Boost Your Chess 2 - Yusupov

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<p>oostYourChcssZDcyond thc DascsyArturYusupovQaa|igChess .gua|i English edition 201 0 by Qualiry ChessUK Lrd Translated fromtheGerman editionigersprung aufDWZ1800if Copyright 201 0 Artur Yusupov All rights reserved.No parr of this publication may be reproduced,stored ina retrieval system or transmittedinany formor by any means, electronic, electrosraric,magnetic rape, photocopying,recording or otherwise,without prior permission of rhe publisher. ISBN 978-1 -906552-43-5 All sales or enquiries should be di rected to Qualiry Chess UK Ltd, 20Balvie Road, Mi lngavie,GlasgowG62 7TA,United Kingdom Phone:+441 41227 6771 e-mail:i DistributedinUS andCanadaby SCB Distributors,Gardena,California DistributedinResr of rhe World by Qualiry ChessUK Lrd through Sunrise Handicrafts,Smyczkowa 4/98,20-844Lublin, Poland Translated by lan Adams Edited and rypeser by ColinMcNab Additional editing: Jacob Aagaardand JohnShaw Cover Photo:Nadja Jussupow Cover designand generic rypeser: Augusto Caruso of Caissa Iralia Printed in Estonia by Tallinna Raamaturrikikoja LLC LON1N15Key tosymbolsused4 Preface5 Introduction6 1Attackingtheking8 2Teopenfle18 3'Minor'tacrics32 4Openingrepertoirefor White-theFrenchDefence42 5Simple rookendings54 6Fightingagainstthepawncentre64 7 Trappingpieces74 8Calculatingshortvariations82 9Weakpoints92 10Lineblocking102 11OpeningrepertoireforBlackagainstl.d4110 12Simplerookendings2122 13Blockingcombinations134 14Tebishoppair142 15Typical mistakes incalculatingvariations156 16Removingthedefence166 17Goodandbadbishops176 18Closedopenings190 19Lineclearing202 20Endgame technique212 21Blockade224 22Draggingthekingout236 23Reti/EnglishOpening246 24Typicalmistakesin theendgame258 Final test268 Indexofcomposers277 Indexofgames278 Key tosymbolsused / White to move 3 Black to move ;White is slightly better + Black is slightly better Whiteis better +Blackis better White has a decisive advantage Black has a decisive advantage equality O with compensation + with counterplay Ounclear 0zugzwang L better is Aintending ?a weak move ??a blunder a good move !!an excellent move !?a move worth considering ?!a move of doubtful value F mate 4 Preface It was a pleasure to have Artur Yusupov working as my second,both personally and professionally. Itisthereforeanhonour for meto write rhe preface tothenewmanualBoost Your Chess. Thisnewbook was created byexpanding andimproving rheoriginalonline lessonsfromthe Chess TigersUniversity.Asanhonorarymemberof theChessTigers,ithasgivenmegreat pleasuretoseethislogicalfollow-uptake concreteformandmeetthetwinchallengesof being both a valuable textbook and a bedside book. Itwasin1 994thatImerArrur Yusupovinthesemi-fnalsof theCandidates'cyclein Wijk aan Zee.Imanaged to come our aheadby 4.5-2.5,burlrecognized that Arrurharboured great potential,bothinhis chess knowledge and extensive march experience. Arrur'ssystematicandprofessionalapproachtoanalysinggameswasthedecisivefactorin having himasmy secondinthe WorldChampionshipFinalsinNew York1 995andLausanne 1 998.His mastery of the methods of the Russian chess school was very helpfulin the preparation forrhemarches,as wellasduring the matches themselves.It washisidea that1should play the Trompovskyinthelast gameinLausanne.Iwas3-2down,but wasabletolevelthemarchat 3-3andthus force a play-off. I amstill very gratefulfor everything that Artur didforme. Arrur'svastexperienceasatrainerconvincedhimthatthereisaconsiderableneedforbetter tuitionfor amateurs.Marching the level ro theneeds of thestudentis perhapsnorroo difcult, burthemasterstrokeisstructuringtheinformationi nsuchaway thatmakesi ti mmediately usefulforamateurs.Iamnaturally