Bonpo Dzogchen Teachings [Tibetan Buddhism, Meditation]_ennl (1)

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Bongo Dzogchen Teachings

Bongo Dzogchen Teachings

Tratrscr ibed and edi mod, twit ei withThtroductran and Notes, b9

~l~ Myrdhiri Reynolds

Bonpo Dzogchen Teachings


Dzogchen Teachings from the Retreats in Austria, England, Holland and America

Vajra Publications

Kathmandu, Nepal


Vajra Publications

Kathmandu, Nepal


Vajra Book ShopPreface to the First Edition

Preface to the New Editionix


PO Box 21779


Nepal to Bon

Bon and Buddhism in Tibet1

Tel/fax: 977-1-4220562Tonpa Shenrab and Olmo Lung-ring3

The Causal Ways of Bon9

Transcribed and edited, together with Introduction and Notes,The Four Portals and the Treasury11

by John Myrdhin ReynoldsYungdrung Bon12

Hidden Treasure Texts14

The Nine Ways of Bon15

O 2006 by John Myrdhin Reynolds. All rights reserved. No part of this20

book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or

mechanical, including photography, recording, or by any informationShenchen Luga and the Revival of Bon

The Traditions of Bonpo Dzogchen22

storage or retrieval system or technologies now known or later devel

oped without permission in writing from thepublisher.25

1.Introduction to the Practice of Dzogchen

2.The Attaining of Buddhahood according to Sutra,

Tantra and Dzogchen37

Photos 2006 by Elisabeth Egonviebre

ISBN 99946-720-5-337

The Hinayana View

The Mahayana View38


Printed in NepalThe Tantra View

The Dzogchen View41

3.Four Essential Points for Understanding Dzogchen49

Contents vii vi - Contents

Methods of Purification165

4.The View of Shunyata found in Madhyamaka,57The Outer Rushans166

Chittamatra and Dzogchen57The Inner Rushans170

The View of the Sutra System58The Secret Rushans172

The View of MadhyamakaMind173

Dzogchen on the Two Truths66Recognizing the Nature of177

Madhyamaka and73Meditation

The View of Chittamatra82Continuing in the View182

Chittamatra and DzogchenHow to Practice Meditation183


89Disturbances to Meditation

Signs of Right Meditation185


5.The Views of Tantra, Mahamudra and Dzogchen

The View of Tantra99

Mahamudra and Dzogchen1079.Introduction to Thekchod and Thodgal

The Natural State189


6.The View of Dzogchen107The Three Series of Dzogchen Teachings190

Dzogchen as the Highest Teaching109Thekchod and Thodgal193

The Base111Thodgal Visions194

Commitment to the Dzogchen View112Development of Visions199

The Dzogchen View114The Four Lamps201

First Contradiction - Chittamatra203

Second Contradiction - Madhyamaka115The Rainbow Body


Third Contradiction - the Lower Tantra209


Fourth Contradiction - the Higher Tantra120The Biography of Lopon Tenzin Namdak209

Inseparability123The Curriculum of Studies at

Triten Norbutse Monastery224

7.The Practice of Dzogchen123





153Selected Bibliography



8.Rushans: The Preliminary Practices of Dzogchen157


Rushan Exercises157

Impermanence of Life

Karmic Causes and Consciousness158

Preface to the First Edition

During 1991, the Bonpo Dzogchen master, Lopon Tenzin Namdak, visited the West twice, coming first to Europe and later to America, where he taught a number of meditation retreats and gave a series of public talks on Bon and Dzogchen. In March and April, Lopon Rinpoche taught a meditation retreat focusing on the practice of Dzogchen at Bischofshofen, south of Salzburg in the Austrian Alps, and several weeks later he gave a series of talks on Dzogchen at the Drigung Kagyu Centre in Vienna. After that he went to Italy where he taught two retreats in Rome, and also briefly visited Merigar in Tuscany, the retreat center of Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche. Coming to England next, the Lopon taught a ten-day Dzogchen retreat in Devon in the west of England, at a locale near Totnes, and after that he gave several talks in London. Proceeding later to Amsterdam, he taught a five-day retreat on Dzogchen in the city at the beginning of June. With the exception of the Italian visit, I was present on all of these occasions and served as a facilitator and sometime translator for the teachings.

