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  AGATHIYAN PRODUCTION HOUSE Akfl isyjfjlf  

Atma Vilakam

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    Akfl isyjfjlfkiepajs k_j;amof Fxjyaa

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    Akl isyjjlkiepajs k_j;amofFxjyaa

    wiyspqG ~ Fjkkspa ]aohqglKzashfhaul, jufuaT 641305elgfGhhadypl, ejaplhkKzaf98420 2738398425 50987

    Atma Vilakamby Thavayogi Thangarasan Adigal

    Published by Sri Agathiar Gnana Peedam

    Thooripalam, Kallar 641305

    Methupalaiyam

    Coimbatore

    98420 27383

    98425 50987

    An Agathiyan Production House Publication 2012

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    4 lolf ........................................... ................... 71h;sMkfk lol ................................................. 97wiyslol .................................................... 97Dylol..................................................... 100lol WofOl lap vgMlj j:is ............. 101lol Hkks Fj_ja;l mskfkl ...................... 106Dbamms DbaI lol ............................... 109

    5 kkfKi_fjy f ...................................... ........... 111kkfKi isyjjl .......................................... 1276 h] fm^k_fjy f .............................................. 129

    h]fm^kLl Fkof kkKiLl ..................... 132h]fm^kLl DgUl .................................. 133h]fm^k_jysof wmpufhaGjy .................. 143h]fm^k ndg .............................................. 147

    7 Fnfkjfja;blf ............................................. 1558 ko flak fksd;jyf .......................................... 1599 hs;h]fml f ............................................ ......... 165hs;h]fm hasball ....................................... 170

    is]f]ao enajjsuf hs;h]ml .................... 17410 Vy sPlf wihfhLl f ...................................... 18911 ekatftl f ............................................. ......... 195

    Dpsajysofekattl .................................. 197

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    w

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    11

    u_jaispsUl, eh;aj wkUj AofmosUl huAbfGjy kil wmpK STkspaj eh;ajkahfha njasuf Dyy mqokK lpaol F:jsufJxdmpsgG 75 AbfGjyaj ki ia[djia[nfkaaf.Mialsjyf ksaseuaj m]fmaas. luapaisuf huD:ikksuf hu Xajysuf F_j_ej jagmswjaGkkaa.MialsjYjJ 3 mqgajy S:nfkoaf - iqliaf(Snfekaosmspa), msk;LkK Fxjy (kls[naG),mkpaonfka (luapa).S;alus_j Fxjyaa hsthfhktJ 9i:g_jYjJ LofH hstnfk w

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    Fkofhx mlaksj jgxg eidujyKijjhfhggo. kofOdgp ejaib_jy,kbfbqa JxjJl wjagga_Jmms, Amohfhudj,m_J, hak;gdm, kaof i[shgG infkS;alus_j Fxjyaaf hgl SdijdymlaksjJyf dikKisg eibGl WofTwhaofOmals elmoaasgl rtsoaa.S;alus_j Fxjyaa ldtIjJhf hsofOl 85i:gl ia[nfK 25.1.1959 Al ekkspsufdkhf^ml FofT Fksjadu 4.30lbsjJS;alus_j Fxjy mlakspao Fekdkhf mkkofT ^;bmlaks mlakspdgnfkaa.

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    msk;LkK Fxjyaaf ia[djJtshfH

    msk;LkK Fxjy 1900 Al AbfGEhf;u lakl maafias i:gl mskksd; Lkunay Hkof js[dl S;alnakH;l laigglhdojJyl F:jsuf hstnfkaa.

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    Siaf msTipksuf V: whbfbsgl mqos wjaGWofT ejgj isdypaxj wjabfx:nfk Fhfwhbf lbfdb WGkK wjaGjj Si:l djpsufFkdo ia_j FK majjd;paj latspK.F_jay ekis Fllof mnfnskspsuf paIlh;wiyspajs h;]femakslplajekattlyskkdkhf Fhfhaufp ipksuf jbfgaaf.Fxjjx mjm mlaks wha:nfks jqe[ is{nfKisGiaaf.1922 Al AbfG Siaf luapa naGinfkdgnfkaa. AT AbfGjy j[skK 1928 AlAbfG kapnaG ks:lhsoaa. 1929 Suf msijalsFldldp lbnfkaa. hstJ lThxPl kosepluapa infkdgnfkaaf. FhfehaK w

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    Fxjyaasof FtsId;jy FdokKl wkaJjwhtT F:wyays WofOl whpasgG NzuajwiysinfK ljjdy nufi[shfhGkkso.

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    kiepajs k_j;amof Fxjyaafia[dj JtshfH

    SnfNzusof Amsasp;ao kiepajsk_j;amof Fxjyaaf Fiajy Ed[ wnmiayaJGlhkksuf coftaiK ljiajhf hstnfkia.hxhfHjJj rg imkspsofts Fxhfhdg juisjtjei i[spsofts F:lhaG hgGk Foftagwmpkskkay isnsepajl wmpK Fksuf jsdgkk

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    wmath i:laoakdk dikK hxhfhxpajLKjduhf hggl whttia. Fxjyaahsofoauf Adg wka[stmadu ngkks infkaa.Aoflqj naggl wjabfg Siaf hu mskkajyMixjdyhf hxkK ApI ngkksoaa. kis;Sujjsp eldgm wmatwha[siay;ajIlhgxloft_jysuf nGi;ajIl S:nfKSujjsphfhbsdp wmifieo wmpkaa.kofOdgp ia[jdjpsuf mskkajy ljkKilDbafnfK klK 50iK ipksuf SufutkdkkKtnfK KtI ^bfG wjaufusldu, mK;jsas,whaksdj, Jttaul, wiyysp_jsas ehaoftSg_jysuf Jdjiaml eltwjabfG lawh:lkhmspaj ia[nfkaa.

    Fxjyaa kil wjayfYl jaukksuf juuatsuf]aohqgl Fdlhfhap WofT Dkks;I AoK.Fkof nslskkel ~ Fjkkspa ]aohqglFdljjhfhggK.

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    Sptdj W[suf wja]fMl Xgx ldumma;usufFdlnfKyfy Jxeu ~ Fjkkspa ]aohqglAJl. Fjkkspa 12000 Wofjst Nzusufmskkajy iaml wmpPl ldujy Woftkduhfhsuf 331iK hagusuf jq[ jbfgiaTJtshfhsghfhgGyyK.laThga jufuaTlduphfha

    ljkfkao msttuauof (Fjkfkspa) ldukaoaJlektspekaa msTjauof lduPlaJl

    wkashfhao pamsjfjstia lduPlaJlAThdg v[nfkwka: ksasiaof jaiufFhfheo Mhfhs;lbsp lduPlael

    Skofisyjjl,jufuaTldu Fjkkspa ldu. ltTl pamjlwhtTia{l mskkajy ldu. AThdg iqGwjabfg Mhfhs;lbspa Mttsj ksasjsoft lduPlAJl.]ao hqgkksuf hu hu FtHk_jy ngjjsofto.S_J infK i[shaG wmpeiaajy Kofhl

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    nq_js ljs[mmspaj ia{jsoftoa. mskkajyjs:dh nsofT isdypaGl Snfk SgkkstJhs;ahfkl Dyy huljjy infK Fjkkspajs:dhdp whTjsoftoaf.Fxjyaa kaof whtt SdtpOhikdk SnfkDuj ljjYl wht eibfGl Woft nufuenajjkksuf epaj ]aohf hpstms FyskKi:jstaa. S_J laka lakl whyablspofTmsthfH i[shaG ltTl FofokaolndgehTjstK. Snfk Ams;ll FdlnfKyfySgkksof F:jsuf ioiamsjy imsjjsoftoaf.F_J imsjJl ioiams J[nfdkjgJ juis,mq:dg, Hkkadg, W{K wha:gjy,hmspattuf ehaoft Fthfhbsjy FxjyaawmpK wjabfG S:jjstaa.Siaf W{ksp NzufFbfgLl hsbfgLl, AklkkKil, Akl kasmol.losk Dglhsof F:dldphf ehatts DgldhiyajJl wntsjdyPl Fkofcul Dpsd;iyajJl wntsjdyPl wkaJkKk knfk

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    Fjkkspa ltTl ks:iyfYia Lku iyyuaafid;pao mskka l;hsuf infkia kiepajsk_j;amof Fxjyaa Fiajy WofT k][email protected][hufjdujj[jl Ldoia gajgams.Mhfhs;lbspl kiepajspsof FbfgLlhsbfgLl HkkjkkstjJ ia[fkKd; i[_jsoaaf.k_j;amof Fxjyaa kiepajs, mskkepajs,mskk laafjj FOhis WofT kikks: X;aofFxjyaa kiepajspsof FbfgLl hsbfgLlHkkjkkstjJ ia[fkKd; i[_jsoaaf.jgnfk 12 AbfGjyaj juuatsuf ki ia[djeltwjabfG ia{l jaukksuf SdtDkks;isof ehasuf leumspa ms_jhf^a wmofThufeiT Sg_jysuf Fjkkspa ]aohqgjjqdyjdy nsTisoaa.leumsp LkuaiK Duj mskka wntslanagxUl, kls[j S;bfgaiK Duj mskkawnts lanagxUl kdudlhf H;iu;ajisy_jsoaa.

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    LofOd;,e;j cyfpy; thGk; midj;J caph;fSk;

    xd;nw xd;iwj;jhd; ikakhf bfhz;L Mdhy;

    mJ v';nf ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W bjupahky; njoj;

    njo Xahky; miyfpd;wd. mJjhd; ,d;gk;;

    ,d;gk;,d;gk;. Mk;,d;gkhd thH;f;if.

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    nkYk; nkYk; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; njo bghd;

    bghUs; nghd;wtw;iw nrh;g;gjd; nehf;fk; me;j

    ,d;gk; epiyahdjhf cz;ikahdjhf ,Uf;f

    ntz;Lk;vd;gjw;fhfj;jhd;.

    ,jw;F Kjy; mog;gilahd njit bghd;

    bghUs;gzk;brhj;J kf;fs;my;y. mwpt[xd;W

    jhd;.

    mwpt[mjpYk;bjspe;j mwpt[ vd;w xd;nw xd;WnghJk; ,e;j cz;ikahd ,d;gj;ij mila

    ,d;g[w;W thH.

    ,e;j cz;ikahd ,d;gk; ek;kplk; jhd;,Uf;fpwJ ,e;j cyfpy; ntW v';Fk; ,y;iy

    vd;w mwpt[xd;nw nghJk;.

    ehk; ahh; vd;gij bjhpe;Jbfhz;lhny nghJk;

    ,e;j cz;ikahd ,d;gj;ij mila.

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    ek;ikg;gw;wp bjhptJ vd;why;cz;ikapy;

    ehk;ahh;/

    Md;kh vd;why;vd;d/

    mwpt[my;yJ "hdk;vd;why;vd;d/

    Mj;k "hdk; vd;why;vd;d/

    kdk;/

    bjspe;j kdk;/

    kdj;jpd;,af;fk;/

    ,iwtd;vd;gtd;ahh;/

    mq/

    gukhq/

    g";rg{jKk; mjd;jj;JtKk;,af;fKk;/

    cly;/

    caph;/

    cyfk;kw;Wk;

    gpug";rk;

    nghd;w ,itfs; vg;go njhd;wpd/ vg;go

    ,a';FfpwJ vd;wmwpt[/

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    cly;/

    cly;cWg;g[fs;Fwpj;j mwpt[/

    cly;,af;fk;/

    cly; eyk;gw;wpa mwpt[/

    kdk;/ g";rg{j jj;Jt';fs;gw;wpa bjspt[/

    ,itfisg;gw;wpa xl;Lbkhj;j mwpnt "hdk;

    my;yJ Mj;k "hdk;vdg;gLk;.

    ,e;j Mj;k"hdj;jhy; fpilg;gnj cz;ikahd

    ,d;g thH;f;if.

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    ]aol"hdk;vd;whny mwpjy;/ mwptpd;bjhpe;j epiy

    vd;W brhy;yyhk;. ,d;bdhU tif tpsf;fk;

    "hyj;ij mwpjy;vd;Wk;brhy;yyhk;.

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    mqf;fs; njhd;wp mqf;fspd; ,izg;g[

    ,af;f';fshy; mz;l nguz;lkhfp gpug";rkhfp

    cyfhfp caph;fs; gyt[khfp/ vj;jidnahnfhorPtuhrpfspy; ehDk; xUtd; vd;fpw bjspt[

    bgWtnj "hdkhFk;.

    Koitg; gpoj;Jf; bfhz;Lnghdhy;

    bjhlf;fj;ij mwpayhk;. bjhlf;fj;ijg;

    gpoj;jhy; Koita[k; mwpayhk;. Mf gpwg;gpd;

    bjhlf;fj;ija[k;Koita[k;mwptnj "hdk;;.

    ,ijnajhd;mfj;jpah;TWk;nghJ/

    kfj;jhd uf!;aklh "hdkhh;f;fk;

    ,z';fpanjhh; me;ju';fkhd Nl;rkk;

    Vfhe;j Nl;rbkd;w fijiaf;nfS

    Fz';Ftpa Mjp me;jf;Fwpia ed;wha;

    - brst[[kpa rhfuk]113.

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    nkw;fz;l ghly; \yk; Mjp me;jf;Fwp

    bjhptJjhd;"hdk;vd;gij mwpayhk;.

    "hdk;vd;whny mwpjy]/ mwptpd;bjspe;j epiy

    vd;W fz;nlhk;. ,d;bdhU tif tpsf;fk;/"hyj;ij mwpjy;vd;Wk;brhy;yyhk;.

    clypd; cs;ns caph; rf;jpahdJ RHd;W

    ,a';Fk;nghJ me;je;j clypd;

    mqf;TWfSf;F Vw;g caphpd; rpwg;ghw;wyhf

    vGk;tpist[fns czh;r;rpfs;.

    ,e;j czh;r;rpfisj; Ja;j;J capuhdJ bgUk;

    cz;ikj; bjspt[ jhd; mwpt[ my;yJ "hdk;

    vdg;gLk].

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    Md;k mwptpd;bjspnt "hdk;. mJ mwk;/ jtk;

    vd;fpw Kaw;rpa[s;sth;fl;nf fpilf;Fk;.

    jtg;gapw;rp jj;Jt';fspd; tpsf;f';fis

    mwpe;jth;fSf;nf mJ rhj;jpak;. mth;fs;

    kl;Lk;jhd; kw;wth;f;F bjhl;Lf;fhl;oa[k;/

    tpsf;fpa[k;;Tw Koa[k;.

    ]ao ia[fIthH;f;if vd;gJ \d;W mikg;gpnybray;gLfpwJ.

    1. ,aw;if/

    2. rKjhak;/

    3. ,d;g Jd;g';fs;.

    ,k;\d;Wk; kdpjd; thH;f;ifia

    eph;zapf;fpd;wd. Mfnt ,k;\d;W

    gFjpfisa[k; bjspthf Muha;e;J mwptpnyKGik bgw;W thH;tnj "hd thH;t[. ,J jhd;,d;g thH;t[.

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    bjspe;j ePhpny ePhpd; MHj;jpny ,Uf;fpd;w

    fw;fis fhz;gJ nghy btspr;rj;jpny

    bghUs;fisf; fhz;gJ nghy xU

    tpahghhpahdtDf;F jd;Dila bghUs;

    tpw;gid tpiy eph;zak; bra;tJ vspJ.

    fhuzk;bfhs;Kjy;tpiy bjhpe;jtd;tpw]gid

    tpiy vspjhf eph;zak; bra;thd;.

    mijg;nghynt Mirapdhy; FLk;gKk;/

    vz;z';fshy; clYk;/ mwbewpahy;

    rKjhaKk;/ jj;Jt "hd tpsf;fj;jhy;"hdKk;rkhjhd thH;t[k; ek;ik Mf;ft[k;/ fhf;ft[k;

    cjt[fpd;wd.

    Mfnt ek;Kila thH;f;ifapy; ve;j mst["hdk;,lk;bgWfpwnjh me;jmstpny ekf;Fr;

    rpwg;ghd thH;t[ ,d;g[w;W thH;fpd;w epiy/

    MH;e;j mikjp fpilf;Fk;.

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    mfu Kjy vGj;bjy;yhk; Mjpgftd; Kjw;nw

    cyF vd;w ts;Sth; Fwspd;go cyfj;J

    caph;fs; Kjy; ,e;j cyfk; njhd;Wtjw;F

    \yfh;j;jh gftd; m vd;w xypahy; njhd;wpd.

    Mfnt mJnt Kjy;xypahdm

    vd;gjhFk;.

    gpuhzpfs; Kjy; kdpjd; ,ae;jpuk; tiu

    thiaj;jpwf;fpd;w Jl';Ffpd;w xyp m

    vd;gjhFk;. Mfnt jhd; ts;Stg;bgUkhd;

    nkw;fz;l Fwspd; \yk; m fuj;ij

    Kjd;ikg;gLj;jpdhh;.

    ,e;j cyfj;jpy; cs;s caph;fs; vy;yhnk

    mwpt[ rPtd;fshf cs;sd. Mdhy; kdpjd;

    vd;w rPtDf;F kl;Lnk rpwg;gwpt[ cz;L. ,e;j

    rpwg;gwptpd; \yk; bjspe;j epiybgw;w

    bjspe;njhnu "hdpfs; vd miHf;fg;gLth;.

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    Jhprw;w J}a mwpt[ tothd ,aw;ifapd; ey;y

    rf;jpfis epidj;J czh;e;J bjspt[

    milahtpl;lhy; xUtd; vj;jid fw;wpUe;Jk;

    gad; ,y;iy. cyfpnyna kpfg;bghpa fy;tp

    xd;W cz;L vd;why;mJnt "hdf;fy;tp.

    "hdnk flt[s;. Md;k"hdk; mile;njhnu

    flt[s; Mthh;. ,aw;ifapy; ciufpd;w

    nguhw;wiyna ,iwtd; vd miHf;fpwhh;fs;.

    mfnt ,aw;ifna ,iwtd;. mtd;ghj';fis

    tz';Ftnj rpwg;gpwt[ MFk;. mJnt "hd

    khh;f;fj;jpd;jpwt[nfhy;vd;gij kwthjPh;fs;.

    ]ao laajjl ljkkao ;jmsplao laafjjl ]ao laafjjl.FK VofetaG VofT SdbnfK nstjsoftFnfk;_jlao vgml.

