Al- Fatiha

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Al- Fatiha. ~*~ THE OPENING ~*~. PART - 1. Different Names. Umm- ul -Quran  (Mother of the Quran) First chapter written in the Qur'anic texts Recitation in prayer starts with it Umm- ul - Kitab (Mother of the Book) Sab'ul-Mathani (The Seven Oft-Repeated Verses) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Al- Fatiha


Al-Fatiha~*~ THE OPENING ~*~

PART - 1Different Names Umm-ul-Quran (Mother of the Quran)First chapter written in the Qur'anic texts Recitation in prayer starts with itUmm-ul-Kitab (Mother of the Book)Sab'ul-Mathani (The Seven Oft-Repeated Verses)They are frequently recited and recited in every rak'ah of prayeral-Hamd (The Praise)as-Salah (The Prayer)ash-Shifa (The Cure)ar-Ruqya (The Spiritual Cure) Scorpion story

Interesting Facts7 Verses25 Words113 Letters

QUESTION:How much Hasanat is in saying Sura Fatiha in one day if you say all your Fard prayers?

Hasanat calculationSurah Fatiha recited 17 times in Fard Salah in 1 dayHasanat per letter = 10# of Letters in Fatiha =113Hasanat in 1 recitation = 113 x 10 = 1130Hasanat in 17 recitations = 17 x 1130 = 19210

19210 Hasanat in reciting Surah Fatiha in Fard prayers in 1 day!!!

hadithAbu Sa`id bin Al-Mu`alla(RA) said that the Prophet once told him, I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur'an before you leave the Masjid. He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I said, O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur'an. He said, Yes. Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin; It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur'an that I was given.[al-Bukhari]

The Prophet (SAW) said: Whoever performs any prayer in which he did not recite Umm Al-Qur'an, his prayer is incomplete.

Hadith (continued)Ibn `Abbas said, While Jibril (Gabriel) was with the Messenger of Allah , he heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the sky and said, This is a door in heaven being opened, and it has never been opened before now. An angel descended from that door and came to the Prophet (SAW) and said, Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you have been given, which no other Prophet before you was given: the Opening of the Book and the last (three) Ayat of Surat Al-Baqarah. You will not read a letter of them, but will gain its benefit. [Muslim, Sunan an-Nisai]

i seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytan I take safety, guard myself and take precaution form (sha-ta-na) which means to be distancedShaytan is far removed from any good!Lessons:We realize the power of Allah and our own weaknessWe cannot fight Shaytan on our own, we need Allah's help to do soWe cannot see Shaytan but Shaytan can see us, so we take refuge with One who can see Shaytan and whom Shaytan cannot see

Indeed Shaytan is an open enemy to you so take him as an enemy. He invites his followers only that they may become the people of the blazing Fire [35:6]

Allah, the Exalted, said, I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) into two halves between Myself and My servant, and My servant shall have what he asks for.If the servant says, [All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of existence] Allah says, My servant has praised Me.

When he says, [The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful]Allah says, My servant has glorified Me.

When he says, [The Owner of the Day of Recompense]Allah says, My servant has glorified Me, or My servant has related all matters to Me.

When he says, [You (alone) we worship, and You (alone) we ask for help]Allah says, This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he sought.

When he says, - [Guide us to the straight path. The way of those on whom You have granted Your grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray]Allah says, This is for My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he asked for.

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most MercifulMeaning: I start with every name that belongs to Allah, the Exalted.Allah: He is the Lord, the One who is worshipped. Basmalah (reciting Bismillah): is recommended before starting any action or deed.

Benefits of BasmAllah in GeneralIt brings Allah to mind before one does the action.It prevents one from doing evil actions.It helps to get Allah's support in that action.It reminds us of the purpose, the source of blessings for that action and its final destination.

Benefits of BasmAllah from the Sunnah

Imam Ahmad reports on the authority of Abu Tamimah: I was riding behind the Prophet (SAW) when his mount stumbled and so I said, 'May Satan perish!' Upon hearing this the Prophet(SAW) said, "Do not say 'May Satan perish' for when you say this Satan becomes exultant and grows in stature and says, 'It was by my power that I injured him.' But when you say, 'With the Name of Allah', he (Satan) becomes humiliated and grows small until he ends up the size of a fly."

Every important matter that is not begun with , In the name of Allah' is deprived of good.

