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ALTER EGO #132 (84 full-color pages, $8.95) celebrates 75 YEARS of THE FLASH and GREEN LANTERN (with HAWKMAN thrown in for good measure!) The era from 1940 to 1970—with BACK ISSUE #80 picking it up from there, in a TwoMorrows crossover this month! Vintage art by INFANTINO, KANE, KUBERT, ELIAS, LAMPERT, HIBBARD, NODELL, HASEN, TOTH, REINMAN, SEKOWSKY, and others! Plus: Golden Age JSA and Dr. Mid-Nite artist ARTHUR PEDDY—as known by stepson DR. MICHAEL POSNER, in an interview by RICHARD ARNDT! Also, FCA, MICHAEL T. GILBERT's Comic Crypt, BILL SCHELLY's Comic Fandom Archive, and more! Cover reproduced from original art for ALL-STAR COMICS #49 by ARTHUR PEDDY & BERNARD SACHS—or is it IRWIN HASEN? We print... you decide! Edited by ROY THOMAS.

Text of Alter Ego #132

  • Roy ThomasLandmark Comics Fanzine

    $8.95In the USA


    Art DC Comics.



    1 82658 27763 5

    0 4

  • Vol. 3, No. 133 / May 2015

    EditorRoy Thomas

    Associate EditorsBill SchellyJim Amash

    Design & LayoutChristopher Day

    Consulting EditorJohn Morrow

    FCA EditorP.C. HamerlinckJ.T. Go (Assoc. Editor)

    Comic Crypt EditorMichael T. Gilbert

    Editorial Honor RollJerry G. Bails (founder)Ronn Foss, Biljo WhiteMike Friedrich

    ProofreadersRob SmentekWilliam J. Dowlding

    Cover ArtistsArthur Peddy or Irwin Hasen,Bernard Sachs, et al.

    Cover ColoristTom Ziuko

    With Special Thanks to:

    This issue is dedicated to the memory ofArthur Peddy & Al Feldstein

    Alter EgoTM is published 8 times a year by TwoMorrows, 10407 Bedfordtown Drive, Raleigh, NC 27614, USA. Phone: (919) 449-0344. Roy Thomas, Editor. John Morrow, Publisher. Alter Ego Editorial Offices: 32 Bluebird Trail, St. Matthews, SC 29135, USA. Fax: (803) 826-6501; e-mail: [email protected] Send subscription funds to TwoMorrows, NOT to the editorial offices. Eight-issue subscriptions: $67 US, $85 Canada, $104 elsewhere. All characters are their respective companies. All material their creators unless otherwise noted. All editorial matter Roy Thomas. Alter Ego is a TM of Roy & Dann Thomas. FCA is a TM of P.C. Hamerlinck. Printed in China. ISSN: 1932-6890


    ContentsWriter/Editorial: Golden + Silver Anniversary = 75 Years! . . 2A Streak Of ScarletA Glimmer Of GreenAnd The Beating Of Mighty Wings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Kurt Mitchells brief history of The Flash, Green Lantern, and Hawkman (1940-1970).

    Remembering Arthur Peddy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Richard Arndt talks with Michael Posner, stepson of the Golden Age artist.

    The Will Of William Wilson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44The Flash and Green Lantern in the legendary lost Golden Age tale of the Justice Society.

    Mr. Monsters Comic Crypt! The Mystery Of The Missing Comic (Part Two) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49More by Michael T. Gilbert on Bob Powells AWOL Man in Black issue.

    Comic FandomArchive:Al DellingesItsBeenA Great Trip! . . 55Bill Schelly introduces the ultimate Kubert fan, recalling a lifetime of fan-publishing.

    In Memoriam: Al Feldstein. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63re: [correspondence, comments, & corrections] . . . . . . . . . 67FCA [Fawcett Collectors Of America] #191 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

    P.C. Hamerlinck presents Elliot Maggin, John G. Pierce, & Otto Binder.

    On Our Cover: This issues major cover art is a bit of a mysterybut, just this once, well mostly dealwith that mystery in our writer/editorial on the following page. Here, well just note that it was repro-duced from a photocopy of the original art for the cover of All-Star Comics #49 (Oct.-Nov. 1949) thatwas sent years ago to Ye Editor by A/Es founder, the late Jerry G. Bails, who then owned that art.For some reason, though, the bottom partial-inch of the art got cut off on that photocopy. Since thatJustice Society of America art spotlighted The Flash and Green Lantern (plus Wonder Woman), itseemed a natural choice to front this issue that deals in large part with the first three decades of thosetwo hero-concepts. The inker has been identified as Bernard Sachs, while the penciling is by eitherArthur Peddy or Irwin Hasen. The Carmine Infantino/Joe Kubert insert of the Silver AgeFlash is from Showcase #4 (Oct. 1956), while the Gil Kane/Joe Giella head of the Hal Jordan GL isfrom an early adventure of that version of the Emerald Gladiator. [Art DC Comics.]

    Above: This color illo of the Golden Age Flash and Green Lantern by the latters co-creator, MartNodell, was probably done in the 1990s, when Marty was drawing commissions and attendingnumerous comics conventions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time its been printed incolor. [Flash & Green Lantern TM & DC Comics.]

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    Heidi AmashRichard J. ArndtBob BaileyJean BailsDominic BongoJerry K. BoydChristopher BoykoMike BurkeyNick CaputoMike CatronBob CherryShaun ClancyWilliam ColosimoComicBookPlus

    (website)Chet CoxJoshua CozineFred DeBoomJeff DeischerCraig DelichJeff DellAl DellingesBetty DobsonJim DotyMichael DunneMark EvanierShane FoleyFrank GiellaJoe GiellaJanet GilbertGolden Age Comic

    Book Stories(website)

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    Archives (website)Richard Howell

    Nancy ShoresKarlebach

    Jim KealyDominique LeonardMark LewisJim LudwigElliot S! MagginDan MakaraWill MeugniotKurt MitchellBart MixonBrian K. MorrisMark MullerWill MurrayKen NadlePalantine News

    Network (website)Fred PattenBarry PearlTony PidoneJohn G. PierceMichael PosnerFrancis RodriguezBernice Sachs-SmollerRandy SargentEd SilvermanAnthony SnyderJ. David SpurlockAaron SultanTenth Letter of the

    Alphabet (website)Dann ThomasToni TorresJim Vadeboncoeur, Jr.Dr. Michael J.