enthusiasticabouttherichvarietyof materialinthis series, which canhelp beginners becometopamateurs. I wish Arrur Yusupov allthe best with the publication of the frst book inthe series Boost Your Chess.Making this work available in English means that evenmore people who are keen to learn can enjoyit tothe ful l .World Champion, Viswanarhan Anand Introduction During my many years of work as a chess trainer,Ihavenoticed that there are only afewbooks which are really suitablefor most amateur players.Some good books treatindividualaspectsof the game(middlegame or endgame, tactics or positionalplay)withoutpaying any real heed to thereader'splayinglevel.Thisbroughtabouttheideaof workingoutateachingprogramme aimedspecifcallyatacertainplayingstrength.Suchreachingprogrammes,inabriefform andintendedassystematichelpfortrainers,arecommononlyinRussia,wheretheyarevery popular.One very wellknownand much valued example is a publ ication by Golenischev, which inspiredsome aspects of my methodology. In20031begana3-yeartraining programmeinmychessacademy.Threegroupswereset upaccording toplaying strength:underElo1 500, underElo1 800andunderElo21 00.Each annualstage consistedof 24teachingmodulesand24tests,plusafnaltestat the endof the course. Thisprogramme waslatertakenover,ina di ferentform, bythe Chess Tigers University and is stillbeing used there. Theoverwhelminglypositivecommentsofmystudentsencouragedmetoreworkrhis programmeintheformof aseriesof books.Indoingso,Iwasableromake useof many eval uations,correctionsandsuggestionsfrommystudents.WhileIwasredrafing,especially the explanationsinthe solutions,that feedback from my students was very valuable. This bookis the frst volume in a series of manuals designed for players who arebuilding the foundations of their chess knowledge. Thereader willreceive the necessary basic knowledgein sixareasofthegame- tactics,positionalplay,strategy,thecalculationof variations,the opening and the endgame. Thereaderwillbeneftfromthemethodicalbuild-upinthisbook,evenifsomeof the materialisfamil iar,asitwillclose any possible gapsinhis chess knowledge andthus construct solidfoundationsforfuturesuccess.To makethebookentertaining andvaried,Ihavemixed upthese diferent areas,bur youcanalways seefromtheheadertowhichareaanyparticular chapter belongs. Ar this pointImust emphasize that justworking withthisbook does not guarantee arisein yourrating.Itsimply gives youa solidbasisfor aleapforwardinchess abil ity.You should also play intouraments,analyseyour owngames,play through well-annotated games of stronger players and read books on chess(Ihave incl udedsome suggestions at the end of this book). Ihave alsobeenconcernedwithanotherproblemarea sinceImovedtoGermany:rherole of trainersinchesseducation.I n Germanythere areunfortunatelyroofewqualifedtrainers. There is also a widespread opinion that atalentedchessplayer doesnot need atrainer.Idonot sharethatopinion.Ibel ievethatmanytalentedchessplayerscoulddevelopmuchfurther,if they had support at the correcttime andif they hadnot left gaps in their learning. Chess isacomplicatedsport,whichhastobestudiedformany years.I tishard toimagine any other sport withoutcoaches.(Isthereasingle athletics clubor footballclubthat does nor have a trainer?) This manual is intended for the many club players who unfortunately receiveno supportinattempting to master our compl icated sport.Inthis wayitis intended as a substitute for a trainer for those rhat havenone (and a support for trainers), butnot an equalreplacement for a trainer. Ifurther believe thatmany chess lovers, who show great commitment toworking withyoung playersin chess clubs,willgainwiththisseriesof books(as wellaswiththeprogrammeof rhe 6 Chess TigersUniversity)importantmethodologicalsupportandhighqualitytraining