Then in October, Lopon Rinpoche visited New York city at the invitation of H.H. the Dalai Lama and Tibet House, to participate in the Kalachakra Initiation and in other activities connected with the Year of Tibet. In particular, the Lopon was the first speaker in the afternoon series called "Nature of the Mind Teachings." During the Devon retreat, the Lopon had prepared a brief paper on the Bonpo teachings for presentation in this series in New York. I translated this into English as "The Condensed Meaning of an Explanation of the Teachings of Yungdrung Bon" and this has been published elsewhere. [1] During his time in

x - Preface to the First Edition

New York city, the Lopon gave three further talks, at which I was again the facilitator as I had been in Europe. Towards the end of the month, at the invitation of the Dzogchen Community of Conway, known as Tsegyalar, the Lopon gave a weekend seminar at Amherst College in western Massachusetts. In November, I met up with the Lopon in San Francisco where, again at the invitation of the Dzogchen Community, he gave a two-day seminar on Guru Yoga practice. After that he went to Coos Bay, Oregon, where for eight days he held a retreat on the Dzogchen teachings.

On these occasions also I served as facilitator and translator and made detailed notes on the teachings. These notes again served as the basis of the transcripts found herein of the Lopon's teachings in America. Although the Lopon spoke in English, on many occasions he asked me to translate technical terms and help clarify various other technical points. All of this I recorded in my notes. In order to further clarify matters, he requested that after each portion of the teaching I repeat from my notes what he had said. So the transcripts found here result from our collaboration together. Nevertheless, I alone must take responsibility for any errors that might be found. I have done some editing of the transcripts, adding any additional clarifications required as well as any sentences needed to link the various paragraphs or topics. But generally, I have left the language in the style of the Lopon's oral presentation and have not rendered the text into a literary presentation since the present collection of teachings is not envisioned as a commercial publication, but as an aid for practitioners of Dzogchen.

I have included only transcripts directly related to the Lopon's teachings on Dzogchen, and to where the views of Sutra and Tantra are contrasted with that of Dzogchen. The Lopon's teachings on Guru Yoga, the Rite of the Guardians, specific Tantric teachings such as the practice of Zhang-zhung Meri, and so on, as well as the Dzogchen teachings from specific texts of the

Preface to the First Edition --- xi

Zhang-zhung Nyan-gyud, are found elsewhere in the publications of the Bonpo Translation Project. [2]

I began working on the translation of Bonpo Dzogchen texts first with Geshe Tenzin Wangyal in Italy some years ago, and continued doing this with Lopon Tenzin Namdak on his three visits to the West. As a consequence of this work, I organized the Bonpo Translation Project in order to make translations of Bonpo texts and prepare transcripts and monographs on the Bonpo tradition available for interested students and practitioners in the


Before the arrival of these two learned Bonpo Lamas in the West, my interest in the Bon tradition was stimulated by Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche, head of the Dzogchen Community. Rinpoche, although not a Bonpo Lama himself, was for many years interested in the Bonpo tradition because he was researching the historical roots of the pre-Buddhist Tibetan culture known as Bon. [3] He was also very interested in discovering the historical sources of Dzogchen teachings, for which there exist two authentic lineages from at least the eighth century CE, one found among the Nyingmapas and the other found among the Bonpos. [4] More than any other Tibetan teacher, Namkhai Norbu Rinpoche has played a key role in transmitting Dzogchen teachings to the West, and for this he has the profound gratitude of all of us.

For their help and assistance in various ways during the re-treats with Lopon Rinpoche and also later while compiling and editing these transcripts, I wish to thank Gerrit Huber, Waltraud Benzing, Dagmar Kratochwill, Dr. Andrea Loseries-Leick, Armin Akermann, Ken Rivad, Tim Walker, Lee Bray, Florens van Can-stein, Michael Katz, Des Berry, Dennis Waterman, Bob Kragen, Michael Taylor, Anthony Curtis, and last, but not least, Khenpo Nyima Wangyal and Geshe Tenzin Wangyal. It is also my hope here as translator and editor that this small collection of Lopon Tenzin Namdak's teachings on Dzogchen according to the Bonpo

xii --- Preface to the First Edition

tradition, its view and its practice, will prove of use and benefit to Western students and practitioners of Dzogchen.

MU-TSUG SMAR-ROPreface to the New Edition

Even though these teachings on Dzogchen were given by Lopon Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche some years ago in 1991, and have circ