    VassalloHames WareBill WarrenSteven WillisBill Wormstedt

  • utumn 1939: the dawn of the Golden Age of comic books.Established and newly minted publishers alike are goinginto the business right and left in the wake of the

    phenomenal debut of Superman the previous year. Among themis All-American Comics, Inc., a fledgling line jointly owned byentrepreneur Max Charles Gaines, the man who a few years earlier,some say, more or less invented the American comic book as weknow it, and Jacob Jack Liebowitz, part-owner of Supermanspublisher, Detective Comics, Inc.

    Frustrated by his DC partner Harry Donenfelds reluctance toexpand their line, Liebowitz approaches Gaines, who has previ-ously packaged titles for other publishers, about establishing asister company that will share printing and distribution costs withDetective while maintaining separate editorial offices and

    identities. The two companiesadvertise each others booksand, as of AAs June 1940issues, both lines bear theubiquitous DC slug on theircovers. AAs flagship title, All-American Comics, featuresreprints of newspaper comicstrips and original characterslike aviator Hop Harriganand two-fisted servicemenRed, White, and Blue. Twoother AA titles, Movie Comicsand Mutt & Jeff, are also on the


    A Streak OfScarletA Glimmer Of



    All-American GuysM.C. Gaines (1894-1947), recently of the McClure Syndicate (left), and DC

    accountant/co-publisher JackLiebowitz (1900-2000) joined forces in1939with Harry Donenfelds blessing

    to create the All-American ComicsGroup. The photo of Gaines is from

    Amazing World of DC Comics #5 (1975),that of Liebowitz was found online.

    The Last Shall Be First!(Top left:) The final Golden Age panels that featured The Flash (seen only in a super-speed blur), Green Lantern, and Hawkman were featured on the last two pages

    of All-Star Comics #57 (Feb.-March 1951). Script by John Broome; pencils by Arthur Peddy; inks by Bernard Sachs. Reproduced from Roy Thomas bound volumes of the actual comic.

    (Top right:) More than a dozen years and a couple of revivals later, two Flashes, two Green Lanterns, and the Golden Age Hawkman shared the cover of JusticeLeague of America #22 (Sept. 1963) with several other heroes of two ages. Art by Murphy Anderson. The editor of both comic books, a dozen years apart, was

    the late great Julius Schwartz. Thanks for these and various other comics covers accompanying this article to the online Grand Comics Database (see ad on p. 48).[ DC Comics.]

    And The BeatingOf Mighty WingsAnd The BeatingOf Mighty WingsA Brief History Of The Flash,Green Lantern, & Hawkman

    (1940-1970)by Kurt Mitchell

  • newsstands when Gainesand Liebowitz decide toput together a new title,one emphasizing colorfulmystery-men (not yetgenerally called super-heroes).

    Gaines turns to hisright-hand man, AA editorand art director SheldonMayer, to determine thespecific contents of thenew comic. Mayer, atalented artist in his ownright whose series about aboy cartoonist, Scribbly,is a highlight of All-American, knows a thing ortwo about supermen:according to someaccounts (including his), itwas he who discoveredsample pages of JerrySiegel and Joe Shustersrevolutionary Supermanstrip during Gaines dayswith a newspapersyndicate and recom-mended the feature to DCeditor Vince Sullivan.Although they will neverachieve the popularity oruniversal recognition ofthe Man of Steel, four of

    the super-heroesMayer helps developfor All-American willbecome cornerstonesof what comic fans oflater generations willdub the DC Universe.This is the story ofthree of those heroes.(Wonder Womanbeing the fourth, ofcourse.)

    The FastestMan Alive!

    Faster than thestreak of the lightningin the sky swifterthan the speed of thelight itself fleeterthan the rapidity ofthought is The Flash, reincarnation of thewinged Mercury His speed is the dismay ofscientists, the joy of the oppressedand theopen mouthed wonder of the multitudes!!

    So reads the opening caption of The Flash, the eponymouscover feature of Flash Comics #1 (January 1940). The ability to moveat superhuman speed is hardly original (Mercury is but one ofmany mythological speedsters) and Superman counts extraor-dinary speed among his many attributes, but no comic has yet toseize on it as a stand-alone super-power. Enter Gardner F. Fox, amoonlighting lawyer who will describe himself in a 1979 letter asthe very first writer hired to do comic book writing. Foxs comics

    credits include early episodes of Batman (we have him tothank for the Batarang) and (perhaps) the co-creation of TheSandman. He and editor Mayer hammer out a plot aboutJay Garrick, who gains super-speed after inhaling hardwater fumes in a chem lab accident. The science is suspect,but it serves tidily as a deus ex machina, getting us quickly toour fleet-footed hero. Mayer also has a hand in thecharacters design, working with the series original artist,Harry Lampert, to give The Flash a colorful costume appro-priate for a modern Mercury, including winged boots andwinged helmet. Lampert, a former inker for the Fleischer

    animation studiomore comfortablewith humor thanadventure, yieldsthe art chores toEverett E. Hibbardfollowing thesecond episode.Hibbard will drawthe strip off and onfor the next eightyears, earning a rarebyline alongsideFox.

    Early episodes ofthe series are, super-speed notwith-standing, ratherordinary tales of

    When Sheldons Clash!All-American Comics editor Sheldon

    Mayer (1917-1991, seen at left) and artistSheldon Moldoff (1920-2012) play at

    mock fisticuffs in the early 1940s. Afterthe latter returned from World War IImilitary service and Mayer refused to

    give him back the Hawkman feature,the bad blood became real. This photo

    was first published courtesy of Moldoff inAlter Ego, Vol. 3, #4 (Spring 2000), anissue celebrating the first sixty years ofThe Flash and Hawkman. Its still

    available from TwoMorrows; check it outfor more rare art and information about

    the stars of Flash Comics.

    Harry Lampert(1916-2004) drew onlythe first two Flashstories before editor

    Mayer replaced him asartist, but nonethelessis the visual co-creator

    of the concept. Thisphoto, taken while he

    was in the Armyduring World War II,

    was supplied byLampert to accompanyhis interview in Alter

    Ego V3#4, which is stillavailable fromTwoMorrows.

    Gardner F. Fox(1911-1986), writer/co-

    creator of The Flash &Hawkman, wouldsoon go on to do the

    same duties for DoctorFate, The Justice

    Society of America,Skyman, The Face,and other major comicbook concepts. Photosupplied by Foxs latedaughter Lynda some

    years ago.