material fortheir chesslessons.Thestudentswillcertainlyproftfromthesupplementary explanations givenby trainers and fromlively discussions about the themes in the books. How to work with this book First read through the lessons. You absolutely must play through althe examples and althe variations on a chessboard. First thinkaboutevery diagramposition(for atleast5minutes)and try to fnd the solutions onyourown.Onaverage,youwillneed1to2hoursperlesson.However,thereisnotime limit; some students may need more time for specific lessons. It is important to have a good understanding of the subject. The secondpartof thelessonisatest with1 2positions.The starsnearthenumberof each exerciseindicatethelevelof difculty and,atthesametime,themaximumnumber of points which you can earfor the correctsolutionwith allnecessary variations (* 1point).Try to solvethepositionswithoutmoving thepieces!If youcannot solvethepositionstraightaway, youmusttryforasecondrimeforapproximatelyI 0minutes.'TI1istime youmaymovethe pieces. You must lookfor new ideas. On absolutely no account may you get help from a computer! Normally youwillalso needIto2hoursfor eachtest. Try to solve allrhe exercises.Consider eachpositionasthoughitwereappearinginoneof yourowngamesandlookforthebest possible continuation.Youdonoralwayshavetomareorwin quickly.Itis sometimes enough to suggest a goodmove.Especiallyinthelessonsonthe opening,itis moreimportant foryou ro reAecr on the position, rake a decisionandthen carefully play through the solutions. This will help you betterunderstandthe ideas of the opening.Mistakes are parr of the learing process! It is veryimportant to write down al the necessary variations.If youdothisyouwill be abletocompareyoursolutionwiththeonegiveninthebookandyoucanalsoseehowwell youhaveunderstoodtheparticular subject.If yourscoreisroolow, werecommendcharyou workthroughthechapteragain.Wealso recommend that you play throughthe solutions, including althe variations, on a chessboard. You will findan explanationof the standard chesssymbols usedinthisbookonpage 4.AtthispointIshouldliketoexpressmygratituderoalargenumberof peoplewhohave supported my workinvarious ways.Thereis frstly my wife Nadja for the design of the German editionbookandherhelpinworkingthroughrhesolurions,mydaughterKatjaformany correctionsromyGerman,mychesstrainerMarkDvoretsky,fromwhosetrainingmethods Ihavelearned somuch,the Chess TigersandHans-Walter Schmitt fortheirconstructiveand productive cooperation,MikeRosa for correcting some mistakes,Reinholdfrom Schwerinfor hisproofreading,andfnallyroSemenOxmanandOlegAizman,whogavevaluableadvice concering the designof the book. I would also like ro thank Augusto Caruso for his elaboration ofNadja's design for the English edition and IanAdams fortranslating the book. GM Artur Yusupov 7 875 4 3 2 3Lontcnts. Significance of the arrack on rhe king .Preconditionsfor a successful attack on the king Y Removing a defender .Exploiting the open king position Y Sacrifces .Forced moves b C d et[hIAttackng thekng Theattack onthekinghasthe highestpriorityof all in chess.For a successfulattackontheking,youcan sacrifcealmostrhewholearmy.Burarracksdonot alwayswork.BeforeSteinitz,manyplayersbelieved thatitwasonlytheplayer'stacticalabil itiesthathad anyparttoplay.Steinitzestablishedthatasuccessful attackcanonlybemountedif basedonpositional advantages -such as the initiative, better development, control over important central squares, etc. But whoeverhasthe chance toattackmust doso in the most energetic manner! Inthefollowingexamples,lookforthemost activecontinuation!Bringyourpiecescloserto theopposing king,openupthe positionforyour rooksandbishops,breakupyouropponent's castled position, create specifc threats! But youmustalsoremainrealistic:sometimesour attack on the king is 'only enoughto win material'! l.e4 e52CIlc6 3.c4 c5 4.c3 lf 5.d4 exd4 6.cxd4 b4t7.lc3!? A old gambit line. 7.id2 is the saferway. 