Self- Briefing ProceduresWeather Awareness Big picture, whats the general weather along your route. Look outside
Look at the weather on the TVGet the big picture from your home computer
Self Briefing cont.Are you ready to fly this mission?- Are you qualified to fly in these conditions? - Do you have the experience to take on this mission?- Are you physically capable?- Are you mentally ready?
Things you need to know What type of aircraftLimits of aircraftProposed flight levelTake off and destination forecastHazards enrouteWinds enrouteTime enroute
Weather informationCurrent weatherSurface analysisWeather depictionRadar summarySatelliteMETARS along routePireps
Weather Information Cont.Forecast WeatherTAFS for takeoff and departureProg charts valid for flight timeHazard forecast valid for flight timeHazards at your flight levelDiscussion bulletins that apply to your route of flight
Alternates and Flight PathsAn Alternate is used if the weather at your destination is not suitable for landing.Winds are too strong or creating too much of a crosswindThunderstorms/severe weather are over the fieldVisibilities are below pilots/planes minimum capabilitiesCeiling is too lowRunway is icy or snow covered
Weather Data Sources
ERAU WXhttp://wx.erau.edu/data/Good satellite and radar images; access to WSI data; limited surface and forecast graphics; does not have upper air or model graphics data.
Graphical data allows route planning
Then pick additionalInformation for your route of flight
Aviation Weather Centerhttp://aviationweather.gov/http://adds.aviationweather.gov/Good for aviation weather hazards; good satellite access; icing and turbulence information; pilot reports; some manual forecast graphics; access to experimental aviation hazard products (ADDS); lacks model data; lacks public weather
National Weather Servicehttp://weather.gov/Good overview of public weather; click on organization to get web listings for all local NWS offices
HOURLY WEATHER GRAPHTake off data
NCAR-RAPhttp://www.rap.ucar.edu/weatherAviation oriented web page; forecast model graphics are useful aviation planning (clouds, winds, etc); has links to other related weather web sites.Vertical profile data (Skew-T/Log P)
Using the ADDS Flight Planning ToolGo to http://adds.aviationweather.gov/Click on Java Tools
Launch new FPT (Flight Path Tool)Select your flight altitude
Click on Configure and Identify the items you want displayed
Creating a cross sectional viewClick on airplane button on left side.Place cursor on starting location and left click (should put a 1 on that location)Move your mouse to your destination and left click (should put a 2 on that location)Continue to all your destinationsWhen complete right click and click on show cross-section.
Cross section cont.
This should display a cross section view.It will always have your starting destination on the left side.Along the bottom you will find all the information you requested by rolling over the points
METARS/TAFSMETAR is Meteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report It is the observation of current conditionsBy the time it is online it is old information
TAF is Terminal Airdrome ForecastProvide a forecast of weather conditions at an airport for the next 6-24 hours.
Great aviation tool for looking up to 63 hrs into futureFlight restriction probabilitiesCeiling and cloud topsLow level wind shearIcing potential up to FL 240Turbulence potential FL 180 and higherPrecip probabilityFog probability
SREFValid timeTime of originProbability
Food for thought