Alder- Common or Smooth Alnus serrulata. Classification KingdomPlantaePlants SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular Plants SuperdivisionSpermatophytaSeed Plants.

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Alder- Common or SmoothAlder- Common or SmoothAlnus serrulataClassificationKingdomPlantaePlantsSubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular PlantsSuperdivisionSpermatophytaSeed PlantsDivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering PlantsClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledonsSubclassHamamelididaeOrderFagalesFamilyBetulaceaeBirch FamilyGeniusAlnus MillalderSpeciesAlnus serrulataHazel alderFigure 1: Classification TableShape, form, and TypeThe Alder tree is a deciduous, thicket forming small tree, or large shrub, it can grow up to 20 feet tall ,and spread to 15-20 feet wide. [1]Figure 2: Alder treeBark and TwigThe bark on the Alder tree is thin, varying from brownish to gray, it is smooth and muscled with a fluted trunk.[2]Figure 3: Bark of Alder treeThe twigs on the Alder tree are thin, reddish brown in color and with gray fuzz [3]Figure 4: Twig of Alder TreeLeafThe leaves of an Alder tree tend to be ovate to elliptical in shape with toothed and lobed edges. They are pinnate and simple, and are alternate. They are green above and a light yellow-green and hairy underneath. They vary from 2 to 5 inches in length and 1 to 2 inches wide. [4]Figure 5: Leaves of Alder treeBudThe buds located on the Alder tree are oval in shape stalked, plump, and covered in 2 to 3 inch reddish purple scales. [5]Figure 6: Bud of Alder TreeFlower and FruitThe flowers on the Alder tree are Monoecious, the male flower is a green brown catkins varying from 1 to 1 inches long, the female flower is reddish in color and and inch long, the flowers open in spring [6]The fruit of and Alder tree is woody, cone like catkin, similar to a pine cone. It tends to be an inch long, and each scale encloses a tiny, winged seed. The fruit ripens in the fall. [6]Figure 7: Male flower of Alder treeFigure 8: Female flower of Alder treeFigure 9: Fruit of Alder treeHabitat and RangeThe Alder tree tends to be found in moist lowlands, bordering streams and lakes, and swamps and bogs. Tends to be found on lowland sites from New England to Florida and Texas, and westward to Ohio and Minnesota. [7]Figure 10: range of Alder treeUsesThe Alder tree has many medical uses, the tea from its bark is an analgesic, astringent, and a blood purifier. It is used in the treatment of diarrhea, toothaches, coughs, childbirth pains. Its also good as a wash for hives, poison ivy rash, swellings and sprains. Its roots are planted on the banks of streams to prevent erosion, but because the wood is soft and brittle it has little or no commercial value. [8]Figure 11: This extract contains the bark of an Alder tree.References of DataShape, form and type- 1989. Kevin Tarner. Georgia Wildlife Federation. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010. http://www.gwf.org/resources/wildlifehabitats/alnusserrulata.html Bark- 1989. Kevin Tarner. Georgia Wildlife Federation. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010. http://www.gwf.org/resources/wildlifehabitats/alnusserrulata.html Twig- 2010. Virginia Tech. USDA Plants Database. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=8 Leaves- 2010. Virginia Tech. USDA Plants Database. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=8Bud- 2010. Virginia Tech. USDA Plants Database. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=8Flower and Fruit- 2010. Virginia Tech. USDA Plants Database. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=8 Habitat and range-2002. Earl J.S.Rook. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.rook.org/earl/bwca/nature/shrubs/alnusincana.html http://chestofbooks.com/flora-plants/The-Herb-Hunters-Guide/Hazel-Alder-Alnus-rugosa-DuRoi-Spreng.html Uses- 2008. Pants for a Future. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Alnus+serrulata References of PicturesFigure 1: Classification table-USDA. Plants profile. Date Retrieved:6/22/10 http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALSE2 Figure 2: Alder tree- 2008. Mellow Marshmallow. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2 010 http://www.mellowmarshfarm.com/plant/Alnus_serrulata.html Figure 3: Bark of Alder tree- 2006. Missouri Plants. Date retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.missouriplants.com/Catkins/Alnus_serrulata_page.html Figure 4: Twig of Alder tree- 2002. Steve Baskauf. Discover Life. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Alnus+serrulata Figure 5: Leaves of Alder tree-2009. Will Cook. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2011 http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/alse.html Figure 6: Bud of Alder tree- 2000. Key to Winter Twigs. Date Retrieved: 6/22/10 http://www.una.edu/faculty/pgdavison/Twig%20Key.htm References to Pictures Cont.Figure 7: Male flower of Alder tree- 2002. Steve Baskauf. Discover Life. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Alnus+serrulata Figure 8: Female Flower of Alder tree- 2006. Missouri Plants. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.missouriplants.com/Catkins/Alnus_serrulata_page.html Figure 9: Fruit of Alder tree- 2002. Gary Fewless. Date retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.uwgb.edu/biodiversity/herbarium/trees/alnrug_matureFemaleAment01.jpg Figure 10: Habitat and range of Alder tree-2010. Virginia Tech. USDA Plants Database. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=8 Figure 11: Alder tree medical uses-Gaia Herbs. Scudders Alternative Supreme. Date Retrieved: 6/22/2010 http://www.gaiaherbs.com/product.php?id=90

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