10 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What determines the primary structure of a protein?
10 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Genes on DNA
20 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What bonds cause the secondary structure of a protein?
20 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Hydrogen bonds.
30 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What are the monomers of nucleic acids?
30 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Nucleotides (Consist of nitrogen base, sugar, and phosphate)
40 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Nucleic acids have a 3D helical structure. What makes up the backbone of a nucleic acid? The middle?
40 Proteins and Nucleic Acids *backbone- sugar and phosphate held by covalent bonds *middle- nitrogen bases held by hydrogen bonds
50 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What is the function of an enzyme?
50 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Enzymes speed up chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy of the reaction. *they are neither the reactants nor products in a chemical reaction (they are not used up!)
10 My name is Bond, Ionic Bond; Taken, not shared! Cells
10 Population Growth From: Mariano Cecowski Q: if both a bear in Yosemite and one in Alaska fall into the water which one disolves faster? A: The one in Alaska because it is HIJKLMNO
10 Population Growth Alimentary: What Sherlock Holmes said to Dr. Watson. Urinate: What a nurse would say if a patient asked her what room he's in. Urine - The opposite of "You're out!" Benign: What we want when we are eight. Intestine - Currently taking an exam CARDIOLOGY: advanced study of poker playing TERMINAL ILLNESS: getting sick at the airport
10 Potpourri What part of the enzyme molds itself to specifically fit a substrate?
10 Potpourri Active site
10 Population Growth
20 Potpourri 3 important characteristics of enzymes are
*they are very specific *efficient *highly sensitive 20 Potpourri
30 Below is the structure of what? What are the monomers? What bonds hold it together?
30 Potpourri *a protein (tertiary level) *amino acids *amongst R groups: disulfide bridges, weak ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds *(can also see hydrogen bonds between the alpha helixes)
30 Population Growth
40 Potpourri Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are carbon containing molecules. But, are they considered organic molecules like carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids ?
40 Potpourri *no must consist of carbon AND hydrogen (hydrocarbons) to be considered organic
50 Potpourri What are the four types of polysaccharides?
50 Potpourri *cellulose (makes up the cell wall of plants) *chitin (makes up the exoskeleton of fungi and arthropods) *starch (energy storage in plants) *glycogen (energy storage in animals)