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    ]aol whTli[sLdtjythH;f;ifapy; jpdrhp ehk; ekJ kdj;ij xU

    Kf;fpakhd fUtpahff;bfhz;L ey;yJ bfl;lJ

    ,uz;Lf;Fnk cgnahfg; gLj;jp tUfpnwhk;.

    kdk;,a';fhky;vija[k;bray;gLj;j KoahJ.

    gytpjkhd rf;jpfs; gpug";rj;jpy; gutpf;fplf;fpd;wd. mjpy; Mf;fg{h;tkhd rf;jpfSk;/

    mHpt[ rf;jpfSk; Mfhaj;jpy; Rw;wpf; bfhz;nl

    ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,jpy; rpy rf;jpfs; kpfgykhf

    ,a';Fk;/ rpy rf;jpfs; gytPdkhf ,a';Fk;.

    ey;y rf;jp miyfs;gykhf ,a';Fk;nghJ ehk;

    vLj;j fhhpak; btw;wp bgWk;. ekJ thH;tpy;

    btw;wp njhy;tpfs; ,e;j ey;y bfl;l rf;jpfspd;

    Mf;fpukpg;gpdhy;jhd; eilbgWfpwJ vd;fpw

    cz;ikia czu ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; rpy ekJ

    vz;z';fspYk;/ rpy btspapy; Vw;gLk;

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    rf;jpfspd; Mjpf;fj;jhYk; eilbgWk;. ekf;F

    mg;ghw;gl;l rf;jpapy;rpf;fpf;bfhs;Sk;nghJ ehk;

    mjpypUe;J kPsKoahJ. ,e;j jPa

    rf;jpapypUe;J KGikahf tpLgl Md;k mwpt[

    bgwntz;Lk;.

    ehk; vg;nghJk; vy;nyhiua[k; md;g[ld; nerpj;J

    re;njhrj;Jld; kdk; tpl;Lg;ngrp gHfp

    tuntz;Lk;. kdjhy; Tl xUtUf;Fk; jP';F

    bra;af; TlhJ. ekJ guk vjphpf;Fk; Tl

    bfLjy; Vw;gLj;jf; TlhJ. ey;yijna bra;

    vdt[k; mtUf;Fk; ey;y vz;zj;ijf; bfhL

    vdt[k; ,iwtid ehk; ntz;of;bfhs;s

    ntz;Lk;. ve;jf;fhyj;jpYk; ve;j rkaj;jpYk;ahh; ek;ik fhzte;jhYk;; ehk; mtiu

    md;g[ld; tuntw;W cgrhpf;f ntz;Lk;. md;ghf

    ngrp mDg;g ntz;Lk;. ve;jf; fhuzj;ijf;

    bfhz;Lk; ahh; kPJk; nfhgg;gLtnjh jfhj

    thh;j;ijfshy; ittnjh TlhJ.

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    ntiyf;fhuh;fs;/ bghpath;fs;/ ekf;F nfhgk;

    cz;lhf;Fk;go ngRgth;fs; ahuhf ,Ue;jhYk;

    md;g[ld; ngrntz;Lk;. kdjpy; mth;fSf;F

    ey;y vz;zj;ijf; bfhLf;Fk;go ,iwtid

    gpuhh;j;jpf;f ntz;Lk;.

    ghpRj;jkhd ,jaj;ijg; my;yJ kdj;ijg;

    kdpjd; bgw;wpUg;gnj "hdk; bgWtjw;F Kjy;

    jFjp MFk;. ,e;j ghpRj;j kdk;; mwk;/ jtk;/

    $gk;/ jpahdk; Kjypa gapw;rpapidj; bjhlh;e;J

    bra;J te;jhy;jhd;bgw Koa[k;.

    Kjypy; rpwe;j FUtplk; brd;W jd;id

    mog;gilapy; jpUj;jp mthplk; ey;yhrp bgw;W

    nkw;fz;l gapw;rpapidj; bjhlh;e;J bra;J

    tuntz;Lk;.

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    ,jw;F Kjypy; kdk; vd;why; vd;d vd;W

    bjhpe;J bfhs;sntz;Lk;. ghpRj;jkhd

    ,jaj;ijg;bgw;wpUg;gnj kdpjd;.

    thH;f;ifapy; jpdrhp ehk; ekJ kdj;ij xU

    Kf;fpakhd fUtpahff; bfhz;L ey;yJ/

    bfl;lJ ,uz;Lf;Fnk cgnahfg; gLj;jp

    tUfpnwhk;. kdk; ,a';fhky; vija[k;

    bray;gLj;j KoahJ.

    Mj;k "hdj;ij Mz;-bgz; ,UghyUk;

    milahsk;. mjpy; ve;jj;jila[k; ,y;iy.

    ekf;F ntz;oaJ vy;yhk;/ jplkhd kdk;/

    MH;e;j ek;gpf;if/ mfj;jPrd; kPJ ghpg{uz

    ek;gpf;if itj;J mtdplk;ruzila ntz;Lk;.

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    ey;y vz;z';fs;/ vy;nyhUk; ed;whf

    thHntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zk; ntz;Lk;. ehk;

    vg;nghJk; ekJ vz;zj;ij ghpRj;jkhf

    itj;Jf; bfhs;s ntz;Lk;. ghpRj;j kdk;

    ntz;Lkhdhy; ek; kdjpd; bray;ghLfis

    xG';F gLj;j ntz;Lk;.

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    2 AoflaMd;kh vd;why; ek;Kila cliy/ capiu,af;Ffpd;w vspjpy; g[hpe;J bfhs;sKoahj

    Nl;rkf;fUtp vd;W brhy;yyhk;. Md;kh vd;gJ

    gukhj;khtpd;Mw;wy;. mwpt[vd;gJ Md;khtpd;

    ,af;fr;rpwg;g[.

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    $Pt Md;khnth jd;epiy kwe;J $k;g[yd;fspy;

    bray;fSf;F Ml;gl;L/ g[yd;fspd; fth;r;rpapy;

    rpf;fp ka';Ffpd;w kaf;f epiyna khia

    vdg;gLtJ/ jd;Dila jttypikahy;

    g[yd;fth;r;rpapy;,Ue;J kPz;;L/ khiaia tpl;L

    tpyfp mwpit Md;khtpy; yapf;fr; bra;J

    mnjhL xd;whfp gpize;J yakhfpd;w

    epiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;wnghJjhd;/ me;j epiya[k;

    gpwHhky; ,Uf;Fk; nghJjhd; "hdk; vd;fpw

    tpHpg;g[ epiyapy; Md;kh vd;gJ ,af;fMw;wyhft[k;/ cly; Md;khtpw;F fUtpahft[k;

    ,Uf;fpd;w epiya[k;czug;gLk;.

    AoflaIl FkofAttUlvz;zpyh nfho mz;l';fs; nguz;l';fs;

    ,g;gpug";rk; njhd;Wtjw;F \y fhuzkhf

    tps';FtJ mog;gilahf ,Ug;gJ xUmqrf;jp.

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    mijna rpj;jh;fs; "hdpfs; gukhq vd;W

    brhy;fpwhh;fs;. gukhq vd;;gJ gphpf;f Koahj

    mq vd;gJ bghUs;. me;jg; gukhqnt gue;J

    tphpe;J fplf;fpd;w mz;l nguz;l';fis

    ,af;fpf;bfhz;oUf;fpd;wJ. mijna gukhj;kh

    vd;wdh;. mnj \y mqtpd;Mw;wny xt;bthU

    $Ptuhrpfspd; ,af;f';fSf;Fk; fhuzkhf

    tps';Ftjhy;$Pthj;kh vd;wdh;.

    Mfnt Md;kh vd;gJ msg;gwpa Mw;wy;kpf;fJ.

    me;j Mw;wy; ek;kplk; cs;sJ/ mJ

    cUtkhw;wJ. mjd; rf;jpia Mw;wiy

    czh;e;jth;fs; kl;Lnk gy;ntW mw;g[j';fs;

    epfH;j;j Koa[k;. ek;kplk; cs;s kfj;Jtk;tha;e;j Mw;wy; kpf;f Md;khtpd; rf;jpia

    czh;e;J mij ekf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jpf;

    bfhs;tJjhd;Mj;k"hdkhFk;.

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    Mdhy; ehk; ek;kplk; cs;s Md;khtpd;

    Mw;wiyg; g[hpe;J bfhs;shky; ek;kplk; cs;s

    Mw;wiy vg;go btspf;bfhzh;tJ vg;go

    ,af;FtJ vdj;bjhpe;J bfhs;shky;

    thH:f;ifapy; gytpj my;yy;fSf;F

    Mshfpnwhk;. ,g;gog;gl;l my;yy;fspypUe;J

    tpLjiy bgw Kad;W btw;wp fz;lth;fs;jhd;

    "hdpfSk;rpj;jh;fSk;.

    Aofl wkysIMd;kh mwptpd; bjspnt "hdk;. mJ mwk;/

    jtk; vd;fpw Kaw;rpa[s;sth;fl;nf fpilf;Fk;.

    jtg;gapw;rp/ jj;Jt';fspd; tpsf;f';fis

    mwpe;jth;fSf;nf mJ rhj;jpak;. mth;fs;kl;Lk;jhd; kw;wth;f;F bjhl;Lf;fhl;oa[k;/

    tpsf;fpf;Tw Koa[k;/ "hdj;ij mspf;f ,aYk;.

    v';nfnah btl;lbtspapy; njhd;wpaguhkhj;khtpy; njhd;wpaJkhd $Pthj;kh/

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    gukhj;khtpw;F Mjhuk; ,y;iy. mijna

    ts;syhh;/

    jha;tapw;wpy;gpwthJ jhnd Kisj;jikf;F

    bjz;ldpl;nld;vd;W brhy;yo

    vd;w ghly;\yk;mwpayhk;.

    $Pthj;khtpw;F gukhj;kh Mjhuk;. gukhj;khtpw;F

    $Pthj;khtpw;F vd;d Mw;wy; cz;nlh mnj

    Mw;wy; $Pthj;khtpYk; cz;L. gukhj;kh Xh;

    ,aw;if. mnjnghy gukhj;khtpy; njhd;wpa$Pthj;kht[k; ,aw;ifapd; TW. gukhj;khtpy;

    msg;gwpa Mw;wy;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mnjnghy

    $Pthj;khtpYk; cz;L. ,e;j $Pthj;khtpd;

    mg{h;t rf;jpia gad;gLj;Jtnj/ Mj;k "hdk;

    MFk;.

    ,ij mwpahky; ,f thH;f;ifapy; rpf;fp

    khiaf;F Ml;gl;L ekJ Md;khit gy

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    Jd;gj;jpw;F Mshf;Ffpnwhk;/

    cz;lhf;Ffpnwhk;. mjdhy; jhd; Md;khit

    Jd;g[Wj;jy;TlhJ. Md;kneak;ntz;Lk;vd;W

    rhd;nwhh;fs; typa[Wj;Jfpd;wdh;. Md;khit

    tijf;;f TlhJ/ Md;kh gy Jd;g';fSf;F

    Mshf;Ffpnwhk;/ cz;lhf;Ffpnwhk;.

    mjdhy;jhd; Md;khitj; Jd;g[Wj;jf;TlhJ

    Md;kneak; ntz;Lbkd;W rhd;nwhh;fs;

    typa[Wj;J fpd;wdh;. Md;khit tijf;fTlhJ/

    Md;kh gyJd;g';fSf;F mshfpd;wJ. mJvg;go vd;why;>

    flt[isj;njo mila Kad;Wk; mtdhy;

    flt[isf;fhz Koahj epiy.

    thH;tpy;tWikbaDk;gw;whf;Fiw.

    bra;fpd;w bray;fspd; tpist[fisg;

    gw;wp mwpahik/

    o mwpe;Jk; myl;rpak; bra;fpd;w

    epiy/

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    o mtkjpj;J mjdhy; Jd;gk;

    mDgtpf;Fk;epiy.

    Md;khtpd; kfj;Jtk; g[hpahky;/ gpwh; kPJ

    mr;rKk; gif/ Jd;g[Wj;jy;/

    nghd;wtw;why;my;yYWk;epiy.

    fhkk;/ Fnuhjk;/ nfhgk;/ nkhfk;/ kjk;/

    khr;rh;ak;/ lk;gk;/

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    jJk;gpf;bfhz;oUf;fpwJ. mjd; tpist[

    rpe;jid Xl;lk;gpwf;fpwJ/ rpe;jpf;fpwhd;/ Kaw;rp

    bra;fpwhd;/ Kaw;rpapd; tpist[ bray;fspy;

    ,w';fp Xuhst[ czut[k; bra;fpwhd;. mtd;

    braYf;nfw;w tpist[fisf;fhz;fpwhd;.

    kdpjdpd; beLe;J}ug; gazj;jpy; gurpe;jid

    thjpfs;/ rPh;jpUj;jthjpfs;/ ty;Ydh;fs;/ rpj;jh;

    bgUkf;fs; nghd;nwhh;fs; gy E}y;fs; vGjpa[k;/

    nghjidfs; Twpa[k; kdpjd; FiwghLfis

    KGikahf ePf;f Koatpy;iy/ fhuzk;kdpjd;

    rKjhak; vd;fpw r';fypg; gpizg;gpy; thH;e;J

    bfhz;oUf;fpd;whd;. ,Ug;gpd; FiwghLfs;

    vy;yhhplKk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. fhuzk; mtdpd;njit/ gHf;fk;/ mwptpd; tsh;r;rp/ re;jh;g;g

    NH;epiyfs; ,tidf;Fiw cs;stdhf

    Mf;FfpwJ. ,tw;wpy;mwptpy;rpwe;j rpyh;kl;Lk;

    rpe;jpf;fpwhh;fs;. fhuz/ fhhpa';fis gFj;J

    czUfpwhh;fs;. mjdhy; jd; mstpy; gapw;rp

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    bgw;W jd;Dila Fiwia ePf;fpf;

    bfhs;fpwhh;fs;. ,tw;iw czh;e;njhuhy;

    czh;j;jg;bgWfpwhh;fs; gyh;. ,g;go gyh;

    czh;e;Jk; cgnjrk; bgw;whYk; mth;fspy;

    gyngh; jh';fs; bgw;w tpsf;f';fSf;F Vw;g

    gHf;fj;ij khw;wpf;bfhs;Sk; mst[ Jzpt[

    bgWtjpy;iy. ,g;go rpy gHf;fj;jpw;F

    Md;khit kdpjd;moikahf;Ffpwhd;.

    xt;bthU kdpjDk; xd;iw kwe;JtpLfpwhd;.

    xt;bthU braYk; Md;khtpy;

    gjpg;gpf;fg;gLfpwJ. Mfnt ehk; gHpr;brhy;/

    ,Hpthd bray;/ nghd;w gjpt[fis Rj;jg;gLj;jp

    J}a;ikahf;fp guk;bghUnshL ,uz;lwf;fyf;fnt ek; cly; xU fUtpahfr;

    bray;gLfpwJ vd;gij kwe;J cz;ikfis

    czuhky; ,fthH;t[ khiaapy; cHd;W

    bfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. Md;kh mwpt[ Kjph;e;J

    rpe;jidapy; jhd; bjspt[ bgWk;nghJ

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    bjspe;jth; Rl;of;fhl;o czh;j;Jk; nghJ mwpt[

    tpHpg;g[ epiy milfpwJ. mijna ts;syhh;

    grpj;jpU/ jdpj;jpU/ tpHpj;jpU vd;W TWfpwhh;.

    grpj;jpU vd;why; vg;bghGJk; "hdg;grpnahL

    ,U vd;gjhFk;. jdpj;jpU vd;gJ khiaapy;

    g[yd;fis brYj;jhky; jdpj;jpU vd;gjhFk;;.

    tpHpj;jpU vd;gJ Md;kh khRglhky; tpHpg;nghL

    ,Ug;gJ vd;gjhFk;.

    Aofl ]aolMd;k "hdk; vd;whny kdpjid

    mjw;Fj;jFjpahf;Fk; rpwg;gwpt[ vd;gJ bghUs;.

    rpwg;gwpt[ vd;d vd;fpw tpsf;fj;ijg; bgWtnj

    "hdk;MFk;.

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    "hdpahf ntzL;k;/ "hdk; bgwntz;Lk;

    vd;gjw;fhf thH;f;ifia/ thH;f;ifj;Jizia

    mh;g;gzk;bra;aj; njitapy;iy.

    ,d;iwa kdpjd; thH;f;ifna ,ae;jpukak;/

    ,d;iwa cyfk; tp";"hd cyfk;/ njitfs;

    kpFe;J ,ae;jpurhjd';fs; El;gkhd fUtpfs;/

    thH;f;iff;F njitahd bghUl;fspd;mjpfhpg;g[

    ,it kpFe;J bfhz;nl nghfpd;wd. ,g;gog;gl;l

    ,f;fhyj;jpy; vy;nyhUk; "hdk; bgw Koa[kh

    vd;gJ vy;nyhh; kdjpYk; vGfpd;w kiyg;ghd

    nfs;tp. kiyg;g[j; njit ,y;iy. vy;nyhUk;

    "hdk;bgwKoa[k;.

    j';fs; j';fspd; flikfis flika[zh;nthL

    bra;J kfpH;nthL ,y;ywj;ija[k; brk;ikahf

    elj;jp ed;kf;fisg; bgw;W xGf;fj;jpYk;/

    mwj;jpYk;/ rpwe;jth;fshf gapw;Wtpj;J mjd;

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    \yk;FLk;gk;/ Ch;/ ehL/ cyfk; vd;w mstpy;

    mikjpahft[[k;/ ,d;gkhft[k;thHyhk;.

    Mj;k "hdk; vd;gJ Rlh;tpl;L gpufhrpf;Fk;

    tpsf;F/ ,Uz;l thH;f;iff;F tHpfhl;o. Mfnt

    xt;bthUtUk; Mj;k "hdk; bgw

    Kayntz;Lk;. ,ayhjth;fs; "hdpfs;

    tHpiag;gpd;gw;wp elf;f ntz;Lk;. J}a kdj;jhy;

    jhd; Mj;k "hdk; milaKoa[k;; vd;W

    typa[Wj;jpdh;. ehk; "hdk; bgw;whh; tHpiag;

    gpd;gw;wp mtu; mwpit jd;kakhf itj;Jf;

    bfhz;L ehk;Kiwaht[k;/ rpwg;ghft[k;thHyhk;.

    vdnt Mj;k "hdk;kl;Lnk thH;tpw;F cah;t[k;/

    ,d;gKk; mspf;Fk;. Md;k"hdk; bgw;why;

    ek;Kila thH;f;ifapy; Jd;g';fs;

    vy;yhtw;iwa[k;epth;j;jp bra;J bfhz;L/ btw;wp

    fz;L epk;kjpahf thHyhk;. Mj;k "hdj;ij

    Mz; bgz; ,UghyUk; milayhk]. mjpy;

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    ve;jj; jila[k; ,y;iy. ekf;F ntz;oaJ

    vy;yhk;/

    1. jplkhd kdk;

    2.