7... d5?! Abetter optionis7 . . . txe48.0-0xc3,asinthe game Sreinitz - Schlechter in rhe same tourament. 8.exd5 lxd5 9.0-0 e6 Diagram1-1 Irisrisky for Black to takethepawn as Whi te'slead indevelopmentwouldbetoogreat.Aer9 . ..Oxc3|0.bxc3 $xc3 comes11.$xff tf8|2.Bb3! 1a1|3.$a3f te7l 4J3el +-;whileif9 . . $xc3 1 0. bxc3 lxc3,then11.b3gives White a strongarrack. IO.g5! White bri ngshis bishop into rhe game with tempo, rhusincreasing his lead in development. 10 ...e7?! For hisparr, Black loses a tempo.However,it is very difcult ro correctly eval uaterhe arrack which ensues. 8 Attacking theking Kasparovgivesthebetterdefence:1 O . . . 'd7 l l .ixd5 ixd51 2.e l t f8t 1 1 .xd5! xdS1 2.lxd5 1 2.ixe7isnotsogood,becauseafter1 2. . . txe7 13. el0-01 4.xe7?Blackhastheintermediate move1 4. . . xf3! =.124 -xdS13.xe7 lxe7 Diagram 1-2 14.ge1 Atypical idea to prevent theopponent castling. 144. f1S.'e2 Later Zaitsev suggested another, evenbetter,way to pursuetheattack with1 5 .'a4 t!and now: a)Perhaps Black should surrender a pawn:1 5 . . . 'd7 1 6.'b4 f7( 1 6. . . c6?1 7.xe7t+-)1 7.'xb7 td5 b)1 5 ... f7l 6.te5t!fe51 7.xe5'd61 8.'c4t f81 ltg8( l 9. . . tg620.f5t+-)20.d5 'c62 l .'b4tf722.c5'd623.'c4t[8 24.!hc7 +- (Geller) 1S...'d7 1 5 . . . 'd6?wouldbebad:1 6.'b5t'c6l 7.'b4 'd61 8.'xb7+-1 Steinitzbringshisfnalreservesintothegame;i t can beveryusefultoattack with all availableforces! 1 1 !?(Zaitsev)wouldalso be very strong. 1 6 44 c6? Te immediate1 6 . . . f7!is correct, in order to bring theknighttod5morerapidly,e.g.1 7.'c4tld5is fneforBlack.Teexchangesacrifce1 7.'xe7t?!is not dangerous:l 7. . . 'xe71 8.xe7txe71 9.xc7t d6 20 . .xg7 ac8 2l .g3 c7!(Kasparov) Steinirzdevelopedtheprinciple:'The player with theadvatagemustattack!'Whitehasbrought allhispiecesintothegame.If henowhesitates,his opponent will also bring his reserves into play and the initiativewill disappear.So Steinirz sacrifcesapawn, opens fles and puts his opponent under pressure. Diagram1-3 874J2875 17.d5!! cxdS41 7. . . fisobjectivelybetter:1 8.dxc6bxc6 J(Kasparov) 1 8.ld4 Thissuperbsquareisonlyastaging-postfor theknight,whoisaimingrogetevenclosertothe 9 2 T3 b C d C t gh3 b c d C t gh8 74J2a b c d eIDiara 1-5 8 74J2 a b c d e!8 74J2 a b c d e!jh/jhjhTactics1 opposing king! 1 8 ... cf19.le6 The threat is now 20.!k7. 19.wJhc8 1 9 .. J:ac8isl i kewise metby 20.g4. Noris1 9. . . lc6anybetter;Whitewinswirh 20.lc5 c82 l .h5t( Kasparov). Diagam1-4 20.'g4! The attacking side cannot affordto waste rime! Te threat is matein two moves. 20 ... g6 21.lg5tces Diara 1-5 Steinitznowendsthegamewithafantastic combination. 22J'he7t!cf! Themoststubbornreply.I f22 . . . xe7,then 23.!xc8t Exc824.xc8tis a simple win. After22 . ..xe7then23.Eel twins.(23.b4t!is alsogood,butyoucanonly winagameonce!The importantrhingistocalculateyourwinningline careful ly.) 23 ... cd6 24.b4t Ec5 (24 ...cc6 25. Ecl#; 24 . . . cc7 25.te6t cb8 26.f4t+-Steinitz) 25.Ee6t 'xe6 26.lxe6+-23.Eft! Butnot23.xd7??Excl t-+. 23...cgs! 23 . . . xf 24.Exc8t Exc8 25.xc8te8 26.lxh7t i s hopeless. 24.Eg7t! chs! Or 24 . . . cf825.lxh7t cxg726.xd7t+-. 25.!hh7t! AfterthismovevonBardelebensimplyleftthe tournament hall! Steinitz demonstratedthefollowing forcedvariationforthebeneftofthespectators: 25. . . cg826.Eg7t!ch827.h4tcxg728.h7t Wf829.h8tcJe730.g7tWe83 l .g8tWe7 32.f7t cd833.f8t e834.lf7t cd7 35.d6# Diara1-6 .Caablanca - N.Zubarev Moscow1 925 Capablanca fnds anelegant andforcing way to win. 1 .Exe7tcxe7 1 0 Attacking the king OtherwiseWhitewinswiththediscoveredcheck d5-d6. 2.'xb7 xf4 3Je1 t!...</p>