Absenteeism Networth

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    A PROJECT REPORT ON

    ABSENTEEISM

    AT

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    ABSTRACT

      Absenteeism can be a major personnel problem for organizations. As pressure

    increases on the budgets and competitiveness of companies, more attention is being given

    to reduce workplace absenteeism and its cost. It is the failure of a worker to report for 

    work when he is scheduled to work. Trained and skilled human resources are considered

    as an asset to the organization whose absence could cause considerable loss in revenue of 

    the organization.

      The main aim of this survey is to find the causes for absenteeism among the

    workers in the Networth. with the aim of making recommendations on ways to reducing

    it.

      The survey result revealed that the main factors behind employee absenteeism are

    inadeuate leave and welfare facilities, unmet e!pectations and "ob dissatisfaction.

      The result indicated that about half of the employees have abided the leave policies.

    Absenteeism was highest among lower level e!ecutives.

      The conclusion is that the management may take an action to improve the health and

    welfare measures in the organization and provide fle!ibility in work schedule.

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    CONTENTS PARTICULARS PAGE NUMBER

    Chapter 1

    Chapter 2

    Chapter 3

    Chapter 4

    Chapter 5

    Chapter 6

    List ! ta"#es

    List ! !i$%re

    I&tr'%(ti&

    Re)ie* ! #iterat%re

    Resear(h Meth'#$+

    #.$ %bjectives of study

    #.& Need for study

    #.# 'cope of the study

    #.( )esearch *esign

    • 'ources of data

    • Analysis and Interpretation

    • 'ample size

    #.+ imitations of the study

    C,pa&+ pr!i#e

    -ata a&a#+sis a&' i&terpretati&

    .i&'i&$s/ (&(#%si&s a&' s%$$esti&s

    Bi"#i$raph+

    A&&e0%re

    • -uestionnaire

    i

    ii

    1

    2

    3

    TABLE O. CONTENTS

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     LIST O. TABLES

    SNO TABLE

    NO

    PARTICULARS

    PAGE N

      $

    &

    #

    (

    +

    /

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    1

    $2

    $$

    $&

    $#

    +.$

    +.&

    +.#

    +.(

    +.+

    +.

    +./

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    +.1

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    +.$&

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    eaves availed by various age groups

    eaves availed by employees of various designations

    eaves availed

    )easons for absence

    *esignation and )easons for absence

    Age and )easons for absence

    Action taken for unauthorized leave

     *ouble shifts 3Night shifts influences absenteeism

     4le!ible time schedules reduces absenteeism

    )ewarded for regularity

    Impact on your overall performance

    %pinions on main reasons for absenteeism

     'uggestions to reduce absenteeism

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    LIST O. .IGURES

    SNO .IGURES

    NO

    PARTICULARS

    PAGE

    N

      $

    &

    #

    (

    +

    /

    0

    1

    $2

    $$

    $&

    $#

    +.$

    +.&

    +.#

    +.(

    +.+

    +.

    +./

    +.0

    +.1

    +.$2

    +.$$

    +.$&

    +.$#

    eaves availed by various age groups

    eaves availed by employees of various designations

    eaves availed

    )easons for absence

    *esignation and )easons for absence

    Age and )easons for absence

    Action taken for unauthorized leave

     *ouble shifts 3Night shifts influences absenteeism

     4le!ible time schedules reduces absenteeism

    )ewarded for regularity

    Impact on your overall performance

    %pinions on main reasons for absenteeism

     'uggestions to reduce absenteeism

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    CAPTER 1

    INTRO-UCTION

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    INTRO-UCTION

    Absenteeism does not appear to be recent phenomenon arising out of and peculiar 

    to modern industrial life, but most have been prevalent from the time man involved

    himself in some sort of collective activity.

    Though e!cusable to some e!tent as a normal incident of working life, what

    transforms absenteeism into a serious problem, is the height to which it rises and the

    erratic behavior it displays thus adversely effecting the smooth working of modern

    industry. According to modern managers, absenteeism is a major problem in any

    enterprise. It is said that this peculiar incidence of today5s industrial life has simulated the

    form of a chronic disease is so rampant that it has tended to plague every industry, big

    and small organized. It is also said that absenteeism is not a problem e!ceptional to

    Indian industry it is universally omnipresent.

    At the macro level absenteeism has often been attributed to lack off 

    6commitment6 on the part of the workforce and a relationship of direct variance has been

    hypothesized the two variables. As 7err says 6the workers in process of the early stages

    of industrialization is more prone to absenteeism, prolonged sporadic withdrawal from

    industrial work naked violence and destruction of machines and property6. ogically, 5

    therefore all these factors that influence workers commitment should also be related to

    absenteeism.

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    A popular of absenteeism analysis according to the social norms of the company

    group, which e!ercise a coercive influence upon a worker5s behavior. 'uch norms may

    reuire him to be either regular or irregular in attendance at work. The work milieu is

    very important since a large position of a worker5s daily life is spent there, the

    atmosphere obtaining in the plant effects his attitude towards his work, and either 

     persuades him to attend regularly or keeps him away.

    Irritating uncertainty, irregularly and confusion in the factory are likely to be

    imports causes of condition to any of these negative factors, it can also be influenced by

    a lament policy, which grants leave, condones or regularizes unauthorized leave.

    -E.INITION

     The term absenteeism was defined in the report of abor Investigation

    8ommittee 9$1(: as ;Total man shifts lost because of absences as a percentage

    of the total number of man shifts scheduled to works *ictionary ;Absenteeism is the practice or habit of being

    an ?absence> and an absentee is one who habitually stays away

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    .EATURES O. ABSENTEEISM

    )esearch studies under taken by different authors reveal the following features of 

    absenteeism

     It is comparatively lowest on the payday and later on absenteeism will arise

     because of the desire of fulfilling social, family obligations.

     The incidents of absenteeism are higher in the night shifts than in the day shifts,

    obviously because the employees in the night perceives greater discomfort and

    uneasiness.

     The rate of absenteeism varies from department to department within an

    organization. enerally, it is high production department.

     The e!tent of absenteeism is greater among the older employees and among

    young employees. The young men are generally found to be absent for a variety

    of reasons, including restlessness and a sense of irresponsibility while the older 

    employees are not able to withstand the strenuous nature of work.

     Absenteeism in India is seasonal in character. It is the highest during @archB

    AprilB@ay, when the land has to be prepares for monsoon sowing, and also in the

    harvest season 9'eptember C %ctober :, when the rate goes as high as (2 percent.

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    CAUSES .OR ABSENTEEISM

    1 J" 'issatis!a(ti&  The idea that attitudes towards the job might affect attendance

     perhaps constitutes the older scientific model of absence causation, and it is still

    dominant among industrial organization ."ob satisfaction is considered to be influenced

     by situational factors such as compensation, job design and human relations practices

    ,unfavorable attitudes towards the job and especially towards the content of the work are

     predictive of absenteeism. Dowever, there is growing evidence that issues of work, such

    as fairness and support may be especially critical determinants of attendance patterns.

    Eeyond job satisfaction there is growing evidence that moods at work, inde!ed by

    affectivity, are associated with absenteeism. 'tudies report that lower absence among

    those react positively in the workplace.

    2 S(ia# a&' Re#i$i%s Cere,&ies 'ocial and )eligious functions divert the worker5s

    attention from the work.