    MH;e;j ek;gpf;if3. mfj;jPrd; kPJ ghpg{uz ek;gpf;if itj;J

    mtdplk; ruziljy;

    4. ey;y vz;z';fs;/ vy;nyhUk; ed;whf

    thHntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zk;;. ehk;vg;nghJk;

    ekJ vz;zj;ij ghpRj;jkhf itj;Jf;bfhs;s ntz;Lk;. ghpRj;j kdk;

    ntz;Lkhdhy; ek; kdjpd; bray;ghLfis

    xG';F gLj;j ntz;Lk;.

    losk Akfla,iwtd; cyfpy; gy $Ptuhrpfisg; gilj;jhh;.

    84 yl;rk;; $Ptuhrpfs; vd;W TWth; rhd;nwhh;.

    Mdhy;ehk;mwpe;jJ vd;dnth xU E}W ,UE}W

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    vd;whny mjpfk;. ,jpny kdpjdpd; gilg;g[

    kpft[k;mhpa xd;W. mwpt[KGikaile;j xd;W

    vd;W brhy;fpd;wdh;"hdpfs;.

    7 tifgpwg;g[ 4 tifj;njhw;wk; 84 yl;rk;

    $Ptuhrpfs; midj;Jnk Md;khf;fs;

    Tl;lk;jhd;. Mdhy; ,tw;wpy; kdpjDf;F

    kl;Lnk rpwg;gwpt[cz;L. mijj;jhd;MwhtJ

    mwpt[ vd;W Md;nwhh;fs; TWfpd;wdh;.

    kdpjdhy; kl;Lnk jhd; ahh; vd;W mwpa[k;

    rpwg;ghw;wy; ,Ug;gjhy; kdpjd; kdpjdhfp

    g[dpjdhfp gpd; flt[s; Mfpd;w nguhw;wiyg;

    bgwKofpwJ. mjdhy; kdpjd;

    kpfr;rpwe;jtdhfg;nghw;wg;gLfpwhd;.

    fhuzfhhpa';fisf; fz;lwpa[k; Mw;wy; kdpj

    mwpt[f;F kl;Lnk cz;L. mjdhny jhd;cly;

    ,af;fk; vd;w fhhpaj;jpw;F g[yd; ,af;fk;

    fhuzk;/ g[yd; ,af;fk; vd;w fhhpaj;jpw;F

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    fhuzk; vz;zk;. ,g;go xt;bthd;iwa[k;

    fz;lwpa[k; Mw;wy; kdpj Md;kht[f;F cz;L.

    mjdhy;jhd; g[yd;fs; Ie;ija[k; fle;J mjw;F

    nky; brd;W xt;bthU epfH;r;rpf;Fk;/

    njhw;wj;jpw;Fk;fhuzk;vd;d fhhpak;vJ vd;W

    fz;L gpof;Fk; Mw;wy; Md;khtpw;F cz;L.

    g[yd;fs; fl;Lg;ghL eP';fpa Md;kh J}a

    Md;khthf khWfpwJ. me;j J}a

    Md;khthy;jhd; gpw caph;fs; bgWfpd;w

    Jd;g';ifs/ ,d;g';fis/ mtw;wpd;czh;r;rpfspd; mst[fis fzpj;J ,w';fp

    cjt[k; fUiza[s;sk; bgwKofpwJ. kdpjdpd;

    cly; fUtpfSf;Fj; njitahf Jizahf

    gytpjkhd Ma[j';fs;/ ,ae;jpu';fisf; fz;L

    gpoj;J gad;gLj;j jFjp bgw;wJk; kdpj

    Md;khjhd;. jd;,dk;njhd;wptHptHpahf gl;l

    mDgt';fspd;gpujpgypg;ghf kdpj thH;f;ifia

    tskhf;Fk; Mw;wYk; ,nj kdpj Md;khtpw;F

    cz;L.

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    gynfho caphpd';fs; thGfpd;w ,e;j g{kpna

    cyfk;. ,e;j cyfj;ijg;nghd;W vj;jidnah

    cyfk; vj;jidnah nfhs:fs; mz;l

    nguz;l';fs; bfhz;l gpug";rkhf cs;sJ.

    ,e;jg; gpug";rj;jpy; kdpjd; vd;gtd; rpW mq

    nghd;wtd; jhd;. nghpaf;f kz;lyj;jpy; kdpj

    Md;kh mqnghd;wJ. ,Ue;jhYk; kdpj

    Md;khjhd;

    ,e;j gpug";rj;ij mspf;fpwJ.

    nghpaf;f kz;lyj;jpd; xg;gw;w rf;jpfis

    fz;Lgpof;fpwJ.

    nghpaf;f kz;lyj;jpd; mirt[fisf;Tl

    fzf;fpl;Lf;Tw KofpwJ.

    nfhs;fspd; njhw;w';fisa[k;/ mjd;

    r";rhuj;ija[k;el;rj;jpuf;Tl;l';fisa[k;

    bray;ghLfisa[k;fzf;fpl KofpwJ.

    nghpaf;f kz;ly ,af;fj;jpd; Mw;wy;fis

    vy;yhk; kdpj Md;kh fzf;fpLk; Mw;wiyg;

    bgw;Ws;sJ vd;why; ,e;j kdpj Md;khtpw;F

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    nghpaf;f kz;lyj;ijg;nghd;w khbgUk; Mw;wy;

    cs;sJ vd;gij mwpa KofpwJ. me;j Mw;wy;

    ,y;iybad;why;nghpaf;f kz;ly epfH;r;rpfis

    mwpa KoahJ. kdpj Md;kh kfj;jhd rf;jp

    bgw;wJ. rpwg;g[g; bgw;wJ. mjdhy; jhd;

    nfhs;fspy;eilbgWk; ,af;f';fisa[k;/ mjpy;

    fhqk; njhw;wf';isa[k;/ Fz';fisa[k;/

    fz;lwpe;J rpwg;ghf Md;kh thH;fpwJ. mjd;

    rpwg;ig kdpj Md;kh kl;Lnk czh;fpwJ.

    mjdhy; jhd; kdpj Md;kh ,aw;ifg;gpug";rj;ij czh;e;J nghw;wp tHpgl;L mjpy;

    fyf;f Kaw;rpf;fpwJ. kdpjd; xUtnd ,e;j

    ,aw;ifapd; nguhw;wy; cz;ikia

    czh;e;jtd;. mwptpd; tsh;r;rp ghpzhkj;jpny

    kdpj mwpnt Kothd cr;rkhd

    Koitj;jUfpwJ. kdpj mwptpnyjhd;nghpaf;f

    kz;ly epfH;r;rpfis mwpaKofpwJ. nghpaf;f

    kz;lyj;jpd; Kot[fs; Tl kdpj mwptpny

    r';fkkhfpwJ. mj;jifa mwpt[ clw;TW

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    bgw;wtnd kdpjd;. mtd; jd; Md;khit

    czh;fpd;w J}a nguwpnt "hdk;.

    Md;kh jdJ jPa gjpt[fis ePf;fpg;

    guk;bghUis czh;e;J kPz;Lk; gpwthj tHp

    czh;e;J fiunawnt cliy fl;of;bfhz;lJ.

    mijf;fhj;Jk; tUfpwJ. g[yd;fshy; rpf;fpj;

    jtpj;J fl;Lz;L khia vd;fpw tpy';fpd;thapy;

    mfg;gl;L mwpt[ bjspt[ mw;w epiyapy;

    brayhw;Wk; mnj rkak; mJnt jd;Dila

    gl;lwpthy; bjspe;j mwpt[ bgw;W bjspe;j

    epiyapYk;brayhw;Wfpd;wJ.

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    55

    Kisj;jtu;f;F bjz;ldpl;nld; vd;W brhy;yo

    vd;w ghly;\yk;bjhl;Lfhl;loaij mwpayhk;.

    $Pthj;khtpw;F gukhj;kh Mjhuk;. gukhj;khtpw;F

    vd;d Mw;wy; cz;nlh mnj Mw;wy;

    $Pthj;khtpYk; cz;L. gukhj;kh Xh; ,aw;if.

    mnjnghy gukhj;khtpy;njhd;wpa $Pthj;kht[k;

    ,aw;ifapd; TW. gukhj;khtpy; msg;gwpa

    Mw;wy;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mnjnghy

    $Pthj;khtpYk; cz;L. ,e;j $Pthj;khtpd;

    mg{h;t rf;jpia gad;gLj;Jtnj Mj;k "hdk;

    MFk;.

    ,ij mwpahky; ,f thH;f;ifapy; rpf;fp

    khiaf;F Ml;gl;L ekJ Md;khit gy

    Jd;gj;jpw;F Mshf;Ffpnwhk;. mjdhy; jhd

    Md;khit Jd;g[Wj;jy; TlhJ.

    Md;khittijf;ff;TlhJ. Mdhy; Md;kh

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    gyJd;g';fSf;F mshfpd;wJ. mJ vg;go

    vd;why;>

    1. flt[isj;njo mila Kad;Wk; mtdhy;

    flt[isf;fhz Koahj epiy/

    2. thH;tpy;tWikbaDk;gw;whf;Fiw/

    3. bra;fpd;wbray;fspd;tpist[fisg;gw;wp

    mwpahik. mwpe;Jk; myl;rpak;

    bra;fpd;w epiy/ mtkjpj;J mjdhy;

    Jd;gk;mDgtpf;Fk;epiy.

    4. Md;khtpd; kfj;Jtk; g[hpahky;/ gpwh; kPJ

    mr;rKk;gif/ Jd;g[Wj;jy;/ nghd;wtw;why;

    my;yYWk;epiy.

    nkw;fz;l Fiwfs; xd;nwhblhd;W ,ize;J

    thH;f;ifapy; gytpj rpf;fy;fSf;F Mshfp

    mtw;iw yFthfj;jPh;f;f Koahky;jtpj;J jhd;

    Jd;g[w;W/ gpwiuj; Jd;g[Wj;jpa[k; thH;fpwhd;.

    ,g;gog;gl;l rpf;fyhd ,f;fl;lhd NH;epiy

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    tUfpwnghJ kdpjd; bjhpe;njh/ bjhpahknyh

    ,e;j ,f;fl;oypUe;J tpLjiy bgwntz;Lk;vd

    Kay;fpwhd;. xt;bthU $Pthj;khtplKk; Fiw

    eP';fp KGik bgwntz;Lk; vd;w Mh;tk;

    jJk;gpf;bfhz;oUf;fpwJ. mjd; tpist[

    rpe;jid Xl;lk;gpwf;fpwJ. rpe;jpf;fpwhd;. Kaw;rp

    bra;fpwhd;. Kaw;rpapd; tpist[ bray;fspy;

    ,w';fp Xuhst[ czut[k; bra;fpwhd;. mtd;

    braYf;nfw;w tpist[fisf;fhz;fpwhd;. Mj;k

    "hdk; ,g;nghJ mtDf;F g[yg;glMuk;gpf;fpwJ.

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    3 wlpfhfwha:yfbtl;lbtspjhd; cz;ikahd bka;g;bghUs;.mg;bghUspny ehDk; ,Uf;fpnwd; vd;W

    czh;e;J btl;lbtspapny njhd;wpa

    caphpd';fs; mj;jida[k; vd; cld;

    gpwe;njhh;fns vd;w mf czh;t[ gpwe;J ve;j

    caphpd';fSf;Fk; Jd;gk; mspf;ff;TlhJ/

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    Jd;gg;gLfpd;w caph;fs; kPJ fUiz fhl;o,d;gj;Jld; thGk; thH;f;ifjhd; tPLngW

    MFk;. ,ij mila[k;$Ptd;jhd;Md;khthFk;.

    btl;lbtsp bgUbtspahfpa bka;g;bghUisna

    thdk; vd;Wk; thd; vd;Wk; TWth;. tPL ngW

    bgw;wth;fis thd; + mth;/ thdth; vd;W

    TWth;. njth; vd;Wk; TWth;. jhd; + mth/;

    jd;id mtuhff; fz;l fhuzj;jhy; jhdth;/jiytd; vd;Wk; TWth;. jdJ gue;j mwpthy;

    vg;bghGJk; btl;l btsp bka;bghUSld;

    ,izj;J rjhfhyk; epidt[k; braYkhf

    ,Uf;fpd;wth;fSf;F mth;fspd; cs;sj;jpd;

    epiy Rth;f;fk; (Rth; + mfk;). Rth; vd;why;

    nghpd;gk;. fLe;jtj;jpd; \yk; Md;khthdJ

    jd;dpiy tpsf;fk; bgWfpwJ/ mg;go tpsf;fk;

    bgWfpd;w J}a epiyiaj;jhd; "hdk;

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    vd;fpd;wdh;. ,e;j KGik ngw;iwna

    rhd;nwhh;fs;tPLngW vd;Wk;TWfpd;wdh;.

    tPL vd;why; ,lk; my;yJ Mjhuk; vd;W bgah;.

    fhuzk; ,y;yhky; fhhpak; gpwg;;gjpy;iy.

    Mjhuk; ,y;yhky; Mnjak; gpwg;gjpy;iy. ve;j

    njhw;wj;jpw;Fk; xU Mjhuk;

    ,Ue;njahfntz;Lk;. mJnghy; Md;khtpw;Fk;

    Xh; Mjhuk; ,Ue;jhfntz;Lk;. mjw;F Mjhuk;

    vJ ,lk;Mf cs;sJ vd Muha;e;jhy;Kothf

    ekf;Ff; fpilf;Fk; tpil ve;j MjhuKk;

    ,y;yhj xU bghUns vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk;

    Mjhukhft[k;,lkhft[k;,Ug;gJ czug;bgWk;.

    cjhuzkhf nfhapy;nky; fyrk; ,Uf;fpwJ.fyrj;jpw;F nfhapy;nfhg[uk;Mjhukhf cs;sJ/

    nfhg[uj;jpw;F g{kp Mjhukhf cs;sJ. g{kpf;F

    btl;lbtsp ,lkhf cs;sJ. btl;lbtspf;F

    Mjhuk;,Uf;fpwjh/ ,y;iy. mjd;moKoiaf;

    fhzKoahJ vd;gij tpsf;fnt mfj;jpaUk;/

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    ghug;gh moKoa[e;njog;nghd

    gjpthd khyaD';fhzh bud;W

    neug;gh ntj Kiuj;jpl;l bra;jp

    ePs;g[tpapy;ahth;f;Fk;ciuj;jpl;l bra;jp

    brst[[kpa rhfuk]118

    btl;lbtspia msf;f ,ayhJ vd;gij

    tpsf;fnt jpUkhy;gd;wp mtjhuk;vLj;J rptd;ghjj;ijf;fhzr; brd;whh; vd;t[k;/ gpuk;kh

    md;dg;gl;rp totk; bfhz;L rptd;Ko fhz

    nkny brd;whh;vdt[k;fij \yk;brhd;dhh;fs;.

    btl;lbtsp vd;why; mjw;bfd;W Mjhuk;

    ,y;iy. Mfnt mJ KjyhfpwJ.

    mjpypUe;Jjhd; njhw;wg;bghUs;

    njhd;wpapUf;fntz;Lk;. vdnt btl;l btspna

    MjpahdJ. mjw;F ntW Mjhuk; ,y;yhjjhy;

    mJnt mehjpahdJ. btl;lbtsp vd;fpw

    tPl;od;,af;f rf;jpahy;mfk;njhd;wp/ mfj;jhy;

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    ,d;gk; njhd;wp gpd;du; nghpd;g cs;sj;ijg;

    bgw;wth;fns Rth;fnyhf thrpfs; vd;gjhFk;.

    btl;lbtspjhd;bka;g;bghUs;vd;gjw;F/

    bka;g;bghUs;fz;L tps';Fk;bka;"hdpf;F

    fw;g';fs;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    fhzhkw;fz;L fUj;njhL ,Ug;nghh;f;F

    tPzhir VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    epj;jpiu bfl;L epidnthL ,Ug;nghh;f;F

    Kj;jpiu VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    je;jpukhd jye;jd;dpy;epw;nghhf;F

    ke;jpuk;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    Kj;jkpH;fw;W Ka';Fk;bka;"hdpf;F

    rj;j';fs; VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    cr;rpf;F nky;brd;W cah;btsp fhz;nghh;f;F

    ,r;rpg;gp';FVJf;fo>Fjk;gha;

    ntfhky;bte;J btspapidf;fhz;nghh;f;F

    nkhfhe;jk;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    rhfhky;jhz;o jdptHp nghnthh;f;F

    Vfhe;jk;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    Mde;jk;bgh';fp mwpnthL ,Ug;nghh;f;F

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    J}de;jhd;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    rpj;jpuf;Tlj;ij jpdk;jpdk;fz;nlhh;f;F

    gj;jpuk;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    jd;id mwpe;J jiytidr;nrh;e;njhh;f;Fg;

    gpd;dhir VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    brj;jhiug;nghyj;jphpa[k;bka;"hdpf;F

    ifj;jhsk;VJf;fo> Fjk;gha;

    -Fjk;igr;rpj;jh;

    gpwg;gpd; Mjpiaa[k; Koita[k; mwpe;j

    "hdpfSf;F vJt[nk njitapy;iy vd;gij

    tpsf;fnt Fjk;igr;rpj;jh; nkw;fz;l ghly;

    \yk; tpsf;fp TWtijf; fhzyhk;.

    cz;ikahd bghUspd; tpsf;fj;ij Md;kh

    mwpa[k;nghJjhd; ek;Kila kaf;fkhd khia

    ek;ik tpl;L tpyFfpwJ. mg;nghJjhd;

    bghUshf ,Uf;Fk; xd;iw bghUshff; fUJk;

    bka;a[zh;t[k;Vw;gLfpd;wJ.

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    Sdtiof Wofhiof paaf?vz;zpyh nfho mz;l nguz;l';fspd;,af;fk;/

    nfhlhd nfho mqf;fs;/ mqf;fs;bjhFg;ghd

    $Ptuhrpfs; midj;jpYk; cs;Sk;/ g[wKk;/

    nkYk;/ btspa[k; mJtjpy; caph;rf;jpahf

    tps';Fk;nguhw;wny ,iwtd;.

    ,ijts;syyhh;bgUkhd;brhy;Yk;nghJ/

    Fyt[nguz;lg;gFjpnahh;mde;j

    nfho nfhofSk;M';fh';nf

    epytpa gpz;lg;gFjpfs;KGJk;

    epfH;e;j gw;gy bghUs;jpuSk;

    tpyFwhJ mfj;Jk;g[wj;Jk;nkyplj;Jk;

    bka;awp thde;jk;tps';f

    myFwhJ xHpahJ mJtjpy;tps';Fk;

    mUl;bghU";nrhjp vd;munr.

