Awa Template

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<p>Issue:In general, do not take one side of the argument completely. A good rule of thumb is to argue your opinion at about 60 percent or 70 percent. I should emphasize thiseven if you believe you are one hundred percent correct, you should still pretend that you are 60 or 70 percent correct. First Paragraph: Introduction The issue/belief/idea/opinion that ______________________________________ is an interesting/controversial one. This issue is increasingly important in this age of ___________________________. Many people believe _________________________, but these people overlook _________________________________________________. Furthermore, _____________________________________. In this essay, I will argue that __________________________________________________ _______________. Second Paragraph: Support There are many good reasons for ____________________________. However, it cannot be ignored/overlooked that ___________________________. A classic example of this is ___________________________________________ . Try to</p> <p>add something interesting in this paragraph. Make sure you use a few complicated structurestry putting a subordinate clause first. Like this: While many type of professional promote the notion that _____________________________, Ibelieve the opposite should be argued given the current situation/status/ of ___ P3The another reason for my belief is that___________ for example.___________. ________________ Conclusion I have argued _______________________. This view will become increasingly dominant in the coming century given ________________________________. Many of these issues can never be resolved to everybodys satisfaction, but in the long run, promoting ________________________________ will lead to the betterment of all involved. Finally, _____________________________ increased something like global cooperation, cultural understanding, blah, blah, blah can only result from this, resulting in ______________________________ for everybody.</p> <p>Example:"It is unrealistic to expect individual nations to make, independently, the sacrifices necessary to conserve energy. International leadership and worldwide cooperation are essential if we expect to protect the world's energy resources for future generations." Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the opinion stated above. Support your views with reasons and/or examples from your own experience, observations, or reading. The issue of whether to have a global consensus on energy conservation or not is a controversial one. On the one hand, achieving a global consensus is a cumbersome task because it involves sacrificing national interests to some extent. On the other hand expecting individual sacrifices on the part of nations will hamper their competitiveness in the international market. However in the final analysis of this issue I believe that a global consensus is essential in order to conserve the world's energy sources. The chief reason for my view is that in today's world development is impossible without cooperation. If countries of Middle East region are rich in non-renewable energy resources like oil than countries like USA and France are rich in renewable energy resources like nuclear energy. Without cooperation among various countries sustained</p> <p>development is not possible. When countries like India fail to satisfy their energy needs on their own, they are dependent on oil and gas from Middle East. Further, when technologically starved nations like Bhutan and Myanmar want to harness their renewable energy sources, they are dependent on India for technical support. Another reason for my opinion is that it is unfair to expect individual nations to make sacrifices necessary to conserve energy. If a country like US has the highest per capita energy consumption, then it is completely unfair to put the burden of reducing the energy consumption on US alone. The industrial development and the living standards in developed societies require higher energy consumption. On the other hand if this burden is placed on developing countries like India and China, they will lose their competitive edge.</p> <p>Global cooperation in energy conservation will lead to a fair share in the pie for everyone. The developed countries like US can use their technological and scientificadvancement to harness new energy sources and to develop more efficient techniques, and they can share the new advances with the developing world. This will led to energy conservation on a global level. Further, associations like G8 should take the initiative in this direction since they have the money and technological edge to make it possible. In sum, I can concur that although it is not unfair to expect some sacrifice on the part of developed nations, International leadership and global cooperation are essential to</p> <p>conserve world's energy resources.</p> <p>Argument: In the preceding statement, the author claims that....though his claim may well have merit, the author presents a poorly reasoned argument, based on several questionable premises and assumptions, and based solely on the evidence the author offers, we cannot accept his argument valid. The primary issue with the argument lies in his unsubstantiated premises. The Author claims that. .However the author does not offer any evidence (data/survey) that links the. The arguments premises, the basis for his argument, lack any legitimate evidentiary support and render his conclusion unacceptable. In addition, the author makes several assumptions that remain unproven. The author assumes that. Again, the author does not provide any evidence to substantiate the claim. It could be that. Or that . //// it is possible that.. ///even if // moreover. By making several assumptions and failing to consider them , the author weaken his conclusion. The editorial's argument is weakened by assumptions that do not provide any link to the conclusion. Even if.. moreover,.. Though there are several key issues with the arguments premises and assumptions, that is not to say that the argument is without base.//.// The argument could have been strengthened if it mentioned the relevant facts and assumptions clearly. If it mentions. Moreover, It will stand on better ground if it provide any data regarding. Though there are several issues with the authors reasoning at present, with research and analysis, he could improve his argument significantly. Conclusion: In sum, The authors illogical argument is based on unsupported premises and unsubstantiated assumptions..if author truly hopes to change the readers mind on the issue, he would have to largely restructure the argument , fix the flaws, clearly</p> <p>explicate the assumptions and provide legitimate evidentiary support. Without this</p> <p>information the argument remains unsubstantiated and open to debate OrIn sum, the editorial's argument is based on illogical assumptions and unsubstantiated premises. The editorial needs to fix the flaws in its reasoning and provide evidentiary support for us its argument. The editorial's current positioning, based on questionable premises and assumptions, renders its conclusion unacceptable. Example: http://www.beatthegmat.com/argument-essay-template-if-anyone-wants-it-t38032.html AWA: Analysis of Argument Paragraph 1 I always start begin with a broad statement about the issue at hand. For instance in an argument essay about whether it was necessary to conserve energy, I