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1 International Biological Conference: Biodiversity & Nature Conservation in the Middle & Central Asia

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Ostrava, Czech Republic 6th 8th September 2012

Organizing CommitteeVtzslav Plek, Department of Biology & Ecology, University of Ostrava and Institute of Environmental Technologies (IET), Chittussiho 10, Ostrava, CZ-710 00, Czech Republic. Marcin Nobis, Department of Plant Taxonomy, Phytogeography and Herbarium, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Kopernika 27, PL-31-501 Krakw, Poland. Arkadiusz Nowak, Laboratory of Geobotany and Plant Conservation, Department of Biosystematics, Opole University, Oleska 48, PL-45-022 Opole, Poland. Grzegorz Kusza, Department of Land Protection University of Opole, Oleska 22, PL-45-051 Opole, Poland. rka Cimalov, Department of Biology & Ecology, University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, Ostrava, CZ-710 00, Czech Republic. Tom Tureek, Department of Biology & Ecology, University of Ostrava, Chittussiho 10, Ostrava, CZ-710 00, Czech Republic.

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HOST PREFERENCE OF BRYOPHYTE COMPOSITION B. Y. Abubakar, S. Abdullahi Department of Biological Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 810261, Nigeria The epiphytic bryoflora from northern Nigeria has been reported. Host specificity was shown by the recorded species in which pH value accounted for the marked variation in composition. Erpodium coronatum (Hook f. Wilson) Mitt. is the most abundant epiphyllous moss while Fissidens glauculus C.Mfill. was noted to be growing on a particular tank wall substrate. Other common bryoflora encountered include Brachymenium leptophyllum Bruch & Schimp ex Mull. Hal, Fabronia angolensis Welw. & Duby, Bryum coronatum Schwaegr. and Hyophila crenulata Guim. Senna siamea showed the highest species richness of three bryophyte species whereas the remaining tree species supported less. Generally the studied bryophytes showed a considerable preference to different host trees. This therefore suggests the need for careful management of the tree species growing in the University campus which will help in conserving the local epiphytic bryophyte community for enhanced biodiversity richness.

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THE CONCEPT OF RED BOOK OF THE CENTRAL ASIAN LANDSCAPES K. Badora Department of Land Protection, Opole Univeristy, Oleska 22, PL-45-052 Opole, e-mail: kbadora@uni.opole.pl Natural landscape is a limited resource, consumable and not renewable, thus is it necessary to apply measures of its conservation and maintaining. Landscapes of Central Asia are unique and they determine high level of biodiversity of this part of World. Among such measures there are red lists and red books, which are equivalents of this type of lists for wild plants and animals. The aim of preparing a red list is to acquire knowledge about distribution, stage of preservation and threats to certain types of natural landscape. By preparation of a red list the landscape is evaluated and, based on that, its protection is presented and implemented in different types of areas and spatial scales. Preparation of a red book of The Central Asia landscapes should consists of the following stages of the investigation procedure: 1) defining the landscape (various approaches are applied, being effective for different procedures of distinguishing basic natural units, evaluation criteria and categories of threats), 2) choice of the type of area (natural or administrative units), 3) adopting the scale of the study (which is decisive for e.g. basic natural unit of the evaluation), 4) choice of the basic natural unit of the landscape for evaluation (e.g. geocomplexes, partial geocomplexes, ecosystems), 5) choice of criteria of evaluation and categories of threats, 6) choice of the way of presenting the results. Red books of The Central Asia landscapes should consists of The Landscape Status Card prepared to every type of landscapes. There are 13 components of every Landscape Status Card: 1) Type of landscape and threat categories, 2) Typology and classification, 3) Notes on typology and classification, 4) Origin of landscape, 5) Status in Central Asia, Asia and in the world), 6) Regional distribution of landscapes, 7) Description of biotic and abiotic nature, 8) Typical properties of landscape, 9) Anthropogenic changes and threats, 10) Potential of development, 11) Trends of changes of landscapes, 12) Protection areas of landscape, 13) Protection areas proposals, 14) Suggestions for landscape conservation. In the study it has been assumed that the status of the accepted unit (morpho-lithobiotope) in a heterogeneous landscape in The Central Asia depends on: 1) resources of this unit, associated with the number and area of occurrence, 2) stage of degradation and devastation, 3) threats in perspective. Each criterion has been assessed in a 5-score scale. The evaluated types of landscape units have been assigned one of the four levels of threats: I landscapes very strongly threatened, II strongly threatened, III threatened to a medium extent, IV weakly threatened.