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    vd;W brhy;fpwhh;. ,e;j khbgUk; ,af;f

    rf;jpahd ,iwtd; kdk; vd;Dk;

    khaf;fUtpahy; gpwe;jJ Kjy; ,wf;fpd;w tiu

    ekJ clk;ig ,af;fpf;bfhz;oUf;fpwhh;. ,e;j

    ,af;f rf;jp ekJ clypy;vg;gor;bray;gLfpwJ

    vd mwpe;J mnj,af;f rf;jpia ehk;czh;e;Jme;j rf;jpia ek;Kila cliya[k;/ capiua[k;

    ngzg;gad;gLj;Jk; tHptiffis bjhpe;J

    bfhs;tnj Md;k"hdk;.

    msius_jlfmsius_jl WohfhGiK Aks cu FBisofixiel. msil Wofjst wiggwiyspseuS:nfK cu FBiao msimjkspsuf ekaoftspDgeu losk Dgu. cumjkspsof FBkofdlep msimjks Spjjl. wiggwiyspseuS:nfK ekaoftsp cu FBiao msius_jlDglwhGkK Miamj jattauf Ax, Cxlxjstaof. FKkaof rkK WofT M:_jmwmaufjstaa.

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    losk Dgu kaof msius_jl. msius_j kaoflosk Dgu. Snfk hs;h]fm M[tmspsuf ^lsPlM[ofT wjabfx:jjstK. M[ofT wjabfx:jjst^lspsuf ia{l loskOl M[Ujstaof. M[ofTwjabfG S:jjst Snfk loskdoDgja;dikK M[u isggauf msius_jixikfekaG jabhhGiaof.Ktis Stnfk hsofH mlakspsof eluf us_jkdkdikK i[shGjstaafjy. mlaks WoftaufAkspseu mll WofhK wha:y. msilplapAjsisggaa Woft rTjsoftoaf. msilplWoftaeu wiggwiys e

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    vd;fpnwhk;. ,Jnt gukhqthFk;. mnj nghy

    kdpj $Ptd; cUthtjw;F ,uz;L \y

    mqf;fs; fhuzkhf tps';Ffpd;wd. rptk;

    vd;fpd;w Mz; Rf;fpyg;g[Gt[k;/ rf;jp vd;fpw

    bgz;Rf;fpyg[Gt[k;. ,uz;od;fyg;gpdhy;$Ptd;

    cw;gj;jpahfpwJ. gukhqtpdhy; g";rg{jk;

    cz;lhdJ. mjd; fyg;ghy; $Ptuhrpfs;

    cz;lhapw;W. $Ptuhrpfns g";rg{j fyg;gpd;

    Mw;wiyf;bfhz;ljhFk;.

    Dpsuf mjksclypd; cs;ns capy; rf;jpahdJ mjhtJ

    btl;lbtspapny cs;s Mw;wy;fs;

    gpuhztha[tpd; \yk; \r;Rf; fhw;why; clypd;cs;ns ,Gf;fg;gl;L nfhof;fzf;fhd ekJ

    cly; mqf;fSf;F Mw;wiyf; bfhLj;J

    cliy ,af;f itf;fpwJ. ,g;go ,af;Ffpd;w

    me;j rf;jpiaj;jhd; RUf;fkhf capy; rf;jp

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    vd;fpnwhk;. clypd; cs;ns capy;rf;jpahdJ

    RHd;W ,a';Fk;nghJ me;je;j clypd;

    mqf;TWfSf;F Vw;g caphpd; rpwg;ghw;wyhf

    vGk; tpist[fns czh;r;rpfs;. ,e;j

    czh;r;rpfisj; Ja;j;J capuhdJ bgUk;

    cz;ikj; bjspt[/ mwpt[/ my;yJ "hdk;vdg;gLk; rPtdpd; gpwg;gpw;Fk; ,wg;gpw;Fk;

    ,ilna eilbgw;w bjhlh;gaznk

    thH;f;ifahFk;.

    ,y;iyah>

    vd;gij mwpa Koa[k;. Mfnt caph; cly;,uz;ila[k; ,izj;J itf;fpd;w xg;gw;w

    fUtpna Md;kh vdg;gLtJ. ,e;j ,uz;Lk;

    mjhtJ clYk;/ capUk;nrh;e:J bray;gLfpd;w

    xU bghUisj;jhd;rPtd;vd;fpnwhk;.

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    clypd; cs;ns caph] rf;jpahdJ btl;l

    btspapny cs;s Mw;wy;fis gpuhztha[tpd;

    \yk; \r;Rf; fhw;why; clypd; cs;ns ,Gj;J

    nfhof;fzf;fhd ekJ cly; mqf;fSf;F

    Mw;wiyf;bfhLj;J cliy ,af;f itf;fpwJ.

    ,g;gog;gl;l mqj;jpus;fshshd

    ,g;gpug";rj;jpy; ,Ue;J kdpj $Ptd; cw;gj;jp

    MfpwJ.

    Mjpapny ,g;gpug";rg; gilg;g[f;F \ykhdJ

    ,uz;L rf;jpjhd;. mijj;jhd; rptrf;jp

    vd;fpnwhk;. ,Jnt gukhqthFk;. mnj nghy

    kdpj $Ptd; cUthtjw;F ,uz;L \y

    mqf;fs; fhuzkhf tps';Ffpd;wd. rptk;vd;fpd;w Mz; Rf;fpyg;g[Gt[k;/ rf;jp vd;fpw

    bgz; Rnuhzpjg;g[Gt[k; ,uz;od; fyg;gpdhy;

    $Ptd; cw;gj;jpahfpwJ. ,g;go ,af;Ffpd;w

    me;j rf;jpiaj;jhd; RUf;fkhf caph] rf;jp

    my;yJ $Ptd;; vd;fpnwhk;. ,e;j ,uz;Lk;

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    4 lolkdk; ,uz;L tifg;gLtJ xd;W g[wkdk;

    (btspkdk;). ,d;bdhd;W cs;kdk;.

    btspkdkhdJ gytpj Mir/ ghr';fshy;

    cl;gl;lJ. mjDila Jizth;fshd g[yd;fs;

    bka;/ tha;/ fz;/ fhJ/ \f;F/ brtp Mfpa Ie;J

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    g[yd;fs; jhd; ek;Kila btspkdij

    Ml;og;gilf;Fk;. gytpjkhd Rf';fis

    mDgtpf;fj; J}z;Lk;. ,jd; \yk; gy

    ,d;dy;fs; neUk;. !;ghpr Rfk;/ jPz;ly;

    ,d;gj;ijj; njhw;Wtpf;Fk;. njfk; kdpjidj;

    jtwhd ghijapy; nghfr;bra;a[k;. ,jpypUe;J

    tpLgl Kaw;rpf;f ntz;Lk;. fz;/ tha;/ ,J

    kpfg;bghy;yhjJ. kdpjDf;F kpfkpf

    Kf;fpakhdJ. ,e;j fz; ghh;g;gJ vy;yhk;

    mDgtpf;f ntz;Lk; vd;w Miriaj;J}z;LtJk;/ mwpit tsh;f;f gog;gJk;

    ,f;fz;fns/ MH;kdija[k; ghh;itapy; ghh;j;J

    kdjpy; gjpaitf;Fk; kpfKf;fpakhd

    mitakhFk;. \f;F/ thridfis mDgtpg;

    gJld; kdfpsh;r;rpfisa[k; Vw;glj;j ,e;j

    cWg;g[bray;gLk;. brtp/ ,J nfl;gjw;fhf

    ,d;dpir kw;Wk; ngr;Rf;fs;/ gy

    tptfhu';fisa[k;/ ey;yJ/ bfl;lJ

    nfl;fKoa[k;. ,g;go Ik;g[yd;fs; tHpahf

    kdkhdJ murhl;rp bra;J kdpjid

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    ey;yJ/bfl;lJ/ ,d;gk;/ Jd;gk; vd;W Ml;og;

    gilf;Fk;. Mfnt ,e;j btspkdk;

    ml';fpdhy;jhd;cs;kdk;jpwf;Fk;.

    cs;kdkhdJ vija[k; bra;af;ToaJ. mjw;F

    ey;yit bfl;lit bjhpahJ. btspkdk;vd;d

    brhy;fpwnjh mij mg;gona bra;a[k; my;yJ

    epiwntw;wptpLk; rf;jp ,jw;F cz;L.

    cs;kdjpd; Mw;wy; mghukhdJ. ,jd;

    rf;jpfis vGj;jhy; mstpl;Lf;Tw KoahJ.

    gytpjkhd Mghr/ jPa vz;z';fis mfw;wp

    ekf;F vJ njitnah mij czh;t[g;g{h;tkhf

    cs; kdJf;Fj; bjhpag; gLj;jp tpl;lhy;

    cs;kdk; mij mg;gona epiwntw;wp tpLk;Mw;wy;gilj;jJ.

    Ik;g[yd;fshy; Ml;og; gilf;Fk; btspkdij

    mlf;Ftjw;Fjhd;/ \r;Rgapw;rp/ jpahdk;/

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    ke;jpu';fs;/ ghuhaz';fs; Kjypad

    bra;antz;Lk;. Kjypy;btspkdij xUepiyg;

    gLj;j ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; btw;wp bgw;why;

    cs;kdjpy; ekJ ntz;Lnfhis brhy;tJ

    kpfr;Rygk;.

    btspkdij mlf;fr; rhd;nwhh;fs; ,uz;L

    cghaj;ijf; ifahz;lhh;fs;. xd;W jj;Jt

    hPjpahf ,J ,jdhy; jPikahfnt ,ijj;

    js;sptpl ntz;Lk; vd;W jd;Dila

    mwpt[g;g{h;tkhd rpe;jidapy; xt;bthU jPa

    vz;z';fis xJf;fp/ kdij jd;Dila

    mwptpd;fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs;bfhz;Lte;jhh;fs;.

    ,d;bdhd;W ml';fhj fhisia mlf;Ftjw;F

    bra;fpd;w cgak;nghy ml';fhj kdij mlf;f

    \r;R gapw;rp bra;J \r;Rf;fhw;iw mlf;fpj; jd;

    fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs;bfhz;L te;jhh;fs;. kdjpw;Fk;/

    Rthrj;jpw;Fk;/ ,ilbtsp ,y;yhj bjhlh;g[z;L.

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    kdk; ve;j mst[ bray;gLfpwnjh me;j mst[

    \r;Rf; fhw;wpd; mst[k; bray;gLk;. Mfnt

    kdkl';fpdhy; \r;R ml';Fk;. \r;rl';fpdhy;

    kdk;ml';Fk;vd;gjhFk;.

    kdpjd; rKjhak; vd;fpd;w gpizg;gpy;

    mfg;gl;Lf; bfhz;Ls;shd;. mtd; md;whlk;

    gy;ntW tpra';fis re;jpf;f ntz;oa

    NH;epiyf; ifjpahfp thGfpwhd;. Mfnt

    mtDf;F rpe;jpj;J kdij mwpt[g;g{h;tkhfr;

    brYj;jp kdkl';fr; bra;tJ vspjhd

    fhhpakpy;iy. fhuzk; nahrpg;gjw;F fhyk;

    nghJtJ ,y;iy.

    Mfnt jw;fhy NH;epiyapy; \r;R gapw;rpapd;

    \yk;jhd; kdij mlf;f ntz;oa fl;lha

    epiyapy; cs;shd;. rpj;jh;fs; kdij

    ghpgf;Ftk; bra;tjd; \yk; "hdj;ijg;

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    bgwKoa[k; vd;W czh;e;J bjhpe;J mjw;F

    m#;lh';f nahfk; vd;W vl;l tifahd

    gapw;rpfis tFj;Jf; bfhLj;Js;shh;fs;.

    xUtd; j';f Mguzk; bra;a ntz;Lbkd;why;

    ciyapy;,l;L fha;r;rp j';fj;ij/ jfLfshf;fp/

    fk;gpfshf;fp/ gf;Ftkhf brJf;fp/ Mguzk;

    bra;fpd;whnd. mJnghy kdija[k;/

    cliya[k;/ nahfj;jpd; \yk; gf;Ftg;gLj;jp

    "hdk; bgw cfe;j tHpfisf; ifahz;lhh;fs;

    kf;fSf;Fk; gy;ntWtpjkhd nahf E}y;fs;\yKk; brhy;ypa[s;shh;fs;. Mfnt jFe;j

    gapw;rpapd; \yk; g[yd;fis btsp

    tptfhu';fspy; nghftpl;L Mjpf;fk;

    brYj;jtplhky; g[yd;fis bty;tjw;Fg;

    gapw;rpfs;Kiwfs;fz;Lgpoj;jhh;. mjd;\yk;

    Rthrk; jhdhff; fl;Lg;gLk;. Rthrk;

    fl;Lg;gLk;nghJ kdRk; fl;Lg;gLk;. kdk;

    fl;Lg;ghl;oy;,Uf;fpd;wth;fns rpwe;j nahfpfs;.

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    mij mfj;jpah;TWk;nghJ/

    kdkJ brk;ikahdhy;ke;jpuk;brgpf;fntz;lhk;/

    kdkJ brk;ikahdhy;thrpia epWj;j ntz;lhk;

    kdkJ brk;ikahdhy;thrpia cah;j;j ntz;lhk;kdkJ brk;ikahdhy;ke;jpuk;brk;ikahFnk

    nkw;fz;l ghly; \yk; kdj;jpwk;

    bfhz;lth;fSf;F vJt[k; ve;j gapw;rpa[k;

    njitapy;iy vd;W TWtjpypUe;J kdijbrk;ikahf itj;J thH gHfpf;bfhs;s

    ntz;Lk;. vJt[k; gHf;fkhfp gpd;g[ tHf;fkhfp

    khWfpwJ. Mfnt ey;y tHf;fkhf thH

    KaYnthk;.

    kdk; jd;trkhf ,Ue;J Ml;og; gilj;jjhy;

    kdpjd;vd;W bgah;te;jJ. kdJ +jd;vd;gJ

    jhd; kdpjd;. mnjnghy; ehd; vd;w Mztk;

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    nknyh';fp ,Ue;jtid eu + mfk;/ eu mfk;

    bfhz;ljhy; eud; vd;Wk; bgah; cz;lhapw;W.

    ,d;bdhd;W eufk;vd;W Vd;bgah;cz;lhapw;W

    vd;why;/ ehd;/ vdJ vd;kf;fs;/ vd;bghUs;/ vd;

    M!;jp/ vd;W FWfpa tl;lj;jpw;Fs; rpf;Fz;LmtDila mwpthdJ bray;gLk;nghJ fhkk;/

    Fnuhjk;/ nfhgk;/ nkhfk;/ kjk;/ khr;rh;ak;/

    lk;gk;/

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    3. rKjha mikg;g[ ePjp mwbewp.

    4. murh';fk;.

    nkw;fz;l epiyfspy; kdpj Md;khthdJ gl;L

    bjsptila[k; bjspt[jhd; thH;itca;tpf;fty;yJ. Jd;g';fis fise;J

    ,d;gj;ijf; ju ty;yJ. nkw;fz;l epiyfspy]

    btw;wp fhznt rhd;nwhh;fs; ey;y E}y;fis

    vGjp rpwg;ghf thH tHp tiffisr; Twpr;

    brd;whh;fs;. mtw;wpy; fij thapyhff;

    TWfpd;w E}y;fs; gftj;fPij nghd;wJ.

    fw;gidahff;TWk; fijfs; rpy ,uhkhazk;

    nghd;w fhtpa';fs;. ,j;jifa E}y;fis

    gog;gjpd; \yKk; thH;f;if mDgt';fspd;

    \yKk;gapd;W mwbewp gpwHhJ rj;jpak;/ jh;kk;/

    ePjp/ vd;fpd;w xG';F Kiwapy; cWjpahd

    gHf;fj;ij filgpoj;J thH;e;jhy; kdpjDila

    thH;t[rpwg;ghft[k;/ ,d;gkhft[k;/ mikjpahft[k;

    mika[k;. ,Jnt Md;kPf gazj;jpw;F

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    jpwt[nfhyhf mika[k;. ,e;j cah; bewpna

    Md;kPf thH;t[ vd;W Twyhk;. Md;khtpd;

    epiyawpe;J mjd; ,ay;iga[k; czh;e;J

    vz;zk;/ brhy;/ bray; ,tw;why; mwbewp

    gpwHhJ thH;e;J tUtJ Md;kPf thH;thFk;.

    ,g;go mwbewp nghw;wp xGfp thH;tjhy; Md;kh

    J}a;ik bgw;W KGik milfpwJ. ,J xU

    rpwg;ghd Md;kPfg; gazk; vd;W Twyhk;.

    jd;Dila mwptpd; bjspthy; ,g;go thH;f;if

    nkw;bfhs;tjhy; ,tw;iw xUtif Md;k"hdk;vd;W bfhs;syhk;. Md;kPf thH;t[ jhd;

    Md;k "hdj;ij jUk;. ,jw;F jdpkdpj

    xGf;fk; kpf kpf Kf;fpak;. jdpkdpj xGf;fk

    Md;k "hdj;jhy; kl;Lnk bgw Koa[nk jtpu

    kw;w bray;ghLfshy; bgw KoahJ. jdpkdpj

    xGf;fnk xg;gw;w xGf;fkhd rKjhakhf khw

    cjt[k;vd;gjpy;Iakpy;iy.

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    mwtHp gpwHhJ thGk; bka;"hd tpsf;fj;jpd;

    \ynk jdpkdpj xGf;fk;tsUk;. cyf kf;fs;

    eyk;ngz Koa[k;. bka;"hd tpsf;fk; vd;fpw

    Md;k mwptpd;bjspnt "hdk;. mJ mwk;/ jtk;

    vd;fpw Kaw;rpa[s;sth;fl;nf fpilf;Fk;.

    jtg;gapw;rp/ jj;Jt';fspd; tpsf;f';fis

    mwpe;jth;fSf;nf mJ rhj;jpak;. mth;fs;

    kl;Lk;jhd; kw;wth;f;F bjhl;Lf;fhl;oa[k;/

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    ,aYk;.

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    vd;W TWfpnwhk;. vz;zk; vd;gJ kdjpd; xU

    rf;jp MFk;. btl;lbtsp btspa[yfpy;g[wg;bghUsplk;Mfh;#zk;vd;w fth;e;jpGf;Fk;

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    ,aw;ifapy;vy;iyaw;w Mw;wy;ml';fpa[s;sd.

