesticide Poisonings [pp. 220-221]Bubble-Wrap for Surgical Patients [p. 221-221]Use of DermCaps Liquid and Hydroxyzine HCL for the Treatment of Feather Picking [p. 221-221]Use of IV Catheters [p. 221-221]DuoDerm as a Splint for Small Birds [pp. 221-222]Toxicity Therapy [p. 222-222]Hospital Intensive Care [p. 222-222]Lightweight Splints from Aluminium Cans [p. 222-222]Are Persimmons Safe to Feed? [p. 222-222]Errata: Megabacteria in Passeriformes [p. 222-222]</p><p>AAV Update [pp. 223-224]Names in the News [p. 226-226]Opportunities [pp. 228-229]Conservation Issues [pp. 231-232]Continuing Education [p. 234-234]New Products [p. 235-235]Back Matter</p></li></ul>