    4 A Brief History Of The Flash, Green Lantern, & Hawkman (1940-1970)

    No Flash In The Pan!(Right:) Sheldon Shelly Moldoffs cover for Flash Comics #1 (Jan. 1940)and

    (above) the splash panel of that issues Flash origin, scripted by Gardner F. Foxand drawn by Harry Lampertand a Hawkman panel by Fox and artist DennisNevilleboth reprod from DCs 1975 tabloid-size reprinting of Flash Comics #1.

    [ DC Comics.]

  • immensely powerful intelli-gence that inhabits the ancientlantern, appoints Alan itschampion. Power shall beyours, promises the Flame, ifyou have faith in yourself forwill power is the flame of thegreen lantern! It instructs himto fashion a ring from itssubstance, which, if recharged atthe lantern every 24 hours, willgive him immunity to all metals,as well as the power to fly andwalk through walls. Donning acolorful costume so bizarre thatonce I am seen, I will never beforgotten, the newborn super-hero takes his sacred oath for thefirst time: and I shall shed mylight over dark evil for the darkthings cannot stand the light the light of the Green Lantern!

    The new series powerful premise captures the imagination ofits young readers. After all, who wouldnt want a magic ring thatobeys your every command? Indeed, the ring is the whole show atfirst. Most of GLs early adventures are prosaic crime dramasenlivened only by the ever more ingenious uses he finds for hispower: melting steel, stalling motors, providing electricity to ablacked-out city, and forming objectsa wall, a bladeof solidlight. The ring also allows him to read minds and compel confes-sions. Its most sinister attribute is seen only once: in All-American#22 (January 1941), a crook dons the ring and is immolated on thespot by the Green Flame. Green Lantern operates out of Metropolisat first, then relocates to Capitol City (a thinly disguisedWashington, DC) after meeting Irene Miller at the New YorkWorlds Fair in All-American #18 (Aug. 1940). Irene is a secretary atthe Apex Broadcasting System, and soon Alan Scott is workingthere, too. Despite the change in setting, the stories continue tofeed GL a steady diet of cheap crooks and corrupt authorityfigures. Something is missing. The solution comes in the unlikelyform of an irascible little taxi driver with an impenetrable Brooklynaccent Doiby Dickles.

    Brothers In Arms And Strange BedfellowsAs every reader of Alter Ego surely knows, All-Star Comics #3

    (Winter 1940) features the debut of the Justice Society ofAmerica, comics first team of costumed super-heroes. The Flash,Green Lantern. and Hawkman are not only charter members of theSociety, they successively serve as its chairmen. For the most part,their adventures with the JSA have little impact on their solo strips,Shiera Sanders coming into her inheritance in All-Star #6 being thenotable exception (probably because Gardner Fox was writing boththe JSA and the Hawkman feature in Flash Comics). Anunspokenand surrealdictum of the series is that any hero whostars in his own solo title (i.e., Superman and Batman) is too busyfor active duty. Sure enough, the premieres of All-Flash Quarterly #1(Summer 1941) and Green Lantern #1 (Fall 1941) both lead to theirnamesakes yielding their seats at the JSAs round table to otherworthy heroes. Both will return to active duty in All-Star #24(Spring 1945) and remain with the team through the end of the runin All-Star #57 (Feb.-March 1951). For more information about ourthree heroes careers with the Justice Society, see TwoMorrowsfour-volume book series The All-Star Companion.

    Its Not Easy Being Green (Lantern)Artist Martin Nodell drew up an initial version of Green Lanterns origin forAll-American editor Sheldon Mayer circa the turn of 1941but Mayer quickly

    teamed him with already-veteran writer Bill Finger (whod worked withBob Kane on the creation of Batman) to rework the tale. Nodells originalversion of one page was printed in A/E #102. Above is a 1989 color drawingNodell did for collector Aaron Sultan, who kindly shared it with us. Aboveleft: Mayer assigned the first Green Lantern cover of All-American Comics(#16, July 1940) to established artist Sheldon Moldoff. For the GL storiesfrom All-American #16-38 and the first three issues of Green Lantern, see

    DCs hardcover Golden Age Green Lantern Archives, Vol. 1-2. [ DC Comics.]

    Green Lantern artist/conceptualizer Martin Nodell (1915-2006, left) & writer/co-creator Bill Finger (1914-1974, right) in the fuzzy photos thatappeared with their bios in Green Lantern #1 (Fall 1941). [ DC Comics.]

    A Streak Of ScarletA Glimpse Of GreenAnd The Beating Of Mighty Wings 7

  • super-speed. As fast as the ScarletSpeedster and infatuated with Iris West,Zooms clashes with his heroic adversaryare epic and personal.

    Fortunately, The Flash has no shortageof super-heroic help. Iris teenage nephew,Wally West, gains speed powers undercircumstances identical to those that befellBarry Allen and, with Flashs encour-agement, assumes the identity of Kid Flashin The Flash #110 (Dec. 1959-Jan. 1960).More independent operative than juvenile

    sidekick, Wally will star in his own back-up series beginning thefollowing issue, while also frequently teaming with his mentor.Another ally is The Elongated Man, introduced in #112 (May-June1960), a sideshow performer named Ralph Dibny able to stretch hisbody to fantastic lengths. One of the few super-heroes of the erawithout a secret identity, Ralph soon lands his own long-runningsolo series in the back of Detective Comics. Schwartz also pairs Flashwith Green Lantern in a series of stories that create a bond betweenthe Justice League teammates like that between Superman andBatman, right down to the exchange of secret identities.

    The Flash #123 (Sept. 1961), featuring thefirst modern appearance of Jay Garrick, theGolden Age Flash, is a landmark issue byany measure. Using the old science-fictionstandby of parallel realities, Julius Schwartzand guest scripter Gardner Fox explain thatBarry and the Justice Leaguers live onEarth-One, while Jay and his JusticeSociety cohorts live on Earth-Two. Thetwo Scarlet Speedsters battle side by sidemany times, in the pages of Flash and in theannual JLA/JSA crossovers in Justice Leagueof America, beginning with #21-22 (Aug. andSept. 1963) of that title. (For more detailed information about theSilver Age adventures of the Earth-Two heroes, see my articles inAlter Ego, Vol. 3, #93-94.)

    Of the initial seventy-five issues of The Flash penciled by co-creator Carmine Infantino (including the four Showcase issues andthe all-reprint Flash Annual #1), all but four feature a super-villain,a guest hero, or both. With two stories featured in most earlyissues, there is room for enough alien encounters, interdimensionaljourneys, bizarre transformations, spy rings, and mobsters toalleviate any potential monotony. Nor do Broome and Infantino

    Flash Facts(Left:) An Infantino splash page from The Flash #111 (Feb.-March 1960), inked by Murphy Anderson.