would begin with: Energy conservation has become a hot topic in the United States as of late. There are those who debate climate change and those who affirm it, those who assert that humans are depleting the world's natural resources, including fossil fuels, and those who believe that humans are barely making a dent in consuming the resources the earth has to offer. I always continue by saying, "In the preceding statement, the author claims that (paraphrase of the author's argument)." This shows that I understand the author's argument. I continue with my disagreement (and, as has been often said, ALWAYS disagree with the author's reasoning, and I pretty much always used the same thesis statement, something like: Though his claim may well have merit, the author presents a poorly reasoned argument, based on several questionable premises and assumptions, and based solely on the evidence the author offers, we cannot accept his argument as valid. I can use that statement for pretty much any argument essay I encounter. The beginning shows that I see the issue as nuance, rather than black and white, and I recognize that though the author may have arrived at the correct answer, his reasoning is flawed. Paragraph 2 For me, paragraph two always attacks the premises of the author's argument. I usually jot down a couple of premises on my board-- these are things that show up in the author's argument, usually without any evidence provided. So 99% of the time, I attack the lack of evidence that the author bases his premises on. I usually begin with some version of: The primary issue with the author's reasoning lies in his unsubstantiated premises. I like "primary" and "secondary" as transitional tools because they are more complex than "first" and "second". Throughout the first paragraph, I show flaws in the author's premises by pointing out his lack of evidentiary support (they pretty much always lack evidentiary support) and where they are open to holes or alternate explanations. I</p> <p>usually have two or three, but one would be fine if it was strong. I generally end with something like: The author's premises, the basis for his argument, lack any legitimate evidentiary support and render his conclusion unacceptable. Paragraph 3 In the third paragraph, I always attack the assumptions- again, I jot down a couple assumptions on my notepad while reading the prompt. I usually begin with some variation of: In addition, the author makes several assumptions that remain unproven. My assumption paragraph ends with something like: The author weakens his argument by making assumptions and failing to provide explication of the links between X and Y he assumes exists. Paragraph 4 Paragraph 4 is where I talk about how the author could strengthen his argument I usually begin this paragraph with something like: While the author does have several key issues in his argument's premises and assumptions, that is not to say that the entire argument is without base. Then I provide some concrete ways the author could strengthen his argument. The easiest way to do this is to give examples of what kind of evidence the author could provide, and discuss how he can fill the holes in his assumptions. I generally end with something like: Though there are several issues with the author's reasoning at present, with research and clarification, he could improve his argument significantly. Paragraph 5 This is my conclusion paragraph. I pretty much always conclude with the same sentence: In sum, the author's illogical argument is based on unsupported premises and unsubstantiated assumptions that render his conclusion invalid. I usually add a couple sentences of fluff in between and then I end with: If the author truly hopes to change his readers' minds on the issue, he would have to largely restructure his argument, fix the flaws in his logic, clearly explicate his assumptions, and provide evidentiary support. Without these things, his poorly reasoned argument will likely convince few people. ...And that's pretty much it. So the cliff notes: P1- Intro with generic thesis statement that works for 99.9% of argument essays. P2 - Attack the premises of the argument. P3 - Attack the assumptions of the argument. P4 - Discuss what type of evidence or reasoning would strengthen the argument. P5 - Conclusion. ++++++++++++++++++++++</p> <p>Ex1: Argument: "The construction last year of a shopping mall in downtown Oak City was a mistake. Since the mall has opened, a number of local business have closed, the downtown area suffers from an acute parking shortage, and arrests for crime and vagrancy have increased in the nearby Oak City Park. Elm City should pay attention to the example of Oak City mall and deny the application to build a shopping mall in Elm City." Analysis: In this fast advancing world, world cities and businesses are growing at the speed of light and retail infrastructures in terms of big malls are expanding. Malls play a big role in modern life. There are those who support the presence of these big malls, as the malls offers 'all' in place and at a cheaper rater. There are others who are against the development and expansion of malls as they feel that the malls play a negative role in society. The newspaper editorial comes in the 'others' category. {Though the editorial may well have merits, its argument is weak as it is based on unsubstantiated premises and flawed assumptions. Based solely on the evidence the editorial offers, we need to reject the position that the editorial has taken. }Though his claim may well have merits, the author presents a poorly reasoned argument, based on several questionable premises and assumptions, and based solely on the evidence the author offers, we cannot accept his argument as valid.</p> <p>The primary issue with the editorial lies in its unsubstantiated premises. The editorial claims that the local businesses have closed due to the opening of the mall and that the downtown area suffers from acute parking shortage due to the presence of the mall. However, the editorial does not offer any evidence that links the presence of the mall with the closure of the businesses and the shortage of parking space in the downtown area. The editorial's premises, the basis for its argument, lack any legitimate evidentiary support and render its conclusion unacceptable. In addition, the editorial makes several questionable assumptions. The editorial assumes that the crime and vagrancy have increased in the Oak City Park due to the presence of the mall. Again, no evidence has been provided to support the same. It is possible that the crime and vagrancy have increased due to decline in police force in the Oak City Park. The editorial's argument is weakened by assumptions that do not provide any link to the conclusion. Even if the current state of Oak City mall is responsible for the crime and parking shortage, it is no reason to block the application to build a new shopping mall in Elm City. Moreover, The conditions in one city cannot be linked with conditions in another city. Though the editorial's reasoning and assumptions are weak and flawed, we cannot rule out that the argument is without base. The editorial could strengthen its conclusion if it backs up the premises and assumptions with (legitimate) evidentiary support. If we can prove that the mall does not have sufficient parking space to support the population visiting the mall and that the crime and vagrancy have increased only due to the presence of the mall and not due to a...</p>