    ,aw;ifahd ,e;j ,aw;iff; fs";rpaj;

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    fpufpj;J vLj;Jf; bfhs;fpwJ. mt;tpjk; fpufpj;j

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    jdf;Fhpajhf Mf;fpf;bfhs;fpwJ. gpwF me;jr;

    rf;jpia mJ vz;z';fshf btspna

    brYj;JfpwJ. ,e;j rf;jp ekJ cztpd;

    \yKk;/ Rthrpf;fpd;w fhw;wpd; \yKk;/

    cztpd; \yk; cly; ,af;fk;eilbgWtJnghy/ ,Jnghynt mnj cztpd;

    \yk; Nl;rkkhd ntW rf;jpfSk; cz;L

    gz;zg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j Nl;Rk rf;jpfis mJ

    ehk; vz;z';fs; vd;W brhy;Yk; totj;jpy;

    btspna Js;SfpwJ. Mfnt kdk; vd;W

    brhy;yg;gLtJ mwpt[s;sjy;y vd;gij

    mwpfpnwhk;. Mdhy; mJ mwpt[s;sJ nghy;

    njhd;WfpwJ. mt;tpjk; mJ njhd;Wthjw;F

    vd;d fhuzk;> vd;why;mwpt[s;s Md;kh mjd;

    gpd;dhy;,Uf;fpwJ. cz;ikapy;Md;kh xd;nw

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    xd;W kl;Lk;jhd; mwpt[g; bghUshf ,Uf;fpwJ.

    kdk; vd;gJ btspa[yfj;ij Md;kh

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    ,Uf;fpwJ. cjhuzkhf ,e;jg; g[j;jfj;ij

    vLj;Jf;bfhs;nthk;. g[wj;jpy; g[j;jfk; vd;w

    totj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;jg;bghUis

    cz;ikapy; ehk; mwpe;J bfhs;tjpy;iy.

    mwpe;J bfhs;s Koahj ,e;jg;bghUs; ekJ

    kdijr;brd;W jhf;fp xU J}z;Ljiy mjhtJ

    miyfs; cz;L gz;qfpd;wd. ,e;jJ}z;LjYf;F gjpy;jUk;tifapy;kdk;g[j;jfk;

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    ,t;tpjkhf jz;zPhpy; miyfs;

    cz;lhtijg;nghy kdjpy; vz;z miyfs;

    njhd;Wfpd;wd. btspna ,Uf;fpdw cyfk;

    kdjpy; miyfs; njhd;Wtjw;F fhuzkhf

    ,Uf;fpwJ. g[fj;jfj;jpd; cUtnkh ahidapd;

    cUtnkh kdpjdpd; cUtnkh btsp

    cyfj;jpy; ,y;iy. mjhtJ mtw;iwg;gw;wp

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    btspapypUe;J tUk; J}z;LjYf;Fg; gjpyhf

    ekJ kdjpy; Vw;gl;l tpUj;jpfisg; gw;wp

    kl;Lk;jhd; ehk; mwpe;jpUf;fpnwhk;. g[wj;jpy;

    ,Ug;gJ kdjpy;tprj;jpia cz;Lgz;qtjw;F

    fhuzkhf kl;Lnk mike;jpUf;fpwJ. ,e;j

    cz;ikia tpsf;Ftjw;F xU Kj;Jr;rpg;gpia

    cjhuzkhf vLj;Jf;bfhs;nthk;. Kj;J vg;go

    cz;lhfpwJ vd;gJ vy;nyhUf;Fk; bjhpe;jnj.

    g[wj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; xl;Lz;zpahf xU fpUkp

    Kj;Jr;rpg;gpapd; Xl;Lf;Fs; g[Fe;J mijcWj;JfpwJ. mjhtJ rpg;gpf;Fs; ,Uf;Fk;

    g{r;rpia mJ jpdt[f;F cl;gLj;JfpwJ. ,e;j

    bjhe;jutpypUe;J tpLtpg;gjw;fhf rpg;gp

    kpDkpDg;ghf xUtpj jpuhtfj;ij mjhtJ

    vdhky;tifia ff;fp btspg;gLj;JfpwJ. gpwF

    rpg;gp jdf;F cgj;jputk; tpistpj;j fpUkpia

    Rw;wpYk; me;j vdhky; giriag; g{rpf;fpUkpia

    \o kiwj;J tpLfpwJ. ,jdhy; Kj;J

    cz;lhfpwJ.

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    ekJ mDgtj;jpy; Kj;J cz;lhtjw;F

    xl;Lz;zp fpUkp fhuzkhf ,Ug;gJnghy

    btspcyfk; ekJ mDgtj;jpw;F mog;gilf;

    fhuzkhf mike;jpUf;fpwJ. rpg;gpf;Fs; fpUkp

    g[FtJ nghy; Ik;g[yd;fs; tHpahf g[Fe;J

    gpug";rk; ekf;Fg; g[yg;gLfpwJ. rpg;gp vdhky;

    giria btspg;gLj;JtJ nghy ,e;j gpug";r

    braiy ehk; mwpfpnwhk;. ,t;tpjk; kdjpy;

    eilbgWk;braiy rhjhuz kdpjd;xUnghJk;

    mwpe;J bfhs;skhl;lhd;. Vbddpy; mt;tpjk;mtd; bjhpe;J bfhs;s Kaw;rp bra;a[k;

    mnjrkaj;jpy; jd; vdhky; giria btspna

    mDg;g[fpwhd;. gpwF jd;Dila me;j vdhky;

    g{r;irna ghh;f;fpwhd;. Mfnt kdk;

    cz;Lgz;zpa mDgtj;ijj; jtpu ntW

    vija[k; kdpjdhy; g[hpe;J bfhs;s

    ,aYtjpy;iy. cz;ikahd Md;khkdjpw;F

    gpd;dhy; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjd; ifapy; cs;s

    fUtpahf kdk; ,Uf;fpwJ. cz;ikahd

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    gHpr;bray;fs; bra;J/ jdf;Fk;/ gpwh;f;Fk;

    Jd;gj;ij cz;lhf;fpwJ. Mfnt gpu";r

    khiaapy; Md;kh cHd;W jtpg;gij jtph;j;J

    khia kaf;fj;jpypUe;J tpLgl cz;lhf;fpa

    rpj;jh;fs;gapw;rpna nahfh vd;gjhFk;.

    loK hjJil Fdgnfkauf HuofjyjgGhfhagxuf Sp_Jl. HuofjyjgGhfhagxuf S:nfkauf DbafIjyjgGhfhagxuf Sp_Jl. DbaIjyjgGhfhagxuf S:jJl loskof Whfwha{Klmanfk wma=hspaj S:hfhaof. Fiof DkgxufWhfwha{Kl Hof msashfHk ki{l. FdlkspaoLjl. Wkkdjp hs;mmdopaoaUlh;h;hfhsofT nskaolajj djpabfG wittswhTl kstof whttioajstaof. DbafIjgGhfhagxuf S:hfhiof kstlfhg ApnfKwitts jaBl iufuhl DyyioajS:jjstaof. Dbafmms jgGhfhagxuf dikKjwjayhiOjJ kqdljy wn:_jaK. nufuAPUl nufu Ae;ajjspLyyioajIlS:hfhaof.

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    DbafIjJl Snfk VggkkstJl wn:_jspwkagaH DbfG. i[spsuf ngnfK wmuUjsoftehaK Wksaha;ak ishkdkj jaBjsoft ehaKS;kkl DdtnfKisGl ehaoft DbafmmsEthGksoftK. V:iof maGl ehaK maGkdulol EtTj wjayyalu ejah Dbafmmseleua_js ks:hfhs Fido mag eibfGlWofjst Akks; DbafI ekaofTjstK.Sekehau mLkapkksuf FUiujkksUl masDtisoajy nbfhafjy lkkspsUl mas hufeiTmlhi_jysof cul losk lolaoK ejah,kah, Sofh, Kofh_jYjJ AyajstK.Sofh Kofhl Wofhek losk ia[jdj. eldunagG Fts]of V:iof wmaofoaof SofhlKofhl Wofjst Ddgjdyk kaeo latts lattsehagGj wjyjsetal Woftaof. Ajeiia[jdj WofhK Vaf Hkkjl. msaskkiajymsaskKj wjabfeg S:nfkKl SufduF{kiajy F{Kwjabfeg S:nfkKlSufdu. msashfhia F{iKl, F{kiamsashfhKl Foftag ia[jdjhf HkkjkksofFkkspap_jy. Sofhl EthGl ehaK lo

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    ljs[mms FdgjstK. Kofhl EthGjsoftehaKlol eikdo FdgjstK.Aj Snfk Sofhl, Kofhl Woft Snfk S;bfGwmpuhaGl W_ej ekaofTjstK? WoA;apmms wmpK haafjJl ehaK Vifwia:loskosof Adm, is:hfH, Attadl,WksahaafhfH, whatadl ehaoftittaufDbfgajsofto. losk lol Fdk kaofis:lHkstK. jsdgkkauf lsj lsj mnfekamlFdgjstK. i:lhspK nsdteitak ehaKKofhl FdgkstK. Dyyhxep Sdi SofhlKofhl kaoa? Wofjst ejyisjJ, SdiSofhl Kofhl Fufu WofTkaof hksufwmaufuspaj eibfGl. ja;bl SdijdyWufual hs;mmdojy.hs;mmdojdym mnfkshfhktJ Sdtiof nljJFtsI, dj, jauf, Dguf WofT WkkdoFip_jdyj wjaGkks:jjstaof. Ajeihs;mmdojdy mnfkskK idjhfhGkk FtspSpuak ja;bel Sofhl, Kofhl Ajhaisjjstaof loskof. Dyyhxep KofhlWofhK VofT DbfG Woftauf hmsjwjaGdl,

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    ia[ i[spsufdu, FK Kofhl. kq;ak enap,FK Kofhl.lodkhf hjJihfhGkk wkaspak ja;bkkaufmLkapkksuf hufeiT mlhi_jdyhfhaafjjsetal. SyipK iaushof ks:lblngnfK S;bfG cofT lak_jey Ajsofto.ktwjadu wmpK wjabfgaof Woft wmpks,wmpkskkausuf i:jstK Wofo ja;bl?Woftauf jaiuf Kdt kjiuf FtsishfH, jbiofldois Sdgep kj;aT WofT wmpksk ka[sufehaghfhgGyfyK. Sofwoa: Htl Fekwmpksk ka[suf 85 ipK nsdtI whtt Snfksphfhs;kla 100 ejaxdpk kabfxp

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    S:jjstK. Fia ia[fjstaaf. Fek lokksbfdliaushOjJ Sufdu. Fnfk iaushof DpsafS[nfkaof. Shfhxhfhgg Snfk ksglaolokksbfdl Vifwia:i:l Whfhxhf whTiK?Woftauf FktJ i[sjagGiK Aoflqjl.Aoflqjkkauf lgGel lokksbfdlwhtLxPl. Aofl Woftauf Dpsa. SnfkDpsasof isdypagGk kkKikdk FtsnfKwjabfgauf lol wmldlpaJl. Vifwia:maofeta:l Dpsa isdypagGk kkKikdkFtsp F:l haGhgGyfyaajy.kofdoptsnfKSofhLt wibfbsuaeiV: knfks;lf nq wmaufu eib fGlf wibfbsuaeikofdoptsp kljfwja: ejxufdukofdo ptspalu f kaeo F[sjsoftaeoWofT hufeiT haguf cul rTidkjjabual. kofdoptsiK Whfhx? WoftejyisjJ nufu Aoflqj Amaofjdy FBjsmskkajy W{ksp Nzufjdyhf hxkK isyjjlwhTiksof cul Dpsa isdypagGkkkKikdk Ftspual. Dpsa isdypagGkkkKikdk Ftsnfkieo kkKi ]aos.

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    maka;b losk ia[jdjpsuf ljjyWufeua:l kkKi ]aosjyaj LxPla?FktJ en;l EK? Woft ejyiskao SofdtpmLkapkksuf Lofeo nstjstK. FijamlS:jjstiafjy kkKi ]aos Aj LpU_jy.Fijaml Sufuakiafjy DgduPlDpsd;Pl ehBjsoft hpstms whT_jy.Shfhpstmspsof cul lol hjJil FdgPl.ekdiptt ejahl, lo F{kkl, kqafjjlaoLxI WGjJl Attu, J[hfhltt kofdl,enaptt Ae;ajjsplao Dguf SdijdyhfwhtT Sofhlaj ia[ual. lol hjJihfhGiktjaj EthggKkaof cmMhf hpstms,Amohf hpstmsjy ehaoftdijy. lokstJFyhfhasp Attu DyyK. loksof AttuaufWdkPl makskKj jagg LxPl. Fhfhxmakdo hdgkkiajy kaof kdulps;aufuaasdp S{hfhi:l, jbfhaadipaufS:lHj jlhsdp idyhfhi:l,jbfhaadipaeu wl|lasml wmpKjagGhiajy hua Snfk Dujsuf Dyyoaf.hs;h]fm Attduhf whTiktjJ hu i[sjyS:nfkaUl Fdk whtT hpof wht

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    eibfGlaoauf FktJasp Ve; j:is lolkaof. losk lolaoK Wdk nsdojjsteka FdkFdgnfKisGl. Dka;blaj hbl mlhakskKhbjja;of AjeibfGl WofT FekJtsjejayaj S:jjstiof hbjja;ofAjs;aof. Fekehauf gajfga AjeibfGl,Wof

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    Snfk mLkap V{_JjJ laThgG ngjjstloskdo Snfk mLkapl VKjJjstK,nsnfksjjstK. Fkoauf loskof Sj ia[jdjpsufJttiauspajstaof. mLkapl DofdoJttiauspajJjstK. mLkapj JttkKjJAyajs Kofhhf hGjstaof.Sjia[jdjpsuf lsj lsj LjjsplaoK S;bfG:1. mLkap V{_J,2. Sufut V{_J.mLkap V{_J ehau Sufut V{_JjJlaThgG V:iof ngjJl ehaK kaofSufutkksuf Kofhl i:jstK. SufutkksajJWofT Vaf Sujjbl S:jjstK. Fkofhxia[j jtTj wjayfy eibGl. jbfbspl,jtH, enafdl, mLkapkdkm maafnfK ia{ljgGhfhaG.jbiTjjaj ldoisPl, ldoisjjajjbiOl, Siafjy S:i:l emafnfKJ[nfdkjdy iyajjsoft laofH, ipkaojaukksuf J[nfdkjy whtetaaf jiosjjeibfxp whaThfH, Sitdt Sufut

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    Sujjbl nljJ ehaksjjstK. Snfk SufutSujjbl laThGl ehaK losk ia[jdjKofhlajstK. JGlhkksuf mmm;Ijy WkoaufEthGjsofto Woftauf jbioaoiof ldoisSgkkseu msu WksahaafHjdy Wksahaafhfhaof.Fnfk WksahaafhfHjJ Ettaaf ehauf ldoispsofwmpuhaG Sufduwpoftauf Dgeo Fiofloksuf ljs[mms S:jjaK. Fek ehauf jbiofShfhx S:jj eibfGl WofT ldoisWksahaafhfhayf. WksahaafhH ngiak ehaKloljs[mms Sufdu.kaplaajy msu iqgxuf J[nfdkjyhxjjisufdu Wofhktjaj J[nfdkjdyejahkekaG FxkJ KofHTkKjsoftnsj[mmsdp haafjjsetal. Fek ehau msyaldoisdp FxkK KofHTkKjsoft jagmsdphfhaafjjsetal. mtT hxkkiajy jGdlpaoiaakdkjyauf V:id; V:iaf kbfxkKwjayikaUl lol eikdohfhGjstK.FUiujkksuf maspaohxeidu wmppisufduWofT eluksjaas ksgGikaUl loleikdohfhGjstK. Shfhx Foftagl

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    FOhishfhK kaof losk ia[jdjpajstK.Snfk nsdudp latt Wofo wmpp eibfGl?losk lokdkhf hbfhGkk eibfGl. lolhbfhg eibfGlaoauf Lkusuf nufu msnfkdo,nufu wmpufhaG, nufuiafjeyaG DtI,Sdti[shaG ehaoft Dpasp wmpufjyauflokdk hbfhGkk eibfGl. msu losk:jJlo S:jjel ia[jdjpaj S:jJl.Fiajy wmaufiK kaof mas WofTmaksjjsoftiafjy DbfG. Fhfhx h[js i:jsoftFnfk h[jjkksof ja;blaj lolK lo S:jjiphfhgG isGl. lol S:jjLyyiajYjJDbfdljy HasnfK wjayYl AttuSufualu ehaJl. ja;bl DgusofFBjrTjy Fhfhx EtT EtT h[jskofOdgp

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    h;sMkfk lolkdk; ,uz;L tifg;gLtJ. xd;W btspkdk;.

    ,d;bdhd;W cs;kdk;.

    wiyslolbtspkdkhdJ gytpj Mrhghr';fSf;F

    cl;gl;lJ. mjDila Jizth;fshd bka;/

    tha;/ fz;/ fhJ/ \f;F/ Mfpa Ie;J g[yd;fs;jhd; ek;Kila btspkdij Ml;og;gilf;Fk;.

    gytpjkhd Rf';fis mDgtpf;fj; J}z;Lk;.

    ,jd; \yk; gy ,d;dy;fs; neUk;. !;ghpr Rfk;/

    jPz;ly; ,d;gk; nghd;wtw;iwj; njhw;Wtpf;Fk;.

    njfk; kdpjidj; jtwhd ghijapy;

    nghfr;bra;a[k;. ,jpypUe;J tpLgl Kaw;rpf;f

    ntz;Lk;. tha; ngRtjw;Fk; rhg;gpLtjw;Fk;

    cjt[tJ. mnj rkak;bfl;ltw;iw ngRtjw;Fk;

    rhg;gpLtjw;Fk] J}z;LtJ. fz;/ ,J

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    kpfg;bghy;yhjJ. kdpjDf;F kpfkpf

    Kf;fpakhdJ. ,e;j fz; ghh;g;gJ vy;yhk;

    mDgtpf;f ntz;Lk] vd;w Miriaj;

    J}z;LtJk;/ mwpit tsh;f;f gof;f cjt[tJk;

    ,f;fz;fns. MH;kdija[k; ghh;itapy; ghh;j;J

    kdjpy; gjpaitf;Fk; kpfKf;fpakhd

    mitafkhFk;. fhJ ,d;dpiriaf; nfl;gJ

    kw;Wk; ngRtJ/ gy ey;yJ bfl;lJ nghd;w

    tptfhu';fis nfl;f cjt[tJ. \f;F

    thridfis mDgtpg;gJld; kdfpsh;r;rpfisa[k;Vw;glj;j ,e;j cWg;g[bray;gLk;.