    Script by John Broome. Thanks to Bob Bailey.

    (Right:) Joe Giella inked most of Infantinos classic Flash work, including the ill-fated attempt in issue#117 (Dec. 1960) to bring back the Three Dimwits as comedy relief. Script by Gardner Fox. Thanks to

    William Colosimo. [ DC Comics.]

    Joe Giella(b. 1928) got his start as

    an inker in the lateGolden Age, and was amajor DC embellisherduring the Silver Age.He currently draws theMary Worth newspaperstrip. Thanks to Joe and

    son Frank.

    Murphy Anderson(b. 1926) had been the

    artist of the Buck Rogersnewspaper comic stripin the 1950s, and was a

    top artist on DCsscience-fiction titles. Hewould become the first

    penciler and inker of theHawkman title.

    A Streak Of ScarletA Glimpse Of GreenAnd The Beating Of Mighty Wings 21

  • figure construction, detailedbackgrounds, and polishedfinish. His gift for depictingthe Hawks against breath-taking vistas, using tall or widepanels to emphasize thefreedom of flight, serves Foxsimaginative scripts well. Thechange seems to do the trick.After a four-issue run in MiS,the Pinioned Paladin is finallyawarded his own bi-monthlyseries with Hawkman #1 (April-May 1964).

    The early issues of the newtitle are a tour de force byGardner Fox and Anderson. TheHawks exploits send them toexotic locations all over Earth, toThanagar and other planets, tosub-atomic universes, and toparallel worlds, pitting them against winged gorillas, moth-men,intelligent lizards from outer space, ice giants, and figures fromGreek mythology. Fox does not forsake super-villainy, introducingI. Q., a petty crook made super-intelligent by an alien stone; Chac,

    an immortal Mayan chieftain armed with extraterrestrialweaponry; The Shrike, the winged prince of another world raisedfrom infancy by Amazonian Indians; and Lion-Mane, an archaeol-ogist turned savage cat-man. Several issues focus on the Hawksbouts with C.A.W. (The Criminal Alliance of the World), another ofthe ubiquitous super-spy organizations spawned by the mid-60sJames Bond craze. Past foes like the Manhawks, Matter Master, andShadow Thief return as well, but sci-fi and fantasy remain thestrips bread and butter.

    Hawkman #4 (Oct.-Nov. 1964) introduces Zatanna the Magician,daughter of the Golden Age hero Zatara, and her quest to find herlong-missing father, a storyline that will weave through most ofJulius Schwartzs super-hero books before resolving itself in JusticeLeague of America #51 (Feb. 1967). The Atom and Adam Strangealso make appearances, but, alas, there is no team-up with theEarth-Two Hawkman and Hawkgirl. The JLA inducts Hawkman inJustice League of America #31 (Nov. 1964).iv In spite of the extraexposure, Hawkman struggles to hold an audience. It doesnt help

    Hawkman Finally Wins His Wings!Two Silver Age Hawkman firstsafter, of course, his debut in The Brave and

    the Bold #34:

    (Top left:) The new Feathered Fury got the cover spot when he took over halfof the Mystery in Space title with #87 (Nov. 1963) with a relatively Earth-

    bound adventure. Art in this spot and the next by Murphy Anderson.

    (Above:) Partly because of WWII-era paper restrictions, the Golden AgeHawkman feature never received its own solo magazinebut the Silver

    Age Hawkman #1 debuted with an April-May 1964 cover date, soon after thisfull-page house ad appeared in various DC Comics. Thanks to the Golden

    Age Comic Book Stories website. [ DC Comics.]

    Lets Be Original!Andersons cover for Hawkman #16 (Oct.-Nov. 1966), reproduced from

    a scan of the original art. Courtesy of dealer Mike Burkey, whose ads will be found in this issue on pp. 43 & 66. [ DC Comics.]

    A Streak Of ScarletA Glimpse Of GreenAnd The Beating Of Mighty Wings 25

  • that DC begins encouraging its artists to use smaller art boards,hampering Murphy Andersons bravura storytelling, or that theintimate scenes of Carter and Shieras personal lives that gave theearly issues such charm are squeezed out by prolonged actionscenes. Schwartz, forced to conclude that Fox and Andersons timeis better spent on the new Spectre series, eventually hands responsi-bility for Hawkman over to other editorial sensibilities.

    The Times, They Are A-ChanginBy the fall of 1966, Julius Schwartzs once-modern

    approach to super-heroes is beginning to look old-fashioned,especially compared to upstart competitor Marvel Comicsline of books. Rather than scrap the story elements that madeThe Flash and Green Lantern bestsellers in the first place,Schwartz changes his titles pacing, stretching out fightsequences at the expense of plot, and adds a touch of soapopera. The look of the line changes, as well. Sid Greene, whohas been Gil Kanes inker since Green Lantern #29 (June1964), assumes the same duties on Justice League of America asof #45 (June 1966) and The Flash with #167 (Feb. 1967). Astaple of Schwartzs sci-fi titles as both penciler and inker,Greene uses boldly inked outlines and a tastefully appliedpalette of textures to create depth and clarity.

    In The Flash #165 (Nov. 1966), Barry Allen and Iris Westwed at last, in a ceremony attended by the entire supportingcast. The happy couple move to the Central City suburbs,and Barry is reassigned to the Labmobile, a van speciallyequipped for performing forensics in the field. The strip hasneeded a boost, and the change in status quo is a welcomeone. Less so is the bizarre revelation in #167s The RealOrigin of The Flash that the lightning bolt that struck Allen

    back in Showcase #4 had not beenrandom, but the work of abespectacled nebbish in anoversized robe named Mopee,heavenly helpmate, initiatetenth class. Reader reaction toGardner Foxs Its a Wonderful Liferiff is mixed, at least as reflectedin the letters page, but over timethe story becomes regarded asone of the biggest misfires in DChistory and is eventually deemedapocryphal. This bump in theroad notwithstanding, the Flashtitle proceeds smoothly until#174 (Nov. 1967) and thedeparture of Carmine Infantino,newly promoted to DC artdirector.