(continued) In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most MercifulAl Qurtubi: Ar-Rahman, which is exclusively for Allah, is a name that encompasses every type of mercy that Allah has.Ar-Rahim is what effects the believers.

Allah is Ar-Rahman with all creation and Ar-Rahim with the believers.

It is as if we are saying: I seek the help of Allah, with every Name of His, the All-Merciful, the Most Merciful, in the particular action I am about to do.

(continued) In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds The statement of appreciation. When the servant says Al-Hamdu Lillah, Allah says, My servant has praised Me.

~*~Hadith~*~No servant is blessed by Allah and says,`Al-Hamdu Lillah', except that what he was given is better than that which he has himself acquired. [Tirmidhi]

Importance of Alhamdulillah

~*~Hadith~*~If the entire world along with its contents were to be in the hand of a man from my nation and then he were to say al-Hamdulillah, this statement would be better than (what his hand contained).Al-Qurtubi: Alhamdulillah' is better than the world because the world is soon to perish whereas the statement will endure for it is from those righteous deeds that remain.

(CONTINUED) Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worldsRabb:MasterOwnerOne who grants graceOne who nurtures and cultivatesOnly applied to AllahOne of the Names of AllahThe One who nurtures and sustains all of His servants through controlling the affairs and granting all types of favors and blessings.

Alamin:Different creations that exist in the heavens and the earth, on land and at seai.e, Mankind, Jinn, Angels and SatansAll that is in existence besides Allah

(CONTINUED) Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds

When you say,All praise and thanks are due to Allah, you are stating that Allah deserves to be praised:Simply because He is AllahDue to His Perfection and Beautiful Names

When you say: Lord of the worlds, you are stating that Allah also deserves to be praised for:His caring and sustaining usThe many blessings He has granted usHis governance of our affairs

Islam is a universal religion and not to one race or nation!

SUMMARY OF VERSE 1 Most Gracious, Most MercifulAl-Qurtubi:Allah has described Himself by Ar-Rahman, Ar-Rahim after saying the Lord of the Alamin, so His statement here includes a warning, and then an encouragement.

Allah's sustaining and nurturing is not done because Allah is in need of creation, but because of His Mercy.

ar-Rahman shows Mercy to the merciful.

Have mercy on those who are on earth and the One who is above the heaven will have mercy on you!

~*~Hadith~*~Whoever is merciful, even when it comes to slaughtering a bird, Allah will show him mercy on the Day of Judgement. [Bukhari]

This ayah emphasizes the mercy of Allah. Allah said: - Declare (O Muhammad ) unto My servants, that truly, I am the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. And that My torment is indeed the most painful torment. [15:49-50]

Rabb WarningAr-Rahman Ar-Rahim Encourages(CONTINUED) Most Gracious, Most Merciful

(CONTINUED) Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Master of the Day of JudgementMalik OWNEROn that Day, no one except Him will be able to claim ownership of anything whatsoever.On that Day, no one will be allowed to speak without His permission.

And all voices will be humbled for the Most Gracious (Allah), and nothing shall you hear but the low voice of their footsteps. [20:108]Yawm: a period of timeAd-Din: the reckoning, the reward or punishmentIbn Abbas explanation of yawmi-d-din:The Day on which the creations are judged - the Day of Resurrection He will recompense them for their actions; if they were good then it will be good, if they were bad then it will be bad except for that which He forgives for indeed the only order (on that Day) will be His orderThis verse follows the verse of Allah's mercy as a reminder that Allah is also the Judge. It establishes the existence of the final judgment.Therefore, not only should we love Him for His nourishing and sustaining us and for His compassion and mercy to us, but we should also hold Him in awe knowing that our ultimate happiness or misery rests with Him Alone.(CONTINUED) Master of the Day of Judgement

SO FARFive Names of Allah have been mentioned:Allah: Includes all His Names and AttributesA-Rabb: His attributes of deed, His being Alone in bringing harm and benefit, His granting and preventingAr-Rahman: His kindnessAr-Rahim: His gentlenessAl-Malik: His justice, His granting and withholding, His ruling, judging

PART - 2 You alone we worship and you alone we ask for helpIbadah implies:Utmost loveHumility Fear

1st part of ayah Declaration of innocence from Shirk (polytheism)2nd part of ayah Negation of having any power or strengthDisplaying recognition that all affairs are controlled by Allah aloneType of speech changes from 3rd person to direct sp