1
OLR(1979)26(12) E. Biological Oceanography 813 79 .'6258 Goerke, Heimut, Gerhard Eder, Kurt Weber and Wolfgang Ernst, 1979. Patterns of organo- chlorine residues in animals of different trophic levels from the Weser Estuary [F.R.G.]. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 10(5): 127-133. Patterns of organochlorin¢ residue concentrations were remarkably different in five species (Cerastoderma edule, Mya arenaria, Arenicola marina, Crangon crangon, Solea solea) indicating species- and compound-specific bioaccumulation. Lipid content and trophic level strongly influenced PCB concentrations; food chain magnification was noted, although it was small compared with that of higher trophic levels, lnstitut fiir Meeresforschung, D- 2850 Bremerhaven, F.R.G. (sir) 79:6259 Golubic, Stjepko, 1968/71. Biological indication of the pollution in marine coastal environments. Vie Milieu, Suppl. 22: 293-299. Greater ecological complexity and regional specificity make marine pollution determination more difficult than in fresh waters. Vertical shore to depth transects along gradients of increasing pollution have shown changes in species composition to be significant and relatively easy to detect, even as overall productivity and biomass remain unchanged. Boston University, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. (sir) 79:6260 Heyraud, M. and R. D. Cherry, 1979. Polonium-210 and lead-210 in marine food chains. Mar. Biol., 52(3): 227-236. Polonium-210 and lead-210 concentrations were quantified for whole animals and specific tissues in crustaceans, molluscan cephalopods and tuna. Concentration factors for whole animals were fairly constant (104 for Po-210, 102 for Pb-210) along the food chains; concentration factors in muscle tissues were an order of magnitude lower than whole animal values, whereas those of hepatopancreas tissues were an order of magnitude higher. Effectiveness of Po-210 as a sensitive tracer in biological systems was discussed and demonstrated. International Labora- tory of Marine Radioactivity, Musee Oc~ano- graphique, Principality of Monaco, and Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Province, South Africa. (rio) 79:6261 Le Fevre, J., 1979. On the hypothesis of a relationship between dinollagellate blooms and the Amoco- Cadiz oil spill. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 59(2): 525-528. There was probably no relationship between dinoflagellate blooms along the coasts of France in 1978 and oil spilled by the Amoco-Cadiz. Blooms commonly occur in the summer but tend to be noticed by the general public only after disasters at sea. Includes a species list. Laboratoire d'Oc~anographie Biologique, Universit~ de Bretagne Occidentale, Facult~ des Sciences and Techniques, 29283 Brest Cedex, France. (mjj) 79:6262 Lin, L. P., H. P. Lin and Y. C. Cheng, 1978. The oc- currence and characteristics of microbial indica- tors in the estuarine ecosystem of Ta-Tu Chi of Talwan./4 eta oceanogr. Taiwan., 8:141 - 150. Numbers and distribution of coliform, cellulolytic and chitinoclastic bacteria were recorded for the Ta-Tu River and estuary. These indicator organisms are useful in determining levels of eutrophication and setting pollution standards at a time when Taiwan's rivers are receiving ever heavier loads of industrial and municipal waste. Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. (sir) 79:6263 Lingaraja, T., P. S. B. Rao and V. K. Venugopalan, 1979. DDT induced ethological changes in estu- arine fish. Environ. Biol. Fishes, 4(1): 83-88. Centre of Advanced Study and Research in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Porto Novo, S. India 608 502. 79:6264 McLeese, D. W., D. S. Pezzack and C. D. Metcalfe, 1978/79. Uptake of PCB's from sandy sediments by Nereis virens and Crnngon septemspinosa. Fish. mar. Serv., tech. Rept, Can., 862: 295-296. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Biological Station, St. Andrews, N.B. EOG 2X0, Canada. 79:6265 Mettam, C., 1979. Faunal changes in the Severn Estu- ary over several decades. Mar. Poilut. Bull., 10(5): 133-136. Faunistic records for the Severn Estuary do not indicate a reduction in the overall number of species over the last 30 years. Changes in abundance and distribution (of some species) cannot be confidently associated with any long-term change in the environment. Department of Zoology, University College, Cardiff, Wales. 79:6266 Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, M. and G. Verriopoulos, 1979. Diff~renciation morphologique entre deux populations d'Acartia clausi (Copepoda) pro- venant de biotopes diff6remment pollues. [Morphological differentiation between two Acar- tin dausi populations from different polluted environments.] Revue int. Oc~anogr. M~l,,

Biological indication of the pollution in marine coastal environments

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

OLR(1979)26(12) E. Biological Oceanography 813

79 .'6258 Goerke, Heimut, Gerhard Eder, Kurt Weber and

Wolfgang Ernst, 1979. Patterns of organo- chlorine residues in animals of different trophic levels from the Weser Estuary [F.R.G.]. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 10(5): 127-133.