    ,g;go Ik;g[yd;fs; tHpahf btspkdkhdJ

    murhl;rp bra;J kdpjid ey;yJ bfl;lJ,d;gk;/ Jd;gk; vd;W Ml;og; gilf;Fk;. Mfnt

    ,e;j btspkdk; ml';fpdhy;jhd; cs;kdk;

    jpwf;Fk;. Ik;g[yd;fshy; Ml;og;gilf;Fk;

    btspkdij mlf;Ftjw;Fjhd \r;Rgapw;rp/

    jpahdk;/ ke;jpu';fs;/ ghuhaz';fs; Kjypad

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    bra;antz;Lk;. Kjypy;btspkdij xUepiyg;

    gLj;j ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; btw;wp bgw;why;

    cs;kdjpy; ekJ ntz;Lnfhis brhy;tJ

    kpfr;Rygk;. kdjpw;Fk;Rthrj]jpw;Fk;,ilbtsp

    ,y;yhj bjhlh;g[z;L. kdk; ve;j mst[

    bray;gLfpwnjh me;j mst[ \r;Rf; fhw;wpd;

    mst[k; bray;gLk;. btspkdij mlf;fr;

    rhd;nwhh;fs; ,uz;L cghaj;ijf;

    ifahz;lhh;fs;. xd;W jj;Jt hPjpahf ,e;j

    vz;zk;; jPikahdJ vdnt ,ijj; js;sptplntz;Lk; vd;W jd;Dila mwpt[g;g{h;tkhd

    rpe;jidapy; xt;bthU jPa vz;zjija[k;

    xJf;fp/ kdij jd;Dila mwptpd;

    fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; bfhz;L tUtJ. ,d;bdhd;W

    \r;Rf;fhw;W hPjpahf ml';fhj fhisia

    mlf;Ftjw;F bra;fpd;w cgak;nghy ml';fhj

    kdij mlf;f \r;R gapw;rp bra;J \r;Rf;fhw;iw

    mlf;fpj; jd; fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; bfhz;L tUtJ.

    ,Jnt kdkl';fpdhy; \r;R ml';Fk]/

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    \r;rl';fpdhy; kdk; ml';Fk; vd;gjhFk;.

    kdpjd; rKjhak; vd;fpd;w gpizg;gpy;

    mfg;gl;Lf; bfhz;Ls;shd;. mtd; md;whlk;

    gy;ntW tpra';fis re;jpf;f ntz;oa

    NH;epiyf; ifjpahfp thGfpwhd;. Mfnt

    mtDf;F rpe;jpj;J kdij mwpt[g;g{h;tkhfr;

    brYj;jp kdkl';fr; bra;tJ vspjhd

    fhhpakpy;iy. fhuzk; nahrpg;gjw;F fhyk;

    nghJtJ ,y;iy. Mfnt jw;fhy NH;epiyapy;

    \r;Rg; gapw;rpapd; \yk;jhd; kdij mlf;fntz;oa fl;lha epiyapy;cs;shd;.

    Dyflolcs;kdkhdJ vija[k; bra;af;ToaJ. mjw;Fey;yit bfl;lit bjhpahJ. btspkdk;vd;d

    brhy;fpwnjh mij mg;gona bra;a[k; my;yJ

    epiwntw;wptpLk; rf;jp ,jw;F cz;L.

    cs;kdjpd; Mw;wy; mghukhdJ. ,jd;

    rf;jpfis vGj;jhy; mstpl;Lf;Tw KoahJ.

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    gytpjkhd Mghr/ jPa vz;z';fis mfw;wp

    ekf;F vJ njitnah mij czh;t[g;g{h;tkhf

    cs;kdJf;Fj;bjhpag;gLj;jp tpl;lhy;cs;kdk;

    mij mg;gona epiwntw;wp tpLk; Mw;wy;

    gilj;jJ.

    lol WofOl lapvgMlj j:iskdjpy;cjak;MFk;xU bray;ghl;il vz;zk;

    vd;W TWfpnwhk;. vz;zk; vd;gJ kdjpd; xU

    rf;jp MFk;. btl;lbtsp btspa[yfpy;

    g[wg;bghUsplk;Mfh;#zk;vd;w fth;e;jpGf;Fk;

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    fUtpahdJ rpwpjst[Mw;wiy fpufpj;J vLj;Jf;

    bfhs;fpwJ. mt;tpjk; fpufpj;j me;j rf;jpia

    kdk; jdf;Fhpajhf Mf;fpf;bfhs;fpwJ. gpwF

    me;jr; rf;jpia mJ vz;z';fshf btspna

    brYj;JfpwJ. ,e;j rf;jp ekJ cztpd;

    \yKk;/ Rthrpf;fpd;w fhw;wpd;\yKk;tUfpwJ.

    cztpd; \yk; cly; ,af;fk;

    eilbgWtJnghy/ mnj cztpd; \yk;

    Nl;rkkhd ntW rf;jpfSk; cz;L

    gz;zg;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j Nl;Rk rf;jpfis mJehk; vz;z';fs; vd;W brhy;Yk; totj;jpy;

    btspna js;SfpwJ. Mfnt kdk; vd;W

    brhy;yg;gLtJ mwpt[s;sjy;y vd;gij

    mwpfpnwhk;. Mdhy; mJ mwpt[s;sJ nghy;

    njhd;WfpwJ. mt;tpjk;mJnjhd;Wtjw;F vd;d

    fhuzk; vd;why; mwpt[s;s Mj;kh mjd;

    gpd;dhy;,Uf;fpwJ.

    cz;ikapy; Mj;kh xd;nw xd;W kl;Lk;jhd;

    mwpt[g; bghUshf ,Uf;fpwJ. kdk; vd;gJ

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    btspa[yfj;ij Mj;kh gw;Wtjw;Fg; gad;gLk;

    fUtpahf kl;Lnk ,Uf;fpwJ. cjhuzkhf

    ,e;jg;g[j;jfj;ij vLj;Jf;bfhs;nthk;. g[wj;jpy;

    g[j;jfk; vd;w totj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;

    ,e;jg;bghUis cz;ikapy; ehk; mwpe;J

    bfhs;tjpy;iy. mwpe;J bfhs;s Koahj

    ,e;jg;bghUs; ekJ kdijr;brd;W jhf;fp xU

    J}z;Ljiy/ mjhtJ miyfis cz;L

    gz;qfpd;wd. ,e;j J}z;LjYf;F gjpy; jUk;

    tifapy; kdk; g[j;jfk; vd;w totj;ijg;bghUs;gLj;JfpwJ. ,t;tpjkhf jz;zPhpy;

    miyfs; cz;lhtijg;nghy kdjpy; vz;z

    miyfs; njhd;Wfpd;wd. btspna ,Uf;fpd;w

    cyfk; kdjpy; miyfs; njhd;Wtjw;F

    fhuzkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. g[j;jfj;jpd; cUtnkh

    ahidapd;cUtnkh kdpjdpd;cUtnkh btsp

    cyfj;jpy; ,y;iy. mjhtJ mtw;iwg;gw;wp

    btspapypUe;J tUk; J}z;LjYf;Fg; gjpyhf

    ekJ kdjpy; Vw;gl;l tpUj;jpfisg; gw;wp

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    kl;Lk;jhd; ehk; mwpe;jpUf;fpnwhk;. g[wj;jpy;

    ,Ug;gJ kdjpy; ,r;rj;jpia cz;L

    gz;qtjw;F fhuzkhf kl;Lnk

    mike;jpUf;fpwJ.

    Mfnt kdk; cz;Lgz;zpa mDgtj;ijj;

    jtpu ntW vija[k; kdpjdhy; g[hpe;J bfhs;s

    ,aYtjpy;iy. cz;ikahd Md;kh kdjpw;F

    gpd;dhy; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjd; ifapy; cs;s

    fUtpahf kdk; ,Uf;fpwJ. cz;ikahd

    kdpjdhfpa eP (Mj;kh) epw;Fk;nghJjhd; kdk;

    mwpt[ilajhfpwJ. mg;nghJjhd; kdJf;F

    mwpe;J bfhs;Sk; jpwika[z;lhfpwJ. Mj;kh

    kdijf; iftpl;LtpLk;nghJ mJ J}s;Jshfr;rpjwpg;ngha; xd;Wnk ,y;yhky; btWik

    mile;J tpLfpwJ.

    ,g;nghJ kdk; vd;d vd;gijg; g[hpe;J

    bfhz;Oh;fs;. rpj;jk;/ kdk;/ vy;yhk; xU

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    ,Ug;gplkhFk;. mjpy; vGfpd;w miyfSf;Fk;/

    RHpfSf;Fnk/ tpUj;jp vd;w bgah;. ,e;j

    tpUj;jpapd; \ynk ek;khy; mwpag;gLk; cyfk;

    ekf;F gpug";rkhf tps';FfpwJ. Md;kh/ kdk;

    vd;w epiyapy; tpUj;jp vd;w miyfshYk;/

    RHpfshYk;/ ,d;g';fisa[k; Jd;g';fisa[k;

    mDgtpj;J mjpnyna MH;e;J yapj;J jdJ

    gpwtp nehf;fj;ij kwe;J kha cyfpy;

    thGk;nghJ mof;fo czh;r;rptrg;gLfpwJ.

    mj;jifa czh;r;rptrg;gLk; Md;khjhd;nguhir/ rpdk;/ gw;W/ ghy;fth;r;rp/ cah;t[jhH;t[/

    t";rk;nghd;w mWtif Fz';fshf khw;wk;

    bgWfpwJ. Md;kh ,g;gog;gl;l Fz';fspd;

    vGfpd;w vGr;rpapd;fhuzkhf kPz;Lk;/ kPz;Lk;

    gHpr;bray;fs; bra;J jdf;Fk; gpwh;f;Fk;

    Jd;gj;ij cz;lhf;FfpwJ. Mfnt gpug";r

    khiaapy; Md;kh cHd;W jtpg;gij jtph;j;J

    khia kaf;fj;jpypUe;J tpLgl rpj;jh;fs;

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    cz;lhf;fpa gapw;rpna nahfh my;yJ nahfk;

    vd;gjhFk;.

    lol Hkfks Fj_ja;lfmskklfMd;khthdJ kdk; Kjypa fUtpfisf;

    bfhz;L czUk;nghJ mt;t[zh;t[/

    1. gw;Wjy;/

    2. epr;rapj;jy;/

    3. xUg;gl;L vGjy;/

    4. rpe;;jpj;jy;/

    vd ehd;F tifg;gLk;. ,dp xU bghUis

    ,d;dJ vd epr;rapf;Fk;g[j;jp/ mjid Kd;ida

    gHf;fk; gw;wp mjd; tpidf;F

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    Fz';fSs; xd;whf ghpzkpf;Fk;. ,t;thW

    ghpzkpj;J epw;Fk;g[j;jpia/ Md;kh ,J Jd;gk;/

    ,J ,d;gk;/ ,J ,uz;Lkpy;yhjJ vd mwpe;J

    gpd; mf;Fzk; njhd;Wfpd;w fhuzj;jhy; ehd;

    ,d;g[w;nwd;/ Jd;g[w;wnd;/ ka';fpndd;/ vd

    czUk]. ,t;t[zh;t[fs;; fhl;rpfs; MFk;.

    g[wj;nja[s;s; fz;qf; fpdpabjhU bghUisf;

    fz;L ,d;g[Wk; nghJ Kd;dh; ,J

    njhd;whfhl;rpa[k; ,d;dbjd czUk;

    khdrf;fhl;rpa[k;/ ,J ,d;d ,d;gk; vd;Dk; jd;;czh;t[ fhl;rpa[k; xd;wd;gpd; xd;whf fhuz

    fhhpa Kiwapy; fly; miynghy; Md;khtpd;

    czh;tpy; te;J njhd;Wk;. ,g;goahf

    Md;kjj;Jtk; 24k; Md;kht[f;Fj; J}atotpy;

    neu;bjhlh;g[ld;bray;gLfpd;wd.

    rpj;jh;fs; kdij ghpgf;Ftk; bra;tjd; \yk;

    "hdj;ijg; bgwKoa[k; vd;W czh;e;J bjhpe;J

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    mjw;F m#;lh';f nahfk; vd;W vl;L tifahd

    gapw;rpfis tFj;Jf;bfhLj;Js;shh;fs;.

    xUtd; j';f Mguzk; bra;a ntz;Lbkd;why;

    ciyapy;,l;L fha;r;rp j';fj;ij/ jfLfshf;fp/

    fk;gpfshf;fp/ gf;Ftkhf;fp Mguzk;

    bra;fpd;whnd/ mJnghy kdija[k;/ cliya[k;/

    nahfj;jpd; \yk; gf;Ftg;gLj;jp "hdk; bgw

    cfe;j tHpfisf;ifahz;lhh;fs;. kf;fSf;Fk;

    gy;ntWtpjkhd nahf E}y;fs; \yk;

    vGjpitj;Js;shh;fs;. Mfnt jFe;j gapw;rpapd;

    \yk; g[yd;fis btsp tptfhu';fspy;

    nghftpl;L Mjpf;fk;brYj;jtplhky;g[yd;fis

    bty;tjw;Fg; gapw;rp Kiwfisfz;Lgpoj;jhh;fs;;. mjd;\yk;Rthrk;jhdhff;

    fl;Lg;gLk;. Rthrk; fl;Lg;gLk; nghJ kdRk;

    fl;Lg;gLk;. kdk;fl;Lg;ghl;oy;,Uf;fpd;wth;fns

    rpwe;j nahfpfs;. mij mfj;jpah;TWk;nghJ/

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    bfhLf;fpwJ. ,it rPuhf/ Kiwahf/

    bray;glhky; ,uj;jnkh/ fhw;nwh/ btg;gnkh/

    khWgl;L bray;gLkhdhy; ve;j ,lj;jpy;

    khWghlhfr; bray;gLfpwnjh me;j ,lj;jpy;

    cs;s mqf;Tl;lk; eypt[Wk.; mg;nghJ

    $Ptrf;jpahd capUf;Fj; Jd;gk; vd;fpw

    czh;itj;jUk;. ,j;jifa Jd;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J

    tpLgl VjhtJ xU tHpiaj;njLfpwJ. mJ xU

    brayhfnth bghUshfnth NH;epiyahfnth

    ,Uf;fyhk;. ,e;j njlny ehl;lkhfpwJ/Kaw;rpahfpwJ/ gpd;g[ brayhf;fk; bgWfpwJ.

    ,e;j njlypd; bjhlh;gaznk Jd;g

    czh;thft[k;/ njita[zh;thft[k;/ Kaw;

    rpahft[k;/ brayhft[k;/ ,d;gJd;g tpist[

    fshft[k;/ bjspthft[k; Kothft[k; tphpe;J

    bray;gLfpd;wJ. ,t;thwhf clnyhL bfhz;l

    bjhlh;ghy; capUf;F Vw;gLk; mDgt';fspd;

    bjhFg;ghf kdk vd;w Nl;Rkf;fUtp

    bray;gL:fpwJ.

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    5 kkfKi_fjyfme;jg; g";rg{j Mw;wy; vg ;go kdpj rhPuj;jpy;

    bray;gLfpwJ vd;gijg; ghh ;g ;nghk; . ,t;t[yfnk

    Ik;bgUk; g{j mqf;fshy; MdJ. ,t;itak;

    bgWk; g{j mqf;fspy; xt;bthd;Wk;/ xt;bthU

    mqt[k; 96 jj;Jt';fs; mike;Js;sd. ,e;j 96

    jj;Jt';fns kdpj rhPuj;jpy; bray;gLfpd;wd.

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    jjJt'fs 961. Kjy;jj;Jtk;30

    2. ,uz;lhk;jj;Jtk;30

    3. \d;whk;jj;Jtk; 36

    Kjy jjJtk 30d tpguk1. g{jk;5/

    2. bghwp 5/

    3. g[yd;5/

    4. fd;nke;jphpak;5/

    5. fd;ktprak;5/

    6. fuzk;4/

    7. mwpt[1.

    mjd;tpguk;tUkhW/

    g{jk;5/

    1. gpUjptp-kz;/

    2. mg;g[-ePh;/

    3. nja[-mf;dp/

    4.

    tha[-fhw;W/5. Mfhak;-btsp.

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    bghwp 5/1. brtp/

    2. njhy;/

    3. fz;/

    4. ehf;F/

    5. \f;F

    g[yd; 5/1. rj;jk;-nfl;fg;gl;lJ (brtpf;F caph;f;TW)/

    2. ghprk;-bjhL czh;t[ mwptJ (clk;g[f;F

    capy;TW)/

    3. cUtk;-fhz;gJ (fz;qf;F caph;TW)/

    4. ,urk;-mWRit mwptJ (ehf;Ff;F

    caph;f;TW)/

    5. fe;jk;-thrd mwpt[(\f;Ff;F caph;TW)

    fd;nke;jphpak; 5/

    1. tha;/

    2. fhy;/

    3. if/

    4. mghdk;/

    5. Fwp

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    fd;k tprak;5/1. ngRjy;-thf;Ff;F caph;f;TW/

    2. flj;jy;-fhYf;F caph;f;TW/

    3. bfhLj;jy;/ th';fy;-iff;F caph;f;TW/

    4. tpLjy;-vUtha;caph;f;TW/

    5. kfpH;jy;-Fwpf;F caph;f;TW

    fuzk;4/1. kdk;-xd;iw ,izg;gJ/

    2. g[j;jp-mjid tprhhpg;gJ/

    3. mf';fhuk;-mjidf;bfhz;L nky;

    vGk;g[tJ/

    4. rpj;jk;-mjidr;bra;J Kog;g[/

    mwpt[1/1. jd;idf;fz;L kfpH;e;jpUj;jy;

    ,uz;lhk jjJtk 30d;tpguk1. eho 10/

    2. tha[10/

    3. ra';fs;5/

    4. nfhrk;5/

    eho-101. gpuhzd;/

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    2. mghdd;/

    3. tpahdd;/

    4. cjhdd;/

    5. rkhdd;/

    6. ehfd;/

    7. Th;kd;/

    8. fphpfud;/

    9. njtj;jd;/

    10.jd;brad;

    1. gpuhzd;g[Ut kj;jpapy; njhd;wp rpj;j ehoapy;g[Fe;J \yhjhuj;ij mile;J/ bjhg;g[s;/

    gpd; \f;Fj; jhdj;jpy; Kl;o ,lfiy/

    gpd;fhiyfspy; Xo fghyj;ijr; Rw;wp/

    \f;F Jthuj;jpy; btsptUk; Rthrk; 12m';Fyk; ePz;L btspte;J ehd;F

    m';Fyk; fHpe;j 8 m';Fyk; cs;ns

    brd;W kPz;Lk; g[wg;gl;l ,lj;jpypUe;J

    Rthrk; Jt';FfpwJ. ,g;gor; bray;gLk;

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    Rthrk;ehHpif xd;Wf;F 360Rthrk;,ut[gfy; 60 ehHpiff;F 21/600 Rthrk; kdpj

    clypy;bray;gLfpwJ.1

    ,e;j Rthrk;21/600-f;F tpguk;/

    1. \yhjhuj;jpy;Rthrk;6000

    2. Rthjpl;lhdj;jpy;Rthrk;6000

    3. kzpg{ufj;jpy;Rthrk;6000

    4. mdhjfj;jpy;Rthrk 6000

    5. tpRj;jpapy;Rthrk;1000

    6. Mf;fpidapy;Rthrk 10007. Rfd;ufhuk;Rthrk;1000

    ehs;xd;Wf;F 21/600 Rthrk;,a';fp ,jpy;

    7/200 Rthrk;fHd;W 14/400 Rthrk;cs;ns

    brd;W kdpj cliy brayhf;fg;

    gLj;JfpwJ.