    Green Lantern #49 (Dec. 1966)begins as a lackluster encounterwith a new super-foe, TheDazzler, but ends with abombshell. Learning Carol Ferrisis engaged to another man, HalJordan quits Ferris Aircraft andleaves his life in Coast Citybehind. Heartbroken, his confi-dence shaken, Hal moves northto Evergreen City, taking jobs asa charter pilot, an insuranceclaims adjuster, and a toysalesman. Only his role as Green

    Lantern continues to give his life meaning, and he plunges into itwith renewed commitment. The best stories of this period focus onthe Green Lantern Corps, such as a two-part battle between theCorps and an army of criminals newly escaped from theGuardians prison planet that leaves several Corpsmen dead (#55-56), and the introduction of Guy Gardner, the high school gym

    Friends And Foes Alike(Left:) Green Lantern battles his greatest foethe renegade Lantern known as Sinestroon the cover of issue #52

    (April 1967). Art by Gil Kane & Murphy Anderson. Thanks to Betty Dobson & Bob Bailey. [ DC Comics.]

    (Right:) A commission drawing of Green Lantern, Hawkman, and the Silver Age Atom done by longtime GL inker Joe Giella for collector Dominique Leonard. [GL, Hawkman, & Atom TM & DC Comics.]

    Better Late ThanA pair of dramatic late covers by the Silver Age heroes initial artists: The Flash #159(March 1966) by Carmine Infantino & Joe Giella and Green Lantern #69 (Oct. 1969)

    by Gil Kane & Dick Giordano. Thanks to Betty Dobson. [ DC Comics.]

    26 A Brief History Of The Flash, Green Lantern, & Hawkman (1940-1970)

  • rthur Peddy (Dec. 26, 1916-May 15, 2002) began his comics career in 1939, illus-trating Western, pirate, and adventure yarns for companies like Fox, Fiction House,and Brookwood. His first regular strip was The White [by #2, Red] Panther in

    Fiction Houses Jungle Comics. In 1940 he made the move to Quality Comics, co-creatingthe classic character Phantom Lady in Police Comics #1 (Aug. 1941). He worked forQuality through 1942, before making another switch to Hillman, where he worked for severalmonths. After a stint in the military during World War II, Peddy returned to Hillman, wherehe worked on Airboy and The Heap, among other features. In 1948 he moved to DC,where he spent most of the rest of his comics career. There, he started off drawing Wildcatand The Boy Commandos. He also did covers for Wonder Woman. Around 1950, he wentonto the book that he became most noted for: All-Star Comics, where he penciled The JusticeSociety of America, often drawing the entire nigh-book-length story, usually inked byBernard Sachs. While still working for DC, he did art jobs for St. John Publishing in the1950s, where he got his first experience drawing romance comics. He was also regularly doing

    war tales for both DC and Atlas during this time. From 1954 until theend of his comics career, he worked exclusively at DC, with most of hiswork in the later years focused on DCs various romance titles. Around1967 he left comics behind and moved into television advertising.

    Michael Posner, LTC, MC, USA (RET), and his brother Bruce arethe stepsons of Arthur Peddy and the sons of the late Jerry Posner andJoanne Posner-Peddy. Michael and his wife of 46 years live on a workingfarm in the Gettysburg National Parks Battlefield Protected Region.They moved there in 1984 from the U.S. Academy at West Point.Michael is an obstetrician/gynecologist and recently retired after 42 yearsof practice. He and his wife have seven children and fourteen grand-children. He is an avid fisherman and tries to fish every day on theirpond; he is also a deep-sea fishing enthusiast and enjoys surf casting onAssateague Island in Maryland. His son Matthew, recently returnedfrom Afghanistan, is the chief of orthopedics at West Point, following hisfathers 1976-1984 chairmanship of that department.

    This interview was conducted on February 2, 2014.

    RICHARD ARNDT: Arthur Peddy was your stepdad, is that right?

    MICHAEL POSNER: Yes, he was my stepfather. I dont knowmuch about his early life. My father passed away in the winter of

    Being Peddy(Top:) Arthur F. Peddy in 1937, at age 20-21, at Pratt Institute. Thanks to Mark

    Muller & the Tenth Letter of the Alphabet website.

    (Above right:) Peddy in later years, with wife Joanne Posner-Peddy on left;between them is Bernice Sachs, wife (later widow) of Peddys longtime

    partner Bernard Sachs. A fuller version of this photo appeared in A/E #121 withan interview with Bernice Sachs-Smoller (whose last name, alas, was

    incorrectly rendered there as Sachs-Smollet). Pic courtesy of Bernice.

    (Left:) The Peddy & Sachs splash page of All-Star Comics #55 (Oct.-Nov. 1950),one of the best of the Julius-Schwartz-edited Golden Age issues. Script byJohn Broome. Reprod from Roy Thomas bound volumes. [ DC Comics.]


    RememberingARTHUR PEDDY

    A Talk With The Golden Age ArtistsStepson, MICHAEL POSNER

    Interview Conducted & Transcribed by Richard J. Arndt


  • 1984. My mom was living in Connecticut. I was in the Army andstationed at West Point with my family. In the spring of 1987, shecame to visit and introduced us to Arthur Peddy. Arthur wassmitten with my mother. They were very friendly. They certainlycommunicated to us that they had been growing close for the lastfew months or so. They married in April of 1987. Thats when Ifirst met his co-worker from DC Comics, Bernard Sachs, and hiswife Bernice. I later met the Sachses on two or three otheroccasions when they visited Arthur. I loved that interview you didwith Bernice Sachs [in Alter Ego #121]especially the photo thatshowed my mom with Bernard and Bernice. I loved how shedescribed how friendly Arthur and Bernard were, as well as thewives. They really were great together.

    As you may remember from Bernices article, my mom workedfor Save the Children, Paul Newmans group, for 30 or 35 yearsin Westport, Connecticut. Thats where their main corporate officeis. Mom went all over the world, although her main interest was inSouth America. When she died, there was a memorial ceremony,and the people from Save took a portion of her ashes anddistributed them to the countries in South America that she wasmost involved in. That was pretty touching.

    Anyway, Arthur would chat with me about his life prior to DCComics. A lot of our discussions centered around his days in theArmy in World War II. He enlisted in 1942 and was assigned to the530th 63rd Signal AircraftWarningBattalionCompany B,19th TacticalCommand, 9thAir Force. Hewas there from1942-1945,stationed inEngland,northern France,Belgium, andparts ofGermany. Hemade the rank oftech sergeant. Hewas a signal man.

    The thing thatI was really

    impressed with from his Army days was that he made a lot ofdrawings, very good drawings that he did just about everywherehe went. He started them in his initial duty station in Florida andcontinued them in the European Theater. He drew them onmilitary stationary called V-Mail.

