Bhopal Gas Tragedy Information

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    Bhopal Gas Tragedy Information In the early hours of December 3,1984, methylisocyanate (MIC) gas leaked from a plant owned,

    managed and operated by Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) in the central India city of Bhopal. According to government figures, approximately 5,200 people died and several thousand other

    individuals suffered permanent or partial disabilities.Click here to view the 2006 affidavit of the

    Union of India in the Supreme Court.

    A great deal has been written and/or broadcast about the tragedy in the past 31 years, some of it

    factual, but much of it inaccurate or misleading. The information presented on this website is

    supported by facts and documentation, and will help those seeking information gain an accurate

    and balanced perspective of the Bhopal tragedy and Union Carbide's (UCC) efforts.

    Union Carbide Statement Regarding The Tragedy

    The 1984 gas leak in Bhopal was a terrible tragedy that continues to evoke strong emotions even

    31 years later. In the wake of the gas release, UCC and its then-chairman Warren Anderson

    worked diligently to provide aid to the victims and attempted to set up a process to resolve their

    claims. All claims arising out of the release were settled in 1989 at the explicit direction and with

    the approval of the Supreme Court of India by means of a settlement agreement between the

    Government of India (GOI) and UCC and UCIL. In 1991, and again in 2007, the Supreme Court

    upheld the fairness and adequacy of the settlement in response to court challenges from non-

    governmental organizations.

    The Bhopal plant was owned and operated by UCIL, an Indian company in which UCC held just

    over half the stock. Other stockholders included Indian financial institutions and thousands of

    private investors in India. UCIL designed, built, managed and operated the plant using Indian

    consultants and workers. In 1994, UCC sold its entire stake in UCIL to Mcleod Russel India

    Limited of Calcutta, and UCIL was renamed Eveready Industries India Limited (EIIL). As a result

    of the sale of its shares in UCIL, UCC retained no interest in the Bhopal site. With the approval of

    the India Supreme Court, the proceeds of the UCIL sale were placed in a trust and exclusively

    used to fund a hospital in Bhopal, which now provides specialist care to victims of the tragedy.

    Because the government closed off the site from any and all operations following the gas

    release, UCIL was only able to undertake clean-up work in the years just prior to the UCC's sale

    of its stock in 1994, and spent some $2 million on that effort. The central and state government

    authorities approved, monitored and directed every step of the clean-up work. Following the sale,

    we understand that EIIL continued some clean-up work. In 1998, the Madhya Pradesh State

    Government (MPSG), which owned and had been leasing the property to EIIL -- and still owns

    the property today -- cancelled EIIL's lease, took over the facility and assumed all accountability

    for the site, including the completion of any additional remediation. The media reported that a trial

    incineration of some waste from the Bhopal plant site was conducted in August 2015. For

    additional information, please see the page on this site entitled "Remediation (Clean Up) of the

    Bhopal Plant Site." Specific questions regarding that work, or any other site remediation work,

    http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/Aff%2026Oct06%20of%20UOI%20in%20SC%20in%20CA3187%20n%203188.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/Aff%2026Oct06%20of%20UOI%20in%20SC%20in%20CA3187%20n%203188.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/Aff%2026Oct06%20of%20UOI%20in%20SC%20in%20CA3187%20n%203188.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/Aff%2026Oct06%20of%20UOI%20in%20SC%20in%20CA3187%20n%203188.pdf

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    are best directed to Madhya Pradesh State Government and/or the Central Pollution Control

    Board (CPCB).

    Late in 1986, Union Carbide filed a lengthy court document in India detailing the findings of its

    scientific and legal investigations into the cause of the gas release.Click here to view the

    Jackson Browning Report.

    Engineering consulting firm, Arthur D. Little, Inc., conducted a thorough investigation and

    reached the same conclusion.Click here to view the Arthur D. Little Report. 

    Please see "Cause of the Bhopal Tragedy" pages on this website for complete details.

