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[email protected] Consultatii: vineri 10-12, Str. Republicii 37

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[email protected] Consultatii: vineri 10-12, Str. Republicii 37. TEMATICA CURSURI – Sem II. Motivatia Emotiile Personalitatea Inteligenta Stresul Sanatate emotionala si psihopatologie Influenta sociala Cognitia sociala EXAMEN: 7 puncte examen scris 3 puncte proiect. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of [email protected] Consultatii: vineri 10-12, Str. Republicii 37

  • [email protected]: vineri 10-12, Str. Republicii 37

  • TEMATICA CURSURI Sem IIMotivatiaEmotiile Personalitatea InteligentaStresulSanatate emotionala si psihopatologieInfluenta socialaCognitia sociala

    EXAMEN:7 puncte examen scris 3 puncte proiect

  • PROIECT DE SEMESTRUPropuneti un proiect de cercetare care sa investighezeimpactul emotiei asupra cognitiei saucomportamentului.

    1. Introducere2. Obiective si ipoteze3. Design4. Metoda - Participanti - MasuratoriProceduraAnaliza datelor5. Rezultate asteptate6. Bibliografie

  • Bibliografie obligatorie

    Smith, E. E., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Fredrickson, B. L., & Loftus, G. R. (2005): Atkinson & Hilgard. Introducere in psihologie (Ed. V). Bucuresti: Editura Tehnica.

    Lilienfeld, S. O., Lynn, S. J., Namy, L. L., & Woolf, N. J. (2011). Psychology. From inquiry to understanding. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

  • MOTIVATIA

  • De ce facem ceea ce facem?

  • MOTIVATIAFactori care:

    Energizeaza comportamentul

    Directioneaza comportamentul

  • A. TEORIILE PULSIONALE Drive = pulsiune, impuls

    Sigmund Freud

  • A. ABORDARILE PULSIONALE

    Clark Hull (1884-1953): Drive Reduction Theory (1943)

    DeprivareNevoiePulsiuneComportament Scopuri

    ! HOMEOSTAZA

  • Clark Hull

    sEr = (sHr x D x K x V) - (sIr + Ir) +/- sOr

    sEr = reaction potentialsHr = habit strength (numarul de intariri)D = drive strength (perioada de deprivare) K = valoarea de recompensa a stimululuiV= masura a legaturiisIr = inhibitory strength (nr. non-intariri)Ir = reactive inhibition (efort)sOr = random error

  • Pulsiunile si nivelul de activareLegea Yerkes-Dodson (1908)

  • B. TEORIILE STIMULENTELOR ANTECEDENT - COMPORTAMENT - CONSECINTE

    Consecinte:

    1. Reduc rata comportamentului pedepse

    2. Cresc rata comportamentului intariri - Intariri pozitive vs. intariri negative - Intariri naturale vs. intariri artificiale

  • MOTIVATIA INTRINSECA VS. EXTRINSECA

  • SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY (Deci & Ryan)

    Motivatia autonoma (autonomous) sanatate emotionalaperformanta in sarcini complexepersistenta crescuta in sarcina

    Motivatia controlata (controlled)

  • SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY (Deci et al.)

    3. Diferente interindividuale

    Orientare cauzala: 1. Autonoma (toate cele 3 nevoi) 2. Controlata (autonomia problema) 3. Impersonala (toate cele 3 problema)

    Aspiratii si scopuri de viata 1. Aspiratii intrinseci (ex. afiliere, dezvoltare personala etc.) 2. Aspiratii extrinseci (ex. statut, bani etc.)

  • Autonomie si mindfulnessThe awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment and nonjudgementally to the unfolding of experience moment to moment (Kabat-Zinn, 2003)

    Self regulation of attention so that it is maintained on immediate experience, therefore allowing for increased recognition of mental events in the present moment adopting a particular orientation toward ones experience that is characterized by curiosity, openness and acceptance (Bishop et al., 2004)

  • Autonomie si mindfulness

    Strategie de control atentional +

    Acceptare

    Atitudie non-evaluativa (non-judgemental)

    Compasiune

  • Stimuli Invatare

    Dorinte constiente MS Atractie comportamentalaPlacere constienta

    Nevoi Pulsiuni

  • MOTIVATIA STIMULATIVA

    Dorinta versus Placere Dorinta = anticipatorie Placerea = prezenta

    sistemul dopaminergic endorfinele

  • A. MASLOW PIRAMIDA TREBUINTELOR