    RA: Yes, I know those. Very thin paper, almost onion paper or carbon-paper thin.

    POSNER: We had something similar in Vietnam when I wasstationed overseas. In Saudi Arabia, too. We had a letter that youcould fold into an envelope. I dont think it has a special namenow, but in the 1940s it was called V-Mail. These drawings he didduring his service time were really amazing. There must have beenfifty or more of them. I donated about twenty of them to theAmerican Army Heritage Museum at the Army War College inCarlisle, Pennsylvania. They put the artwork on display as part oftheir artifact exhibits of World War II. They hadnt seen anythinglike what Arthur drew before. The art is really quite neat.

    I gave a bunch of them to one of my sons, whos currently anorthopedic trauma surgeon in the Army. Hes just come back fromAfghanistan. I also gave some to one of my unclesmy mothersbrother. I still have a bunch of them, though. Theyre sketches ofhis buddiessome of them shaving nude, which I thought wasinteresting. Tanks and scenery and things like that.

    Arthur left the Army in 1945. If I recall from some of his state-ments, in 1939 he started working in the comics. He was drawingfor a book called Mystery Men Comics

    RA: That would have been for Fox Comics. Victor Fox, the publisher, hada reputation of being quite a character.

    POSNER: He didnt work there long, though. I believe he wasinstrumental in creating Phantom Lady. From what he told me,he not only didthe pencilingbut also some ofthe dialogue inthat series.

    The editor-in-chief of DCComics sentmy motherand me a

    Michael Posner in his home office.

    32 A Talk With The Golden Age Artist's Stepson, Michael Posner

    Peddy In UniformArthur Peddy with his rifle during World War IIand with some Army buddies during that period (hes second from the right).

    Thanks to Michael Posner.


    The Flash & Green Lantern In The LegendaryLost Tale Of The Justice Society Of America

    by Roy Thomas

    t was around 1943 that Gardner Fox scripted the 48-page JSA story titled The Will of William Wilson, whichthen sat on a shelf for a year or two. Circa 1945, editor Sheldon Mayer (or his story editor, Julius Schwartz)seems to have altered two of its six solo-hero chapters so that they starred returning charter members Flash and

    Green Lantern, and the entire tale was drawn by various artists and slated to appear in All-Star Comics #31 in 1946.For one reason or another, however, Will never saw the light of four-color day.

    Eventually its shelved pages were mostly sliced up and were either burned in the DC incinerator or (thankfully)carted off in the late 1960s by Marv Wolfman or other young staffers, who distributed them to eager collectors.A/Es editor has made it his task for the past decade and a half to try to locate as much art from this story aspossible; thus far, weve amassed originals or copies of nearly half its 48 pages, usually one tier of panels (each tiermaking up 1/3 of a page) at a time. The complete, never-sliced-up 5-page JSA intro and the nigh-complete 6-page JSA finale have sporadically seen print in color in issues of A/E, beginning in #109; all art that has surfacedto date was printed, in black-&-white, in one of the four volumes of TwoMorrows and my All-Star Companionseries.

    Individual tiers/rows of panels also survive of the Flash, Green Lantern, Atom, and Dr. Mid-Nitechapters (though nothing from those of Hawkman or Johnny Thunder), in which the heroes individually seekout the impossible items named in the last will and testament of the tales title and art from the Flash andGL adventures follows, as colored especially for A/E by collector/artist Larry Guidry. Those segments 2/3-of-a-page symbolic splash panels were probably sliced up and thrust into the flames nearly half a century ago but thebottom tier of page 1 of the Flash section is reprinted below. It was drawn by Martin Naydel, also the artist ofboth full-JSA chapters. (Nearly all the non-splash Flash art still exists, mostly as tiers sold to RT by the late MarkHanerfeld some years back.) The Scarlet Speedsters impossible assignment: to retrieve the sword of the world-conquering Genghis Khan!









    & S



    C Co



  • 49

    [Pages Harvey Publications or successors in interest.]

  • The Mystery Of The Missing Comic! (Part 2)

    by Michael T. Gilbert

    was a teenager when I first made the acquaintance of TheMan in Black Called Fate. Or Mr. Twilight. Or perhaps youknow him as... Death.

    No, not the real Grim Reaper, but the Harvey companyslong-running comic book series. Sometime in 1965, I found thestrip hidden in the back of a late-40s Green Hornet comic.

    It was love at first sight! Bob Powells art on the strips wasmasterful, full of lush Eisneresqe black inks and dynamiclayouts.

    The stories were great, too: short morality tales where a tinytwist of Fate forever alters peoples lives. The Man in Blackhimself was stern, but fair. If he had to claim the life of someoneinnocent, he felt bad. Sometimes his comic foils, Cupid andVenus, thwarted him. Love conquers all, and stuff like that.

    I searched out more Man in Black stories and foundanother three in issues of Green Hornet, each one a graphicmasterpiece.

    Years later, I discovered that Fate really got around, with

    stories in Harveys All-New Comics, Front Page Comics, Strange StoryComics, and even an issue of Terry and the Pirates. In the late 50s, heeven had four issues of his own title.

    But I didnt have a clue to any of this in 1965, and no way tofind the books if I had. So imagine my surprise, a few months later,when I spotted a new comic from Harvey starring my belovedMan in Black!

    The actual title of the anthology comic was Thrill-O-Rama #1,but Fates name was bigger than the logo. The first issue had threesci-fiand supernatural stories, but The Man in Black was themain featureat least for that issue. The art was sparer thanPowells 1940s work, but his drawings of faces and figures werestill masterful, and the storytelling remained top-notch.

    Two more Thrill-O-Rama issues followed, and then... nothing.Harveys line had been launched amidst a tidal wave of interest incomics, thanks to the popular 1966 Batman TV show. But thegeneral publics short-lived love affair didnt translate into sales forother characters. Harvey quickly decided to stick with Richie Rich


    Before And After!When Michael T. Gilbert discovered Bob Powells unlettered, unpublished Man

    in Black preview page (seen at left) on the Heritage Comics website, he decided to complete it, 46 years after the fact (see above art & text.).

    [ 2014 Harvey Comics or its successors in interest.]

    50 Mr. Monster's Comic Crypt!

  • EDITORS INTRODUCTION:When Roy suggested I do aninterview with Al Dellingesperhaps best known as the ghost

    artist in some issues of DCs Tor series of the 1970s, and asthe publisher of Near Mint magazineI was all for it. Alhad even done a little work for Roys All-Star Squadronin 1985.

