BDP Exec Summary FULL Nov3

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BDP Exec Summary FULL Nov3

Text of BDP Exec Summary FULL Nov3

Promoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)E X E C U T I V E S U M M A R YPromoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)E X E C U T I V E S U M M A R YPromoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)Promoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)1EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Bangsamoro Development Plan (BDP)Promoting Just and Lasting Peace in the Bangsamoro(2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)VISIONIn the name of God, Most Benefcent, Most MercifulJUST AND LASTING PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE BANGSAMORO:THE VISION OF THE BANGSAMORO DEVELOPMENT PLANWe, the Bangsamoro people, under the guidance of the Almighty,envision the Bangsamoro as a just, peaceful, and prosperous societyof empowered people and communities, enjoying a dignifed quality of lifeenhanced by inclusive and sustainable economic opportunities.In pursuit of this envisioned society, the Bangsamoro shall be supportedby responsive, participatory and transparent governance systemsthat are refective of the Bangsamoros distinct cultural identity,and right to fscal and political self-determination.What is BDP?TheBangsamoroDevelopmentPlan(BDP)isablueprintforthedevelopmentofthe Bangsamoro into a just, peaceful, and prosperous society.Building on the gains of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro (CAB) between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), itaimstobuildthefoundationsofajusteconomythatwillstrengtheninstitutions; promote greater access to social services, jobs and livelihood opportunities; and create citizen security, justice and rule of law in the Bangsamoro and its adjacent regions.It was developed by the Bangsamoro Development Agency (BDA), the development arm of the MILF, based on extensive consultations with Bangsamoro communities (regardless ofreligion,ethnicgrouporcreed)includingwomenandyouthandotherstakeholders intheproposedBangsamoroandadjacentareas.Itwascraftedincollaborationwith nationalandregionalgovernmentagencies,civilsocietyorganizations,andvarious development partners.The BDP provides a short- and medium-term vision, strategy, and recommendations for Promoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)2the socio-economic recovery and development of the Bangsamoro during the transition years (2015 to mid-2016) and after the installation of the new Bangsamoro government (mid-2016 to 2022).Specifcally, the BDP will: Enable the Bangsamoro to build mechanisms of local participation that ensure sustainability and ownership of development planning and implementation; Sustain the momentum of the peace process by providing strategic directions for the delivery of basic services in Bangsamoro communities during and beyond the transition period; Assist the Bangsamoro Transition Authority (BTA) in the implementation of the post-confict development process; and Help facilitate a seamless institutional transition that will take place upon theratifcation of the Bangsamoro Basic Law as provided for by the CAB.As a Plan drafted within the context of communities emerging from decades of confict, the BDP analyzes and addresses development issues using the peace-building lens. It isanchoredonanunderstandingthatcomplexsecurity,justice,andeconomicdrivers perpetuate confict in the Bangsamoro region and escalate development costs, and so thebusinessasusualapproach1indevelopmentplanningisnotappropriatetothe Bangsamoro situation.Thus,thePlansprimaryobjectiveistoaddressinjusticeandtacklethesourcesof discontent that drive confict, as a pre-condition for achieving sustainable and inclusive growthinthesubsequentyears.Thiswillbeachievedthroughtheimplementationof targeted programs that respond to the needs and aspirations of Bangsamoro communities, and address the sources of dissatisfaction over the transition phase, while strengthening the capacity of Bangsamoro institutions to build a peaceful and resilent society.The BDP will be implemented in three phases: Phase 1 (2015 to mid-2016) Transitional development plan that will jump-start the just economywith stabilization and pump-priming programs.Phase 2 (mid-2016 to 2022) Medium-term strategic interventions and investments to build a strong foundation for the Bangsamoro. Phase 3 (2022 and beyond) Long-term development towards a sustained just economy.1The orthodox manner by which development plans are formulated is anchored on the dynamics of the market, wherein sectoral concerns are feshed out based on a functioning market system.Promoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)3ThechallengeoftheBDPistoreleasetheBangsamorofromtheviciouscycleof underdevelopment, wrought by decades of injustice, confict and poverty, into a virtuous cycleofpeaceandsecurity,accountableinstitutions,economicandsocialstability, justiceandequity,jobsandlivelihoods,theeffcientdeliveryofsocialservices,and improved environmental indicators. Despiteitsnaturalandhumanresources,theenvisionedBangsamorocoreterritorycomposed of the fve provinces of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and proposed expansion areas in Lanao del Norte and North Cotabatohas historically beenthepoorestregioninthecountry.Itsconsistentlyunderperformingeconomy isprimarilyaresultofabackwardagriculturesectorandthepersistenceofalarge shadow economy.2Despite popular clamor for fscal self-determination, only 2% of the total revenues received by ARMM are generated within the region.The rest (98%) comes from various forms of national government subsidies (i.e., IRA to ARMM LGUs, PDAF to ARMM congressmen, national government agencies subsidies to their counterparts in ARMM, and grants from donor agencies) to the region.3

