Annotation John Donne’s Holy Sonnet IX

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<p>Annotation John Donne s Holy Sonnet IX</p> <p>Holy Sonnet IX</p> <p>If poisonous minerals, and if that tree, Whose fruit threw death on (else immortal) us, If lecherous goats, if serpents envious Cannot be damn'd, alas ! why should I be ? Why should intent or reason, born in me, Make sins, else equal, in me more heinous ? And, mercy being easy, and glorious To God, in His stern wrath why threatens He ? But who am I, that dare dispute with Thee ? O God, O ! of Thine only worthy blood, And my tears, make a heavenly Lethean flood, And drown in it my sin's black memory. That Thou remember them, some claim as debt ; I think it mercy if Thou wilt forget.</p> <p>Structure</p> <p>1 If poisonous minerals, and if that tree, 2 Whose fruit threw death on (else immortal) us, 3 If lecherous goats, if serpents envious 4 Cannot be damn'd, alas ! why should I be ? 5 Why should intent or reason, born in me, 6 Make sins, else equal, in me more heinous ? 7 And, mercy being easy, and glorious 8 To God, in His stern wrath why threatens He ? 9 But who am I, that dare dispute with Thee ? 10 O God, O ! of Thine only worthy blood, 11 And my tears, make a heavenly Lethean flood, 12 And drown in it my sin's black memory. 13 That Thou remember them, some claim as debt ; 14 I think it mercy if Thou wilt forget.</p> <p>M e d i ti ta v e p o e try</p> <p>Poetic Traditions</p> <p>Sonnet 9 Structure</p> <p>o Sonnet has a rhyme scheme of ABBAABBAACCDEE o Shows emphasis on line 12 o Emphasis on lines 13 and 14 also because of change in rhyme scheme o Has structure of meditative poetry: 1) focus of setting 2) analysis of points 3) colloquies (dialogue with God) o Donne is often known for using parts of meditative poetry structure, usually colloquies. o Sonnet 9 uses trifold of meditative poetry while using traditional</p> <p>Religious References1 If poisonous minerals, and if that tree, 2 Whose fruit threw death on (else immortal) us, 3 If lecherous goats, if serpents envious 4 Cannot be damn'd, alas ! why should I be ? 5 Why should intent or reason, born in me, 6 Make sins, else equal, in me more heinous ? 7 And, mercy being easy, and glorious 8 To God, in His stern wrath why threatens He ? 9 But who am I, that dare dispute with Thee ? 10 O God, O ! of Thine only worthy blood, 11 And my tears, make a heavenly Lethean flood, 12 And drown in it my sin's black memory. 13 That Thou remember them, some claim as debt ; 14 I think it mercy if Thou wilt forget.</p> <p> Uses multiple religious</p> <p>references within the poem Questions ways of God, and then changes tone in line 8 to a tone of acceptance and repentance. Structure and questions according to refer to Romans 8. Uses same technique of switching for first person plural pronoun to first person singular pronouns to get audience to sympathizes with him and repent to God. Topic of questioning also appears in Romans 8.</p> <p>Tone </p> <p> Change in Tone from line 8 to 9 May have derived from</p> <p>purpose of structure to reference Romans 8 1 If poisonous minerals, and if that tree, Purpose to help reader 2 Whose fruit threw death on (else immortal) us, sympathize with 3 If lecherous goats, if serpents envious speaker 4 Cannot be damn'd, alas ! why should I be Uses meditative poetry style of ? 5 Why should intent or reason, born in me, dramatic statements 6 Make sins, else equal, in me more heinous ? Switches from 7 And, mercy being easy, and glorious questioning to 8 To God, in His stern wrath why threatens He ? explanation where 9 But who am I, that dare dispute with Thee ? speaker is begging for 10 O God, O ! of Thine only worthy blood, mercy 11 And my tears, make a heavenly Lethean flood, Connects with Donnes past 12 And drown in it my sin's black memory. Troubling past shines 13 That Thou remember them, some claim as through in questioning, debt ; and portrays Donnes 14 I think it mercy if Thou wilt forget. theme of creating melancholic tones compared to spiritual </p> <p>MetaphorsUse of metaphysical Displays different</p> <p>metaphors Compares sin to poisonous minerals, lusty goats, and serpents Compares grace to flood</p> <p>imagery than imagery provided usually imagined when talking, fall of man, grace, and mercy</p> <p>V s.</p> <p>Works CitedArcher, Stanley. "Meditation and the Structure of Donne's "Holy Sonnets" ELH 28.2 (1961): 137-147. JSTOR. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Web. March 2010 </p> <p>Chong, Kenneth. "Blood, Sweat, and Tears: Self-Chastisement in Donne's 'If Poysonous Mineralls'." Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Rforme 29.4 (2005): 41-55. MLA International Bibliography. EBSCO. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. Kuchar, Gary. "Petrarchism and Repentance in John Donne's Holy Sonnets." Modern Philology: Critical and Historical Studies in Literature, Medieval Through Contemporary 105.3 (2008): 535-569. MLA International Bibliography. EBSCO. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. Trevor, Douglas. "John Donne and Scholarly Melancholy." Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 40.1 (2000): 81-102. Winter. Project Muse. Web. 2 March 2010</p>

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