acy1002 Public Speaking & Communication

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acy1002 Public Speaking & Communication. Making a Presentation & Listening to One Week 3 Lecture Dr Simon Brook Simon.brook @ vu.edu.au. Key issues in this lecture. What makes a speaker effective? Effective speaking. Effective preparation. Structure. Feeling comfortable face to face. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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acy1002 Public Speaking & Communication

Making a Presentation & Listening to One

Week 3 Lecture

Dr Simon BrookSimon.brook@vu.edu.au acy1002Public Speaking & CommunicationNo animations in this slide.Download videos of Howard (2001) and Star Wars before getting underway.1Key issues in this lectureWhat makes a speaker effective?Effective speaking.Effective preparation.Structure.Feeling comfortable face to face.Presenting comfortably (even if its not how you feel).Owning the space.Taking centre stage.Click to reveal each issue.Explain that todays lecture is much more practically oriented than last weeks.2Thinking about effective speakingIs it reflected in memorability e.g. John Howards most memorable line as prime minister of Australia (2001)?http://museumvictoria.com.au/immigrationmuseum/discoverycentre/identity/videos/politics-videos/john-howards-2001-election-campaign-policy-launch-speech/ The line that won an election:

But we will decide who comes to this countryand the circumstances in which they come.

Or, with emphasis:

Bt w will decde who cmes to this cuntryand the crcumstnces in whch they cme.Click to add each block of text.Begin by asking students if any of them recall Howards line. Then ask if any of them can repeat it verbatim.3Effective speakingSounds LikeVocal Confidence.Clear Message.First impressions...Body Language.Eye Contact.Good listening.Click to reveal each bullet (with any attendant sub-bullets).4Effective preparationThink of it as scaffolding for your presentation. Good preparation enables a good structure, and structure is essential for building a good speech:Identify your aims.Identify your audience.Identify the physical circumstances.Map out your time.Remember what you need to (not what you dont).Rehearse!Click to reveal each point.5StructureWhat is your point?Nothing matters more to a speech: thats how you know its your (main) pointBut also, nothing matters more to a speech: without a point, its pointless!Arrange your speech so your point is clear and credible:Everything you say should be a reminder of the point youre trying to make.Make clear links with every issue you discuss, so listeners can hear how each one is evidence for (or against) your point.Your point needs to last long after the speech has finished:You combat the evanescence of speech by manipulating the memory of your listeners.Structure your speech so that listeners will remember what they need to.Safire (2004) suggests the simplest method: tell them what youre going to say (anticipate your point); then say it (make your point); then tell them what you said (repeat your point)Another way to put this is: introduction; main body; conclusion.Click to reveal each bullet (with any attendant sub-bullets).6

This is a symbolic representation of how many people feel about public speaking.7Presenting as though youre comfortableBreath.Tension.Content anchors.Staying on message.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mMDV3eISLPs.Keep Breathing!Before showing the Star Wars excerpt, segue via a discussion of (the meaning of) stay on message.8Owning the spaceMeet your audience.Find your levels:How does a quiet person command a space?Do women and men occupy speaking roles the same way? (Or adults and children? Or people from different cultural backgrounds?) Be sure to know what you know.Listen to (and watch) your audience.Exercise: Breathing.Click to reveal each bullet with any attendant sub-bullets.For the last point, get everyone in the room standing up to do shallow breathing first, then slow breathing. Ask how they feel after each one:How do their mouths feel? Their throats? Their states of mind?9Taking centre stageOnce you get up to speak, your audience will expect you to set the mood for them.Think about (and manipulate):Your pace.Pauses.Your volume.Your tune e.g. major and minor speaking.Keywords or hot button phrases.Repetition, repetition, clarity, and repetition.Click to reveal each bullet and each sub-bullet.10Work aheadAssessment #3 begins this session:This is a reminder to let yourself be guided by the assessment criteria (Unit Guide, p. 6).As a guide to what you should know, going into this assessment: we expect you to be familiar with the lecture materials we have covered so far, plus the readings for Sessions 1-3.And continues next session:Note that there are still no props until Day 3, when we shall start using PowerPoint slides for speeches.Assessment #2:Speeches and scripts are due Day 4, Session 2.Next week we shall begin brainstorming topics for your groups to work with.How are you going with the Unit readings so far (especially Lucas)? Any questions?About anything in this unit so far?Click to reveal each bullet (with any attendant sub-bullets).11

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