Batas Pambansa 185

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Batas Pambansa 185AN ACT TO IMPLEMENT SECTION FIFTEEN OF ARTICLE XIV OF THE CONSTITUTION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Section 1. In Implementation of Section fifteen of Article XIV of the Constitution, a natural-born citizen of the Philippines who has lost his Philippine citizenship may be a transferee of a private land, for use by him as his residence, subject to the provisions of this Act. Section 2. Any natural-born citizen of the Philippines who has lost his Philippine citizenship and who has the legal capacity to enter into a contract under Philippine laws may be a transferee of a private land up to a maximum area of one thousand square meters, in the case of urban land, or one hectare in the case of rural land, to be used by him as his residence.? In the case of married couples, one of them may avail of the privilege herein granted; Provided, That if both shall avail of the same, the total area acquired shall not exceed the maximum herein fixed. In case the transferee already owns urban or rural lands for residential purposes, he shall still be entitled to be a transferee of additional urban or rural lands for residential purposes which, when added to those already owned by him, shall not exceed the maximum areas herein authorized. Section 3. A transferee under this Act may acquire not more than two lots which should be situated in different municipalities or cities anywhere in the Philippines; Provided, That the total area thereof shall not exceed one thousand square meters in the case of urban lands or one hectare in the case of rural lands for use by him as urban land shall be disqualified from acquiring rural land, and vice versa. Section 4. As used in this Act a) A natural-born citizen is one who is a citizen of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect his Philippine citizenship. b) Urban areas shall include: 1. In their entirety, all municipal jurisdictions which whether designated as chartered cities,provincial capitals or not, have a population density of at least 1,000 persons per square kilometer; 2. Poblaciones or central districts of municipalities and cities which have a population density of at least 500 persons per square kilometer; 3. Poblaciones or central districts (not included in 1 and 2) regardless of population size which have the following:

* Street pattern, i.e., network of streets in either at parallel or right angle orientation * At least six establishments (commercial, manufacturing, recreational and/or personalservices) * At least three of the following:1. A town hall, church or chapel with religious services at least once a month; 2. A public plaza, park or cemetery; 3. A market place or building where trading activities are carried on at least once aweek; 4. A public building like a school, hospital, puericulture and health center or library.

4. Barangays having at least 1,000 inhabitants which meet the conditions set forth in sub-paragraph (3) of paragraph (b) above, and in which the occupation of the inhabitants is predominantly other than farming or fishing. c) All other areas of the Philippines which do not meet the conditions in the preceding definition of urban areas shall be considered as rural areas. Section 5. Transfer as a mode of acquisition of private land under this Act refers to either voluntary or involuntary sale, devise or donation.? Involuntary sales shall include sales on tax delinquency, foreclosures and executions of judgment. Section 6. In addition to the requirements provided for in other laws for the registration of titles to lands, no private land shall be transferred under this Act, unless the transferee shall submit to the register of deeds of the province or city where the property is located a sworn statement showing the date and place of his birth; the names and addresses of his parents, of his spouse and children, if any; the area, location and the mode of acquisition of his land-holdings in the Philippines, if any; his intention to reside permanently in the Philippines; the date he lost his Philippine citizenship and the country of which he is presently a citizen; and such other information as may be required Section 8 of this Act. Section 7. The transferee shall not use the lands acquired under this Act for any purpose other than for his residence. Violations of this Section, any misinterpretation in the sworn statement required under Section 6 hereof, any acquired within two years from the acquisition thereof, except when such failure is Code and deportation in appropriate cases, be penalized by forfeiture of such lands and their improvements to the National Government. For this purpose the Solicitor General or his representative shall institute escheat proceedings. Any transferee liable under this Section shall moreover be forever barred from further availing of the privilege granted under this Act. Section 8. The Minister of Justice shall issue such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act. Such rules and regulations shall take effect fifteen days following its publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the Philippines. Section 9. If any part of this Act shall be declared unconstitutional, the remaining provisions not thereby affected shall remain in full force and effect. Section 10. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. Approved: March 16, 1982

BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 220 AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE MINISTRY OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS TO ESTABLISH AND PROMULGATE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF STANDARDS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIALIZED HOUSING PROJECTS IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS FROM THOSE PROVIDED UNDER PRESIDENTIAL DECREES NUMBERED NINE HUNDRED FIFTY-SEVEN, TWELVE HUNDRED SIXTEEN, TEN HUNDRED NINETY-SIX AND ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE BE IT ENACTED BY THE BATASANG PAMBANSA IN SESSION ASSEMPLED: SECTION 1. It is hereby declared a policy of the Government to promote and encourage the development of economic and socialized housing projects, primarily by the private sector, in order to make available adequate economic and socialized housing units for average and low-income earners in urban and rural areas. SECTION 2. As used in this Act, economic and socialized housing refers to housing units which are within the affordability level of the average and low-income earners which is thirty percent (30%) of the gross family income as determined by the National Economic and Development Authority from time to time. It shall also refer to the government-initiated sites and services development and construction of economic and socialized housing projects in depressed areas. SECTION 3. To carry out the foregoing policy, the Ministry of Human Settlements is authorized to establish and promulgate different levels of standards and technical requirements for the development of economic and socialized housing projects and economic and socialized housing units in urban and rural areas from those provided in Presidential Decree Numbered Nine hundred fifty-seven, otherwise known as the "Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree," Presidential Decree Numbered Twelvehundred and sixteen, "Defining Open Space in Residential Subdivision"; Presidential Decree Numbered Ten Hundred and ninety-six, otherwise known as the "National Building Code of the Philippines"; and Presidential Decree Numbered Eleven hundred and eighty-five, otherwise known as the "Fire Code of the Philippines" and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, in consultation with the Ministry of Public Works and Highways, the Integrated National Police, and other appropriate government units and instrumentalities and private associations. SECTION 4. The standards and technical requirements to be established under Section three hereof shall provide for environmental ecology, hygiene and cleanliness, physical, cultural and spiritual development and public safety and may vary in each region, province or city depending on the availability of indigenous materials for building construction and other relevant factors. SECTION 5. The different levels of standards and technical requirements that shall be established and promulgated by the Ministry of Human Settlements only after public hearing and shall be published in two newspapers of general circulation in the Philippines for at least once a week for two consecutive weeks and shall take effect thirtydays after the last publication. SECTION 6. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 957 July 12, 1976 REGULATING THE SALE OF SUBDIVISION LOTS AND CONDOMINIUMS, PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS THEREOF WHEREAS, it is the policy of the State to afford its inhabitants the requirements of decent human settlement and to provide them with ample opportunities for improving their quality of life; WHEREAS, numerous reports reveal that many real estate subdivision owners, developers, operators, and/or sellers have reneged on their representations and obligations to provide and maintain properly subdivision roads, drainage, sewerage, water systems, lighting systems, and other similar basic requirements, thus endangering the health and safety of home and lot buyers; WHEREAS, reports of alarming magnitude also show cases of swindling and fraudulent manipulations perpetrated by unscrupulous subdivision and condominium sellers and operators, such as failure to deliver titles to the buyers or titles free from liens and encumbrances, and to pay real estate taxes, and fraudulent sales of the same subdivision lots to different innocent purchasers for value; WHEREAS, these acts not only undermine the land and housing program of the government but also defeat the objectives of the New Society, particularly the promotion of peace and order and the enhancement of the economic, social and moral condition of the Filipino people; WHEREAS, this state of affairs has rendered it imperative that the real estate subd