    Shortly after broaching the idea with Al himself, Ireceived an envelope from him full of photos, artwork, andan autobiographical article, appended with a note that readin part: I really doubt that I would make a good subjectfor a feature in Alter Ego, as I didnt even discover comicfandom until the late 1960s, and most people would haveno idea who I am. But, if you are determined to do so,youre welcome to run the enclosed biographical sketch. Iassured him that, while his story is different from thoseof most of the other people Ive written about or inter-

    viewed for CFA,readers wouldwelcome the oppor-tunity to learn abouthim and the uniqueway he approaches hisinterest in comic art.

    In order to fill insome gaps in the piece,I interpolated bits of atelephone interviewwith Al on January21, 2008, and incorpo-rated material fromother things he had

    published in some of his books. A long time in the making, Imdelighted this piece has finally made its way into the pages of AlterEgo. Bill Schelly.

    was born in 1932 in San Francisco, and discovered comicbooks and the Sunday funnies around 1940. Prince Valiant andFlash Gordon were my favorites. I tried to copy the artwork,but found it much too difficult. I settled for coloring books

    instead, which were very popular with youngsters during WorldWar II.

    Soon after that, I started collecting comic books. I didnt reallyhave favorites, although I did like The Spectres green and whitecostume a lot. I was different from a lot of kids, I guess, becauseI rarely read the stories. I just picked up the ones that had goodart. And, as I got older, I found it was easier to copy the artworkthat I liked. However, my general drawing skills had notimproved, and trying to study the basics didnt help at all. I justhad a lot of trouble with anatomy. Copying art was fun;studying art was work and produced no satisfaction.

    I soon realized you either had to have a special spark, or youhad to reach a certain point in your life when you could under-

    Al Dellinges: ItsBeen a Great Trip!

    The Artist, Editor, Publisher, & Kubert Fan Remembers!

    by Al Dellinges

    A Man And His Hawks(From top of page:) Al Dellinges in 1981, and as an aspiring artist in

    his home studio in 1949plus a copy of the classic 1946 masks of Hawkman and Hawkgirl, based on artwork by Joe Kubert, and

    hand-colored by Al. [Hawkman TM & DC Comics.]



    55The Comic Fandom Archive Presents...

  • stand things likehuman anatomy.

    What I did learn inhigh school was how to

    paint signs, because we did alot of posters for footballgames and such. I found I

    liked it and it came easily tome. I loved lettering with a

    brush. Afterhigh school, I spent the

    next ten years letteringtruck doors and windows,

    and doing posters as a sidejob.

    My problem in progressing as a realisticartist is that I never got the right foundation. Inever did learn the basics of anatomy andsuch. I think the only way I could have madeit as an artist in, say, the comic strip field, wasif I had been taken under the wing of asuccessful professional, and taught the tricksof the trade. Needless to say, that neverhappened. I did, however, receive an encour-aging letter from Alex Raymond.

    I continued doing art copy work as ahobby, because I enjoyed it. It was relaxingand fulfilling, and then became an addiction,too. I couldnt help itId see something Iliked, and I had to copy it. It didnt matterhow long it took. Id lose track of time. Icopied all kinds of comic book covers. Then,in high school, I discovered the work of JoeKubert.

    A Magnificent ObsessionI became obsessed with Kuberts art.

    Originally I loved his work on theHawkman strip in Flash Comics, especiallyhis early period on it.

    I discovered Kuberts art in a copy of FlashComics #76, when I was about 14 in 1946. Iwas on my way home from school andstopped at the local barber shop to get ahaircut. As I waited my turn, I picked up thiscomic book and began to flip through thepages, from the back cover to the front. Ialways start at the back of the book because Ifind it easier to turn the pages. The last pageof the book was the last page of theHawkman story that Kubert had illustrated.[NOTE: The story was titled The CrazyquiltCrimes. Bill.] The artwork was stunning,and I quickly tried to check out the rest of thestory. But, before I could finish it, it was myturn in the barbers chair.

    After the haircut, I left the shop to continuemy way home, but without the copy of Flash

    Comics. I thought, Why didnt I take the comic book with me? AllI could think about was the artwork in that story. The next dayafter school, I ran back to the shop to get that book, and fortu-nately, it was still there. I asked the barber if I could buy the bookand he said sure, so off I went with this visual treasure under myarm. I couldnt wait to get home and dissect the panels in eachpage. I cant tell you how much I loved that artwork, and still dowith just as much intensity.

    Soon I was searching out other comic books with Joes artwork.

    A Message From The MasterAl received this encouraging letter from Alex Raymond in 1952, when he asked the artist how to break

    into syndicated strips. The creator of Flash Gordon was doing the newspaper strip Rip Kirby at the time.

    Obsessed with KubertSuch was Als devotion to Kubert, and his skill with India ink (and water colors), that he has producedmany illustrations based on panels in his favorite Hawkman stories. [Hawkman TM & DC Comics.]

    56 Comic Fandom Archive

  • EDITORS NOTE: The following pieceappeared Sunday, July 13, 2014, on website of comics/

    TV writer Mark Evanier. Our thanks to Mark for allowing us to reprintit here, and to Brian K. Morris for a typing assist.]

    hen Al Feldstein died at the end of April, I was tooswamped with work to write a long piece about him. Alwas obsessive about meeting deadlines, so I used that

    as an excuse to defer this piece.

    Al was a fascinating, talented man whose career more or lessdivided into three acts.

    Act One: Bill Gaines and Al Feldstein in 1950Act One came when he was writer-editor of most of the EC

    Comics from 1948 to 1955. Before that, he was a journeyman comicbook artistnot a particularly great onewho was, like most,trying to make a living in a business that seemed stacked againstthe guys who created the product. Publishers paid X dollars apage. An artist could, if he worked long hours, produce Y numberof pages per week. X times Y was not a bad living wage but ithas never been the American Dream to be content with not a badliving wage for your entire life and how long can you work longhours, anyway?

    It was especially not satisfactory to those who grew up, as Aldid, in the Depression. Another of those men, a fine artist namedJim Mooney, said this to me one time in an interview:

    If I put in a sixty-hour week at the board, I could usuallyfinish seven or eight pages a week. Thats pencils and inks.That paid decently. I could support a family on that as longas my health didnt falter and thepublisher didnt go under. I wasnervous about relying on those twothings. We all were. I wanted to getahead, to get some cushion in thebank so I wouldnt be in trouble ifthe work suddenly stopped or if Igot sick. Hell, I just wanted to beable to cut back to forty hours aweek. But, doing comics, theredidnt seem to be a way.

