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  • by Bruner F. Barrie

    Second edition

    noW WitH More tHan 90 iMages!

    A SC

    ULP

    TORS G

    UIDE TO

    TOOLS A

    ND M

    ATER

    IALS b

    y Brun

    er F. Barrie

  • by Bruner F. Barrie

    A SCULPTORS GUIDE TO

    Tools and MaterialsSecond edition

  • Copyright 2006 Bruner F. Barrie.

    All rights reserved. This book or parts thereof may not be

    reproduced in any form without written permission from

    the author or his legal representatives.

    First Printing, November 2006

    Library of Congress Control Number 2006936739

    ISBN 0-9631867-2-8

    Trademarks - All terms mentioned in this book that are

    known by the author to be trademarks or service marks

    have been capitalized.

    Every effort has been made by the author to make this

    book as accurate as possible; the author and publisher

    assume no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for

    damages arising out of the use of the information contained

    herein.

    Layout & Design and Copy Editing by HyBar Consulting Group, Florida

    Photographs by: Granite Digital Imaging, LLC., Wellington, Florida

    Mega Color Corporation, Deerfield Beach, Florida

    Sculpture House, Inc., New York and New Jersey

    David Klass, Kent Ullberg and Beatrice Landolt

    Sculpture Credits - Inside Back Cover

    Pommel Horse Athlete by Joe Menna Berninis Ecorch by David Klass Wildlife Big Horn by Kent Ullberg All air-dried sculpture by Sandra K. Little

    All pottery pieces by Beatrice Landolt

    Printed in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    Thomson-Shore, Inc., Dexter, MI

    A.B.F.S. Publishing

    Palm City, Florida Princeton, New Jersey

    A SculptorS Guide to Tools and Materials - Second edition

  • This book is dedicated

    to my wife, Nancy

    and to all sculptors, professional and amateur alike

  • ABOUT THE AUTHOR Bruner F. Barrie was born in Abington, Pennsylvania in September 1947. He is a member of the Board of Directors as well as a patron member of The National Sculpture Society in New York and is a member of the International Sculpture Center in Hamilton, New Jersey. He is also certified as a profes-sional Lifecasting Artist. Mr. Barrie joined Sculpture House, Inc. shortly after his discharge from the United States Air Force, Strategic Air Com-mand, in 1971. He became and is currently the President and Chief Executive Officer. He is also the author of Mold Making, Casting & Patina for the student sculptor, a book for those who want to make basic molds and casts. This 116-page publication with over 200 photos and line drawings is ideal for the beginner. Mr. Barrie resides in Palm City, Florida.

    Bruner F. Barrie

  • introduction .................................................................................................................. v How to Use this Guide - Key Word Technique ........................................................... vi

    PART 1 MODELING

    Chapter 1 plastilina ................................................................................................... 1 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 2

    chapter 2 direct Modeling Materials - air-dried, non-Firing Materials ......... 5 Clays ............................................................................................................................ 5 Liquid Metal ................................................................................................................ 6 Plaster .......................................................................................................................... 6 Polymer Clay (Plastic) .................................................................................................. 6 Paverpol ....................................................................................................................... 7 Other Clays .................................................................................................................. 7 Waxes........................................................................................................................... 7 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 8

    chapter 3 Modeling tools - Modeling accessories ............................................. 9 Wire End Modeling Tools ............................................................................................. 9 Wood and Plastic Modeling Tools ................................................................................. 10 Tool Handles ................................................................................................................ 10 Modeling Tool Kits ....................................................................................................... 11 Plaster Tools ................................................................................................................. 11 Wax Tools ..................................................................................................................... 11 Steel Tools .................................................................................................................... 11 Stainless Steel Tools ...................................................................................................... 12

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    i

  • Modeling Accessories ................................................................................................... 12 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 14

    chapter 4 arMatures .................................................................................................. 15 Types of Armatures ...................................................................................................... 15 Building Your Own Armature ...................................................................................... 16 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 16 chapter 5 Modeling stands ..................................................................................... 19 Heavy Duty Stands ...................................................................................................... 20 Studio and Classroom Stands ....................................................................................... 21 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 22

    PART 2 MOLD MAKING & CASTING

    Chapter 6 Mold Making & casting....................................................................... 25 Mold Making Materials ............................................................................................... 25 Casting Materials .......................................................................................................... 27 Casting Techniques ...................................................................................................... 31 Tips for Coloring and Strengthening Plaster Casts ........................................................ 34 Plaster Casts & Anatomical Figures .............................................................................. 34 Enlarging & Reducing Sculpture .................................................................................. 35 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 36

    PART 3 WOOD CARVING & STONE CARVING

    Chapter 7 Wood carving .......................................................................................... 41 Types of Wood Carving Tools ....................................................................................... 41 Other Wood Carving Tools ........................................................................................... 43 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 45

    Chapter 8 stone carving ........................................................................................... 47 Stone ............................................................................................................................ 47 Stone Carving Tools ..................................................................................................... 48 Carving Sets ................................................................................................................. 51 Pneumatic Handpieces and Tools ................................................................................. 51 Electric Tools ................................................................................................................ 53 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 54

    Chapter 9 rasps & riFFlers - Wood, stone & plaster ............................................ 55 Troubleshooting/Questions .......................................................................................... 57

    ii

  • Chapter 10 accessories - Wood carving and stone carving ............................. 59 Sharpening Stones & Special Oils ................................................................................. 59 Finishing Materials ....................................................................................................... 60 Safety Devices ...............