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Bronchial Asthma By group 2: Hidayatus Sholiha 12-01 Putri Mareta H 12- Ananta Erfandau 12-15 Desi Rahmawati 12-21 Yulfa Intan L 12- Sofiatul Ma’fuah 12- Indra Sarosa 12- Alis Miradia 12-

Bronchial Asthma(1)

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Bronchial Asthma

By group 2:

Hidayatus Sholiha 12-01

Putri Mareta H 12-

Ananta Erfandau 12-15

Desi Rahmawati 12-21

Yulfa Intan L 12-

Sofiatul Ma’fuah 12-

Indra Sarosa 12-

Alis Miradia 12-

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What Is Bronchial Asthma??

Bronchial Asthma is a disorder caused by

inflammation in the airways (called bronchi)

that lead to the lungs. This inflammation

causes airways to tighten and narrow, which

blocks air from flowing freely into the lungs,

making it hard to breathe

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What are signs and symtoms??

•  Shortness of breath

• Wheezing: A musical, high-pitched whistling sound

produced by airflow turbulence is one of the most

common symptoms of asthma. The wheezing is

usually during exhalation.

• Cough: Usually, the cough is nonproductive ,

coughing may be present with wheezing

• Chest and neck retractions

• Rapid breathing

Rapid heart beat

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• Cough at night or with exercise: Coughing may bethe only symptom of asthma, especially in cases

of exercise-induced or nocturnal asthma; childrenwith nocturnal asthma tend to cough aftermidnight, during the early hours of morning

• Chest tightness: A history of tightness or pain in

the chest may be present with or without othersymptoms of asthma, especially in exercise-induced or nocturnal asthma

• Sputum production

• Blue lips and fingertips

• seating

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Bronchial Asthma Triggers 

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How can it occur?

The inflammation of the airways makes them

very sensitive ("twitchy"), resulting in spasm

of the airways that tend to narrow, particularly

when the lungs are exposed to an insult such

as viral infection, allergens, cold air, exposure

to smoke, and exercise. Reduced caliber of the

airways results in a reduction in the amount ofair going into lungs, making it hard to breathe.

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How to prevent it?

• The most effective treatment for asthma is

identifying triggers. Avoidance of triggers is a

key component of improving control and

preventing attacks by doing some activities

such as: avoid smokers, dust mite control

measures, including air filtration, chemicals to

kill mites, vacuuming, mattress covers, avoidexcessed exercise, and stress

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Bronchial Asthma management

• Take a rest, position semifowler/ high

fowler, Elevate the head higher than the

foots (sit position)

• Encourage deep breathing and coughing

exercises.

• Encourage diaphragmatic and pursed-lip

breathing.

• Use inhaler

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How to Use An Inhaler?

1. Wash your hands first

2. Shake the inhaler well before use (3 or 4 shakes)

3. Remove the cap

4. Breathe out, away from your inhaler

5. Bring the inhaler to your mouth. Place it in your

mouth between your teeth and close you mouth

around it.

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5. Start to breathe in slowly. Press the top ofyou inhaler once and keep breathing in

slowly until you have taken a full breath.6. Remove the inhaler from your mouth, and

hold your breath for about 10 seconds, thenbreathe out.

7. If you need a second puff, wait 30 seconds,shake your inhaler again, and repeat steps 3-6. After you've used your inhaler, rinse outyour mouth and record the number of dosestaken.

8. Store all puffers at room temperature

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