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THE PROGRAMME OF LANDSCAPE DIVERSITY MONITORING OF REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN K. Badora, R. Wrbel Department of Land Protection, Oleska 22, PL-45-052 Opole, Poland, e-mails: kbadora@uni.opole.pl, rwrobel@uni.opole.pl The monitoring of the environment is a system of measurements, assessments and forecasts of the state of the environment and collecting processing and spreading information about the environment. Gathered information are supposed to serve assisting action for the environmental protection, mainly by handing over of information about the environment for bodies of the civil service and the society. The national landscape diversity monitoring of the landscape should include appearing changes in structure and functioning of entire Republic landscape as well as in individual types of the landscape, which are representative for the landscape diversity of the Republic of Tajikistan. For entire area of the Republic the simplest depicting of changes appearing in management structure is changes assessment in using grounds structure. Such an assessment should be made every year with summaries in five-year periods. For depicting spatial differentiation of changes tendency in using grounds analyses should perform also in basic units which in this case are districts. This monitoring should be treated as the preliminary stage for the detailed monitoring making in the scale of individual types of landscape. Separate analysis which should be made for the entire Republic is an assessment of changes in creating of nature and landscape conservation forms, affected every year. The monitoring of individual types of the landscape being found in a region should start from the assessment of spatial diversity of landscapes and marking representative landscapes out, as well as from the assessment of the state of the landscape - of his status. To this purpose it should be draw up red book of the landscape Among such measures of landscape controlling and protection there are red books, which are equivalents of this type of books for wild plants and animals. The aim of preparing a red book is to acquire knowledge about distribution, stage of preservation and threats to certain types of natural landscape. By preparation of a red book the landscape is evaluated and, based on that, its protection is presented and implemented in different types of areas and spatial scales. Preparation of a red book consists of the following stages of the investigation procedure: 1) defining the landscape (various approaches are applied, being decisive for different procedures of distinguishing basic natural units, evaluation criteria and categories of threats), 2) choice of the type of area (natural or administrative units), 3) adopting the scale of the study (which is decisive for e.g. basic natural unit of the evaluation), 4) choice of the basic natural unit of the landscape for evaluation (e.g. geocomplexes, partial geocomplexes, ecosystems), 5) choice of criteria of evaluation and categories of threats, 6) choice of the way of presenting the results.

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After the performance of the state and threats to individual types of the landscape assessment they are making choice of characteristic areas for the monitoring. Being guided by a principle of representativeness a list of monitored landscapes is distinguished. The size of the basic field of changes assessment in the landscape shouldn't be standardized. For some landscapes size of 1 km2, it is sufficient for monitoring, other landscapes must have much greater areas. However every time it should be chosen such area, so that he doesn't constitute the part of the determined type of the landscape, only closed whole. In case of marking out a large number of units for analysis the changes assessment in individual units can be made every 5 years. Monitoring of landscapes in individual fields, units is making in the scale of 1:10000 1:25000 on topographic maps or ortophotomap. A structure of developing, as well as visual values of the space are subject to an assessment. Forming and covering the area and their visual values are analyzed elements. The assessment of forming includes changes in the surface features being an effect of natural and anthropogenic processes. The visualization of changes is being shown on the digital terrain model. The cover changes assessment is being made in individual types of covering the area. The following analyzed elements are being singled out: a) built-up areas: residential single-family housing, residential multifamily housing, areas of services, storage-production areas, areas of the technical infrastructure, areas of the transport, b) unbuilt areas: forests, meadows and pastures, arable lands, orchards, surface waters, rushes, peat bogs, wasteland (with determining the kind on account of the last way of developing and the current state). The first sta