    That was the dilemma that Mooneyfaced, that Feldstein faced, that they allfaced: How do you parlay this thing youcan do into some sort of meaningfulfinancial security? Feldstein took a giantstep in that direction in the late 40swhen he connected with William M.Gaines, publisher of EC Comics. Hebecame Gaines main editor, and theyconcocted one of the best-selling linesof comics at the timeTales from the

    Crypt, Crime SuspenStories, and all the rest. Gaines made moneyand some of that trickled down to Feldstein.

    They were good comics, some of the finest ever done. And allthe time, Feldstein was looking for what he might do next, whatmight pay even better. Because, like everyone, he wasnt contentwith just making a weekly wage. He wanted that cushion in thebank. He wanted to amass enough funds to see himself and hisfamily through emergencies and for them to live better. He alsothought it might be nice to have enough money that he couldsomeday retire.

    One of the interesting things to me about those comics is that allthe artists in them signed their work. That was not true at anyother comic company of the day. Some companies discouraged[signing work], but even at the ones that didnt care, most artistsdid not sign what they drew. EC did encourage it and even didlittle spotlight pages on their artists, promoting them.

    Still, in marked contrast to what Stan Lee would do less than adecade later, Feldstein did not put his name on what he wrote. Heauthored something like 80% of the stories that ran in the comicshe edited, but he didnt slap Written by Al Feldstein on any ofthem in the color comics. He mentioned it from time to time deepin the letter pages, so it wasnt a secret. He just didnt call a lot ofattention to that because, you know, that was just his current job.

    He had fantasies of getting into something else, perhaps someother form of publishing that paid a lot better and offered morepossibilities of getting rich. Maybe, if and when that opportunitypresented itself, hed want people to forget hed written The Vaultof Horror. There were some best-selling novelists around then whoquietly omitted from their bios that theyd once scripted comic

    About Al Feldstein...A Reminiscence Of A Comics Legend In Three Acts

    by Mark Evanier

    A EA E//WW

    In Memoriam 63

    On EC Street(Above:) Al Feldstein (1925-2014, on right)and EC publisher/managing editor William M. Gaines during the color comics heyday.

    (Right:) The splash page of a Graham Ingels-drawn story from Tales from the Crypt #35

    (April-May 1953); story by Gaines (plot) & Feldstein (script). The latter is reprod from

    the hardcover The EC Archives: Tales from the Crypt, Vol. 4. [Page William M. Gaines,

    Agent, Ltd.]

  • tto Oscar Binder (1911-1974), the prolific science-fiction andcomic book writer renowned for authoring over half of the MarvelFamily saga for Fawcett Publications, wrote Memoirs of a

    Nobody in 1948 at the age of 37, during what was arguably the mostimaginative period within the repertoire of Captain Marvel stories.

    Aside from intermittent details about himself, Binders capriciouschronicle resembles very little in the way of anything that is indeedautobiographical. Unearthed several years ago from Binders file materialsat Texas A&M University, Memoirs is self-described by its author asramblings through the untracked wilderness of my mind. Binderspotpourri of stray philosophical beliefs, pet peeves, theories, and anecdoteswas written in freewheeling fashion and devoid of any charted courseother than allowing his mind to flow with no restricting parameters. Theabridged and edited manuscriptserialized here within the pages ofFCAwill nonetheless provide glimpses into the idiosyncratic andfanciful mind of Otto O. Binder.

    In this 13th excerpt, entitled Peepholes into the Past, Otto sharessome intriguing memories from his lifeincluding one incident he hadwith a desperate comic book artist. P.C. Hamerlinck.

    his chapter starts off with reminiscences of my life. Do all ofus have certain vivid and undying memories that stand outagainst the dim backdrop of our past? I think so. Often they

    are just little things. Things so trivial and meaningless that it seemsimpossible they should survive. Each of you has such a series ofmemories, like pictures strung along a movie reel. They flashbefore our minds at odd moments, and startle us by theirvividness.

    I still remember the day, as a boy, when I had my first maltedmilk. I remember its flavor (cherry) its slightly-bent straw andI can picture the girl who served it to me. The sweet, nectar-liketaste of it hit me like a ton of bricks. Now why should a ridiculouslittle incident like that stick in my mind as if I had seen an atomicbomb drop?

    I was 22. It was the Depression. I was jobless. Who wasnt? Iwent to spend the summer on a farm in northern Wisconsin withfriends. It was rugged country, less suited for farming than fishingand hunting. One day my friend Matt and I walked seven milesinto a forest to fish and hunt. At dawn, we trudged our way home,weary, grimy, cold, hungry. When we arrived back at the farm Icollapsed on the grass. I didnt move the rest of the day. And yet, avivid memory sticks out to this day, a sensation I never had before.I slept soundly that whole day, but some part of me was still awakeand took in all that went on around me. Nothing like it everhappened to me again.

    There are other much more important events inmy life, such as my wedding day, the death of myfather, Pearl Harbor. Yes, I remember those thingsnaturally, but they dont stand out particularly.They have blended back into a sort of formlesscurtain of the hazy past. But that one day that Islept, yet was awake, stands out as vividly as if ithad happened yesterday.

    In the Ten Commandments of a writer, one lawstates: Thou Shalt Not Use Coincidence. Editorsthrow up their hands in horror if you dare submita story in which something happens by sheercoincidence. If it isnt relatable or true to life, theybleat. Everything has to have a cause and effect.Things just dont happen because they happen.

    Is that so? Perhaps all of you at one time oranother have been absolutely amazed and stunned at someunbelievable coincidence that happensjust because it happens.Right? Let me tell you of one instance of mine.

    I once had a coldthe cold to end all colds, so bad that Ibecame voiceless for one day. All I could get out was a low,



    15 M




    Part XIIIAbridged & Edited by P.C. Hamerlinck



    Penny For Your Thoughts, Mr. Binder?Otto Binder crafted the early Mr. Scarlet and Pinky tale Crimes For aPenny! in November of 1941 the same year he began writing comicsscripts for Fawcett. By the time the story was published (in Americas

    Greatest Comics #2, Feb.-May 42; art by Phil Bard), Binder was already afew weeks into a 6-month editorial position he accepted with Fawcett

    before returning to freelance writing. And the rest is history! [Mr. Scarlet TMand DC Comics.]