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- 1. EVERYDAY ENGLISH FROM AUSTRALIA Series 2TING ANH THNG DNG AUSTRALIA Lot 2 Bi 02: talking about the past (ni chuyn v qu kh)Part 1 - THE DIALOGUES (i thoi)B Ruth v b Dorothy l hai ngi c cao tui. Hai b ngi ung tr nh b Dorothy tiBallarat, mt th trn gn Melbourne. Hai b gi nhng bc nh c ra xem.Dialogue 1:RUTH: Oh look, Dorothy, heres an old photo of your house. Do youremember when you first moved here?DOROTHY:Oh yes, very clearly. I was twelve then. We came from the citySydney.Dialogue 2:DOROTHY:You were born here, werent you?RUTH: Yes, my father was born here, too. He used to live across theroad. The house isnt there any more. Then we moved to anotherhouse in Button Street - you know at the other end of town.DOROTHY:Oh yes, I know.Dialogue 3:DOROTHY:What about your Mum?RUTH: She lived in Darwin when she was young. I remember her tellingme about the hot weather up there.DOROTHY:Oh yes, its pretty hot. Oh look this ones good. Its your father,isnt it?RUTH: No, thats my grandfather. He used to live in Ballarat. He had ashop here.DOROTHY:My grandparents came from Ballarat, too. My grandfather was aminer.
2. Dialogue 4:RUTH:Whats this building here? Look in this one?DOROTHY: Oh thats my old primary school. It was called oh dear, Ive forgotten. I went there for a couple of years when we came down from Sydney. After Id finished there I went to Ballarat High School, and later I went to University.RUTH:That reminds me of my schooldays. I used to like school, but I left when I was fifteen. Then I worked in Browns Bakery. Part 2 - VOCABULARY (t vng)Queensland Bang Queensland nm pha ng bc Australia.[ kwinslnd ]Ballarat mt th trn bang Victoria, Australia[ blrt ]Sydney th ph bang new South Wales, thnh ph ln nht Australia[ sIdni ]a father b, cha[ fa ]a grandfatherng ni[ grndfa ]a mother m[ m ]a photograph/photo bc nh[ fotraf ] [ foto]a high schooltrng trung hc[ haI skul ]a primary school trng tiu hc[ praIm()ri skul ] 3. a universitytrng i hc[ junvsti ]to move di i, di chuyn[ muv ]used to trc kia c thi quen, trc kia hay[ just ]any morekhng cn na[ nim ]Part 3 - LESSON: talking about the past (ni chuyn v qu kh)Khi ni chuyn v qu kh v chng ta mun hi xem ai cn nh g vqu kh khng, chng ta ni:Do you remember?Bn c cn nh khng?Do you remember when you first movedBn c cn nh nhng ngy u tin khihere? mi chuyn ti y khng?Cc bn nn nh khi ni v qu kh, chng ta phi chia ng t thi qu kh. Chng tadng thi qu kh n gin khi ni v mt chui hnh ng xy ra:I left school when I was fifteen and worked Ti b hc khi ti 15 tui v lm vic tiin a bakery.mt l bnh m.Khi ni ti nhng s vic din ra trong mt thi gian di qu kh m hin ti khng cn lpli, chng ta c th dng cu trc: USED TO + INFINITIVE. Th d:He used to live across the road ng y tng sng bn kia ng.Cu ni c ngha, ngy xa ng y sng bn kia ng trong mt thi gian di, nhngngy nay ng y khng cn sng na.I used to like school Ti tng thch i hc. 4. Khi ni v mt trng thi trong qu kh, chng ta thng dng ng t nguyn th to behay to have:My grandfather used to be a miner. ng ti tng l cng nhn m.He used to have a shop.ng y tng c mt ca hng.Khi ni v mt chui s vic qu kh, chng ta c th dng cc t nh when, after, laterv then ni ln th t thi gian xy ra cc s vic. Th d:I went there (Primary School) for a couple Ti hc (trng Tiu hc) trong haiof years when we came down from Sydney.nm sau khi chng ti chuyn t Sydney ti. (B y chuyn t Sydney ti trc khi vo hc )After I finished there (Primary School) ISau khi hc xong tiu hc, ti chuyn lnwent to High School. trung hc. (B y hc xong tiu hc v sau ln hc trung hc.)Later I went to University.Sau ti vo hc i hc.Chng ta cng c th ni:(Sau khi hc xong tiu hc v trung hc, b y vo i hc.)Then I went to University.Part 4 - PRONUNCIATION (cch pht m) ngh cc bn ch c cc ph m cui cng ca tng t trong ting Anh. Th qu khca ng t thng c phn bit bng ph m cui cng ca ng t . Nu cc bnkhng pht m r rng ngi nghe c th hiu lm ca cc bn.Bng sau y ni ln s khc nhau ca ba m thi qu kh ca cc ng t c quy tc: /t/ /d/ / d /LeftMoved Waitedworkedlived loaded 5. Part 5 - PRACTICE (luyn tp)Cc bn hy vit ra bn cu n gin, t li cc vic bn lm hoc tng lm. Khi vitcc bn c gng s dng cc lin t ch thi gian din t mt chui hnh ng. Part 6 THE SERIAL (chuyn c tng k) Vocabulary:an accident mt tai nn[ ksdnt ]a briefcasechic cp ti liu[ brifkeis ]proudt ho[ prad ] 6. Episode 2:Gday. Do you like mystery stories? Well, this is a story about mystery anddeath, and I know all about it because I was involved, as youll hear. Let me introducemyself. My names Josepth Moon. Im fifty-nine, and Im a hotel porter. I live inMelbourne. Do you know where that is? Yep, in Australia.Gday! Im a friendly sort of chap, and I like talking to people. Henry Cotton didnot want to talk about his work. I soon discovered that. But he did tell me about hisfamily. It happened like this. My daughter Mandy used to work at the university. Shes aclever girl, and Im very pround of her! Wellone afternoon Mandy came to the hotel after work so we could go hometogether. We were just leaving when Cotton arrived. I helped him with his luggage, and Iintroduced Mandy. "I have a daughter, too," Cotton said. "She went to school inMelbourne, and when we went to Hong Kong she went to university there. Then shewent to America to study, and now shes a scientist." "Does she work with you then?" Mandy asked."Yes, she does. Shes doing very well." I could see that Cotton was proud of hisdaughter, too. He took a photo from his briefcase and showed it to us. "Thats Diana" he said. "Shes twenty-eight now." There were two people in thephoto. The woman was beautiful. She had long fair hair and very blue eyes. There was ayoung man in the photo, too. He looked about thirty. "Is this Dianas husband?" Mandyasked, pointing to the young man. "No," said Cotton sadly. "That was my son, my only son. He died last year." "Oh, Im sorry," I said. "How awful for you." Cotton put the photo back in his briefcase."Yes, he said. "His car ran off the road. They said it was an accident, but" Wewaited, but Cotton did not say any more. Mandy and I said goodbye, and walked to thebus stop. It was then that I noticed a small, red-faced man in the coffee shop across theroad. I had seen him before. He was watching the hotel. I had an idea he was watchingHenry Cotton, and I wondered why.END OF LESSON 2COPYRIGHT NOTICE:Everyday English From Australia lessons were funded by AusAID (the AustralianGovernments aid agency) and produced by Radio Australia Vietnamese Service in co-operation with Voice of Vietnam. Script advice was provided by the English Language Centre,Victoria University (Melbourne).Everyday English From Australia lessons form part of English learning content of BayVutwebsite (www.bayvut.com) a service provided by Radio Australia.