Biochemistry 2013 JEOPARDY!! Food Nutrient Analysis and Catalase Lab Biochemistry- General Biochem and Carbs Biochemistry- Lipids and Proteins Biochemistry-

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  • Biochemistry 2013 JEOPARDY!! Food Nutrient Analysis and Catalase Lab Biochemistry- General Biochem and Carbs Biochemistry- Lipids and Proteins Biochemistry- Proteins and Nucleic Acids Potpourri 10 20 30 40 50
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  • 10 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab To test for glucose, you would use
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  • 10 Benedicts solution + heat Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab
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  • 20 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab A solution that turns purple upon adding Biuret must contain
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  • 20 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab *Protein
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  • 30 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab Adding heat to an enzyme will cause what to happen?
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  • 30 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab *Denaturation; enzyme cannot function; chemical reaction cannot occur
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  • 30 Community 1
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  • 40 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab What is IKI an indicator for?
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  • 40 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab *Starch
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  • 50 Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab Upon adding Biuret indicator to a solution, it turns orange. What is this an indicator of?
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  • 50 *contamination! *the specific color (orange) change does not indicate the presence of a protein. Only lavender indicates the presence of protein. Food Nutrient Analysis Lab and Catalase Lab
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  • 10 What are the characteristics of carbon? General Biochem and Carbs
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  • *can form up to four bonds with different atoms *can form single, double, and triple bonds *can form long chains or rings *can bind with many other atoms 10 General Biochem and Carbs
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  • 20 What is a monomer? Polymer? General Biochem and Carbs
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  • Monomer- individual unit Polymer- made up of one or more monomers 20 General Biochem and Carbs
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  • 30 The monomers of carbohydrates are General Biochem and Carbs
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  • *Monosaccharides, Glucose and Fructose 30 General Biochem and Carbs
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  • 40 Found in animal liver and muscle tissue General Biochem and Carbs
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  • Glycogen- Polysaccharide 40 General Biochem and Carbs
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  • 50 To get energy from this molecule, you must do what? General Biochem and Carbs
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  • 50 *hydrolysis- add water to convert to its monosaccharides General Biochem and Carbs
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  • 10 Lipids and Proteins What are the three main classes of lipids?
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  • Simple lipids, phospholipids, and sterols 10 Lipids and Proteins
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  • 20. What is this polymer? What are the monomers?
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  • Polymer- Simple Lipid Monomers- 3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol 20 Lipids and Proteins
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  • 30 What are the monomers of a phospholipid? Lipids and Proteins
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  • 30 Glycerol, phosphate, 2 fatty acids
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  • 40 What causes the tertiary level of structure of a protein? Lipids and Proteins
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  • 40 *interactions amongst the R groups- can be either a disulfide bridge, hydrogen bond, or weak ionic bond *3D structure can either be globular or fibrous
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  • 50 *What level of structure does hemoglobin have? Describe it. Lipids and Proteins
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  • 50 *quaternary- multiple polypeptide chains interacting
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  • 10 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What determines the primary structure of a protein?
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  • 10 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Genes on DNA
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  • 20 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What bonds cause the secondary structure of a protein?
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  • 20 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Hydrogen bonds.
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  • 30 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What are the monomers of nucleic acids?
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  • 30 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Nucleotides (Consist of nitrogen base, sugar, and phosphate)
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  • 40 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Nucleic acids have a 3D helical structure. What makes up the backbone of a nucleic acid? The middle?
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  • 40 Proteins and Nucleic Acids *backbone- sugar and phosphate held by covalent bonds *middle- nitrogen bases held by hydrogen bonds
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  • 50 Proteins and Nucleic Acids What is the function of an enzyme?
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  • 50 Proteins and Nucleic Acids Enzymes speed up chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy of the reaction. *they are neither the reactants nor products in a chemical reaction (they are not used up!)
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  • 10 My name is Bond, Ionic Bond; Taken, not shared! Cells
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  • 10 Population Growth From: Mariano Cecowski Q: if both a bear in Yosemite and one in Alaska fall into the water which one disolves faster? A: The one in Alaska because it is HIJKLMNO
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  • 10 Population Growth Alimentary: What Sherlock Holmes said to Dr. Watson. Urinate: What a nurse would say if a patient asked her what room he's in. Urine - The opposite of "You're out!" Benign: What we want when we are eight. Intestine - Currently taking an exam CARDIOLOGY: advanced study of poker playing TERMINAL ILLNESS: getting sick at the airport
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  • 10 Potpourri What part of the enzyme molds itself to specifically fit a substrate?
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  • 10 Potpourri Active site
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  • 10 Population Growth
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  • 20 Potpourri 3 important characteristics of enzymes are
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  • *they are very specific *efficient *highly sensitive 20 Potpourri
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  • 30 Below is the structure of what? What are the monomers? What bonds hold it together?
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  • 30 Potpourri *a protein (tertiary level) *amino acids *amongst R groups: disulfide bridges, weak ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds *(can also see hydrogen bonds between the alpha helixes)
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  • 30 Population Growth
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  • 40 Potpourri Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are carbon containing molecules. But, are they considered organic molecules like carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids ?
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  • 40 Potpourri *no must consist of carbon AND hydrogen (hydrocarbons) to be considered organic
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  • 50 Potpourri What are the four types of polysaccharides?
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  • 50 Potpourri *cellulose (makes up the cell wall of plants) *chitin (makes up the exoskeleton of fungi and arthropods) *starch (energy storage in plants) *glycogen (energy storage in animals)