Ang Ating Bansa

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Ang Ating Bansa: Daluyan ng KasaysayanSubmitted By:

Social OrganizationMga Unang Tao sa PilipinasMga Negrito Ang mga Negrito ang bumubuo sa mga pinakamatanda o sinaunang mga nabubuhay pang grupo sa Pilipinas. Namumuhay pa rin sila sa pamamagitan ng pangangaso, pangingisda, at pagtitinda ng mga produktong mula sa kagubatan..

Tumutukoy ang terminong Negrito sa ilang mga grupong etnikong namumuhay sa ilang mga lugar sa Timog-Silangang Asya.

Mga Indones Dumating sila sa kapuluan sakay ng mga bangka. May dalawa silang pangkat: ang una ay kayumanggi at matatangkad, may manipis na labi at balingkinitan. Ang ikalawang pangkat ay maiitim, pango, makakapal ang labi, at matipuno ang katawan. Mga Malay Sila ay pangkat etnikong Awstronesyo. Sa Pilipinas, sila ang mga ninuno ng mga naging Bisaya, Tagalog, Ilokano, Moro, Bikolano, Kampampangan, mga Panggasinense, Ifugao, at iba pa. Tumira sila sa Pilipinas ng 100 hangang 200 na taon. Ang mga armas nila ay itak, kris, balaraw at lantaka.

Cultural Heritage

SINULOG Cebu City Third sunday of January FEAST OF THE BLACK NAZARENE Quiapo Church, Manila January 9 ATI-ATIHAN Kalibo, Aklan

ATI-ATIHAN Kalibo, Aklan Third Week The Ati-Atihan Festival honors the 13th century land deal between 10 migrating Bornean chieftains and the indigenous Ati King Marikudo. It also honors the town patron, the infant Sto. Nio. The Ati-Atihan celebration is boomed in many parts of the country.

SINULOG Cebu City third sunday of January

Celebrated every 3rd week of January in Cebu City. This Philippine fiesta in Visayas region celebrates Cebu's patron saint, the Santo Nio (Child Christ). This week long event is marked by processions, street dancing and parades. This fiesta is a local version of the Mardi gras.

DINAGYANG Iloilo City Fourth Weekend Merry mayhem breaks loose in Iloilo City during this weekend, when Ilonggos leave everything behind to join in the fiesta of the year. All shyness are dropped: boring everyday clothes are exchanged for "Ati" warrior costumes and black body paint. Shields and "weapons" are held amidst the pounding rhythm of drums, the costumed Ilonggos put their best feet forward in celebration of Dinagyang!

HOT AIR BALLOON Clark Special Economic Zone Early February An annual tournament of balloonist from various countries. Features aerosport shows, kite flying, games, live bands and exhibitions.

PANAGBENGA Baguio City Fourth Week It's flower season in the city of Pines - perfect timing for an allout fiesta in the streets. The Baguio folk take a break on these days to revel in the cool climate and the unique culture of the city. Multi-hued costumes are worn, mimicking the various blooms of the highland region (or any of its 11 ethnic tribes).

MORIONES Marinduque Easter Sunday Come the seven days of Holy Week, the people of Marinduque take part in the age-old ritual of the "Moriones". Colorful warrior costumes are worn topped with finely carved masks portraying the violent Roman soldiers of Christ's time. All these are done to show the story of the conversion of Longuinus, the centurion who stabbed Jesus' side - and his subsequent beheading.

CUTUD LENTEN RITES San Fernando, Pampanga 16-18 April Prayer has a different meaning during the Lenten season, when villagers of San Pedro, Cutud, engage in the act of self-flagellation. This ancient ritual is executed in the morning of Good Friday during the Holy Week. Backs, arms, and legs are cut and then struck with burillo beats. The climax to this occasion happens at midday, when penitents are literally nailed to their waiting crosses.

Eid El Fitir 9th of March Mindanao Muslim Filipinos mark the end of their 30day fasting as the crescent moon emerges after the Holy Month of Ramadan.

Manaoag Pilgrimage 2nd week of April Manaoag, Pangasinan

Devotees and pilgrims flock to the shrine of Nuestra Seora de Manaoag for the feast of the patroness of the sick, the needy and the helpless. Her image is believed to be miraculous.

Flores de Mayo Month of May Literally meaning the "flowers of May", this fiesta commemorates the search for the Holy Cross by Reyna Elena and her son, the emperor Constantine. This Philippine-wide fiesta is marked by a parade of maidens escorted by young men under floral arches. The main participant represents Reyna Elena and the emperor.

Pulilan Carabao Festival 14th of May Pulilan, Bulacan Hundreds of festively adorned carabaos are paraded by the farmers on the street leading to the church. There they are made to kneel down to pay homage to San Isidro de Labrador, the patron saint of farmers.

Pahiyas 15th of May Farm families give thanks to San Isidro Labrador for a good harvest by decorating their houses with brightly colored rice wafers called kiping.

Obando Fertility Rites May 17 to 19 Obando, Bulacan Massive numbers of men and women dance towards the town church praying for a wife, husband or a child. The pilgrims dance to San Pascual Baylon, Santa Clara de Assisi or the Virgen de Salambao for their wishes.

Parada ng Lechon 24th of June Balayan, Batangas This festival literally translated as the "parade of roasted pigs". This fiesta is a celebration of the feast of St. John the Baptist. Roasted pigs are dressed up and paraded around town before being eaten.

Pintados Festival 29th of June Tacloban, Leyte Town folks parade through town with colorful body paint to recall their ancient warrior tradition where tattoos represented bravery and prestige.

Feast of Nuestra Seora de Peafrancia 3rd Saturday of September Naga, Camarines Sur Bicol Region Highlight of this fiesta is the grand fluvial parade where the image of the Lady of Peafrancia is carried through the river aglow with floating candles.

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Economic Activity