Teaching Objectives To understanding the main idea and structure of the text; To grasp the key language points and grammatical structures in the text; To learn to describe a person by his/her characteristic features, together with supporting details which demonstrate the features; To have a general idea of American Dream.
Do you have a dream? Do you think you can realize it? How?
I Have a Dream
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the AMRICAN DREAM. And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the AMRICAN DREAM. AMRICAN DREAM. AMRICAN DREAM.
American Dream 1 What is American Dream in your opinion? 2 In what ways can a person be considered successful? 3 What is the key to success?
Listen to an Interview Useful words and phrases Stanford UniversityAdvertising Turn ones back onCome true PovertyBecome gripped by Be paved withAfford Capitalist systemReach out
Listen to an Interview What did American Dream mean to Dr. Hertz's grandparents? Questions: Why does Dr. Hertz say that the American Dream is in one's head and in one's pocket? Listen
Listen to an Interview It first meant getting out of poverty; later it meant the chance for their children to succeed. What did American Dream mean to Dr. Hertz's grandparents?
Listen to an Interview It is in one's head because one wants to live as well as or better than others; it is in one's pocket because one has to keep on spending money so as to have things other people have. Why does Dr. Hertz say that the American Dream is in one's head and in one's pocket?
Do you know what American Dream is? American Dream is the belief that everyone in the United States has the chance to achieve success and prosperity. For ordinary people, it means a happy family, and ideal job, and a nice house. For minorities and immigrants, it also includes freedom and equal rights. American Dream is the belief that everyone in the United States has the chance to achieve success and prosperity. For ordinary people, it means a happy family, and ideal job, and a nice house. For minorities and immigrants, it also includes freedom and equal rights.
While-reading Task 1 Scan the text to circle all the time words, phrases or sentences in this text.
One evening, Next evening, The next two days, Summer passed into fall, The months passed, One day, A year or two passed. After about two years, Sometime later, Then, During the war, After he passed away,
? Sequence of the text time
While-reading Task 2 List the main events which help Tony fulfill his American Dream.
Main events: 5. Tony bought a farm and sent for his family in Italy. 4. Tony bought a house with Mr. Crawford's help. 3. Tony learned to become a skilled worker. 2. Tony got a job clearing snow at Mr. Crawfords factory. 1. Tony worked as a help at Mr. Crawfords house.
Text Organization Parts Part I Part II Paragraphs 1-29 30-32 Main Idea Life story of Life story of Tony Trivisonno The author s reflection on the story of Tony
What does a gardener do? to mow to weed to sweep to clean up to take care of to lift to fix the garden the yard the lawn any little tasks heavy objects the walks things
(L 30) well, what do you do with such determination and hope? It is hard to refuse a person who is determined and hopeful to get a job. (L 42) My wife and I were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of the story. my wife and I were happy with what Tony had achieved, and thought that the whole thing had thus been settled. (L84) He grew in stature in my mind. He grew taller and greater in my mind. His social status improved enough in my mind.
turn away 1.yes, Depression days were difficult, but how could I turn away a person who had come to me for help?(L10): refuse to help or allow (sb.)to enter a place. He turned all the applicants away. The guard turned away several people who didnt have the tickets.
work out 2.I managed to work out some kind of small weekly pay, and each day (L24): Work out: plan, solve, calculate. work out personal differences of the twins. Ive worked out your share of the expenses at 10. Ive worked out your share of the expenses at 10. Weekly: (adj.)happening once a week or every week. He thinks his weekly wage of 100 yuan is enough. He thinks his weekly wage of 100 yuan is enough. (adv.) once a week, every week, by the week. 21st Century is published weekly. 21st Century is published weekly. (n.) a publication issued once a week. News Weekly News Weekly twice weekly twice weekly
do with used in question with what deal with 3. Well, what do you do with such determination and hope?(L30): used in question with what deal with Tell me what you did with yourself this week. Tell me what you did with yourself this week. tolerate I cant do with him and his impoliteness. I cant do with him and his impoliteness. (often with could, can) desire I could do with a cup of tea. I could do with a cup of tea. do without do away with have something to do with have something to do with have nothing to do with have nothing to do with
personnel 4.I asked the personnel department for a report.(L32): the department in a large organization that deals with employees. personnel administration personnel department / / personnel department / / personnel director / / personnel director / / all the persons working in an organization, in the army, etc. All personnel were allowed to take part in the party. All personnel were allowed to take part in the party. personal: Please leave us alonewe have something personal to discuss. Please leave us alonewe have something personal to discuss. a personal appearance a personal appearance
capacity 5. But I doubted whether Tony had the capacity to read blueprints and micrometers (L37): the ability to understand or do sth. His capacity for remembering things is interesting. His capacity for remembering things is interesting. The maximum amount that can be contained: a trunk filled to capacity a trunk filled to capacity
skilled 6. I got a report that he had graduated as a skilled grinder(L40): having skill, trained, experienced skilled worker needing skill skilled work skilled skillful skilled Skillful: He is a __________ surgeon. Roses father is a _______ mechanic so she has become ______ at repairing bicycles too. Roses father is a _______ mechanic so she has become ______ at repairing bicycles too. for sale 7. He had found a house for sale, a complete wreck(L47): available to be bought The company will put the houses for sale. Not for sale: On sale: a sale on credit: On sale: a sale on credit: skilled/skillful skilledskillful
loanlend 8. Do you loan money on character?(L48): (vt.) lend The bank loaned me some money. The bank loaned me some money. n.: sth. Lent, esp. a sum of money. The dictionary is a loan, not a gift. The dictionary is a loan, not a gift. lending lending May I have the loan of your car? May I have the loan of your car? sent for 9. He had sent for his wife and son and daughter back in Italy(L67): ask for the arrival of I was seriously ill and my father had to send for a doctor. Do you want to send for the police
huntedabandon property 10. He had hunted around the edge of town until he found a small, abandoned piece of property(L68). Hunt: search thoroughly (for) The police are hunting for the escaped criminal in the mountain. The police are hunting for the escaped criminal in the mountain. go after (wild animals )for food or sport. We often go out hunting in the holiday. We often go out hunting in the holiday. abandon: v. give up completely and forever One of my classmates had to abandon the trip because of his