ANCIENT CHINA

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ANCIENT CHINA. Developed along __________________ River River of Sorrows 1766 BC -- 1 st Dynasty = _________ 1122 BC Zhou Dyasty Used ________________________________ to justify conquering and ruling Divine Right of Kings - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • ANCIENT CHINADeveloped along __________________ RiverRiver of Sorrows1766 BC -- 1st Dynasty = _________ 1122 BC Zhou DyastyUsed ________________________________ to justify conquering and rulingDivine Right of KingsShang had upset gods, so gods pulled their favor and gave it to the Zhou to rule

  • Zhou allowed local lords to govern their own land = __________________________Zhou AccomplishmentsEconomy grewIronworkingNew cropsUse moneyTransportationPopulation grewControlled more territoryANCIENT CHINA

  • By 256 BC Zhou Dynasty had become to weak to govern local lordslocal lords ignored emperorlords fought each other for more power

    By 221 BC ____________ Dynasty had taken control

    ANCIENT CHINA

  • RELIGIOUS BELIEFS

    CONFUCIUSLAOZI (Daoism)Kong FuziLow DzuhConcerned with social order and good governmentAccept place in societySuperiors are above inferiors and should care for and set exampleFilial Piety respect for ______________________Education is key to leadershipLead by exampleYin / Yang maintain balanceConcerned with living in harmony with natureOld MasterLook past everyday issues to focus on the _____________ (Way of the Universe)Reject conflict and strifeLive simply with naturebest government is one that governs the least

  • Qin Dynasty221 B.C. Zheng proclaims himself Shi Huangdi [shur hwang dee] (First Emperor)>stopped in-fighting centralized government>strict/harsh punishments ______Hanfeizi [hahn fay dzuh] The nature of man is ______. His goodness is acquired.

    *greed*order kept by being strict/harsh

  • Qin DynastyShi Huangdiused book burningsForced people to work on government jobsEnslaved law breakersAbolished fuedalismEst. 36 military districtsAppt. loyal official to governForced nobles to live in his capitalGave land to peasants

  • Qin DynastyACCOMPLISHMENTSSTANDARD WEIGHTS/MEASURESUNIFORM WRITING STYLEROADS/CANALSCART AXLE CONSISTENCY (RUTS)__________________________

  • Fall of Qin Dynasty210 BC Shi Huangdi diedpeople revolted from cruel rule206 BC Gao Zu [gow dzoo] (peasant) started Han DynastyRISE OF HAN DYNASTYRestored orderLowered taxesEased harsh policies

  • Han Dynasty141 BC ____ [woo dee] becomes emperorScholar Officials Confucian trainedSchoolsRoads/canals _____________________4000 miles connected to MesopotamiaGranariesSold grain at affordable pricesExpansionismEst. Civil Servants merit

  • Han DynastyACCOMPLISHEMTSChemistry, zoology, botanySeismographWang Chong scientific theories accepted by proof, not godsAcupuncture_________[ky loon] paper from wood pulpBuddhism

  • Han Dynasty falls220 AD Warlords overthrewPoor maintenance w/in empireHeavy taxes/debtPeasants fled to mountainsRed EyebrowsGreen WoodsmenSeveral kingdoms developedinvasions

  • other CHINESE ACCOMPLISHMENTS365 day calendarImproved bronze makingSilkOracle bones (animal bones / Turtle shells)questions for gods written on bones/shellsHeatedCracks were interpretedCalligraphy