Table 1 below shows selected development indicators comparing the ARMM with 2013 national averages and that for the rest of Mindanao. While the 2014 signing of the CAB between the GPH and the MILF and ongoing governance reforms in the ARMM have raised expectationsforpositivetransformation,limitedlivelihoodopportunities,inadequate socialservices,weakinstitutions,anddeeppolitical,culturalanddeepeconomic inequityexacerbatedbyarmedviolenceandresultantcyclicaldisplacementshave created serious challenges that must be overcome. The Challenge: From a Vicious to a Virtuous Cycle2 Refer to World Bank (2010) and International Alert (2012).3 Ateneo School of Government. (2014). Towards a Transparent and Accountable Formula for the Bangsamoro Block Grant. Unpublished report submitted to the BTC and funded by Oxfam Philippines.Indicators ARMM Mindanao PhilippinesMeasure of Gap: Annual change to achieve 2013 national average by 2022GDP per capita, PHP (2013)-in current prices-in constant pricesSource: NCSB29,60814,56579,90246,050117,60368,89721.4% (in constant prices) Table 1. Selected Development Indicators (Gaps)Promoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)4Indicators ARMM Mindanao PhilippinesMeasure of Gap: Annual change to achieve 2013 national average by 2022Poverty Incidence (%, 2012)Source: NCSB55.8 39.1 25.2 - 74,167 peopleNet Enrollment (%, SY 2012-13)-primary-secondarySource: ARMM RDP72.526.1--95.264.6+ 33,098 students+ 22,051 studentsAccess to electricity (% HH, 2012)Source: FIES58.1 81.2 88.8+ 24,873 householdsAccess to safe water source (% HH, 2012)Source: FIES36.6 73.3 79.9+ 35,081 householdsAccess to sanitary toilets (% HH, 2012)Source: FIES22.5 83.6 87.2+ 52,420 householdsSeal of Good Housekeeping (% municipalities, 2013)Source: DILG6.6 59.7 76.6 + 8 municipalitiesPrivate Armed Groups (number & per million population, 2012)Source: PNP43(12.3 / million population)3(0.13 / million population)86(0.91 / million population)- 5 groupsTable 1. Selected Development Indicators (Gaps) (continued)Thiscannotbeachievedduringtheshort-term.Itwilltakemanyyearsofconsistent attention and resources from the national government, development partners, and the privatesectorfortheBangsamorotodevelopavibranteconomyandaprogressive society.Promoting Just, Honorable and Lasting Peace and Sustainable Development in the Bangsamoro (2015 to mid-2016 and mid-2016 to 2022)5The BDP is built around seven thematic areas:1.Economy and Livelihood2.Infrastructure3.Social Services4.Environment and Natural Resources5.Culture and Identity 6.Governance and Justice7.Security and Normalization Cross-cutting through these themes are the issues of gender, youth and other vulnerable groups, peace-building, food security and nutrition.The recommendations for the short-term are focused on high-impact and doable projects thatwillimmediatelybenefttheBangsamorocommunities,andthusstrengthentheir confdence in the peace process. Beyond economic outcomes, the projected impact of theBDPisstabilityandconfdence-buildinginsupportofpoliticalandnormalization transition outcomes, as a result of rapid delivery of results on the ground.Below are examples of the proposed projects under each of the thematic areas: Under Economy and Livelihood, cash for work, literacy and livelihood assistance particularly for women, assistance to farmers and fshers in the form of mechanized farmequipment,pre-andpost-harvestfacilities,micro-fnancing,inputsubsidies such as fertilizers and planting materials for the former and fshing nets, fsh cages and small boats for the latter. Under Infrastructure, construction of farm-to-market roads, small irrigation facilities, rehabilitation of airports and seaports and provision of emergency lighting for remote areas. Under Education, institutionalization of