Architecture. Black Cow and Horses Lascaux Cave painting, Central France c.15,000 BCE Stone Age Paleolithic Hall of the Bulls Lascaux Cave, Central France

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Architecture Slide 2 Black Cow and Horses Lascaux Cave painting, Central France c.15,000 BCE Stone Age Paleolithic Hall of the Bulls Lascaux Cave, Central France c.15,000 BCE Note : The following demonstrates how established dates are designated today vs. how they have been shown in the past : Before Now BC = Before Christ BCE = Before Common Era AD = Anno Domini (year of our lord) CE = Common Era Slide 3 Round Tower [of Jericho ] Tel-el-Sultan c.7000 BCE (Neolithic) Brick &amp; Stone Ancient Architecture Slide 4 Ziggurat at Ur (Third Dynasty) Sumerian c. 2100 BCE Sun-dried Brick Sumerian Architecture Slide 5 Great Pyramids At Giza (Cheops, Chefren, Mycerinus) (EOK) c. 2570-2500 BCE Egyptian Old Kingdom (EOK) Architecture Stone Quarry for Pyramids Slide 6 Pyramid entrance tunnel Egyptian Old Kingdom (EOK) Archtiecture Cross section of Pyramid tunnels and chambers Slide 7 Mayan Architecture Mayan Temple of the Giant Jaguar (Temple I) Tikal, El Pten, Guatemala c. 700 CE El Castillo Chichn Itza, Mexico 9th-10th Century CE Stone Slide 8 Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut Architect Imhotep Dier - El - Bahri, Thebes (ENK), Beginning of the XVIIIth Dynasty c.1480 BCE Egyptian New Kingdom (ENK) Architecture Slide 9 Stonehenge Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England c.1800 - 1400 BCE Neolithic Architecture Type of construction? Slide 10 Stonehenge Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England c.1800 - 1400 BCE Neolithic Architecture Type of construction? Post and Lintel construction Slide 11 Palace at Knossos courtyard Crete, Minoan c.1600 BC Palace Floor Plan Minoan Architecture Slide 12 Queens Bedroom in the Palace at Knossos Late Minoan c.1500 BC Minoan Art and Architecture Slide 13 The Queens parlour Palace at Knossos, Crete Minoan Art and Architecture Slide 14 Root 5 Rectangle (based on the Golden Mean Length = 5 x height ) A B C Proportion Classical Greek design principle The Golden Mean The Golden Rectangle Slide 15 The Parthenon on the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Iktinos and KalliKrates (Architects) 448 - 432 BCE Greece Classical Art Floor Plan Sculptural model of the Goddess Athena of the Parthenon Slide 16 DoricIonicCorinthian (origin : Greek mainland) (origin : Asia Minor) (origin : Corinth,Greece ) Greece Classical Architectural Column Designs Slide 17 Roman Aqueduct Pont Du Gard, Nimes, France Brick and Stone c. 14 CE 900 in length x 160 in height Early Roman Empire Architecture Slide 18 Collosseum Rome Concrete c. 80 CE All three orders of Greek Architecture are used here. Third level : Corinthian Second Level : Ionic First Level : Doric Slide 19 Pantheon Rome Early Empire 117-125 CE Brick and concrete 15-18 similar Early Roman Empire Architecture Slide 20 Under the Portico of the Pantheon Rome 117-125 CE Early Roman Empire Architecture Slide 21 The Pantheon Rome Early Empire 117-125 CE Concrete coffered ceiling w/ oculus 15-19 Slide 22 Construction Designs Slide 23 Romanesque Architecture Cathedrals St. Sernin Cathedral Toulouse, France 1080-1210 CE St. Etienne Cathedral interior Vignory, France 1050-1057 CE 15-27 Floor Plan Slide 24 Gothic Architecture Notre Dame Cathedral (Apse) Paris, France Detail 1163 - 1250 CE Notre Dame Floor Plan Apse Flying Buttresses Notre Dame Facade Slide 25 Gothic Architecture Cathedrals Ribbed Vaulted Ceiling (Example) Amiens Cathedral Amiens, France Begun 1220 CE Slide 26 Islamic Architeture Great Mosque (interior) Cordoba, Spain 784 - 988 CE Great Mosque dome Mosque : from the Arab word masjad meaning a place of kneeling Slide 27 Buddhist Architecture Buddhist Stupa Sanchi, India Slide 28 The Rotunda Vicenza, Italy c. 1550 Proscenium of the Teatro Olimpico Vicenza, Italy c. 1560 The Renaissance in Italy The High Renaissance House Pilladio Slide 29 Louis Sullivan Carson Pirie Scott Building Chicago, IL 1890 - 1904 Steel Structure Late 19th &amp; early 20th Century Architecture Art Nouveau Decorative Details in wrought-iron above entrance and elsewhere Slide 30 The Rotunda Vicenza, Italy c. 1550 Proscenium of the Teatro Olimpico Vicenza, Italy c. 1560 The Renaissance in Italy The High Renaissance House Pilladio Slide 31 Katsura Palace Kyoto, Japan c. 1615 - 1663 Traditional Japanese Architecture Slide 32 Late19th &amp; early 20th Century Architecture 17 - 14 Frank Lloyd Wright 1867 - 1959 The Robie House Chicago, IL 1907 - 09 Falling Water Bear Run. PA 1936 - 39 Slide 33 Casa Mila Barcelona, Spain 1906 - 1910 Antonio Gaudi 1852 - 1926 Art Nouveau Architecture Slide 34 Antonio Gaudi Park Guell Barcelona, Spain Art Nouveau Architecture Slide 35 Antonio Gaudi Casa Battlo Barcelona, Spain 1904 - 1906 Architecture Slide 36 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Seagram Building NYC 1954-58 Modern Architecture - International Style Slide 37 Buckminster Fuller Geodesic Dome Structure c 1950 The Building Truss 20th Century Architecture Prefab design and structure Slide 38 Geodesic Biosphere Montreal Worlds Fair of 1967 Buckminster Fuller Architecture Buckminster Fuller Stamp Geodesic Urban Dome of the future Geodesic Sphere Epcot Center Orlando, FL Slide 39 21st Century Architecture Murphy &amp; Mackey, architects Climatron Missouri Botanical Garden Geodesic structure + Dale Chihuly blown glass sculpture Slide 40 Notre Dame du Haut Ronchamp, France 1955 20th Century Architecture Le Corbusier Villa Savoie Poissy, France 1929 Slide 41 20th Century Architecture Joern Utzon Opera House Sydney, Australia 1959-72 Slide 42 Frei Otto Olympic Village Tent Structures Munich, Germany 1972 20th Century Architecture Suspension and Tensile Construction Slide 43 Walt Disney Concert Hall Los Angelos, CA 2003 Contemporary Architecture Frank Gehry Slide 44 Corcoran Gallery proposal (model) Washington, DC Model made of Gatorboard, basswood, silver paper, Plexiglas, and acetate 30 x 41 x 72 Contemporary Architecture Frank Gehry Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain 1997 Slide 45 End of Chapter 2 </p>

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