Patterns of organochlorin¢ residue concentrations were remarkably different in five species (Cerastoderma edule, Mya arenaria, Arenicola marina, Crangon crangon, Solea solea) indicating species- and compound-specific bioaccumulation. Lipid content and trophic level strongly influenced PCB concentrations; food chain magnification was noted, although it was small compared with that of higher trophic levels, lnstitut fiir Meeresforschung, D- 2850 Bremerhaven, F.R.G. (sir)

79:6259 Golubic, Stjepko, 1968/71. Biological indication of

the pollution in marine coastal environments. Vie Milieu, Suppl. 22: 293-299.

Greater ecological complexity and regional specificity make marine pollution determination more difficult than in fresh waters. Vertical shore to depth transects along gradients of increasing pollution have shown changes in species composition to be significant and relatively easy to detect, even as overall productivity and biomass remain unchanged. Boston University, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. (sir)

79:6260 Heyraud, M. and R. D. Cherry, 1979. Polonium-210

and lead-210 in marine food chains. Mar. Biol., 52(3): 227-236.

Polonium-210 and lead-210 concentrations were quantified for whole animals and specific tissues in crustaceans, molluscan cephalopods and tuna. Concentration factors for whole animals were fairly constant (104 for Po-210, 102 for Pb-210) along the food chains; concentration factors in muscle tissues were an order of magnitude lower than whole animal values, whereas those of hepatopancreas tissues were an order of magnitude higher. Effectiveness of Po-210 as a sensitive tracer in biological systems was discussed and demonstrated. International Labora- tory of Marine Radioactivity, Musee Oc~ano- graphique, Principality of Monaco, and Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Province, South Africa. (rio)

79:6261 Le Fevre, J., 1979. On the hypothesis of a relationship

between dinollagellate blooms and the Amoco- Cadiz oil spill. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 59(2): 525-528.

There was probably no relationship between dinoflagellate blooms along the coasts of France in

1978 and oil spilled by the Amoco-Cadiz. Blooms commonly occur in the summer but tend to be noticed by the general public only after disasters at sea. Includes a species list. Laboratoire d'Oc~anographie Biologique, Universit~ de Bretagne Occidentale, Facult~ des Sciences and Techniques, 29283 Brest Cedex, France. (mjj)

79:6262 Lin, L. P., H. P. Lin and Y. C. Cheng, 1978. The oc-

currence and characteristics of microbial indica- tors in the estuarine ecosystem of Ta-Tu Chi of Talwan./4 eta oceanogr. Taiwan., 8:141 - 150.

Numbers and distribution of coliform, cellulolytic and chitinoclastic bacteria were recorded for the Ta-Tu River and estuary. These indicator organisms are useful in determining levels of eutrophication and setting pollution standards at a time when Taiwan's rivers are receiving ever heavier loads of industrial and municipal waste. Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. (sir)

79:6263 Lingaraja, T., P. S. B. Rao and V. K. Venugopalan,

1979. DDT induced ethological changes in estu- arine fish. Environ. Biol. Fishes, 4(1): 83-88. Centre of Advanced Study and Research in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Porto Novo, S. India 608 502.

79:6264 McLeese, D. W., D. S. Pezzack and C. D. Metcalfe,

1978/79. Uptake of PCB's from sandy sediments by Nereis virens and Crnngon septemspinosa. Fish. mar. Serv., tech. Rept, Can., 862: 295-296. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Biological Station, St. Andrews, N.B. EOG 2X0, Canada.

79:6265 Mettam, C., 1979. Faunal changes in the Severn Estu-

ary over several decades. Mar. Poilut. Bull., 10(5): 133-136.

Faunistic records for the Severn Estuary do not indicate a reduction in the overall number of species over the last 30 years. Changes in abundance and distribution (of some species) cannot be confidently associated with any long-term change in the environment. Department of Zoology, University College, Cardiff, Wales.

79:6266 Moraitou-Apostolopoulou, M. and G. Verriopoulos,

1979. Diff~renciation morphologique entre deux populations d'Acartia clausi (Copepoda) pro- venant de biotopes diff6remment pollues. [Morphological differentiation between two Acar- tin dausi populations from different polluted environments.] Revue int. Oc~anogr. M~l,,