    2. mghdd

    124 epkprk; bfhz;lJ-1 ehHpif

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    Fjj;ija[k;/ Fa;aj;ija[k; gw;wp epd;W

    kyrhjpfis fHpg;gJ

    3. tpahdd;njhypny epd;W ghpr';fis mwptpg;gJ

    4. cjhdd;gpria czlhf;fp cz;l czit

    cztpd; rf;jpia mjhtJ rhuj;ij

    72/000 eho euk;g[fspy; brYj;jp rhPuj;ij

    tsh;g;gJ.

    5. Rkhddvy;yh tha[tia[k; VWjy;/ ,w';Fjy;

    ,y;yhky; rkdhff;bfhz;L ,a';FtJ

    6. ehfd;tpf;fYk;/ ff;fYk;cz;lhf;FtJ

    7. Thkd;fz;zpny epd;W ,ikg;gJ

    8. fphpjud;g[Utkj;jpiag; gw;wp epd;W Jk;ky;/

    mGtpj;jy;bra;tJ

    9. njtjhjjd;

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    118

    tHpj;jpUf;Fk; nghJ XLtpj;jYk;

    cyht[jYk;/ a[j;jk; gz;qtpj;jy;

    bra;tJ

    10.jd brad;gpuhzd; clk;ig tpl:Lg;nghdYk; jhd;

    gphpahky; epd;W clk;ig ,a';fr; bra;J

    tphptpj;jYk; bra;J \d;W ehl;fSf;Fg;

    gpwF fghyj;ijg;gpse;J Xog;nghtJ

    ra';fs;5/1. mkh;thrhak;/

    2. gfph;thrhak;/

    3. rhythrhak;/

    4. kdthrhak;/

    5. Rf;fpy thrhak;

    1. mkhthrhakcz;l czt[rhuk;mkUkplk;2. gfph;thrhakmd;d rhuk;gfph;e;J bfhLf;Fkplk;3. rhythrhakePh;,w';Fk;,lk;4. kdthrhakkyf;FHp ,w';Fk;,lk;

    5. Rffpy thrhak;Rfpyd;gphpa[k;,lk;

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    119

    nfhrk;5/1. md;dka nfhrk;/

    2. gpuhzika nfhrk;/

    3. kndhika nfhrk;/

    4. tp";"hdka nfhrk;/

    5. Mde;jka nfhrk;.

    1. md;dka nfhrk;Jynjfkhfpa clk;g[

    2. gpuhzika nfhrkgpuhzDk;fd;nke;jphpaKk;To epw;gJ3. kndhika nfhrkkdKk;"hnde;jphpaKk;To epw;gJ4. tp hdka nfhrkg[j;jpa[k;"hnde;jphpaKk;To epw;gJ5. Mde;jka nfhrkgpuhztha[k;Rkj;jpa[k;To epw;gJ

    \d;whk jj;Jtk 36d;tpguk1. Mjhuk;6/

    2. kz;lyk;3/

    3. kyk;3/

    4. njhrk; 3/

    5.

    Vlid 3/

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    6. Fzk;3/

    7. ,uf;fk;8/

    8. tpid 2/

    9. mt!;ij 5.

    Mjhuk;61. \yhjhuk;/

    2. Rthjpl;lhdk;/

    3. kzpg{ufk;/

    4. mdhfjk;/

    5. tpRj;jp/

    6. Mf;i"

    1. \yhjhuk;vUtha;/ ehw;rJuf;Fs;ns ehspjH;

    Kf;nfhz totkhf ,Uf;Fk/; vGj;J

    X';fhuk;/ epwk;khzpf;f epwk;/ fzgjp.

    2. Rthjpllhdk;vUtha;f;Fk; nkny ,uz;L tuw;fil

    mst[k; bjhg;g[Sf;Ff; fPnHa[k;

    ,Uf;Fkplk;/ ehw;nfhzk;/ MW ,jH;/

    vGj;J eh fhuk;/ gilg;g[ gpuk;kh/

    brk;bghd;epwk;.

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    121

    3. kzpg{ufk;bjhg;g[H;/ gpiwnfhzkhdJ/ ,jd;

    eLnt epw;Fk; vGj;J kh fhuk;/ gj;J

    ,jH;/ kufj epwk;/ njtij tp#;q

    4. mdhfjk;,Ujak;/ Kf;nfhzkhdJ/ ,jd;eLnt ,Uf;Fk; vGj;J rp fhuk;/

    gd;dpwd;;L ,jH;/ !;gof epwk;/

    cUj;jpud;

    5. tpRjjpfhz;lk; (fGj;J)/ mWnfhzk;/ 16,jH;/ nfk epwk;/ vGj;J th fhuk;/

    njtij knfRtud;

    6. Mfig[Ut kj;jp/ tl;lkhapUg;gJ/ 3 ,jH;/

    gof epwk;/ vGj;J a fhuk;nkw;fz;l tpguj;jpd; \yk; Mjhuk;

    Mwpnya[k;MW vGj;J Xk;ekr;rptha/

    MW Mjhuk; MWtplhft[k;/ ,jH;fs;

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    122

    Tl;odhy; 51 ml;ruk; vd;gJk;

    fz;Lbfhs;s ntz;Lk;.

    kz;lyk;31. mf;dp kz;lyk;/

    2. Mjpj;j kz;lyk;/

    3. re;jpu kz;lyk;.

    1. mfdp kzlyk;,J \yhjhuk;MFk;

    2. Mjpjj kz;lyk;,Uja !;jhdk;MFk;

    3. re;jpu kz;lyk;rfd;fhu jskhFk;.kyk;3

    1. Mztk;/2. fhkpak;/3. khia1. Mztk

    clk;ig ehd;vd;W ,Ug;gJ2. fhkpakfz;ltw;wpy;kdk;Mirg;gLk;3. khiajdf;F tUtij mwpahky;,Ug;gJ.

    njhrk;31. thjk;/

    2. gpj;jk;/

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    123

    3. jpnyhj;jkk;

    1. thjktha[tpd;bray;tpist[2. gpjjkmf;fpdpapd;tpist[3. jpnyhjjkkfgj;jpd;tpist[

    Vlid 31. mh;j;j Vlid/

    2. g[j;jpu Vlid/

    3. cyf Vlid

    1. mh;jj Vlidjputpaj;ij njo Mirg;gly;2. gjjpu Vlidg[j;jpuh;fs;njo Mirg;gly;3. cyf Vlidcyf tpra';fs;njo Mirg;gly;

    Fzk;31. ,uhl;rfk;/

    2. jhkrk;/

    3. rhj;tPfk;

    1. ,uhlrfkmf';fhukha; btl;lsk;/ Fj;jt[k;/fof;fskhapUg;gJ

    2. jhkrk

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    124

    ke;j g[j;jp/ cd;kj;jkha;/ kj;jpakha;,Ug;gJ3. rhjtPfkmlf;fk;/ md;g[/ tpntfk;/

    Ik;bghwpahf;fy;/ mUs;/ "hdk;/ jtk;/

    bghiw/ nkd;ik/ tha;ik

    Kjypatw;iwa[ilajha ehl;l';

    bfhz;oUg;gJ

    ,uhfk; 81. fhkk;/

    2. Fnuhjk;/

    3. cnyhgk;/

    4. nkhfk;/

    5. kjk;/

    6. khr;rhpak;/

    7.

    ,Lk;ig/8. mf';fhuk;

    1. fhkkMir2. Fnuhjkgpzf;F

    3. cnyhgkgpoghL

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    125

    4. nkhfkgphpak;5. kjkfh;tk;6. khr;rhpakcjl;oy;cwt[k;/ cs;sj;jpy;gifa[k;itg;gJ7. ,LkigcjhrPdk;8. mf'fhuknfhgpj;jy;

    tpid 21. ey;tpid/

    2. jPtpid1. eytpidg[z;zpak;bra;jy;2. jPtpidghtk;bra;jy;

    mtj;ij 51. rhf;fpuk;/

    2. brhg;gdk;/

    3. RHj;rp/

    4. Jhpak;/

    5. JhpahjPjk;

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    126

    1. rhffpukyyhlj;jhdk;2. brhggdkfz;l!;jhdk;3. RHjrp,Uja !;jhdk;4. Jhpakehgp (bjhg;g[H;)5. JhpahjPjkFwpaplk;

    Kg;gJ Kg;gJ Kg;gj;jtWtU";brg;g[kjpYilf;nfhapYs;thH;gth;

    brg;g[kjpYilf;nfhapy;rpije;j gpd;byhg;gpyd;tU nkhl;blLj;jhnu

    96 jj;Jt';fSk; ek;Kila rhPuj;jpd; vg;go>

    bray;gLfpd;wd vd;W ghh;j;njhk;. ,jpy;

    Md;kj;Jtk;vd;gJ 24. Mitahtd/

    1. g{j';fs;5/

    2. jd;khj;jpiufs;5/

    3. "hnde;jphpa';fs;5/

    4. fd;nke;jphpak;5/

    5. me;jf;fhuzk;4

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    127

    Mfpa ,e;j 24-k; Md;kht[f;F J}a tothf

    ,Ue;J nenu bjhlh;g[ bfhz;L tps';Ftjhy;

    Md;k jj;Jtk; vdg;gl;lJ. nkw;fz;l

    Md;kjj;Jtj;jpd; tpsf;fj;ij vth; mwpthnuh

    mtnu ,t;t[yfj;jpy; thHj;bjhpe;jtd; Mthd;.

    Rit/ xsp/ CW/ Xir/ ehw;wKkdpiwe;jpd;

    tif bjhpthd; fl;nl cyF vd;w ts;Sth;

    tha;ik bghHpapd;\yk;fhzyhk;.

    nkw;fz;l g{j';fspd;Ie;jpd;Nl;Rk Fz';fns

    jd;khj;jpiufshFk;.

    kkfKi isyjfjlfmz;l btspapy;cz;lhd Mw;wYf;F Vw;g ekJ

    clyhdJ 24 jj;Jt';fnshL To

    bray;gLfpwJ. mz;l btspapy; cz;lhd

    Mw;wYf;F Vw;g ekJ clyhdJ 24

    jj;Jt';fnshL ToaJ. epyk;/ ePh;/ beUg;g[/

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    128

    fhw;W/ Mfhak;/ Mfpa Ie;J g{j';fspd;

    Tl;Lf;fyitahy; cz;lhdnj kdpj cly;.

    nkw;fz;l g{jk; xt;bthd;wpw;Fk; totk;/ Fzk;/

    epwk;/ vGj;J cz;L vd;W "hdpfs;

    Twpa[s;sdh;.

    Ie;J g{j';fs; xt;bthd;Wf;Fk; vl;L tpjkhd

    Fzhk;r';fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,jpy; Nl;rk

    Fz';fs; vd;fpw jd;khj;jpiu cz;L. mJnr

    rg;jk;/ !;ghprk;/ +gk;/ urk;/ fe;jk; vdg;gLk;.

    ,ijna Xir/ CW/ xsp/ rit kzk;vdg;gLk;.

    ,e;j Ik;g{j';fs; vg;go clypy; bjhHpy

    g[hpfpd;wd> vd;W Muha[k;nghJ gukhq vd;fpw

    Mjpapy; njhd;wpa rptrf;jpapd; jd;dpaf;f

    RHw;rpapdhy;mz;l nguz;l';fs;cUthapd.

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    129

    6 h]fm^k_fjyfgukhqf;fspd;gy;ntWgl;l ,af;f epfH;r;rpfns

    nghpaf;f kz;lyk; mjd; Kjy; jdpepiy tpz;

    vdg;gLk;. mtw;wpd; Kjy; bfhj;J epfH;r;rpna

    fhw;W vdg;gLk; mit nkhjpf; bfhs;tjhy;

    Vw;gLk; btg;g epfH;r;rpna beUg;g[ vdg;gLk;.

    ePuftha[/ gpuhztha[/ vDk;,Utifahd fhw;W

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    130

    Fwpg;gpl;l mstpy; nrUk;nghJ ePh; MfpwJ.

    ePhpd; ,Ufpa epiyna kz;/ ,t;ite;J

    epiyfSk; Ie;J bgsjPfk;/ Ie;J gphpt[fs;

    Mdgoahy; mtw;iw g";rg{j';fs; vd;fpnwhk;.

    Ie;JbghUl;fSk; Mf;Fk; fl;lj;jpy; jP g{kpia

    czlhf;FfpwJ (vhpkiyf;FHk;g[).

    vhpkiyf; FHk;g[ rhk;gy; g{rp cnyhfj;ij

    cz;lhf;FfpwJ (jhJg;bghUl;fs;). cnyhfk;

    ePiu cz;lhf; FfpwJ (Fsph;e;j ePh; cs;s

    lk;shpd; btspapy; ePh; Kj;Jf;fs);/ ePh; fhw;iw

    czlhf;fp ku';fisg; bgUf;Ffpd;wJ.

    gukhqtpd; gyfl;lf; bfhj;J epfH;r;rpfis

    CW/ xyp/ xsp/ Rit/ kzk; vd;w xt;bthU

    vGr;rpa[k; tpisaj;jf;f gphpt[fshfg; gphpj;J

    vGr;rp/ fth;r;rpahf cs;s mGj;j

    ,af;ff;fl;lj;ij tpz;vd;Wk;/ xyp vGr;rpbgwk;

    ,af;fj;ij fhw;W vd;Wk;/ xsp vGr;rpbgWk;

    ,af;fj;ij beUg;g[ vd;Wk; Rit vGr;rp bgWk;

    ,af;fj;ij ePh;; vd;Wk; kzk; vGr;rp bgWk;

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    131

    ,af;fj;ij kz; vd;Wk; TWfpnwhk;.

    tp";"hdpfs; TWk; 103 tifahd elements

    fSk; ,t;ite;J ghpt[fspy; ml';fpa[s;sd.

    kz;zpd; ,Wf;fj; jhy; gyntW cnyhf';fs;

    tpisfpd;wd vd;whYk; mitbay;yhk;

    g";rg{j';fs;vd;fpnwhk;.

    epyk;/ ePh;/ beUg;g[/ fhw;W/ Mfhak;/ Mfpa Ie;J

    g{j';fspd; Tl;Lf;fyitahy; cz;lhdnj

    kdpj cly;. nkw;fz;l Ik;g{jk;xt;bthd;wpw;Fk;

    totk;/ Fzk;/ epwk;/ vGj;J cz;L vd;W

    g{jk; tot[ epwk; vGj;J Fzk; bjhHpy; Fwp bja;tk; fiy

    kz;ehw

    nfhzk;bghd;ik y fodk; jh';fy; tr;rpfuk; mad; epth;j;jp

    ePh; gpiw btz;ik t jd;ik ghjk;

    bra;jy;jhkiu jpUkhy; gpujp#;il

    jPKf;

    nfhzk;brk;ik u btk;ik

    xd;W

    tpjpj;jy;Rthjpfk; tpj;ij

    fhw;W mWnfhzk; fUg;g[ a gue;J rhpj;jy; mWg[s;sp knfrd; rhe;jp

    Mfhak; tl;lk; g[ifik Q btspahjy;,lk;

    bfhLj;jy;

    mKj

    gpe;Jrjhrptk;

    rhe;jpafPij

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    132

    "hdpfs; Twpa[s;sdh;. mJ gpd;tUkhW

    cs;sJ.

    h]fm^kLlf FkofkkfKiLlgukhqtpdhy; g";rg{jk; cz;lhdJ. mjd;

    fyg;ghy; $Ptuhrpfs; cz;lhapw;W. $Ptuhrpfns

    g";rg{j fyg;gpd; Mw;wiyf; bfhz;ljhFk;.

    me;jg; g";rg{j Mw;wy; vg;go kdpj rhPuj;jpy;

    bray;gLfpwJ vd;gijg;ghh;g;nghk;. kdpjdhd

    $Ptdplk; mDgtKk; rpe;jida[k; To mwpt[g;

    bgUf;fk; Vw;gl;L jd; fhuz epiyeho Muha[k;

    nghJ guepiy eho Muha[k;nghJ me;epiy

    czh;e;j kdpjdhy;jj;Jt tpsf;fk;Vw;gl;lJ.

    ,t;t[yfnk Ik;bgUk; g{j mqf;fshy; MdJ.

    ,e;j Ik;g{j mqf;fspy; cs;s xt;bthU

    mqtpY[k; 96 jj;Jt';fs;mike;Js;sd. ,e;j

    96 jj;Jt';fns kdpj rhPuj;jpy; bray;

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    134

    gukhqf;fSk; xU vy;iyf;Fs; mika[k;

    mstpd; tpfpjhrhuj;jpw;F Vw;g/ m';F

    eilbgWk; ,af;fk; gy;ntW epiyfis

    milfpd;wJ. mj;jifa ntWghLf;sjhd;

    Fwpg;ghf mwptpdhy; czug;bgWk; Kf;fpa

    gphpt[fshfpa tpz;/ fhw;W/ btg;gk;/ jz;zPh;/

    epyk;vd;gdthFk;.

    ,t;ite;J gphpt[fspy; xU epiynahL kw;w

    epiyia ve;j mstpy; To ,ize;J

    ,a';Ffpd;wnjh mjw;F Vw;g mGj;jk;/ xyp/ xsp/

    Rit/ kzk;/ mwpt[[ vd;w MWtifahd

    epfHr;rpfSk; mtw;wpd; xt;bthU gphptpYk;

    gytpj Vw;w jhH;t[ epiyfSk;

    cz;lhf;Ffpd;wd. ,g;go xt;bthU

    ,af;fj;jpYk; jd;dpaf;fk;/ bjhlhpaf;fk;/

    gpujpgypg;g[ ,af;fk;/ juk;/ khw;wk; Vw;gl;L xd;W

    gythf ,a';Fk; epfHr;rpfshfpd;wd. ,e;j

    Kiwapny ,a';Fk; bjhlh; epfHr;rpfs;

    mqthfp/ mqf;fs; To fhw;whfp/ btg;ghfp/ePuhfp mz;lbtspapny jd;idj;jhnd RHd;W

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    135

    Rw;wp kpje;J bfhz;L ,Uf;fpd;wd. mjd;

    kj;jpapy; gFjpapy; tpiut[ Fiwe;j mqf;fs;

    beUf;f Kw;W fdw;FHk;ghfp nky;nehf;fp

    ePh;tuk;gpw;F nky; te;J bfl;oahd ghpzhknk

    epykhFk;. nkYk;g{kpapd;eLikaj;jpy;Vw;gLk;

    mqf;fs;mGj;jj;jhy;btg;gk;mjpfkhfp mjd;

    tpisthf cnyhf';fs;/ ,uj;jpd';fs;/

    ,urhad';fs; ,itaht[k; cw;gj;jpahfpd;wd.

    nkYk;nkYk;tpise;J bfhz;nl ,Uf;fpd;wd.