    Together with the rest of the chemical industry, Union Carbide has worked to develop and

    globally implement Responsible Care® to help prevent such an event in the future by improving

    process safety standards, community awareness and emergency preparedness, as well as

    protecting workers and communities by working with governmental bodies to assure that industry

    best practices are implemented through regulations.

    For more information about Responsible Care®, see www.responsiblecare.com or www.icca-

    chem.org.

    Union Carbide's Response to the Tragedy and the Settlement.

    In the wake of the release, Union Carbide Corporation publicly accepted moral responsibility for

    the tragedy. Details may be found here on the immediate aid Union Carbide provided to the

    victims.

    Cause of the Bhopal Tragedy.

    Details may be found here on Union Carbide's investigation into the tragedy.

    History of Union Carbide India Limited

    UCIL was a diversified manufacturing company incorporated in 1934. For details on its 60-year

    history, please see these pages.

    Bhopal Plant History and Ownership

    Details on the plant's history and the roles that the MPSG and the India central government

    played in its development and operations may be found here.

    Remediation (Clean Up) of the Bhopal Plant Site Details about what remediation UCIL was able to perform and when that work was done, as well

    as any work undertaken since the MPSG took control of the site in 1998, may be found here.

    Bhopal Litigation in the U.S. 

    American personal injury lawyers who had gone to Bhopal brought civil litigation in the U.S.

    against UCC within days of the disaster. Information on that civil litigation, as well as on the class

    action lawsuits subsequently filed, may be found here.

    Bhopal Litigation in India

    Information on the civil and criminal litigation, as well as on the GOI's curative petition and the

    Public Interest Litigation, may be found here.

    http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/browning.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/browning.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/casestdy.pdf http://www.responsiblecare.com/ http://www.responsiblecare.com/ http://www.responsiblecare.com/ http://www.icca-chem.org/ http://www.icca-chem.org/ http://www.icca-chem.org/ http://www.bhopal.com/UCC-Response-Efforts-to-Tragedy http://www.bhopal.com/Cause-of-Bhopal-Tragedy http://www.bhopal.com/History-of-UC-India-Limited http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Plant-History-and-Ownership http://www.bhopal.com/Remediation-of-Bhopal-Plant-Site http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Litigation-in-the-US http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Litigation-in-the-US http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Litigation-in-India http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/browning.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/browning.pdf http://storage.dow.com.edgesuite.net/dow.com/Bhopal/casestdy.pdf http://www.responsiblecare.com/ http://www.icca-chem.org/ http://www.icca-chem.org/ http://www.bhopal.com/UCC-Response-Efforts-to-Tragedy http://www.bhopal.com/Cause-of-Bhopal-Tragedy http://www.bhopal.com/History-of-UC-India-Limited http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Plant-History-and-Ownership http://www.bhopal.com/Remediation-of-Bhopal-Plant-Site http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Litigation-in-the-US http://www.bhopal.com/Bhopal-Litigation-in-India

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    Environmental Studies of the Bhopal Plant Site

    The Bhopal plant closed after the 1984 methylisocyanate (MIC) gas release and never resumed

    normal operations. A chronological overview of the various studies undertaken up until 1998,

    when the MPSG took control of the site, may be found here.

    Reports, Studies, UCC Opinions and Court Decisions Research reports and court rulings that provide additional information and insight with regard to

    the tragedy in Bhopal, India, may be found here.

    Contact Information for Bhopal Information Center

    Details on how to contact the Bhopal Information Center appear on this page.

    Responsible Care® is a registered service mark of the American Chemistry Council, Inc.

    Union Carbide's Response Efforts To the Tragedy and the Settlement

    Print

    In the early hours of December 3,1984, methylisocyanate (MIC) gas leaked from a plant owned,

    managed and operated by Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) in the central India city of Bhopal.

    According to government figures, approximately 5,200 people died and several thousand other

    individuals suffered permanent or partial disabilities.Click here to view the 2006 affidavit of the

    Union of India in the Supreme Court.

    A great deal has been written and/or broadcast about the tragedy in the past 31 years, some of it

    factual