    Kiwhafj; jhdhf cz;lhFk; mqmLf;Fg;bgw;w xU ,af;f kz;lyj;jpy; fhe;jk;/

    kpd;rhuk;/ fhw;W/ ePh;/ Mfpa ehy;tifr;

    RHy;fSk; Vw;gl;L bfhs;sy;/ js;sy; vd;w

    ,af;f epfH;r;rpfs; Kiwahf eilbgWk;nghJ

    mJ tpj;jhfpd;wJ.

    nkYk; mt;tpj;jhdJ Mw;wyhy; vGr;rp bgw;W

    ,a';fp jhtu ,dkhfpa Xuwpt[ $PtdhfpaJ.

    mjpypUe;j

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    Mwwpt[s;s kdpj ,dKk; njhd;wpa[s;sd.

    ,t;thW gunk mqbtd;w capuhfp mJnt

    jd;dGj;j ,af;fj;jhy; clyhfp clYs;

    ,a';Fk;caph;rrf;jpahfp mr;rf;j;jpna xypahfp/

    xspahfp/ Ritahfp/ kzkhfp/ czUk;

    jpwDkhfp/ caph;fs; vd;w ghpzhk rpwg;ig

    bgw;wJ. ,j;jifa ghpzhkj; bjhlUk;

    ,af;f';fSk; ,ize;j xU nghpaf;f

    kz;lyk;jhd; gpug";rk;/ g";rg{jk; vd;wiHf;fg;

    gLfpd;wJ. kdpjdhd $Ptdplk; mDgtKk;rpe;jida[k; To mwpt[g; bgUf;fk; Vw;gl;L jd;

    fhuz epiyeho Muha[k; nghJ/ guepiy eho

    Muha[k;nghJ me;epiy czh;e;j kdpjdhy;

    jj;Jt tpsf;fk;Vw;gl;lJ. gpug";r ghpzhkk;xU

    tisaj;ijg; nghd;wJ. ,J guj;jpny bjhl';fp

    mq/ fhw;W/ btg;gk;/ ePh;/ epyk;/ Xh;mwpt[$Ptd;

    Kjy;Iawpt[$Ptd;tiua[s;s kdpjd;. kdpjnd

    jd;,ay;iga[k;/ epiyia[k;czh;e;jnghJ jhd;

    njtd; vd;W filrpapny guj;jpny Kot[

    bgWfpwJ. flypny njhd;Wk;miyfs;flypny

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    137

    ml';FtJ nghyt[k;/ ePhpd;mirit miybad

    kjpf;fg;bgWtJ nghyt[k; guk;k jdJ ,af;ff;

    fl;l';fSf;nfl;g;g gy;ntW msptYk;tYtpYk;

    Vw;w jhH;t[fis bfhz;l ,af;f'; fshft[k;

    fhl;rpfshft[k;,Uf;fpdwd.

    ,it mwpthy; czug; gLfpd;wd. vdnt ehk;

    fhqk; ve;jj; njhw;wKk; bghUs; epiyapy;

    gunkahk; guj;ij; jtph;j;J ntW bghUs;jhd;

    VJ> fhqk; njhw;wKk; fhz;gtDk; ,af;f

    epiyfspy; xg;gpl;L czUk; fUj;Jf;F ntW

    ntwhf tpsf;fg;bgw;w nghJk;/ MH;e;j Muha;e;j

    tpsf;fj;jpy; bghUs; epiyahfpa guKk;/ mjd;

    epiyahfpa fhl;rpa[k;/ epfH;r;rpapd; epHr;rpahfpg;

    guj;jpny Koe;J bfhz;oUf;Fk;mwpt[k;\d;Wk;

    xd;whfnt ,Uf;Fk;ngUz;ik mf;fhl;rpahFk;.

    cyfj;jpYs;s bghUl;fs; aht[k; kdpj ,dk;

    cl;gl xt;bthd;Wk; xt;bthU \yg;bghUshy;

    Mdit. mit mHpa[k; nghJ VjhtJ xU

    jdpg;bghUspy; nrh;e;JtpLk;. ,J ,aw;ifapd;

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    138

    tpjp. ,jw;F ahUk; vita[k; tpyf;fy;y.

    ,j;jdpg;bghUl;fs; jd; epyk;/ ePh;/ beUg;g[/

    fhw;W/ Mfhak; Mfpait MFk;. ,e;j

    jdpg;bghUl;fs; jdpj;J ,a';fpdhYk; ,it

    xd;iw xd;W fl;Lg;gLj;jpathW cs;sd. fhw;W

    kz;iz ms;sp tPRk;/ kz; ePiuf;fl;Lk;

    cwp";Rk;/ beUg;g[f;F vjphp ePh;/ beUg;g[

    btw;wplj;ij Ml;bfhz;L tpLk;/ btw;wplnkh

    fhw;iw Ml;bfhz;L tpLk;/ ,Jnt ,aw;ifapy;

    mike;j rkepiyj;jj;JtkhFk;. ,it xd;iwxd;W kp";Rk;nghJ cyfpy; nguHpt[ Vw;gLk;.

    ,ij ehk; fz;Tlhff; fhz;fpnwhk;.

    Jd;g';fis czh;fpnwhk;. kdpj clypYk;,e;j

    Ie; jdpg;bghUl;fs; (g{jk;) cs;sd.

    g";rg{jkhfpa Ie;J jdpg;bghUl;fshy; Md

    ,t;t[lk;g[ Kotpy; kz;nzhL neuoahfnth

    kw;w ehd;F jdpg;bghUl;fshy; ce;jg;gl;L

    gpd;dh;kz;nzhL kz;nrh;tJ jpz;zk;. njhy;-

    kz;/ tha;-ePh;/ fz;-beUg;g[ tapW-btsp \f;F-

    fhw;W ,e;j Ie;J jdpg;bghUl;fSk;xd;iw xd;W

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    fl:Lg;gLj;jp rkkhf itj;jpUf;Fk;tiu mikjp

    epyt[tijf; fhzyhk;. ,e;j Ie;j

    jdpg;bghUl;fSk; xU fl;Lg;ghl;oy; ,Ue;jhy;

    thGk; thH;f;if brhh;f;fkhFk;. nehaw;w

    thH;nt Fiwtw;w bry;tk; vd;gJk;

    KJbkhHpahFk;. ,iwtd; cyfpy; gy

    $Ptuhrpfisg;gilj;jhh;. 84 Mapuk;$Ptuhrpfs;

    vd;W TWth; rhd;nwhh;. Mdhy; ehk; mwpe;jJ

    vd;dnth xU E}W ,UE}W vd;whny mjpfk;.

    ,jpny kdpjdpd; gilg;g[kpft[k; mhpa xd;W.mwpt[KGikaile;j xd;W vd;W brhy;fpd;wdh;

    "hdpfs;. gunk mqthfp mq ,af;fj;bjhlh;

    tpisthf mJnt gy fl;lf; fhl;rpfshfp/

    gyg;gytd ntWghLfisg; bgw;W

    tps';Ffpd;wd vd Kd;dnk mwpe;njhk;.

    mJnt J}a mikg;gpy; capuhft[k;/ czh;r;rp

    epiyapy; fhyk;/ J}uk;/ gUkd;/ ntfk; vd;w

    vy;iyfspy; fl;Lg;gl;l czh;tpy;/ ,d;g

    Jd;gkhft[k;/ fzpjj;jpw;F cl;gl;l gythft[k;

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    ,e;j ehd;F msitfisf;fle;j nghJ vy;yhk;

    xd;Wgl;L gukhft[k; ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;w

    tpsf;f';fs; bjspthf czug;bgWk;. gunk

    ehdhft[k;cs;sJ. ehd;vd;gJ jdpna ,y;iy.

    guj;ijj;jtph;j;J ntW xd;Wnk ,y;iy. ,af;f

    epfH;r;rpfs;midj;jpw;Fk;bghUshft[k;/

    mtw;wpw;F Kjy; \y rf;jpahft[k; ,Ug;gJ

    guk;bghUs; xd;nw. Mjpepiyapy; gukhft[k;/

    mqepiyapy;capuhft[k;/ mqf;fs;,ize;j

    bfhj;J ,af;f epfH;r;rpapy; cUt';fshft[k;/

    fhl;rpfshft[k;/ ,af;f';fshft[k;/ ,Uf;fpd;w

    me;j xU bghUs; ehd; vd;w brhy;ypd;

    cz;ikf;fUj;J vd;W bjspthf tps';Fk;.

    mGj;jkhf mqf;fs; ,ize;J ,a';Fk; xUepfH;r;rpna J}a cly;. mjDnl mGj;jk;

    Fiwe;J Mdhy; tpiut[ mjpfkhfp Nf;Fkhfr;

    RHd;W ,a';Fk; mqj; bjhlhpaf;fnk caph;/

    J}aj;jpDnl caph;rf;jp RHd;W tUk;nghJ

    Vw;gLk;nkhjy;epfHr;rpapypUe;J xyp/ xsp/ rit

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    kdk;/ czh;jy; vd;Wk; bjhlh; epfH;r;rpfs;

    tpisfpd;wd. clYk; mqf;fshy;/ capUk;

    mqf;fshy; mqf;fspd; \ynk guk; Mfnt

    clyhf capuhf czh;thf mtw;wpd; Kotpy;

    gukhf ,Ug;gtd; vtndh mtnd ehd;. ehd;

    vdg;gLgtnd mtd;. mtd;vdg;gLtd;bja;tk;

    vdg;gLfpwhd;/ Mjpbadg;gLfpwhd;. gpuk;kk;

    vdg;gLfpwhd;. mtidj; jtph;j;J jdpna xU

    epfH;r;rpa[k; ,y;iy. mtnd ehd;/ ehnd mtd;/

    vd;W bjspthf czh;e;J bfhs;s ntz;Lk;.jd;idg; g[yd; czh;r;rpfshy; vy;iyfl;o

    czUk;jd;Kidg;ng kaf;fk;.

    ,';Fjhd; bjspt[ bgw;W eP';fp xHpfpd;wJ.

    gukhqf;fspd;gy;ntWgl;l ,af;f epfH;r;rpfns

    nghpaf;f kz;lyk;. mjd; Kjy; jdpepiy tpz;

    vdg;gLk;. mtw;wpd; Kjy; bfhj;J epfH;r;rpna

    fhw;W vdg;gLk;. mit nkhjpf; bfhs;tjhy;

    Vw;gLk; btg;g epfH;r;rpna beUg;g[ vdg;gLk;.

    ePuftha[/ gpuhztha[vDk;,Utifahd fhw;W

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    Fwpg;gpl;l mstpy; nrUk;nghJ ePh; MfpwJ.

    ePhpd; ,Ufpa epiyna kz;. ,t;ite;J

    epiyfSk;Ie;J bgsjPfk;gphpt[fs;Mdgoahy;

    mtw;iw g";rg{j';fs;vd;fpnwhk;.

    kz;zpd; ,Wf;fj;jhy; gyntW cnyhf';fs;tpisfpd;wd vd;whYk; mitbay;yhk;

    g";rg{j';fs; vd;fpnwhk;. gukhqtpd; gyfl;lf;

    bfhj;J epfH;r;rpfis CW/ xyp/ xsp/ Rit/

    kzk; vd;w xt;bthU vGr;rpa[k; tpisaj;jf;f

    gphpt[fshfg; gphpj;J vGr;rp/ fth;r;rpahf cs;s

    mGj;j ,af;ff;fl;lj;ij tpz; vd;Wk;/ xyp

    vGr;rpbgwk; ,af;fj;ij fhw;W vd;Wk;/ xsp

    vGr;rpbgwk; ,af;fj;ij beUg;g[ vd;Wk;/ Rit

    vGr;rp bgWk; ,af;fj;ij ePh; vd;Wk;/ kdk;

    vGr;rp bgWk; ,af;fj;ij kz; vd;Wk;

    TWfpnwhk;. tp";"hdpfs; TWk; 92 tifahd

    Element fSk; ,t;ite;J ghpt[fspy;

    ml';fpa[s;sd. gd;dbdL';fhykhf khDlk;

    mz;lbtspapy; kdpjidg; nghd;w gpwcaphpd';fs;cz;lh> m';F ntw;Wyf thjpfs;

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    cz;lh vd rpe;jid te;Js;sJ. cjhuzkhf

    ghftjk; Nhpaidg; nghd;W gynfho

    Nhpad;fSk;/ gyfpuf';fSk;/ m';F thGk;

    kdpjh;fisg; nghy nkk;gl;l $Ptd;fisf;

    Fwpj;J ngRfpwJ. g";r g{jj;jpy;g{kpapy;kl;Lnk

    gpug";rj;jpy; capUk;/ mwpt[k;/ Vw;gl;l

    njh;e;bjLf;fg;gl;l fpufk; vd fUJk; kj

    ek;gpf;iffSk;cs;sd.

    h]fm^k_fjysofwmpufhaGjyfg";r g{j';fSk; xU epfH;r;rp kz;lyj;jpy; mJ

    rpwpjhdhYk; bghpjhdhYk; ve;j tpfpjj;jpy;

    fye;Js;sdnth/ mjw;nfw;g ,af;f ntfj;jpYk;/

    tpist[fspYk; ntWghL cz;lhFk;. fhw;wpy;

    tpz;qk;/ btg;gj;jpy; fhw;Wk;/ tpz;qk; ePhpy;

    btg;gk;/ fhw;W/ tpz;/ ,ita[k;/ kz;zpy; ePh;

    btg;gk;fhw;W tpz;Mfpa ehd;Fk;mlf;fk;.

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    ,g;go fye;J ,a';Ffpd;wd. xt;bthU g{jKk;

    jd;dstpy; jdpj;jdpna ,a';Fk;nghJ xU

    jd;iknahLk;kw;bwhd;wpy;,a';Fk;nghJ me;j

    ,af;f kz;lyj;jpy; mike;j g";rg{jf;Tl;L/

    mjd; fhyk;/ J}uk; gUkd;/ ntfk;/ ,itfl;F

    Vw;g btt;ntwhd rpwg;g[j;jd;iknahLk;

    ,a';Fk;. ,jdhy; xt;bthU epfH;r;rpa[k; ntW

    ntwhd jd;iknahL gynfhlhd nfhoj;

    njhw;w';fshf cUthfpd;wJ. tpz;zpd;

    jd;epiy ,af;fk;bfhs;sy;rf;jp MfpwJ.

    mJ fhw;wpy; ,a';Fk;nghJ xypf;Fk;

    rf;jpahfpd;wJ. mJ btg;gj;jpy; xsptpLk;

    rf;jpahfpwJ. ePhpy;mJnt Ritahfp kz;zpy;

    thridahfpwJ. mGj;jk;/ xyp/ xsp/ Rit/

    kzk; vd;w ,af;fj;jd;ikfs; xd;nwhL

    xd;wpize;J xU kz;ly epfH;r;rpapy;Kiwahf

    ,a';Fk;nghJ me;j kz;lyj;jpy; fhe;jk;/

    kpd;rhuk;/ btg;gk;/ fhw;W Mfpa ehy;tifahd

    RHy;fs;Kiwahf mjdjd;ntfj;jpy;mjdjd;

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    ghijapy; RHd;W nkny brhy;yg;gl;l mGj;jk;

    Kjyhd Itif ,af;f';fspYk;

    g';FbgWfpd;wd.

    ,e;j Itif ,af;f mjph;t[ miyfs;Kiwahfj; bjhlh;e;J eilbgWkhdhy; mjd;

    tpisthf tpj;Jf;TWfs; tpise;J ,ize;J

    me;j kz;lyj;jpy; czh;r;rp vd;w ,af;fk;

    cUthfpd;wd. mg;nghJ me;j kz;lyk; mwpt[

    vd;w rpwg;gpaf;fj;jpw;F mog;gilahd tpj;J

    Mfpd;wJ. ,e;j tpj;Jf; nfhs';fs;jhd;

    vy;yhtifahd caphpd';fSf;Fk; mog;

    gilahd rpw;wiufs; MFk;. ,j;jifa tpj]Jf;

    nfhs';fs; vz;zpf;ifapy; bgUfpf;To

    bfhj;jhf mike;J ,a';fp bfhs;sy;/ js;sy;/

    czh;jy;/ tpj;jpLjy;/ vd;w rpwg;gpaf;f';fisg;

    bgWk;nghj mj;bjhFg;g[ ,af;fnk $Ptd;

    vdg;gLk;. ,e;j tpsf;fj;jhy; gukhq vd;w xnu

    rf;jp xUg[wk; fhw;W/ btg;gk;/ ePh;/ epyk;/

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    ,itahfp J}yf; fhl;rpfhst[k;/ ,tw;wpDnl

    mnj gukhqtpd; vGr;rp fth;r;rp vd;w ,af;fr;

    rpwg;ng klf;F epfHr;rpfshfp xyp/ xsp/ Rit

    kzk;/ mwpt[/ vd;Wk; Nl;rk ,af;f';fshft[k;

    $Ptfhe;jkhft[k;kpsh;fpd;wd. ,j;jifa Nf;Fk

    epfH;r;rpfspy; mGj;jk;/ xyp/ xsp/ Rit/ kzk;/

    Mfpa caph; vdg;gLk; czh;jy; vd;w

    epfH;r;rpna mwpt[ vdg;gLk;. caph;; ,af;fj;jpd;

    tpisthd xU rpwg;g[ epiyna mwpt[ MFk;.

    caph;vd;gJ gukhq. ,jd;,af;f ntWghLfs;vz;zpwe;jd vd;gjhYk; RUf;fkhf \d;W

    gphpt[fspy; bjhpe;J bfhs;syhk;. nghpaf;f

    kz;lyk; KGtJk; tpz; vd;w caph;j;Jfs;

    epiwe;j bgU';fskhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

    ,e;epiyapy; ,J gpug";r caph;;. ,Jnt

    kfhfhrk;(kfh + Mfhrk;) tpz;.

    jpul;rp epiyfshd fhw;W/ btg;gk;/ ePh;/ epyk;

    Mfpa ehd;F g{j';fspYk;cs;epiw Mw;wyhfmike;J xyp/ xsp/ Rit kzk; vd]w

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    tpist[fshf kyh;e;J bfhz;oUf;Fk; ,af;f

    epfH;r;rpfspy; ,Jnt g{jhfhrk; (g{jk; Mfhrk;)

    vdg;gLk]. tpj;J vd;w mog;gil mikg;igf;

    bfhz;L mq mLf;Fshy; mike;j clypy;

    ,nj tpz; czh;r;rp vd;w rpwg;ghw;wyhf